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Posts Tagged ‘gender’

We, women’s rights organisations, movements and allies committed to advancing women’s human rights, come together to form the Gender and Trade Coalition in the firm belief that a feminist alliance on trade justice is required to address the pernicious impact of trade rules on women’s human rights and to produce informed policy responses addressing the structural causes of gendered human rights violations.

We welcome the increasing recognition from governments and institutions that trade and investment rules create gendered consequences. We are concerned, however, that common policy responses are simply designed to increase the numbers and role of women involved in the free flow of capital, resources, and labour. This approach positions women as instruments of trade growth, failing to address any adverse discriminatory and exploitative consequences of the global, rules based neoliberal order on women’s human rights. This is regardless of the significant role women play as producers, consumers, traders, workers, and principal providers of unpaid care.

The movements and organisations we represent recognise that the policies of austerity–trade liberalisation; finance, investment and labour deregulation; privatisation of public goods and services; and the constraints on public policy making and service delivery–produce devastating human rights outcomes for many of the world’s women.

We believe the guiding principles of the global economic order upon which trade and investment rules are built are fundamentally destructive for the advancement of women’s human rights. We recognise that neoliberalism, austerity, and trickle-down economics has failed around the world, yet the rules of this model are being cemented and deepened through trade and investment rules. We believe that the existential crises facing humanity–climate change, mass displacements and migration, obscene inequality and growing authoritarian, patriarchal governance–are linked to the global economic rules that have shaped the past forty years.

Trade rules constructed around principles of competition rather than solidarity, growth rather than human and sustainable development, consumption rather than conservation, individualism rather than public good, and market governance rather than participatory democracy cannot be the basis of a trade agenda that advances women’s human rights.

We believe that economic cooperation and multilateralism based on equitable, fair, sustainable, and gender-responsive principles can play a significant part in advancing women’s human rights. Global cooperation–rooted in principles of transparency, democracy and participation–that ensures capital contributes to the public goods and services necessary for the fulfilment of human rights is necessary. Global cooperation that redresses harm resulting from global trade supply chains is essential.

We believe that trade policies must affirm the primacy of governments’ human rights obligations under the UN Charter and international treaties and customary laws. Should trade policies diminish state capacity to meet human rights obligations, including the right to development, they must be modified.

We believe trade rules must not increase protections for multi-national corporations who are exerting a gigantic influence on trade policy making, avoiding taxes and accountability and exploiting labour, natural resources and personal data for their own profit maximisation. Trade rules must increase accountability of corporations who commit grave human rights violations, rather than provide corporations with unique recourse when judicial systems hold them accountable.

We believe trade policies should meet sustainable development needs of all countries, especially developing and Least-Developed countries, and the people including the women within these countries. Therefore trade policies must ensure the widest possible access to essential medicines, technologies and data and information, rather than restrict access. Trade policies should promote the sharing of seeds, resources and knowledge rather than penalising solidarity. Trade rules should expand and not limit governments’ capacities for broad-based and decent job creation based on living wages, especially for women. Trade rules should support governments to develop pro-poor policies and access to food including through the provision of food subsidies, public stockholdings and through providing preferential support to local, especially small-scale, women producers. We believe trade rules should support, not discourage, the growth of public spending on and ownership of public goods and services essential for human rights and the reduction and redistribution of women’s disproportionate burden of unpaid care work. These include food, water and sanitation, energy, infrastructure, transport, early childcare and education, healthcare services–rather than encourage privatisation.

We believe powerful vested interests should be prevented from influencing trade policies or providing financial support to political parties where they stand to benefit from the outcomes of trade negotiations. Instead trade policies should be developed democratically and facilitate informed participation in decision and consent processes by representative organizations of those most potentially impacted, such as women farmers, women workers, and Indigenous women.

We form this coalition to increase consciousness, capacity, research, and advocacy for trade and investment policies that facilitate a more equitable, socially just and sustainable global society in which all human rights and fundamental freedoms are actively promoted and can be fully enjoyed by all women.

 

Endorse the unity statement and join the Gender and Trade Coalition:
Read the unity statement here: bit.ly/JoinGenderTrade.The Gender and Trade Coalition is in formation, and all signatories are invited to share any analysis, experiences, and proposals to shape the coalition. Keep an eye out for future updates or email contact@gendertradecoalition.org directly to get involved.

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Eager to tell you about the MOOC  on Gender Based violence in the context of migration!

The course will begin on May 15!

what is a MOOC? a MOOC is Massive Online Open Course , that is offered for free by the Global Campus of Human Rights coordinated by the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC).

The Mooc addresses gender, migration, and Human rights studies. The Lecture I participate in, is related to gender based violence faced by migrants and asylum seeking girls in the MENA region. The Political Sciences Institute (ISP) of Saint Joseph University part of the Arab Master in Democracy and Human Rights,  has worked hard while dedicating a team to gather data, prepare, review, shoot, edit and produce the MOOC on GBV addressed by migrants girls and women in the region.  Examples for this specific lecture are taken from the newest published reports in the region related to GBV and SGBV.  Sexual Exploitation, trafficking  Statelessness, Child Marriage, Schooling and access to education are presented. Also main International Instruments addressing GBV are presented.

The MOOC is a free course of 5 hours per week, for 6 weeks, that is open to “upper year undergraduates; postgraduates; NGO activists and practitioners interested in interdisciplinary human rights, gender equality, women’s empowerment, migration; young lawyers and social scientists; active and motivated citizens from around the world.”

I am very excited to be part of this Global Campus MOOC, and to have prepared the first MOOC addressing GBV and women’s rights in the region. Can’t thank enough the team who helped put all the lecture together (ISP team you rock! )  as well as the friends who helped gather the latest information in a very short deadline. (Special thanks to Ghida, Hayat, Raghda, Zeina, Myriam, and special thanks to Jihad who filmed and edited the lecture ).

Stay tuned  and follow the link to participate and enroll  in the MOOC! https://www.eiuc.org/education/global-campus-mooc-gbv-migration.html 

In solidarity from Lebanon

Let us address GBV in our region and internationally with sustainable solutions!

Rita Chemaly

 

 

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to all who might interested, kindly find below the KIP /AUB call for proposals and abstracts related to discrimination and sexual harassment.

You can propose before October 30 2016: In one of the following categories:

A.    Scholarly Research: Proposal to present the findings of a research study

B.    Expert Panel Debate:  Proposal to bring together a small group of experts to debate a central question

C.    Conference Sub-theme Track: Proposal to organize your own track (i.e., a series of connected sessions) around a key question

D.    Training Workshops: Proposal to organize a skill-based training workshop

full details are in the link sent below  http://thekipproject.info/call-for-abstracts/.

Good Luck and in Solidarity

Rita Chemaly

 

below is the mail I received from KIP project Director:

 

 

Dear KIP Community,

 

In preparation for the KIP multi-disciplinary conference that will be taking place on March 31st and April 1st, 2017 at the Olayan School of Business, we are happy to announce our Call for Abstracts and Proposals focused on examining issues pertaining to Discrimination and Sexual Harassment in relation to gender and sexuality within the context of Lebanon.

 

The two-day conference aims at bringing together activists, students, academics, private and public sector representatives, international organization representatives, donors as well as interested members from the general public to discuss and debate multiple formulations and manifestations of sexual harassment and discrimination and chart paths and processes for advocacy, policy recommendations and change at the organizational, community and societal levels.

 

Throughout the conference, we hope to generate recommendations for policies, practices and theory that are informed by multiple local perspectives and that provide momentum for specific ways through which we can support each other in the implementation of positive change forward.

 

Based on this, the attached call invites local and international candidates across sectors and disciplines to submit proposals or abstracts by October 30, 2016 falling under one of the following four below categories:

 

A.    Scholarly Research: Proposal to present the findings of a research study

B.    Expert Panel Debate:  Proposal to bring together a small group of experts to debate a central question

C.    Conference Sub-theme Track: Proposal to organize your own track (i.e., a series of connected sessions) around a key question

D.    Training Workshops: Proposal to organize a skill-based training workshop

 

Please see full details in the Call for Abstracts and Proposals attached. The guidelines for submissions are available on the KIP website http://thekipproject.info/call-for-abstracts/.

 

It would be great if you would consider submitting and, if possible, circulating widely among your networks.

 

with best wishes

Charlotte

 

 

 

 

 

Charlotte M. Karam, PhD

Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior

Associate Dean of Programs

Director of the KIP Project
Olayan School of Business

cid:image001.png@01D16030.36D0B800

American University of Beirut

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A new episode in Gender based violence, was highlighted during a discussion on Women rights!

The Discussion was organised by proeminent NGO , RDFL.

A Lebanese member of Parliament (re-conducted illegally) went out of the paper prepared by him or “for him??” and said that a women has a role in pushing men to rape her!

I am still shocked by the insanity of such an MP. He don’t understand the Harm such words do for all women. Such Words make sexual harassment at work , in public spaces, as well as in a Home Legal!!!

I do understand now why Most of our rotten laws such as the Penal Code, have such inanities! (reference to article  522)

What I loved is that bloggers, media, women activists, women right defenders spoke out about this insanity, and a petition asking MP to resign is being circulated!

Here is what is being circulated on the web, through different platforms:

النائب ايلي ماروني هان المرأة اللبنانية عندما صرّح: “في بعض الاماكن وبعض المطارح بدنا نسأل شو دور المرأة في قيادة الرجل إلى اغتصابها” وكان النائب يحمل المرأة مسؤولية الاغتصاب هيدا التصرف مرفوض من قبل أي رجل (او امرأة)، وخاصة نواب الامّة. مطلوب من الجميع التضامن لنطلب منه الاعتذار أو الاستقالة. الرجاء نشر البوست المرفق ابتداء من الان على كل صفحاتكم وحساباتكم على مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي. وشكرا

 

petition-against-mp-in-lebanon-rape-victim-asked-for-it

 

Below is the link to the Video in which Lebanese member of Parliament states his inanities:

اليكم/ن الفيديو الذي يظهر المواقف الذكورية التي أطلقها النائب إيلي ماروني حول حقوق النساء وبشكل خاص الجنسية، المادة ٥٢٢ والإغتصاب الذي اعتبر أن للمرأة دور في حدوثه. كذلك، يظهر في الفيديو الرد الكامل للنائب ماروني على اعتراض الناشطة حياة مرشاد على كلامه حيث لوح بإلباسها البرقع كي لا تخجل من تمثيله لها في البرلمانhttps://www.facebook.com/sharikawalaken/videos/1207350935984570/

 

Below is the statement Written by women activists, and that is open to be signed by all:

بيان للتوقيع والنشر صاغته ناشطات نسويات رداً على تصريحات النائب #ايلي_ماروني المهينة للمرأة في لبنان

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1zqefNeT7ngDPVkiFXdq6xXlJbg1SGQrH120vp2YMHDw/edit

 

Below are the articles in the newspapers and media outlet that cover what happened:

Annahar

LBC News

The Daily Star

 

Action is Needed by the Political Party Kataeb of that Mp.

