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Posts Tagged ‘Famille’

Un grand ouf, a la fin de la semaine 2 apres la rentree scolaire de mon ptit en petite section!

Invites par l’ecole pour une reunion parents des nouveaux petits avec l’administration et les profs, la reunion etait pour moi une facon de comprendre le deroulement du quotidien de jean-noel, petit ecolier de la petite section!

Revisiter le Lycee pour une ancienne qui y a passe 15 ans de sa vie est toujours un moment porteur d’emotions fortes. Mais la, j’ai visite un Grand Lycee renove, et tres beau ( tel que nouvellement botoxe  avec de nouveaux immeubles et cours de recre), je suis sure que les ptits en grandissants vont adorer le nouvel super bel amphi ou nous avons ete acceuillis  par l’equipe administrative et pedagogique cet aprem!

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Voila cela s’appelle papier mache!

 

1- Les parents en classe de petite section, PS : Quel tintammare 🙂

Deja notre experience a commence positivement avec les profs de JN en petite section! Les premiers jours, Jn a joue a la cuisine, au puzzle et a dessine (gribouille) un tres beau dinosaure/ crocodile vert!

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Le premier dessin fait par Jn , notre picasso le 1er jour d’ecole!

Les profs de JN au nombre de 3 etaient la , et c’etait juste “smooth”! elles parlaient avec lui et les autres enfants, les observait en train de jouer, d’ailleurs la classe est Ouf! Spacieuse, ensoleillee et donnant sur les toboggans, le reve! Elle est dotee d’une cuisine, coin sieste, coin musique, coin livres, coin poupees et linges, coin puzzle et quoi d’autre…. c’est juste un grand espace pour apprendre en jouant , en observant et en s’amusant! vive  les Decouvertes!

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Jn au GLFL s’amuse comme tout!

Les profs de JN en PS : sont dotees d’un sens d’humour exceptionnel, et sont adorables!

Aujourd’hui lors de la reunion apres le jour 5 de la rentree, la  prof roula nous a directement mis en confiance en nous montrant les photos prises durant ces quelques jours: on y voit que Tous les enfants jouent, et participent aux activites de la classe! Yey!!! les parents pleurent et les enfants eux s’amusent , jouent au tobogan et au papier mache ( ouii j’ai appris quelque chose aujourd’hui) avec roula w rima w leila!

Notre promesse aujourd’hui car elles nous ont tire les oreilles : essayer de parler en arabe/libanais  avec nos enfants a la maison, et faire plus attention a leur gouter : moins de sucre gras et de bonbons 🙂 , plus de fruits . Aie aie aie cela me rappelle que manger trop sucre et trop sale nuit a la sante!

Aussi, Parents de premiers enfants, essayer de ne pas avoir de bottes avec lacets! ouiiii les “chlik chlak” pour enlever les chaussures et les remettre avant la sieste et les activites sportives c’est plus simple! 🙂

Une super idee par une maman d’un des camarades de Jean-Noel, un groupe whatsapp pour les parents de la PSA! Chapeau! Rien de mieux , de plus rapide et efficace que l’utilisation des reseaux sociaux et des plateformes comme whatsapp pour les parents! Le courant entre les parents est tres bien passe , une photo de groupe des parents a ete prise !! yey!! si nous sommes tous et toutes clinquant,  dans 15 ans nous aurons plus de cheveux blancs a la diplomation des ptits. 🙂

Ce que j’adore, c’est que dans d’autres classes de PS, j’ai retrouve d’anciennes amies /s du Lycee qui sont la avec leur fils ou fille!!! Comme quoi le GLFL c’est bien des Generations!!!!

2- Les autocars: Connex la companie qui va accompagner nos enfants pour 15 ans! 3a hadir el bosta! toot toot vroom!

Nous habitons loin du lycee, et cela est plus simple pour nous d’utiliser le transport de ramassage scolaire  car trouver une place pour garer , deposer notre garcon et repartir travailler en plein centre de Beyrouth est juste une mission Impossible!

Jn est deja habitue a revenir en bus de la garderie depuis ces 2 ans, ainsi que de la colonie en ete. Mais la, on attend le bus tres tot, et le seul hic c’est le reveil a 5.45 am le matin!