There is a need to amend and Delete article 522 which Blames Women being raped for their own rape, and which give them as a victory to the one who rape them!!

I call all Political parties to take action in Written against article 522 and against discriminatory articles of Penal code in Lebanon

Rita Chemaly

 

 

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Wonderful and amazing Video on gender equality by IWSAW-LAU, about the inequality facing women in Lebanon, and how decision makers are not considering the women voices!

The video, and the Lyrics are just great! by a simple cartoon they tackle GBV,  it tackles women stereotyping and the fact that law makers are not discussing women issues and rights with Women!!

I loved also  how they say that law makers prepare laws and forget them and Loose them in the drawers!!!

I remember that since 2011 many law amendments were presented to the Parliament in Lebanon regarding equality, and till now, LAWS were not Discussed !!! or Voted for….

MPs, did where , in which drawer did you hide those laws amendments?!!

Hat off IWSAW team!!!

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Are you interested in a Master on gender??

finally a university in Lebanon has prepared and is offering an MA in gender studies:

LAU has an  M.A. Program in Interdisciplinary Gender Studies . It aims to promote ” gender equality and inclusiveness”. “The program focuses on gender, the socially-constructed understandings of what it means to be female or male, and how understandings of gender affects people across all social categories.”

below is the pdf that IWSAW sent me! check it out !!!

 

MA gender studies in Lebanon by LAU rita chemaly

 

 

Rita Chemaly

 

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*Updated infographic with the numbers of AKKAR and the numbers of candidates in Lebanon .(June 2 2016)

I am pleased to share with you , the beautiful Info graphic Map that was posted on NCLW Facebook page.  NCLW clarifies that this Map is indicative, and still need to add to it the results of Akkar. The aim of this map is to help visualise and understand the trends related to women participation in local governance (MUNICIPAL COUNCILS)  and have a pre-look at  the results while waiting for the official data on the number of winning women by the Ministry of Interior.

preliminary results show that in 2016,  599 women won in the Municipal Elections, whereas in 2010 520 women won.

as for candidates the counting shows that in 2016 1342 women were candidate in comparison in 2010: 1080 women were candidate.

the number is small , to compare, but I am sure that many factors might be interesting to analyse to see why women didn’t win more seats.

Presentation1 ELECTIONS

599 women won seats in Lebanese municipalities , 1342 were candidates in 2016

” As Data is key to lessons, NCLW team has worked on the documents related to the results of Municipal Elections of 2016 published by the Ministry of interior. The NCLW team has counted the number of women who won and the names of the women who didn’t in each Kada’. This basic counting is based on the name of the candidate, whether it is a name for a women or a men. Notice1 : the uncertain names were not counted in the results of 2016!

Notice 2: Akkar Results are not counted in these numbers, NCLW Team is waiting for their release by the ministry of Interior. This Infographic will be updated as soon as NCLW Team count the Akkar women Candidates * (this was done and new info is above)v 

Also, and based on CEDAW report , a comparison with the Municipal Elections of 2010 numbers is possible. NCLW Social Media Team is happy to share with you this in house created Infographic! while waiting for the official results , Congrats to Each Women who Won a Seat in a Municipality!”

 

Youpiii!!!!

Rita Chemaly

 

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The Gender and Sexuality Resource Center (GSRC) at the Arab Foundation for Freedoms and Equality has announced the launch of the Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity & Expression (SOGIE) Monitor.

“The SOGIE Monitor is a unified online documentation tool between organizations working on gender and sexuality, with a focus on LGBT populations.”

This online  platform has been created to document and classify cases of human rights violations on the basis of gender identity & expression and sexual orientation. Marsa Sexual Health Center, Helem (Lebanese Protection for LGBT), LebMASH (Lebanese Medical Association for Sexual Health), and MOSAIC (MENA Organization for Services, Advocacy, Integration and Capacity Building) are Part of It! Hat off to the 3 Organisations!!!!

“The aim is to allow individuals as well as service providers to document cases of violations via a secure interface and to provide the necessary follow-up and referral for violation cases. Filling this information gap will also allow for the publication of regular reports of the different violations, to be used as an important tool for advocacy and lobbying.”

For more information, here is the  website in Arabic: www.thesogiemonitor.org

Again Hat off for such a wonderful Initiative!!

Rita Chemaly

monitor-logo

here is the link 

إبلاغ عن انتهاك

 

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TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR NON-KEYEXPERTSASSIGNMENT

Project:            “GENDER EQUITY AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN LEBANON”

Location:         Beirut, Lebanon (NCLW offices in Hazmeih)

Expert: To Be Selected

Position:          Senior Non KeyExpert – Gender indicators

Period: May –June 2016

Mandatory/days:        25 working days

 

TEAM AND REPORTING LINES

Project Director:         Mario Costariol           costariol@eurecna.it

Team Leader:  Maggy Grabundzija    maggy.grabundzija@geewl.eu

Project Manager:        Diana Casallas            casallas@eurecna.it

EU Task Manager:      RoulaAbbas

The expert will report to: Maggy Grabundzija

 

BACKGROUND

The EU funded project on Gender Equity and Empowerment of Women in Lebanon aims to improve mainstreaming of the gender dimension at policy and sector levels in Lebanon by strengthening the National Commission of Lebanese Women’s internal governance towards effective fulfilment of its mandate, to create effective coordination and networking mechanisms with State and non-State actors and to improve media outreach and advocacy.

The mission aims at improving the set of gender indicators aimed at better monitoring and measuring trends related to gender equality in Lebanon. The project will facilitate the collaboration of NCLW with ESCWA and the Statistical Bureau in developing a national framework for developing national gender statistics related to MDGs and UN minimum set of gender indicators. The framework is a matrix of detailed gender disaggregated data that are available but some of it are not counted and not made available. The expert should make sure that this framework gives accurate, up-to-date picture about gender gaps in specific domains such as poverty, economy, education and literacy, health, decision-making and political participation, and violence against women.

The national framework includes collectedand published quantitative and qualitative gender disaggregated data, their sources, dates, availability, and their updatingthat are used as gender sensitive indicators to show the macro picture of the situation of women compared to men in agreed upon domains by all countries. The national framework will be used by NCLW in providing all clients (ministries, NGOs, universities) with these gender disaggregated indicators to assist them in their work and research.

CONTENTS OF THE ASSIGNMENT

Project Work Plan – Component II: Create effective coordination and networking mechanisms with state and non-state actors

Activity 2.1: Strengthening the capacity of the NCLW’s to coordinate national data collection for monitoring government policies and commitments to gender equity

The project will help NCLW in facilitating the compilation of a framework on minimum set of gender indicators that will help in monitoring the progress in gender equality and the collection of gender-disaggregated data and its updating. The choice of these internationally recognized indicators should address key policy concerns as identified in the Beijing Platform for Action and other important international commitments such as the Millennium Development Goals.  The indicators will facilitate measuring trends and also comparisons among the different countries. The framework will cover gender disaggregated statistics on poverty, economy, education and literacy, health, decision-making and political participation and violence against women.

 

SCOPE OF THE WORK

 

The appointed expert will be required to undertake the following tasks:

  1. A detailed work plan of the STE discussed and approved by team leader and NCLW
  2. Map gender indicators and segregated data in Lebanon in the domains of women’s economic activities and access to resources, education, health, public life and decision-making, human rights of women including violence against women and gender based violence and identify gaps in gender indicators and data collections in (Activity 2.1):
  3. Undertaking a desk research on availability of sex-disaggregated data (surveys, census, administrative records, etc.)
  4. Conducting interviews with main stakeholders working in data collections and gender indicators such as the Central Administration for Statistics (CAS), the different ministries, in addition to the UNESCWA and other UN agencies
  5. Complete the national framework of gender statistics and indicators including the UN minimum set of gender indicators. Activity 2.1
  6. Suggest system of unification of gender indicators for updating the UN Gender Index indicators in Lebanon including determining the gender indicators in need of improvement in terms of data collection/classification, the frequency of data update for each indicator and sub-indicators. Each indicator will depend on different sources and therefore the updating of all indicators has to be synchronized. The plan will suggest when the majority of indicators will be updated and identify a coordination mechanism on sharing gender data and indicators with the main stakeholders Activity 2.1
  7. Prepare and deliver a training workshop for NCLW and GFP and NGOs(2 days) on gender sensitive indicators and their regular updating–

 

METHODOLOGY

The Expert will apply the following methodology:

  1. Collection from secondary sources and analysis of national data and statistics – gap identification.
  2. Organise at least 3 meetings with ESCWA statistical department and other UN agencies, the Central Administration for Statistics (CAS) of Lebanon
  3. Prepare a schedule of meetings with relevant ministries, universities and NGOs working on gender related statistics
  4. Prepare curriculum for training on gender sensitive indicators
  5. Provide one training workshop to NCLW and GFPs and NGOs (20 trainees) on gender sensitive indicators and their updating

 

 

OUTPUTS REQUESTED

  1. Detailed work plan for the Mission to be approved by Team Leader and NCLW.
  2. An analytical report on available and missing sex disaggregated data in Lebanon with regard to poverty, economy, education, health, decision-making and political participation and violence against women, that will be used in the National statistical framework
  3. Compile gender sensitive statistics on indicators in the national statistical framework  which is a large matrix that includes collected  gender disaggregated data, their sources, dates, availability, and their updating that are used  to show the macro picture of the situation of women compared to men in Lebanon in economic, political, education, health and human rights (violence) domains.
  4. A report on updating the UN minimum set of gender indicators.
  5. 2/day training workshop for NCLW staff, NGOs and gender focal points (20 trainees) on gender sensitive indicators
  6. Suggest a mechanism of coordination for gender indicators and data
  7. Mission report and presentation to NCLW.