Sinon, JN  a adore son Bus et surtout je dois la nommer car Jean-Noel l’adore: Madame ISABELLE!!! Elle et le chauffeur mikhael du matin nous acceuillent d’un grand sourire avenant avec un grand Bonjour!

Pour l’apres-midi, c’est ma maman/la teta de jn qui recoit mon fils qui revient avec un ptit bus avec une autre assistante, Mme Katia. Et parait-il tout ce passe bien aussi. d’ailleurs Mme isabelle nous a appele le 1er jour, elle avait confie Jean noel a son bus de retour, je vous ai dit qu’elle est adorable!

Le premier jour ou je devais envoyer JN en bus au Lycee, je n’ai pas dormi de la nuit. J’etais angoissee, je me posais des questions: ” est-ce qu’il se peut qu’il se perde, il ne va pas savoir leur montrer sa classe …” , bref, maman angoisse.

Je me suis reveillee a 4h et j’ai marque le NOM et Prenom de jn ainsi que notre numero de telephonne et sa classe partout! meme sur le dos du sac a dos, la gourde, ses habits, ses sous vetements!!! 🙂  mon mari pensait que je faisais simplement une crise d’angoisse. Avec un gros feutre des etiquettes scotchees partout et utilisation d’un vernis a ongle rouge pour bien marquer le nom et prenom de mon fils partout Vraiment Partout! je revois encore la tete de mon mari quand il a vu cela!

Il va de soit que le petit ne connaissant ni l’assistante ni le chauffeur pleure le premier jour, pour cela je vais proposer a connex et le lycee une rencontre comme celle avec les profs de la classe en presence des parents  des assistantes de chaque bus. Cela faciliterait l’integration des petites sections au Bus! Et cela les 2 premiers jours d’ecole. Pour les petites sections cela est Necessaire!  Tout simplement une ptite tente dans la cour les 2 premiers jours de l’integration/adaptation, ou les PS inscrits en bus vont visiter et faire connaissance avec les assistantes des bus de Connex .

Pour nous, cela c’est tres bien passe, le chauffeur et l’assistante sont adorables: Le jour 1 a l’aller Jean-noel a pleure, non mais vraiment pleure au debut, il m’a explique quand il est rentre que il m’avait perdue  😦  .

Mais depuis ce premier aller en bus, le reste des jours, il attend ” le bus de Jean Noel” avec impatience et surtout attend ”  Mme isabelle ” avec un Sourire de tres tres Bon matin!!!!

3-L’administration: proviseur et responsables de cycles

Nous les avions deja rencontre l’annee derniere au Lycee, pedagogues, ils sont toujours presents quand nous sommes au Lycee, j’ai beaucoup aime le fait qu’ils sont presents a la rentree et sortie des enfants. Ils  et elles etaint aussi presents pour nous acceuillir a la porte du Lycee le 1er Jour!

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L’equipe administrative et pedagogique au complet acceuille les parents des PS! GLFL rocks!

voila, c’est le Grand Lycee, mon ecole, ouiii meme 15 ans plus tard  et je suis tres contente que Jn y aille, et surtout qu’il s’y plait!

voila notre photo de famille prise par la marraine de Jn!

jn-au-glfl-sept-2016-avec-rody-et-rita-chemaly

Rody Jn and Me in my Old School ! Grand Lycee franco libanais sept 2016

Bonne Rentree !!!

Rita Chemaly

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Today the National Commission for Lebanese women and UNFPA, worked hard on disseminating the Concluding observations published by the United Nations Committee on Lebanon. The concluding observations are a kind of ” findings”  that cover how each country is implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination, #CEDAW, this year these findings ” highlight positive developments ”  and most importantly highlight ”  main matters of concern and recommendations”.

UN committee give those observations after holding discussions with the government delegation and the NGOs of the country.

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The Last recommendation of this batch was already implemented by NCLW and UNFPA: Disseminating the observations widely! Picture taken by Rita Azzi 

 

This year the main area of concern were numerous:

I am listing their titles below:

  • Refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women\
  • Parliament
  • Withdrawal of reservations
  • Constitutional framework
  • Legislative framework
  • Access to Justice
  • National machinery for the advancement of women
  • Stereotypes
  • Violence against women
  • Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution
  • Participation in political and public life
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Women migrant workers in domestic service\
  • Women Palestine refugees
  • Health
  • Rural women
  • Marriage and family relations

as for the main areas of concerns: here is their translation to arabic for those who wish to get a quick look! (Lebanon cedaw Areas of concerns in arabic Rita Chemaly)

I am copy pasting for those who are interested in the Principal areas of concern and recommendations as they were published in the document of the UN #cedaw committee. 

Refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women

  1. The Committee commends the State party for the open border and reception policy that it has had for years regarding refugees from Palestine, Iraq and Syria, for hosting over 2 million refugees and its remarkable and sustained efforts to ensure the protection of refugees and asylum seekers. However, it takes note of the policy paper on Syrian displacement in Lebanon approved by the Council of Ministers on 23 October 2014 and the three main priorities for managing the displacement crisis. The Committee is concerned that the 1962 Law regulating the Entry, Stay and Exit to/in/from Lebanon does not distinguish between asylum seekers/refugees and migrants. The Committee is further concerned about the high number of reported cases of child, early and forced marriage among Syrian refugee women and girls and the lack of official data on this phenomenon, as well as on the number of stateless persons in Lebanon.
  2. The Committee recommends, in line with its general recommendation No. 32 (2014) on the gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women, that the State party:

(a)     In the implementation of its policy paper on Syrian displacement in Lebanon approved by the Council of Ministers on 23 October 2014, ensure that the principle of non-refoulement is upheld, including for women and girls in need of international protection, by ensuring access to its territory, establishing gender-sensitive asylum procedures, and including gender-based violence as a ground for asylum, in line with Articles 2 and 3 of the Convention;

(b)     Review the 1962 Law regulating the Entry, Stay and Exit to/in/from Lebanon, to distinguish between the protection needs of asylum seeking and refugee women on one hand and migrant women on the other hand;

(c)      Seek technical support for the establishment of a data collection system on incidents of gender-based violence against women, in particular sexual violence, and incidents of child, early and forced marriages of refugee women and girls, and provide victims with medical and psychosocial assistance and access to justice, in line with Article 2 of the Convention, and the Committee’s General Recommendation No. 33 (2015) on women’s access to justice;

(d)     Conduct a census to ascertain the number of stateless persons in its territory and take the necessary measures, provide them with civil registration documents and consider ratifying the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Additional Protocol, the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness;

(e)      Enlist and mobilize the support of the international community to share the economic burden and to provide for the needs of the refugee population, including resettlement and humanitarian admission opportunities and continue cooperating with UNHCR;

(f)      Adopt a national action plan to implement United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security, and ensure women’s participation at all stages of peace processes, in line with the Committee’s General Recommendation No. 30 (2013) on women in conflict prevention, conflict and post-conflict situations, and seek the support of the international community for the implementation of its obligations.

Implementation

  1. The Committee is fully aware of the efforts undertaken by the State party to adopt a legal and institutional framework protecting and promoting women’s rights. The Committee urges the State party to consider the recommendations contained in the present concluding observations as requiring a high priority for national mobilization and international support. The Committee urges the State party to promptly implement the present concluding observations by setting up a coordination mechanism with all relevant State institutions at all levels, the parliament and the judiciary, and the civil society, as well as with its international partners.

Parliament

  1. The Committee stresses the crucial role of the legislative power in ensuring the full implementation of the Convention (see the statement by the Committee on its relationship with parliamentarians, adopted at the forty-fifth session, in 2010). It invites the Parliament, to take all measures necessary to unblock the current institutional crisis and, in line with its mandate, to take the steps necessary for the implementation of the present concluding observations.

Withdrawal of reservations

  1. Notwithstanding the detailed explanations given by the delegation, the Committee remains concerned about the State party’s reluctance to withdraw its reservation to:

(a)     Article 9 (2), with a view to granting women equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children.. The Committee also notes with concern that the Council of Ministers repeatedly endorsed the discriminatory provision in Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality establishing that nationality is exclusively based on patrilineal descent;

(b)     Article 16 (1) (c), (d), (f) and (g) regarding equality in marriage and family relations.