 

TIMELINE

The assignment is expected to take place in the period between May – June 2016 (25 working days) as per the below timeline:

Action  Days

  1. Analytical Report on available national sex disaggregated data (10 working days) 10 days: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10.
  2. National gender disaggregated statistical framework and updated UN minimum set of gender indicators with an updating plan(11 days) 11days: 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17,18, 19, 20, 21
  3. Preparation of curriculum and delivery of training on gender sensitive indicators and their updating (3 days)
  4. Mission report and presentation to NCLW (1 day) 3 days:  22, 23, 24

1 day: 25

 

QUALIFICATIONS AND SKILLSREQUESTED FOR THE POSITION

  1. Minimum Master’s degree in statistics, economics or related field
  2. Strong statistical and IT skills
  3. Excellent knowledge of English and Arabic(spoken and written)
  4. Knowledge of French is an asset

GENERAL EXPERIENCE

  1. Minimum of 10 years work experience in the field of statistics and indicators
  2. Minimum of 2 years work experience in statistical packages software
  3. At least3 years of experience in the field of gender statistics or indicators

 

GENERAL EXPERIENCE

  1. Minimum of ten years work experience in the field of statistics and indicators
  2. Minimum of 2 years work experience in the field of sex disaggregated statistics and gender indicators.
  3. Excellent writing skills in English.
  4. Previous work experience with the Lebanese Statistical Bureau.

 

SPECIFICEXPERIENCE

  1. Three years’ experience in delivering training related to gender sensitive statistics or indicators
  2. A minimum of five years work experience in developing surveys and questionnaires designs
  3. Work experience of two years in Lebanon in a gender and development related field is an asset

To apply kindly send an email to Project Manager:  Diana Casallas            casallas@eurecna.it

 

Good luck Rita Chemaly

 

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A short term  vacancy , there is an Opening for NON-KEY EXPERTS On Gender Observatory, who will have to work from Beirut Lebanon/NCLW office under the project : “GENDER EQUITY AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN LEBANON” that is funded by the EU here is the link to the TOR http://nclw.org.lb/NewsList/76 in case you want to apply please Email: maggy.grabundzija@geewl.eu (Team Leader ) and (Project Manager: Diana Casallas :  casallas@eurecna.it

Good Luck to all candidates!!

PS: I don’t accept any phone calls or emails for this. Kindly do directly email team leader:  maggy.grabundzija@geewl.eu (Team Leader ) and (Project Manager: Diana Casallas :  casallas@eurecna.it;

I think it is june and july 2016  and not april and may as stated in the TOR below, but when you mail them you can inquire further

 

best

Rita Chemaly

Terms of Reference for non-key experts assignment

 

Project: “GENDER EQUITY AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN LEBANON”
Expert: To Be Selected
Period: June – July 2016
Location: Beirut, Lebanon (NCLW offices in Hazmeih)
Position: Senior Non Key Expert on Gender Observatories
Man/days: 20 working days
Team and Reporting Lines Email
Project Director: Mario Costariol costariol@eurecna.it
Team Leader: Maggy Grabundzija maggy.grabundzija@geewl.eu
Project Manager: Diana Casallas casallas@eurecna.it
EU Task Manager: Roula Abbas
background
The EU funded project on gender equity and empowerment of women in Lebanon aims to improve mainstreaming of the gender dimension at policy and sector levels in Lebanon by strengthening the National Commission of Lebanese Women’s internal governance towards effective fulfilment of its mandate, to create effective coordination and networking mechanisms with State and non-State actions and to improve media outreach and advocacy.

The objective of the mission is to assess the possibility of establishing a Lebanese Gender Observatory at NCLW. The Observatory should ideally measure and identify gender inequalities and their trends in the fields of economic, political participation and violence against women and other gender issues.  It will provide policy makers and researchers with this information as well as with gender indicators which will help them in policy making and in undertaking research and different studies.

 

Contents of the Assignment  
Project Work Plan – Component II: Create effective coordination and networking mechanisms with state and non-state actors

Activity 2.1.3. Develop a feasibility study on setting up a Lebanese Gender Observatory at NCLW

The observatory should ideally measure, identify and assess inequalities and their evolution, and working to make them visible so that they can influence policy makers and legislators.  The observatory shall collect and analyse relevant information about gender inequalities such as draft laws submitted to Parliament, reports to legislative bodies and those required for reporting on international conventions and relevant research conducted by research institutions, universities, international organizations and NGOs.

A non-key expert who has experience in setting-up such observatories or has worked in one will be providing a feasibility study including mission, structure, role, staffing, inputs and outputs of the Observatory

 

Scope of the Work
 

The appointed expert will be required to undertake the following tasks:

1.        Carry out the mission following a  work plan that has to be discussed and approved by the team leader and NCLW

2.        Carry out a mapping of existing  gender observatory(ies) in Lebanon and draw lessons learned from their experience

3.        Based on the findings of the mapping, propose priority(ies) on gender related issue that can be covered by  the gender observatory

4.        Identify  the basic  requirements (possible structure ,human resources, funds, cooperation of other partners, sustainability…etc.) needed to set up a gender observatory at NCLW

5.        Share a minimum of two examples of good sustainable practices of gender observatories established in other countries of similar context and provide analysis on factors of the success and the lessons learned from the experiences.

6.        Deliver a presentation to NCLW and TL with the findings of his/her mission with regard to the feasibility/possibility/convenience of  establishment of gender observatory

 

Methodology
 

The Expert will apply the following methodology:

1.        Desk review of gender related documents, legislations, gender indicators available at NCLW and  in Lebanon

2.        Interviews with various relevant stakeholders in Lebanon i.e. staff of NCLW, Non-Government Organisations (NGOs), UNESCWA, the Central administration for statistics (CAS), gender experts, universities, etc.

3.        Developing a feasibility study regarding the establishment of a Lebanese Gender Observatory at NCLW which can provide policy makers and researchers with data and indicators on any gender inequalities in the fields of political, economic participation and violence against women and all gender issues related to CEDAW and Beijing Platform of Action.

 

Outputs Requested  
1.        A  detailed work plan of the mission to be approved by Team Leader

2.        A feasibility study on requirements with regards to data, structure, indicators, human resources, funds necessary, sustainability to establish a gender observatory at NCLW. The study will include a mapping of similar gender observatory in Lebanon. The study will also provide an analysis of 2 good sustainable practices of gender observatories which will help in setting up a gender observatory at NCLW

3.        A Power point presentation on findings of the study to Project Team

4.        Final Mission report

Timeline  
The assignment is expected to take place in April – May (20 working days) as per the below timeline:
Action Days
1.        Review the data available in Lebanon on gender related issues needed to establish the gender observatory, identify previous experiences of gender observatory and conduct interviews with implementers (8 days) 8 days: 1,2,3,4,5, 6, 7,8
2.        A feasibility study on gender observatory at NCLW (the study will have two parts: Part I, the availability of external resources (data, statistics, indicators, studies…etc.) and rationale the choice of the gender observatory fields of interventions. The study will also include mapping of similar gender observatories in Lebanon and model examples of other gender observatories that can be made use of , Part II, the extent of availability of internal resources required for establishing the observatory (i.e. structure, human resources, financial resources, management resources…etc.) (11 days) 9 days:, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16,17,18,19
3.        Mission report and presentation (1 day) 1 day: 20
Qualifications and Skills requested for the position

1.        Minimum M.A. in gender and development, development studies, or other related social science

2.         Excellent knowledge of spoken and written English

3.         Knowledge of Arabic and/or French language is an asset

General experience

1.        Minimum of 10 years work experience in gender and development related field.

2.        Minimum of 5 years of  experience in undertaking research in the field of gender and development

3.        Minimum of3 years of experience in developing feasibility studies in gender related fields

Specific experience

1.        Minimum five years work experience on gender related issues   in an ENPI country.

2.        Minimum two years previous experience on how to use data and research in influencing policies

3.        A minimum of one experience in research/studies or work related to establishment of a gender observatory

(more…)

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1- Researcher for Gulf Team:

The Middle East and North Africa Programme at the International Secretariat of Amnesty International is seeking to appoint a dynamic, team oriented person to the role of Iraq Researcher in the Gulf team.

“ABOUT THE JOB:
As a research-based campaigning organization, investigating and documenting human rights issues is fundamental to our advocacy and lobbying work. Our Gulf team requires a researcher to take the lead in initiating human rights research and action by providing regional and thematic expertise, excellent research skills and sound political judgement. A campaign oriented approach to your work is essential. You will be required to conduct and co-ordinate research activities, monitor, investigate and analyse political, legal and social developments and human rights conditions, give authoritative advice on these areas and prepare human rights action materials.

ABOUT YOU:
With experience of working on human rights issues, you must have specialist knowledge and preferably first hand experience of the Gulf region in particular Iraq and an understanding and awareness of the cultures of the Gulf region. You’ll have a background in activism, academia, law or journalism with the ability to identify and thoroughly investigate those issues and ensure our voice has authority. You will need proven research and communication skills, impartial political judgement, coupled with strong strategic thought. Fluency in English, including excellent writing skills, is essential, as is the ability to speak and read Arabic fluently. ”

here is the source for the opening : https://careers.amnesty.org/vacancy/researcher—gulf-team-1332/1358/description/ 

Here are more details appearing on the page about this specific opening

  • Closing Date: 17 January 2016
  • Directorate: Research
  • Location: London
  • Type: Fixed Term Contract
  • Duration: 9 months
  • Working Hours: 35
  • Salary: £43,200

to download the full TOR of the researcher job file:Researcher – Gulf Team amnesty international

2- Gender sexuality and identity – PROGRAMME DIRECTOR (1371)

“Whatever a person’s gender, sexuality, race, religion or any other identity tag, no-one should be discriminated against on the basis of who they are. No one should have their rights violated because of their identity, or because they defend the human rights of others. That’s why we’re committed to ending human rights abuses on the basis of identity, and ending the prejudice and discrimination that fuel such abuses. It’s pioneering work – and it’ll be down to you to lead the way. 

About the role
In this highly influential role, you’ll shape and develop our strategies, policies, research and advocacy on gender, sexual orientation and other forms of identity-based discrimination – making us the recognised authority on human rights abuses grounded in such discrimination. Doing this successfully means working with people across Amnesty International (AI), strengthening our research methodologies and managing a team of dedicated staff as they advise us on how to how to research, advocate and campaign on equal rights. It will involve raising awareness, enabling staff to play their roles and generating external debate. As well as writing incisive analyses, reports and briefings, you’ll represent AI to the media and to policy makers. You’ll also manage a significant budget and develop a coherent and effective operational plan. More than that, you’ll keep up to date with emerging political, academic and human rights trends to better support those who are standing up to perpetrators of human rights violations throughout the world. Even more importantly, you will yourself be an important thought leader or entrepreneur in this area of work.

About you
An experienced human rights leader, you’ll have an impressive record of researching for advocacy and carrying out intersectional analyses of discrimination in relation to human rights. You’ll have a proven record of work and scholarship in identity-based discrimination. You’ll need specialist knowledge of international human rights and humanitarian law and a proven ability to inspire and motivate those around you. With practiced relationship-building and strategic planning abilities, you’ll be adept at successfully managing people and resources. You’ll also have shown your ability to write for a variety of publications and have the credibility, communication skills and political judgement to represent AI externally. A strong team player, you’ll be committed to working collaboratively and be passionate about ending identity-based human rights violations.”

here is the source of the opening: https://careers.amnesty.org/vacancy/gender-sexuality-and-identity—programme-director-1371/1397/description/

3 – finally a post that is for the BEIRUT Office: Regional Director  MENA: (1388)

“THE CONTEXT

Amnesty International has embarked on a global transition programme to ensure a more impactful and truly global presence for the movement. A movement that acts with greater legitimacy, speed, capacity and relevance as we stand alongside those whose rights are violated. We are adapting to a changing world by building on Amnesty International’s 50+ years of ground-breaking achievements for justice and freedom. We believe that by deepening our work in new global offices, including in the global South, we will be even more in line with our mission and core values. Our activists and staff around the world will have increased direct and indirect contact with defenders, partners and human rights violations in different parts of the world with our IS staff “closer to the ground”. As we build significant membership in the South, we will see international solidarity and democratic decision-making in full bloom.

In the past two years we have opened Regional Offices in Dakar, Nairobi, Johannesburg, Hong Kong and Mexico City – and now we are expanding our presence further. Over the next year we will establish new operations in Bangkok, Tunis, Beirut with other locations to come.

ABOUT THE BEIRUT REGIONAL DIRECTOR ROLE
Our Beirut office will tackle a host of diverse human rights issues in the region. As Regional Director and leader of our presence in the region, we will look to you to develop and adapt our global strategies within the region. You will lead a multifunctional team to develop and deliver effective research, campaigns, communications, growth and fundraising plans. So you will need to create a culture of collaboration and integration as you establish the office, support your staff and take accountability for managing resources and increasing the impact of our work. At the same time, you will be guaranteeing that your team retain all that is distinctive about Amnesty including our values & beliefs, our global identity, coherence and consistency, our independence and impartiality and the centrality of the individual.

ABOUT YOU
A politically astute, experienced, inspirational and resilient leader, you will bring your expert knowledge and experience as a leader capable of influencing the direction of Amnesty International’s impact within the region. You will have a sound knowledge of regional political and social contexts that comes from living and working in the region; with knowledge of international human rights law and regional human rights frameworks you will have a balance with your awareness of membership and constituency building, fundraising and media visibility within the region. You’ll be a strategic thinker who can create plans, manage staff directly and in a global matrix, allocate resources and maintain a strong network of government, NGO and media contacts. So you’ll have the communication, presentation and advocacy skills needed to represent AI to a variety of audiences, along with the credibility to influence them and effect positive change.

ABOUT US
Amnesty International is a global movement of more than 7 million people who campaign for a world where human rights are enjoyed by all. We reach almost every country in the world and have:

  • more than 2 million members and supporters who drive forward our fight for rights
  • more than 5 million activists who strengthen our calls for justice

Our aim is simple: an end to human rights abuses. Independent, international and influential, we campaign for justice, fairness, freedom and truth wherever they’re denied. And whether we’re applying pressure through powerful research or direct lobbying, mass demonstrations or online campaigning, we’re all inspired by hope for a better world. One where human rights are respected and protected by everyone, everywhere. We can only do this because of the generous donations from millions of people around the world.

FREEDOM, JUSTICE, EQUALITY – LET’S GET TO WORK.

LE CONTEXTE

Amnesty International s’est engagée dans un programme mondial de transition, afin d’assurer une présence plus efficace et véritablement mondiale du mouvement. Un mouvement qui a renforcé sa légitimité, sa rapidité, sa capacité et la pertinence de ses actions auprès des victimes de violations des droits humains. Amnesty International s’adapte à un monde en évolution en s’appuyant sur plus de 50 ans d’avancées majeures en faveur de la justice et de la liberté. Nous sommes convaincus qu’en accentuant notre travail dans de nouveaux bureaux à travers le monde, notamment dans les pays du Sud mondial, nous serons encore davantage en accord avec notre mission et nos valeurs fondamentales. Partout dans le monde, avec un personnel du SI « plus près de terrain », nos militants et les membres de nos équipes auront davantage de contacts directs et indirects avec les défenseurs des droits humains, avec nos partenaires et avec les personnes qui ont été victimes d’atteintes à leurs droits fondamentaux. En recrutant dans les pays du Sud un nombre significatif de membres, nous verrons s’épanouir la solidarité internationale et les processus décisionnels démocratiques.

Lors des deux dernières années, nous avons ouvert des bureaux régionaux à Dakar, Nairobi, Johannesburg, Hong Kong et Mexico – et nous continuons d’étendre notre présence. Au cours des prochaines années, nous mènerons de nouvelles actions à Bangkok, Tunis, Beyrouth et dans d’autres endroits à venir.

RÔLEDU DIRECTEUR RÉGIONAL DE BEYROUTH
Notre bureau de Beyrouth se focalisera sur de nombreuses questions liées aux droits humains dans la région. En tant que directeur ou directrice régional-e et responsable de notre mouvement dans la région, nous compterons sur vous pour développer et adapter nos stratégies mondiales dans la région. Vous dirigerez une équipe multidisciplinaire dans le but d’élaborer et de réaliser des travaux de recherche efficaces, des campagnes, des communications ainsi que des plans de croissance et de collecte de fonds. Lors de la mise en place du bureau, vous devrez donc développer une culture de collaboration et d’intégration, et soutenir votre équipe. Vous serez responsable de la gestion des ressources et de la maximisation de notre impact. Dans le même temps, vous veillerez à ce que votre équipe ne perde pas de vue les caractéristiques propres d’Amnesty, notamment nos valeurs et nos convictions, notre identité mondiale, notre cohérence et notre constance, notre indépendance, notre impartialité et le caractère central que nous conférons à l’individu.

VOTRE PROFIL
Avec l’intelligence politique qui est la vôtre, avec votre expérience, votre caractère mobilisateur et votre résistance, vous tirerez profit de votre expertise et de vos compétences à la tête d’une équipe pour accroître l’impact d’Amnesty International dans la région. Vous disposez d’une solide connaissance du contexte politique et social de la région, acquise en vivant et en travaillant sur place. Vous êtes au fait du droit international en matière de droits humains et des cadres régionaux relatifs aux droits humains. Vous faites également preuve de connaissances en matière de recrutement de membres, de recherche de soutiens, de collecte de fonds et de visibilité médiatique dans la région. Vous avez des capacités de réflexion stratégique et êtes capable d’élaborer des plans, de gérer une équipe tant directement que dans le cadre d’une structure mondiale, de répartir des ressources et d’entretenir un solide réseau de contacts au sein du gouvernement, d’ONG et des médias. Vous disposez donc des compétences nécessaires en matière de communication, de présentation et de travail de pression pour représenter Amnesty International auprès de publics variés. Vous jouissez également de la crédibilité suffisante pour avoir une influence sur ces publics et les orienter vers un changement positif.

À PROPOS DE NOUS
Amnesty International est un mouvement mondial réunissant plus de sept millions de personnes qui agissent pour que les droits fondamentaux de chaque individu soient respectés. Nous touchons presque tous les pays du monde et nous comptons : 

  • plus de 2 millions de membres et sympathisants qui font avancer notre lutte en faveur des droits
  • plus de 5 millions de militants qui renforcent nos appels à la justice

Notre objectif est simple : mettre fin aux violations des droits humains. Indépendante, internationale et influente, notre organisation se bat pour la justice, l’équité, la liberté et la vérité partout où elles sont bafouées. Que nous nous engagions en menant d’importantes recherches, par un travail de pression directe, en organisant des manifestations de masse ou des campagnes en ligne, nous sommes tous poussés par l’espoir d’un monde meilleur. Un monde où les droits humains seraient respectés et protégés par tous et partout. Notre travail n’est rendu possible que par les dons généreux de millions de personnes dans le monde.

LIBERTÉ, JUSTICE, ÉGALITÉ – METTONS-NOUS AU TRAVAIL.

 

 

شرعت منظمة العفو الدولية في تنفيذ برنامج انتقالي عالمي يهدف إلى ضمان أن تصبح المنظمة حركة ذات حضور عالمي حقيقي وأكثر تأثيراً، حركة تعمل بمشروعية وسرعة وقدرة أكبر وأكثر ملاءمة للواقع، وهي تقف إلى جانب الذين تُنتهك حقوقهم. إننا نتكيف مع عالم متغير عن طريق البناء على المنجزات المبتكرة التي حققتها منظمة العفو الدولية على مدى 50 عاماً ونيِّف من أجل العدالة والحرية. ونعتقد أننا بتعميق عملنا في مكاتب عالمية جديدة، بما فيها بلدان الجنوب، سنكون أكثر اتساقاً مع رسالتنا وقيمنا الأساسية. وسيكون نشطاء المنظمة وموظفوها حول العالم على صلة مباشرة وغير مباشرة، وعلى نحو متزايد، مع المدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان والشركاء وضحايا انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان في مختلف بلدان العالم، وسيكون موظفونا في الأمانة الدولية “أكثر قرباً من الميدان”. ومع بناء عضوية كبيرة في بلدان الجنوب، سنشهد ازدهاراً كاملاً للتضامن الأممي وصنع القرار الديمقراطي

وقد أنشأنا في السنتين الماضيتين مكاتب إقليمية في كل من داكار ونيروبي وجوهانسبرغ وهونغ كونغ ومدينة المكسيك- ونحن نقوم الآن بتوسيع حضورنا العالمي أكثر فأكثر. وخلال السنتين القادمتين سنقوم بإنشاء مواقع عمل جديدة في بانكوك وتونس وبيروت، مع مواقع أخرى في المستقبل.

ما يتعلق بدور المدير الإقليمي في بيروت

سوف يتعامل مكتبنا في بيروت مع طائفة متنوعة من قضايا حقوق الإنسان في المنطقة. ونحن نتوقع منك، كمدير إقليمي وكقائد لعملية تواجد المنظمة في المنطقة، أن تقوم بتطوير وتكييف استراتيجياتنا العالمية في المنطقة؛ وأن تتولى قيادة فريق متعدد الوظائف يضطلع بوضع وتنفيذ الخطط الخاصة بالبحوث والحملات والاتصالات والنمو وجمع الأموال. ولذا ينبغي أن تعمل على خلق ثقافة تعاون وتكامل أثناء تأسيس المكتب، ودعم موظفي المكتب، وتحمُّل المسؤولية عن إدارة الموارد، وزيادة تأثير عملنا. وفي الوقت نفسه، ينبغي ضمان أن يحافظ فريقك على كل ما هو مميَّز لدى منظمة العفو الدولية، بما في ذلك قيمها ومعتقداتها وهويتها العالمية وتماسكها واتساقها واستقلالها وحيدتها ومركزية الفرد بالنسبة لها.