  1. The Committee calls upon the State party to:

(a)     Withdraw its reservation made upon accession to the Convention regarding article 9 (2) and repeal Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality and adopt legislation ensuring women equal rights with men to confer their nationality to their foreign spouse and children;

(b)     Withdraw its reservation made upon accession to the Convention regarding article article 16 (1) (c), (d), (f) and (g).

       (c)           Initiate a dialogue with the leaders of religious sects communities and religious scholars, taking in consideration best practices in the region, with a view to overcome the resistance to the withdrawal of its reservations to the Convention.

Constitutional framework

  1. The Committee remains concerned that the Lebanese Constitution is still not in full conformity with the Convention and does not explicitly prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex. It is also concerned about the limited scope and applicability of the procedure for challenging laws on the basis that they are incompatible with the State party’s Constitution and its international legal obligations.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendations to include in the Constitution a provision defining and prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex, in line with article 2 (a) of the Convention (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, paras. 10 and 11 and A/60/38, para. 95 adopted in 2005) and to amend articles 9 and 10 of the Constitution to ensure gender equality in the context of religious freedom and sectarian diversity.

Legislative framework

  1. The Committee welcomes the initial review legislation containing discriminatory provisions against women by the State party but is concerned about the delays in adopting the required amendments. The Committee welcomes the amendment of the Criminal Code and the repeal of its Article 562. However, it is concerned about the remaining discriminatory criminal law provisions as well as personal status laws that discriminate against women within sects and between women across different sects. The Committee is also concerned about discriminatory provisions in labour, social security and municipal elections laws.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party expedite a comprehensive legislative review to ensure compatibility with the provisions of the Convention, and, upon resolution of the institutional crisis and the re-functioning of the government, urges it to amend or repeal all articles of the Criminal Code, personal status laws as well as labour, social security and municipal election laws that discriminate against women.

Access to Justice

  1. The Committee is concerned about the obstacles women face when accessing the justice system, in particular the lack of adequate legal aid services and the lack of knowledge and sensitivity of justice officials regarding women’s rights.
  2. The Committee in line with its general recommendation No. 33, on women’s access to justice, recommends that the State party:

(a)     Institutionalize systems of legal aid and public defence that are accessible, sustainable and responsive to the needs of women and ensure that such services are provided in a timely, continuous and effective manner at all stages of judicial or quasi-judicial proceedings, including alternative dispute resolution mechanisms;.

(b)     Take immediate steps, including capacity-building and training programmes for justice system personnel on the Convention and women’s rights , to ensure that religious courts harmonize their norms, procedures and practices with the human rights standards enshrined in the Convention and other international human rights instruments.

National machinery for the advancement of women

  1. The Committee regrets the institutional weakness, the limited status, the insufficient decision-making authority, human, technical and financial resources of the national machinery for the advancement of women and the obstacles faced concerning coordination and gender mainstreaming throughout all government bodies. The Committee is concerned about the low level of coordination between the gender focal points within the line Ministries with the Department of Women’s Affairs of the Ministry of Social Affairs. The Committee is also concerned about the limited and inadequate information provided on the implementation of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, para. 21) that the State party:

(a)     Give urgent priority to strengthen the institutional capacity of the national machinery for the advancement of women, and provide it with the mandate, decision-making power and human, technical and financial resources that are necessary to work effectively for the promotion of equality of women and men and the enjoyment of their human rights;

(b)     Institutionalize and strengthen the system of gender focal points in line Ministries and other public institutions in order to achieve an effective gender mainstreaming strategy throughout its policies and programmes;

(c)      Ensure coordination between the national machinery and its cooperation with civil society and women’s non-governmental organizations with a view to promote a participatory planning for the advancement of women.

(d)     Accelerate the implementation of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon by adopting a plan of action that clearly defines the competencies of national and local authorities regarding the National Strategy, and supported by a comprehensive data collection system to monitor its implementation.

Stereotypes

  1. The Committee is concerned about the discriminatory patriarchal stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family and the role of the media in overemphasizing the traditional role of women as mothers and wives or commodities thus undermining women’s social status and their educational and professional careers. The Committee notes with concern that the advertising sector persistently convey stereotyped and sometimes degrading images of women.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party take all measures necessary to raise awareness of the media and the advertising sector to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes, to ensure that women are not portrayed only as wives and mothers or commodities and to promote positive images of women as active participants in political, economic and social life.