ما يتعلق بك

إننا نتوقع منك، كقائد يتسم بالحصافة السياسية والخبرة والإلهام والمثابرة، أن تحمل معك معارفك وخبراتك وتجاربك كقائد قادر على توجيه تأثير منظمة العفو الدولية في المنطقة؛ وأن تتمتع بمعرفة رصينة بالأوضاع السياسية والاجتماعية الإقليمية المستمدة من العيش والعمل في المنطقة. وبتمتعك بمعرفة القانون الدولي لحقوق الإنسان والأطر الإقليمية لحقوق الإنسان، يمكنك خلق توازن مع وعيك ببناء العضوية وقواعد المؤازرين وجمع الأموال والحضور المرئي في وسائل الإعلام. والمطلوب أن تكون مفكراً استراتيجياً قادراً على وضع الخطط، وإدارة الموظفين بشكل مباشر، وضمن منظومة عالمية، وتخصيص الموارد، والاحتفاظ بشبكة قوية من الصِلات مع الحكومات والمنظمات غير الحكومية ووسائل الإعلام. وعليه ينبغي التمتع بمهارات الاتصال والتقديم والعمل الدعوي الضرورية لتمثيل منظمة العفو الدولية أمام جمهور متنوع، إلى جانب التحلي بالصدقية اللازمة للتأثير عليهم وإحداث تغيير إيجابي.

 

ما يتعلق بنا/ من نحن 

منظمة العفو الدولية حركة عالمية تضم ما يزيد على 7 ملايين عضو ومؤازر وناشط يناضلون من أجل عالم يتمتع فيه جميع البشر بجميع حقوق الإنسان. وتصل المنظمة إلى كل بلد من بلدان العالم تقريبا، وتتألف من:

  • أكثر من 2 مليون عضو ومؤازر يقومون بدفع نضالنا من أجل الحقوق إلى لأمام،
  • أكثر من 5 ملايين ناشط يعززون دعواتنا من أجل تحقيق العدالة.

وهدفنا بسيط: وضع حد لانتهاكات حقوق الإنسان. وبصفتها منظمة مستقلة ودولية ومؤثرة، فإنها تناضل من أجل العدالة والمساواة والحرية والحقيقة حيثما يجري الحرمان منها. وسواءً كنا نمارس ضغوطاً من خلال البحوث القوية أو كسب التأييد، بواسطة المظاهرات الجماهيرية أو الحملات عبر الانترنت، فإننا جميعاً يحدونا الأمل في عالم أفضل، عالم تحظى فيه حقوق الإنسان بالاحترام والحماية من قبل كل شخص في كل مكان. ولا يمكننا أن نفعل ذلك بدون التبرعات السخية لملايين الأشخاص من سائر أنحاء العالم.

حرية، عدالة، مساواة- هيَّا إلى العمل.

there is no salary salary scale for this post 😦 here r the details they give :

  • Closing Date: 17 January 2016
  • Directorate: Regional Offices and Global Operations
  • Location: Beirut
  • Type: Permanent
  • Working Hours: 35

good luck for all!!

Rita Chemaly

 https://careers.amnesty.org/vacancy/regional-director—mena—

beirut-office-1388/1414/description/Here is the source:

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16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence Campaign has announced its new theme for 2015.

16dayscampaign theme lebanon

The Campaign that will be held from November 25 to December 10 will focus on:

“From Peace in the Home to Peace in the World: Make Education Safe for All!”

Below is a clearer view of what is thought of under the theme of 2015:

Under this global theme, the 16 Days Campaign is asking you to join in advancing the right to education and challenging violence, discrimination, and inequity in education at the intersection of gender, race or ethnicity, religion, real or perceived sexual orientation, socio-economic status, and other social identifiers. You can start thinking about what spaces and access to education look like in your community, country, or region. In planning your participation, consider the ways in which militarism affects education, whether in peacetime, during conflict, in refugee and IDP camps, in indigenous territories, in schools and other education settings, or even on the streets. Consider how violence and increased militarism has affected the education of young people in countries that have recently experienced different types of armed conflict; how extremism through State and non-State policies and practices have affected the right to education, especially for girls; and how government expenditures on arms and other priorities of militarization set the tone in funding for safe and accessible education for all .”

In Lebanon Education is a huge domain in which clear action plans need to be implemented, the Problem is access and quality of education for several people living in Lebanon.

I am thinking of all those IDPs camp in which I was greeted by yound children that didn’t go to school, and stayed in the camps all day long.

below is the link the website:

http://16dayscwgl.rutgers.edu/2015-campaign/2015-theme

here is what you Can do to join this Global Movement:

RESOURCES FOR 2015

CWGL is in the process of developing resources and campaign materials, which will provide useful background information on the theme and suggestions for planning campaign activities.

CWGL will be posting these resources on the 16 Days Campaign website over the months leading up to the campaign. You can also write to the 16 Days Campaign (16days@cwgl.rutgers.edu) to request hard copies of these materials. Participants can visit our website (http://16days.cwgl.rutgers.edu) to download the Take Action Kit materials or to request a hard copy when available.

Join the 16 Days Campaign!

The 16 Days Campaign is open to participants engaging in action on these issues in ways that are relevant to their specific context. Participants know best on what and with whom they can engage – whether their governments or communities – to challenge and change in positive terms the structures which perpetuate gender-based violence. Create or join a community, campus, national or international activity! Request campaign materials, join the 16 Days listserv, and use past International Calendars of Activities (available online) to spark ideas for your activities or to find information about groups in your area. Use of the hashtag #16Days on social media is encouraged!

Share your plans!

As November approaches, remember to submit your plans to CWGL for posting to the 2015 International Campaign Calendar to become part of the global 16 Days Campaign movement. The International Campaign Calendar can be found at http://16dayscwgl.rutgers.edu/campaign-calendar.

Check out the website!

If you would like more information about the international 16 Days Campaign, please visit the website http://www.cwgl.rutgers.edu/16days/home.html. Pictures from previous 16 Days Campaigns can be viewed on Flickr at https://www.flickr.com/photos/16dayscampaign.

Sign up for the 16 Days e-mail list!

Join the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence e-mail listserv, which gives activists a space to share work against violence, build partnerships with others worldwide, and develop strategies and themes for the annual 16 Days Campaign. Sign up at https://email.rutgers.edu/mailman/listinfo/16days_discussion.

ABOUT THE 16 DAYS CAMPAIGN

Since its founding in 1991, the Center for Women’s Global Leadership has been the global coordinator of the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence Campaign. For the past twenty-five years, the 16 Days Campaign has been dedicated to advocacy and coordination of work in support of ending gender-based violence at the local, national, and international levels. The dates, November 25th (International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women) and December 10th (Human Rights Day), were chosen to emphasize the links between ending gender-based violence and human rights principles and highlight that gender-based violence is an international human rights violation. The 16 Days Campaign is used as an organizing strategy to call for the elimination of all forms of gender-based violence by individuals, groups, and institutions throughout the world.

Attached is the full PDF form :

Theme Announcement 2015 FINAL_English

Rita Chemaly

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Appel à papiers

Appel à papiers: Reconsidérer les Intersections: une Définition du Genre et de la Sexualité Centrée sur la région MENA

L’une des rares revues académiques sur le genre et la sexualité basées dans la région MENA, Kohl: la Revue de Recherche sur le Corps et le Genre a vu le jour en Décembre 2014. Nous sommes heureux de vous inviter à envoyer vos articles pour le premier numéro de Kohl, dont la publication est prévue pour mai 2015. Nous encourageons particulièrement les jeunes activistes, chercheurs indépendants, étudiants diplômés, ainsi que les nouveaux diplômés à postuler. Nous accueillons volontiers tout article venant de la part de contributeurs influents dans le domaine.

Cliquez ici pour envoyer votre article à travers le système de gestion éditoriale de Kohl.

Cliquez ici pour consulter nos directives de soumission.

La région du Moyen-Orient, du Sud-Ouest d’Asie et de l’Afrique du Nord a connu des insertions historiques d’influences occidentales et coloniales, et les domaines du genre et de la sexualité n’ont pas fait exception à ces dynamiques de pouvoir. En même temps, aspirer à un discours d’authenticité et opter pour un retour à un état précolonial ne joue pas en faveur des discours contemporains autour du genre et de la sexualité. Cette genèse récente des mouvements féministes et de la sexualité exprime la nécessité de redéfinir ces concepts vis-à-vis des contextes politiques et culturels actuels de la région MENA. Nous nous intéressons aux  articles qui historicisent ces mouvements et les mettent ainsi en contexte pour en définir les défis.

Un numéro introductif sur le genre et la sexualité dans la région MENA ne peut ne pas prendre en considération les fluctuations contemporaines des paysages géopolitiques. Que ces dernières aient entravé le travail des mouvements de base, ou simplement mené à des stratégies d’adaptabilité au changement, les politiques de sexualité alternent constamment entre l’ouverture et la fermeture des espaces privés et publics. Le déplacement et la mobilité à travers les frontières, au sein et au-delà de la région MENA, évoque la fluidité des espaces, en particulier en ce qui concerne les réfugiés, les demandeurs d’asile et les migrants.
Il reste à savoir si réinventer un noyau pour le genre et la sexualité au sein de foyers temporaires comme outil à la résistance ou à la survie répond à son propre contexte ou à un discours universalisé sur les droits humains.

Les sujets possibles incluent, sans se limiter à :

  • Redéfinir les termes et les concepts concernant l’identité, le genre et la sexualité
  • Contrer les manifestations orientalistes et les influences occidentales perçues auprès des mouvements de base de la région MENA, accompagné de stratégies de mise en contexte, et ce pour l’avancement et le développement du genre et de la sexualité
  • Mouvements des droits des femmes et droits sexuels : les défis sociaux, culturels et légaux pour l’organisation et l’adaptabilité au changement
  • Déplacement de l’idée de la ‘visibilité’ d’un spectre linéaire d’individualisme en faveur des « visibilités ambiguës »
  • La politisation et la dépolitisation de la sexualité dans une notion de décalage d’états-nations
  • L’interaction entre espaces privés et publics dans les questions de genre et sexualité dans la région MENA
  • La mobilité et le déplacement à travers les frontières et l’évolution des paysages géopolitiques concernant les réfugiés, les migrants, les demandeurs d’asile, et les cultures des pays hôtes
  • Les théories de l’intersection dans les efforts régionaux et les rencontres spécifiques


Le 1er Mars 2015
est la date limite pour l’envoi des articles.

Notre journal reçoit les travaux en cours, à condition qu’une version complète soit soumise. Veuillez respecter nos directives de soumission. Au cas où votre article a été retenu pour publication, sachez que notre équipe le traduira en une autre langue.

Pour plus d’informations, contactez kohl@gsrc-mena.org

Cet appel à papiers est disponible en version PDF


Kohlla Revue de la Recherche sur le Corps et le Genre, est une initiative du Centre des Ressources du Genre et la Sexualité (GSRC) en coopération avec le bureau du Moyen Orient de l’association Heinrich Boell Stiftung.

Below is the call for papers in english

Call For Papers: Rethinking Intersections: A MENA-centered Definition of Gender and Sexuality

One of the few academic journals on gender and sexuality based in the MENA region, Kohl: a Journal for Body and Gender Research saw the light in December 2014. We are pleased to invite submissions for Kohl’s first issue, slated for publication in May 2015. Young activists, independent researchers, graduate students and fresh graduates are particularly encouraged to apply. We also welcome submissions from seminal contributors in the field.

Click here to submit a manuscript through the Kohl editorial manager system.

Click here to review our submission guidelines.

The Middle East, South West Asia and North Africa region has witnessed historical interpolations of Western and colonial influences, and the fields of gender and sexuality were not exempt from these dynamics of power. At the same time, purporting to a discourse of authenticity and pushing for a return to a pre-colonial status, remain unfavorable to the contemporary discourses of gender and sexuality. The recent rise of feminist and sexuality movements expresses the need to redefine these concepts in light of the current political and cultural contexts of the MENA. We are interested in papers that historicize these movements and that contextualize their challenges.

An introductory issue on gender and sexuality in the MENA region cannot disregard the contemporary fluctuations of geopolitical landscapes. Whether these have put a strain on grassroots movements, or have induced strategies of adaptability to change, sexuality politics is constantly pushed in and out of private and public spaces. Mobility across borders, within and beyond the MENA, evokes the fluidity of spaces, especially in relation to refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants. It remains unclear whether reinventing loci of gender and sexuality in temporary homes as a tool for resistance or survival responds to its own intersectional context or to a universalized discourse on human rights.

Possible topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Redefining the terms and concepts around identity, gender, and sexuality
  • Counteracting Orientalist manifestations and influences in the MENA grassroots movements with contextualized strategies for the advancement of gender and sexuality
  • Women’s and sexual rights movements: social, cultural, and legal challenges to organize and adaptability to change
  • Displacing the idea of individualistic “visibility” in favor of “ambiguous visibilities”*
  • Politicizing and depoliticizing sexuality within a shifting notion of nation-states
  • The interplay of private and public spaces in questions of gender and sexuality in the MENA
  • Mobility across borders and changing geopolitical landscapes in relation to refugees, migrants, asylum seekers, and host cultures
  • Theories of intersectionality in regional efforts and in specific encounters

The deadline for submission is March 8, 2015.

We accept work in progress, provided full drafts are submitted. Please make sure to comply with the submission guidelines. If accepted for inclusion, please note that your paper will be translated to a second language by our team.

For further queries, please contact kohl@gsrc-mena.org

The call is available for download in PDF format.


Kohl: a Journal for Body and Gender Research
كحل: مجلة لأبحاث الجسد و الجندر is an initiative of the Gender and Sexuality Resource Center (GSRC) in cooperation with Heinrich Boell Stiftung, Middle East Office, Beirut.

*This term was borrowed from “Framing Visibility: Coming Out and the International Spectrum of Visibility,” an article by Lynn.

More details http://gsrc-mena.org/kohl/submission-guidelines/

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Women reproductive roles are entrenched in our society.

Even women reproduce the same roles making it difficult to change our gender social –predetermined roles.

I am now a mother, I have to be the one who takes care of the child, who bathes him, who changes him, who feeds him. Me= Mother= care taker= women role .

I was super glad to see the advertisement of a dad giving a bottle to his child. In Lebanon, dad’s are seen are the ones who work outside the house and just get the cash flow.

You are newly married women in Lebanon : you will open your house “fetha bayta” and will have to know how to cook, clean, and take care of the “household”.

In my opinion empowering women is to let women be aware of the fact that the roles they have are “socially” determined and therefore they can change them and shake them.

Below is the illustration of how gender roles and characteritics are predetermined , below the stereotypes appear clearly!

Rita Chemaly

 

gender social  roles

 

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The year 2014 was meant to be the year that ended the Program of Action adopted by the Cairo Conference for Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994. The document was a paradigm shift in understanding and framing reproductive health and rights and prioritizing individuals’ rights to choose and make decisions with regards to their own bodies. Now that the General Assembly extended the PoA indefinitely, and will review country progress at its 2014 session, it is the right moment to evaluate the extent to which different countries in the region implemented the PoA and how this has changed the realities lived by women and youth regarding their sexual and reproductive health and rights. In the MENA region, acknowledging reproductive rights in a UN consensus document has greatly contributed in enhancing the countries’ policies especially in maternity care, family planning services and HIV/AIDS. Yet, cultural and religious discourses still play a major role in holding back sexual rights especially for young people. Women’s autonomy over their bodies is still a highly debated issue because of the deeply embedded patriarchal culture, which is also reflected in an unprecedented increase in the level of sexual violence against women.

Given the diversity of socioeconomic conditions in the MENA region, it is difficult to make categorical statements about the situation of reproductive and sexual health and rights. Yet, in many countries disparities in access to reproductive healthcare persist, where poorer, less educated and rural woman face many barriers to adequate and affordable healthcare services. In most MENA countries, women and young people are excluded from decision-making circles, which is reflected in the gender-insensitive policies adopted by these states. Adopting a progressive agenda for post-2014 will definitely positively influence women’s and young people’s lives and make governments more accountable for the health and lives of their citizens. It will also help to integrate women and youth in designing, implementing and monitoring policies that influence their reproductive health and will provide guidance on achieving reproductive justice.

Full report http://www.wluml.org/sites/wluml.org/files/report_-_reclaiming_and_redefining_rights.pdf

 

Summary source http://www.wluml.org/resource/reclaiming-and-redefining-rights-icpd20-status-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-mi

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Encore des discriminations, des discriminations en boucles!

Le parlement va “parait-il” re-etudier le projet de loi pour donner la nationalite libanaise a ceux qui sont d’origine Libanaise.

bon, voila un bon point pour les emigres de longue date, si j’oublie qu’un tel octroi ne se fait que pour une certaine balance communautaire.

mais encore plus le probleme est l’exception: ceux d’origine libanaise et qui ont droit a la nationalite sont seulement des Hommes!!! et non des femmes!!!

donc vos cousines, vos arrieres cousines, vos arrieres grands-meres, et leurs soeurs n’y ont pas droit, juste leur freres y ont droit!!

allons donc!!! mettons un gros zero au patriarcalisme, et aux societes retrogrades qui ne reconnaissent pas les femmes en tant que citoyennes pleines et entieres!!

ci-dessous le brief de la campagne ma nationalite est mon droit et celui de ma famille Image

!

Rita Chemaly

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Ouiii enfin, le gouvernement tunisien a annoncé le dépôt de la notification auprès du secrétaire général des Nations Unies, du retrait des réserves relatives à  la Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes la celebre (CEDAW).

La Tunisie avait ratifié cette convention en 1985 mais les réserves emises a la Conventions etaient nombreuses:  articles 9 (nationalité), l’article 15 (égalité devant la loi) et l’article 16 (droit matrimonial) .
Le Liban a adhere a la CEDAW, mais il a aussi emis des reserves qui le laissent Loin derriere entre les pays qui ne donnent pas leurs pleins droits aux femmes.

Pour ne citer que le droit des femmes libanaises a transmettre leur Nationalite a leurs enfants et maris (non nationaux) (sujet que je couvre amplement dans ce blog), les droits lies au mariage (aussi debattus dans ce blog), ( mariage, divorce, heritage, adoption…).

Rita Chemaly

pour plus d’infos sur la levee des reserves par la tunisie (bravo bravo) voila quelques liens:
Tunisie : Les réserves à la CEDAW enfin levées !  
Je Rêve : La Libanaise est citoyenne de « seconde classe » ?

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« On a gagné ! Je suis très contente, je viens d’avoir un enfant et vraiment, 49 jours de congé maternité ne suffisent pas à la mère pour se remettre physiquement et psychologiquement de la grossesse et de l’accouchement, apprendre à connaître son enfant, allaiter… C’est un grand pas pour la femme libanaise qui travaille, mais aussi pour l’enfant et l’ensemble de la famille ! »

Après trois ans de bataille, Rita Chemaly, consultante pour le développement des projets à la Commission nationale pour les droits de la femme, ne peut contenir sa joie : les députés ont voté mercredi dernier en session plénière deux propositions de loi : l’une amende l’article 38 de la loi 112 allongeant le congé maternité des employées du secteur public de 60 à 70 jours, l’autre amende les articles 28-29 du code du travail en étendant la durée du congé maternité de 49 jours à 10 semaines (soit 70 jours consécutifs), payés à salaire complet. Toutes les Libanaises, quel que soit leur employeur, bénéficient désormais d’un congé de 70 jours payés à plein salaire. Les lois entreront en vigueur dès leur publication au Journal officiel, soit mardi ou jeudi au plus tard.

C’est en 2011 que la Commission nationale pour les droits de la femme s’engage pour l’extension du congé maternité. L’association lance à cette époque, en partenariat avec de nombreuses associations pour le droit des femmes, une campagne nationale pour amender les lois qui ont un impact économique négatif sur les femmes. Intitulée Wayn Ba’dna (on en est encore là), la campagne vise à assurer l’égalité de la femme vis-à-vis de l’homme au niveau de la Sécurité sociale et des impôts notamment. L’extension du congé maternité fait partie des mesures prônées. « Un congé maternité trop court constitue une discrimination pour les femmes car elles peuvent hésiter à avoir des enfants de peur de perdre leur emploi », explique Rita Chemaly.

« Nous avons rédigé une proposition de loi en nous basant sur les dispositions des textes internationaux (Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes (Cedaw), le Pacte international relatif aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels) et nous sommes allés voir deux députés, Gilberte Zouein, présidente de la commission des Droits de la femme, et Michel Moussa, président de la commission des Droits de l’homme, afin de leur soumettre notre proposition de loi. Nous avons ensuite suivi de très près le travail des commissions parlementaires, nous avons écrit au président de la Chambre Nabih Berry pour qu’il mette la proposition de loi à l’ordre du jour de l’agenda de l’Assemblée nationale. » Et s’il a fallu autant de temps pour que la loi soit votée en assemblée plénière, c’est à cause de problèmes d’ordre politique, le Parlement ne s’étant pas réuni pendant des mois, précise l’activiste.