Violence against women

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 293 of 7 May 2014 on the protection of women and other family members from domestic violence. However, the Committee notes with concern the absence in the law of an explicit reference to gender-based violence against women and of provisions specifically criminalizing marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour, and other harmful practices. It is also concerned that the law continues to maintain discriminatory provisions with regard to the criminalization of adultery and that it takes no precedence over customary and personal status laws. The Committee further regrets the lack of disaggregated data on the number of reports, investigations, prosecutions and convictions in cases of violence against women, including sexual harassment, domestic violence, assault and rape, including by security forces.
  2. The Committee urges the State party to:

(a)     Amend Law No. 293 on domestic violence, in line with the Committee’s general recommendation No. 19 (1992) on violence against women, to specifically criminalize gender-based violence against women, marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour, and other harmful practices;

(b)     Remove discriminatory provisions between women and men regarding adultery and ensure that Law No. 293 on the protection of women and other family members from domestic violence takes precedence over customary and personal status laws;

(c)      Collect data, disaggregated by sex, age, nationality and relationship between the victim and the perpetrator, on the number of reported cases of violence against women, of prosecutions, convictions and sentences imposed on perpetrators

(d)     Strengthen the legal, medical and psychological support to victims of violence against women;

(e)      Ensure that all allegations of sexual harassment are recorded and that all allegations of assault and rape, are duly investigated, prosecuted and sanctioned and that victims have access to appropriate redress, including compensation. Ensure that all allegations of assault and rape by members of the security forces are investigated by an independent judicial authority.

Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Anti-trafficking Law No. 164 of 2011 but notes with concern that the artist visa scheme of 1962 facilitates sexual exploitation of women migrant workers in the entertainment sector, and that the law no. 164 is not effectively being enforced, that it criminalizes victims and is without prejudice to the artist visa scheme. It is also concerned about the absence of an early identification and referral system for victims of trafficking who are frequently arrested, detained and deported without adequate protection and assistance for victims and weak coordination between government security, justice and social services as well as lack of cooperation with civil society.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)     Review and revise the artist visa scheme to ensure it is not misused for the sexual exploitation of women and take appropriate steps to decrease the demand side of prostitution;

(b)     Amend article 523 of the Criminal Code as necessary to ensure that victims of trafficking are not subjected to prosecution;

(c)      Provide mandatory gender-sensitive capacity-building for judges, prosecutors, border police, immigration authorities and other law enforcement officials to ensure the strict enforcement of the Anti-Trafficking Law by promptly prosecuting all cases of trafficking in women and girls and adequately punishing traffickers;

(d)     Ensure early identification and referral to protection of trafficking victims; and strengthen assistance to victims of trafficking, including by granting temporary residence permits to victims of trafficking irrespective of their ability or willingness to cooperate with the prosecution authorities and by providing them access to alternative income opportunities, respectively;

(e)      Provide victims of trafficking with adequate access to health care and counselling and strengthen those services by providing targeted training to social workers;

(f)      Ensure inter-agency coordination between government security, justice and social services to combat trafficking and strengthen cooperation with civil society.

 

Participation in political and public life

The Committee is concerned about the gross underrepresentation of women in public and political life; the lack of capacity-building for political parties and labour unions representatives on women’s rights and regrets that the draft law providing for a 30 per cent minimum quota for women’s representation on candidates lists of political parties for parliamentary elections was not adopted. It is concerned about the strong political resistance to the adoption of temporary special measures to effectively promote women’s equal participation in public and political life.

  1. The Committee recommends that the State party:

       (a)           Take all appropriate measures to increase the number of women in elected and appointed office at all levels, so as to comply with article 7 of the Convention;

(b)     Take concrete measures, including temporary special measures in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention, the Committee’s general recommendation no. 23 on women in political and public life and general recommendation no. 25 on temporary special measures, and to establish concrete goals and timetables in order to accelerate the increase in the representation of women in all spheres of public and political life;

(c)      Implement awareness-raising campaigns to highlight the importance to society as a whole of women’s full and equal participation in leadership positions in all sectors and at all levels and explain the purpose of introducing temporary special measures such as quotas as a necessary strategy for accelerating realization of women’s de facto equality..