S’il s’agit incontestablement d’une victoire pour la Libanaise, cette extension du congé maternité reste insuffisante au regard des normes internationales et le Liban fait toujours figure de mauvais élève en matière de protection de la maternité au travail. D’après les chiffres de l’Organisation internationale du travail (OIT, 2012), 85 % des pays du monde ont instauré un congé maternité d’au moins 12 semaines. 98 % des pays d’Europe et de la CEI ont un congé maternité de 14 semaines et plus, et presque 2/3 de ces pays en offrent plus de 18 semaines. À l’opposé, 90 % des pays arabes du Moyen-Orient ont un congé maternité de moins de 12 semaines. Quelques exemples : France : 16 semaines, Norvège : jusqu’à 57 semaines, Brésil : 17 semaines, Tunisie : 30 jours, Arabie Saoudite : 10 semaines, Syrie : 17 semaines.
La durée de 10 semaines adoptée la semaine dernière au Liban reste bien en deçà des normes internationales que prône notamment l’OIT. « La convention (n° 183) sur la protection de la maternité prévoit un congé maternité de 14 semaines. Bien que le Liban n’ait pas signé cette convention, il faut qu’il se rapproche de cette norme. Nous n’avons pas voulu revendiquer les 14 semaines directement pour ne pas que les organismes économiques s’opposent frontalement à l’extension. Nous avons préféré procéder étape par étape », détaille Rita Chemaly. Contrairement à la France où c’est la Sécurité sociale qui couvre, au Liban, c’est l’employeur qui assure le paiement des salaires pendant le congé maternité.

Pour autant, la bataille n’est pas finie. « Maintenant, nous allons lutter pour un nouveau rallongement du congé maternité et la création d’un congé paternité payé entièrement. Ça, c’est ma campagne personnelle, car le père est partie intégrante de l’éducation des enfants », affirme Rita Chemaly.

Un article par Anne ILCINKAS | OLJ

http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/862067/lextension-du-conge-maternite-une-victoire-pour-la-libanaise-mais-encore-bien-en-deca-des-normes-internationales.html

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ImageAbaad a publie hier son etude sur les perceptions relatives aux droits des femmes. J’ai commence a la lire en diagonale et je trouve que les resulats sont tres interessants.

l’Etude est le resultat d’une enquete sur plusieurs niveaux: la distribution des roles entre hommes et femmes au sein de la famille,

la violence faite aux femmes, le viol conjugual, les droits inherants au mariage notamment le droit des femmes a transmettre leur nationalite enfin les droits des femmes agees.

l’Etude financee par World Vision est en arabe. Des que Abaad la publie en une autre langue je la partagerais aussi!

a tous les etudiants, activistes dans le domaine des droits des femmes cette etude peut etre d’une grande aide.

Rita Chemaly

Auteure et chercheure en sciences politiques

pour telecharger l’etude en langue arabe voila le lien pdf direct : http://abaadmena.org/userfiles/file/Resources/VPOO.pdf

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Hello Parents !!! مرحبا إلكن.

 

une tres tres belle video (en arabe ou anglais) relatant un dialogue entre une maman libanaise et son fils emigre aux etats-unis pour travailler.

Elle essaye de lui dire de trouver une femme et construire une famille avec des enfants, il lui cache gentiment son orientation sexuelle.

A voir!!!!

Rita Chemaly

 

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As a consultant for the National Commission for Lebanese Women, Rita Chemaly is  expertly acquainted with the complexities inherent to the fight for women’s  equality rights in Lebanon – but last July she faced a personal  struggle.

At seven-months pregnant, she was one of many expectant mothers  waiting for Parliament to approve key amendments to the national labor law that  would extend maternity leave to 70 days, over the legally allotted 49 .

Chemaly identified the draft law to criminalize family violence and amendments  to ensure equal citizenship as the most pressing, and regrettably, subject to  the vagaries of personal status and sectarian politics.

While the debate  about domestic violence centers on religious opposition, the one raging over  amending the citizenship law is a thornier and overtly political affair, as  opponents argue it is incompatible with Lebanon’s confessional  system.

“This proves that the law is discriminatory in its origin and has  nothing to do with the concerns about and fears of Palestinian settlement in  Lebanon,” she said in the study.

Read more:  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Mar-08/249615-small-steps-for-gender-equality-long-road-ahead.ashx#ixzz2w0ppzjDY

thank you Samya  Kullab for your articles covering lebanese women struggle in their fight for their rights!

 

Rita

The  Daily Star

Read more:  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Mar-08/249615-small-steps-for-gender-equality-long-road-ahead.ashx#ixzz2w0qZosr9 (The Daily Star :: Lebanon News ::  http://www.dailystar.com.lb)

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I was glad to be once again the host of Etijah show “Cases”, in which we tackled the recurrent problem of Human trafficking in the region.

After explaining and defining what  is Human trafficking and observing what are the Human trafficking forms in the region,  you will discover that during the episode the other host Mrs Hariri and I, did not convene on the matter of the migrant domestic workers in the region. For me I couldn’t but define the migrant Workers as specific subjects to clear Human Trafficking.

I remember that back in 2011, I blogged about how the Lebanese parliament passed and approved an  Anti-Trafficking Legislation by that amended the Lebanese penal code and criminal procedures to specifically address the crime of trafficking in persons. here is the link to my September 2011 post related to Human trafficking https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2011/09/05/anti-trafficking-law-approved-in-lebanon/

Again I repeat: Human trafficking is the trade of human, human trafficking is the fact of threating,  Forced labor is a form of human trafficking, removal of organ is a form of human trafficking,  mobilizing children as child soldiers is trafficking, threating the migrant worker, locking her in the house, confiscating her/his passport, is a form of Human trafficking.

All governmental institutions (related Ministries, related administrations, police, parliament, …) with the help of non-governmental institutions such as NGOs, schools, media should work on preventing Human trafficking in Lebanon, especially with the recurrent Syrian Crisis and the preeminent problem of child marriages that we are witnessing!

Rita Chemaly

here is the definition by the protocol to prevent and suppress Human trafficking : Article 3, paragraph (a) of the    Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as    the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs .”

the show can be watched on You Tube via this direct link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mT10ZlXeoWA 

below is the description of the show on You tube:

 Published on Mar  4, 2014

The show CASES, produced by Aly Sleem and Shant Kerbabian and hosted by Shant Kerbabian, deals with human rights violations, regardless of any political affiliation and agenda. We stand by the oppressed people everywhere, so we aim at tackling their cases professionally from both humanitarian and legal perspectives. Our objective is to raise awareness and to speak out for those who have no voice
We were glad to host: In our Studio: Ms. Diana Hariri, Activist and General Coordinator of Human Rights Center, LIU

Via Satellite from Beirut:Dr. Rita Chemaly, Author and Human Rights Activist

rita chemaly expert talking about human trafficking in the middle east

 

 

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Un juge libanais dans le Metn n’a pas utilise l’horrible article 534 du code penal

Youpi!!! enfin un homme de droit sensé!!

quand un ami juge m’a raconté l’histoire il y a quelques jours je ne l’ai pas cru, mais Youmna dans le Legal agenda explique comment le juge a statué et relate toute l’histoire et a publie le jugement!!

et jl’ai bien dit aujourdu’hui est une belle journee ensoleillee au Liban!!

bravo ce premier pas Monsieur le Juge Dahdah, a quand la police, les forces de l’ordre et la société vont arrêter de stigmatiser, stéréotyper et criminaliser l’homosexualité au Liban???

Ci dessous le lien de l’article paru dans le legal agenda http://www.legal-agenda.com/article.php?id=676&folder=articles&lang=ar#.Uxg_001WFol et voilale lien du jugement !!! http://www.legal-agenda.com/images/articles/1394018421-حكم.pdf ce qui est interessant c’est que le Liban a reconnu sa “gender identity”

et je ne peux que repeter ce que Gino a bien conclu dans son post a ce sujet” To everyone still not ok with all of this, please, just remember, who the fuck are you to have a say in other people’s lives when it doesn’t affect you? Mind your own business and stop worrying what gays, lesbians, transgender and other gender minorities do with their lives, their bodies and who they choose to love. “

voila!! c’est dit! 🙂

trop contente!! belle journee!!

Rita Chemaly

أندروجين” أمام القضاء الجزائي اللبناني: حكم ثان لإعادة تعريف المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة

يمنى مخلوف

من ارشيف المفكرة القانونية

في بدء التكوين كان آدم، أول الرجال، وكانت حواء أولى النساء، ولكنه وفقا” لأفلاطون، قبل آدم وقبل حواء، كان أندروجين، كائن مكتمل، يمتلك جنس الذكر وجنس الأنثى معا”، أعضاؤه التناسلية مزدوجة، إلا أنه بعدما اشتد غروره وتجرّأ على مهاجمة الآلهة، عوقب فشطر الى جزئين، ذكر وأنثى.   بتاريخ 28/1/2014، أصدر القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في جديدة المتن ناجي الدحداح حكماً بتبرئة متحوّلة جنسياً، بعدما تم الادعاء عليها على أساس أنها تقيم علاقات مع ذكور. وقد شكل هذا الحكم مؤشراً هاماً جداً، ليس فقط على صعيد التعامل مع متحولي الجنس ولكن أيضاً على صعيد تفسير المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات الخاصة بمعاقبة المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة، والتي غالباً ما استُخدمت لمعاقبة العلاقات المثلية. ومن المعلوم أن المادة المذكورة طرحت في السنوات الأخيرة إشكاليات متنوعة في الوسط القضائي تمحورت حول معنى العبارات المستعملة فيها، فمنهم من رفض تجريم العلاقات المثلية على أساسها، ومنهم من فسّر المادة على أنها تجرّم هذا النوع من العلاقات[1].   وقائع الدعوى: شخص وُلد مع أعضاء تناسلية مشوّهة وغير مكتملة، أي أن أعضاءه التناسلية لا تسمح بتحديد انتمائه الجنسي الذكري أو الأنثوي، تسجل في سجلات الأحوال الشخصية على أنه ذكر، إذ لا وجود لأي خانة ثالثة في قيود الأحوال الشخصية، والفرد يصنّف عند ولادته إلزامياً بالذكر أو الأنثى. لكنه لطالما شعر بميل كبير ليصبح امرأة بسبب الهرمونات الأنثوية في جسمه، ما أدى به الى الخضوع في التسعينيات الى عمليات جراحية من استئصال للعضو الذكري وزرع رحم اصطناعي. وعلى أثر علاقاته الجنسية مع الذكور، تم توقيفه والادعاء عليه أمام القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في جديدة المتن وقد شكلت هذه الملاحقة على حد علمنا الحالة الأولى لمحاكمة متحوّل جنسي أمام القضاء الجزائي، علماً أن القضاء المدني قد سبق له أن استجاب لطلبات عديدة مقدمة من متحوّلي جنس لتصحيح قيودهم في سجلات الأحوال الشخصية[2]. تبعاً لذلك، طُرح على القاضي سؤال أساسي بشأن مفهوم المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة.هل هي المجامعة التي تتم بين شخصين ينتميان الى الجنس الواحد؟ وفي حال الإيجاب، كيف يتم تحديد هذا الجنس والهوية الجنسية؟ هل هي الهوية المعتمدة في الأوراق والسجلات، أم هي الهوية البيولوجية، أو لربما الهوية النفسية، أو يا ترى الهوية الاجتماعية؟ وما مدى حرية الشخص في تحديد هويته الجنسية وفي ممارسة العلاقات الجنسية؟   ينطلق القاضي في تحليله بادئ ذي بدء من هوية الشخص المتهم كما أُدرجت في سجلات النفوس فيشير اليه بالذكر. إلا أنه يرافق الشخص منذ ولادته لغاية تاريخ الحكم: وعليه، وبعد أخذه بعين الاعتبار تطوّر الشخص اجتماعياً ونفسياً وخارجياً، يتراجع القاضي عن تصنيفه الأولي المسند الى ظاهر سجلات النفوس فيعود ويشير الى المتهم بمفردات لغوية مزدوجة عبر تعريفه له بـ”المدعى عليه(ا)”، مشدداً بذلك على هوية جنسية مزدوجة، معقدة وعميقة، لا يمكن وضعها في خانة ذكر أو أنثى، فتظهر لنا للمرة الأولى على الصعيد القانوني هوية ثالثة تشمل الذكر والأنثى، وتكرّس حرية الشخص في الانتماء الجنسي وإن لم يدخل في إطار الفئات المعتمدة في المجتمع.   وإن هذا التمنع له بالطبع ارتدادات مهمة على صعيد المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات. فتحييد الجنس كعنصر لتطبيق هذه المادة، والارتكاز على “الشكل الخارجي” والتصرفات الاجتماعية والشعور النفسي من شأنه إعادة النظر بتجريم العلاقات بين المثليين. إذ إنه في ظل عدم اعتماد الانتماء الجنسي كعامل لتطبيق المادة، لا يمكن تعريف المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة سنداً لهذا الانتماء عبر تفسيرها على أنها تشمل العلاقات بين الأفراد المنتمين الى الجنس نفسه.   هذه القراءة للحكم تؤكدها الخلاصة التي وصل اليها الحكم بإبطال التعقبات لارتكاب جنحة المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات لانتفاء عناصرها الجرمية، عملاً بالمبدأين الآتيين:   أولا: مبدأ عدم التوسع في تفسير النص الجزائي. في هذا المجال، يذكّر الحكم “أن المشترع لم يحدد مفهوماً واضحاً للمجامعة على خلاف الطبيعة” وأنه في غياب هذا التعريف، يستعيد القاضي سلطة تقديرية لتفسير النص، على أن تفسير النص في المادة الجزائية يتجه نحو الحصر نظراً لما قد يؤدي التوسع في التفسير الى تقييد للحريات الفردية. من هذا المنطلق، يذهب الحكم الى تعريف حصري لمفهوم “الخلاف للطبيعة” حيث إنه يؤكد أن “الأشخاص المصابين بحالة الاضطراب في الهوية الجنسية (…) وإن شذوا عن القاعدة وخرجوا عن المألوف، فهم يبقون من ولادة الطبيعة التي لم يخرجوا إلا منها”، مذكّراً بأن الخروج عن المألوف لا يعني الشذوذ وأن الطبيعة لا تعرّف بسلوك الأكثرية. ومن هذه الجهة، يتميز الحكم بنظرته للطبيعة الإنسانية معيداً بذلك أصداء الحكم الصادر عن القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في البترون بتاريخ 2-12-2009 الذي جاء فيه حرفياً “أن الإنسان هو جزء من الطبيعة وأحد عناصرها، فلا يمكن القول عن أي ممارسة من ممارساته أو عن أي سلوك من سلوكه أنه مخالف للطبيعة حتى ولو كان سلوكاً جرمياً لأنها هي أحكام الطبيعة”. وتجدر الإشارة هنا الى ما ذهب اليه الحكم لجهة أن مفاهيم القانون الجزائي تستقل عن مفاهيم الأديان السماوية مفادها، فضلاً عن اعتماد القاضي على معايير علمانية مستقلة، تحرير السلوكيات الاجتماعية، خاصة الجنسية منها، من قيود الأهداف التناسلية للعلاقات الجنسية.    أما المنطلقات الثانية التي استند اليها الحكم، فمفادها “ما كرّسه الدستور اللبناني وشرعة حقوق الإنسان لجهة وجوب ضمان المساواة بين الأفراد في المجتمع وصون حريتهم الشخصية، خصوصاً عندما لا تؤدي هذه الحريات الى الإضرار بالغير. وبالطبع، لهذه المبادئ أبعاد تتعدى متحولي الجنس لتشمل المثليين، حيث إن المحكمة الأوروبية لحقوق الإنسان قد سبق لها أن استندت الى المبادئ نفسها لإدانة الدول التي تجرّم علاقات المثليين[3] وقد أشار الحكم موضوع التعليق في هذا الإطار الى “قرار مجلس حقوق الإنسان الصادر بتاريخ 17 حزيران 2011 الذي لحظ بوضوح، لأول مرة، إجراءات لمواجهة الانتهاكات والتمييز تجاه الأشخاص بسبب ميلهم الجنسي وهويتهم الجنسية، وإن كان غير ملزم للبنان”.   أخيراً، لا بد من التشديد على أن معضلة المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات ليست بهاجس يحصر بمثليين ومتحولي الجنس، فالحديث عن تجريم كل مجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة يثير مسألة مدى حرية الأفراد أياً كان ميلهم الجنسي في تنظيم علاقاتهم الخاصة خارج إطار الزواج، وفق ما يرونه مناسباً، دون أي تمييز كان. إذ إنه على الرغم من أن القانون اللبناني لا يعاقب المساكنة غير الزوجية في لبنان بصورة مباشرة، إلا أنه عبر التمييز بين الحقوق الإرثية للأولاد الناتجين من علاقة زوجية وأولئك الناتجين من علاقة خارج إطار الزواج، يعود ويعاقبها وإن بصورة غير مباشرة.   وإلغاء المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات حجر أساس لصد التعديات غير المحقة في خصوصية الفرد. والحكم موضوع التعليق يرسم لنا مع سابقه المشار اليه أعلاه الاتجاه الذي يقتضي سلوكه.
نشر في العدد الرابع عشر من مجلة المفكرة القانونية     المزيد عن الحكم على الرابط ادناه

[1]وحيد الفرشيشي ونزار صاغية، العلاقات المثلية في قوانين العقوبات: دراسة عامة عن قوانين الدول العربية مع تقريرين عن لبنان وتونس. [2]يمنى مخلوف، قضاة الأساس يجتهدون: لمتخالطي الجنس أن يصححوا قيد جنسهم في سجلات النفوس، المفكرة القانونية، 26 ايلول 2011. [3] Diane Roman, Fasc. 640 : droit au respect de la vie privée, du domicile et de la correspondance, 2007 : « Réfutant que la protection de la morale puisse justifier des poursuites pénales, la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme a affirmé que “ du point de vue de la proportionnalité, les conséquences dommageables que l’existence même des dispositions législatives en cause peut entraîner sur la vie d’une personne aux penchants homosexuels, comme le requérant, prédominent aux yeux de la Cour sur les arguments plaidant contre tout amendement au droit en vigueur. L’accomplissement d’actes homosexuels par autrui et en privé peut lui aussi heurter, choquer ou inquiéter des personnes qui trouvent l’homosexualité immorale, mais cela seul ne saurait autoriser le recours à des sanctions pénales quand les partenaires sont des adultes consentants”. La protection de la vie privée fournit un cadre général interdisant à l’État de s’immiscer, sauf justification suffisante fournie par le risque de nuire à des individus vulnérables ou par des répercussions sur la collectivité (CEDH, 22 oct. 1981, Dudgeon c/ RU : GACEDH, PUF, 2005, p. 410, F. Sudre et al. – V. aussi, CEDH, Modinos c/ Chypre, série A. 259, 22 avr. 1993. – CEDH, ADT c/ RU, 31 juill. 2000 : RTDH 2002, p. 345, note M. Levinet – Solution identique dans C. suprême États Unis, 26 juin 2003, n° 02-102, John Geddes Lawrence and Tyron Garner petitioners v. Texas. – V. D. Borillo (dir.), Homosexualités et droit, Les voies du droit : PUF, 1999) ».

Les autres articles sur le meme sujet:

l’article en anglais : Lebanon shows love for LGBT, reverses same-sex law in landmark case http://www.albawaba.com/editorchoice/lebanon-gay-558913

L’homosexualité au Liban dans l’attente d’une décriminalisation et d’une acceptation au Liban, un pays du Moyen Orient ou les normes patriarcales et religieuses priment

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/09/07/lhomosexualite-au-liban-dans-lattente-dune-decriminalisation-et-dune-acceptation-dans-un-pays-ou-les-normes-patriarcales-et-religieuses-priment-par-rita-chemaly/

Homosexuel? des tests de la honte au Liban…

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/03/28/la-religion-et-lhomosexualite/

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It’s a Man’s Lebanon.

a great article by gino , in which he puts all my thoughts into words!!

and here is a part of it “Fake boobs, fake lips, fake ass cheeks, fake heels, fake brands, fake eyelashes and nails. Women are expected to dress provocatively, with cleavage on the verge of bursting and heels more fitting for a corner hooker, you’d think these girls are getting some action. If they do though, they become “damaged material” to other guys and girls, “ruining the honor” of her family. Heck, even posing topless like Jackie Chamoun can get you in a ton of trouble. So, in a hyper-sexually suggestive society, being promiscuous if you’re female is still very much frowned upon.”

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A must see short movie created to explain what women are facing with street harassment and the sexual harassment in Yemen.

” Conscience Shadow” by Abeer Sallam

Rita Chemaly

Let’s raise awareness around what is happening in our region!!!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6L_gxPL4LI

sexual harassment women rights rita chemaly Lebanon

here are the details of the Movie:

” Abeer Sallam is one of the winners of a documentary film competition launched by the UN in relation to Human Rights Day on 10 December 2013. Three winners received 4000 USD based on a concept note, and the results were screened in Sana’a on 19th February 2014. Through the film we met harassers and harassed women in Sana’a, and the filmmaker highlights the emotional and social restrictions being victim of harassment places on women in their everyday life. In addition to relevance, the film particularly scored high on technical quality and originality”

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