Education

  1. The Committee notes the recommendation in the study by the National Committee for the Follow-up of Women’s Issues and the Centre for Educational Research and Development to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes in school books. However, the Committee is concerned that the State party’s has not taken effective steps to remove such stereotypes from school curricula and textbooks. It is also concerned about the lack of training for teachers on women’s rights and gender equality and limited career guidance encouraging women and girls to choose non-traditional career paths, in particular in the fields of science and technology.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party intensify its efforts in reviewing school curricula and textbooks to eliminate any stereotyped and patriarchal roles of women. It reiterates its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, para. 25) that the State party enhance training for teachers on gender, women’s rights and equality. The Committee further recommends that the State party give priority to eliminating traditional stereotypes and structural barriers that may deter girls from enrolling in traditionally male-dominated fields of study, such as science and technology, and step up efforts to provide girls with career counselling on non-traditional career paths including non-stereotypical vocational training.

Employment

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of Laws No. 266 and No. 267 of 15 April 2014 extending maternity leave in the public and private sectors to 10 weeks with full pay. However, the Committee is concerned about the lack of measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties women face in combining work and family responsibilities. The Committee is also concerned about women’s limited access to the formal labour market and about the absence of legislation criminalizing sexual harassment in the work place. The Committee is further concerned about the occupational segregation and the high percentage of women in low paid jobs as service sector workers and salespersons, administrative staff and mid-level professions as well as gender pay gaps.
  2. The Committee calls on the State party to:

(a)     Promote equal sharing of family and domestic responsibilities between women and men, including by introducing compulsory paternity or shared parental leave following childbirth;

(b)     Take measures, including temporary special measures in line with article 4 (1) of the Convention and General Recommendation No. 5 (1988) on temporary special measures, such as incentives for employers to recruit women, introduce flexible working arrangements and strengthen professional training for women, with a view to enhancing women’s access to the formal labour market;

(c)      Adopt legislation criminalizing sexual harassment in the work place;

(d)     Take concrete measures to address horizontal and vertical segregation including by promoting the equal participation of women in highly skilled jobs and senior management positions; providing counselling and placement, that stimulate their on-the-job career development and upward mobility in the labour market; stimulating the diversification of occupational choices by both women and men; encouraging women to take up non-traditional jobs, especially in science and technology, and men to seek employment in the social sector and providing women with access to effective job training, retraining, counselling and placement services that are not limited to traditional employment areas;

(e)      Take concrete measures to close the gap between women’s and men’s pay and to implement the principle of equal pay for work of equal value including by establishing a body responsible for conducting job evaluation schemes with gender-neutral criteria.

Women migrant workers in domestic service

  1. The Committee welcomes the various measures adopted by the State party to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers, including by issuing unified contracts, requiring employers to sign up to an insurance policy, regulating employment agencies, adopting a law criminalizing human trafficking, and integrating women migrant domestic workers in the Social Pact and the National Strategy for Social Development. However, the Committee notes with concern that these measures have proved insufficient to ensure respect for the human rights of women migrant domestic workers. The Committee is equally concerned about the rejection by the Ministry of Labour of the application of the National Federation of Labour Union to establish a Domestic Workers’ Union and the .absence of an enforcement mechanism for work contracts of women migrant domestic workers; limited access by women migrant domestic workers to health care and social protection; and the non-ratification of ILO convention No. 189. The Committee is concerned about the high incidence of abuse against women migrant workers in domestic service and the persistence of practices such as the confiscation of passports by employers, the maintenance of the “Kafala system” which puts workers at risk of exploitation and make it difficult for them to leave abusive employers; obstacles affecting domestic workers’ access to justice, including fear of expulsion, insecurity of residence during procedures. The Committee is deeply concerned about the disturbing reports of documented deaths of migrant domestic workers from unnatural causes, including suicide and falls from tall buildings and the failure of the State party to investigate into those deaths.
  2. The Committee, in line with its General Recommendation No. 26 (2008), on Women Migrant Workers, recommends that the State party:

(a)     Raise awareness among women migrant domestic workers of their human rights under the Convention, and monitor the work of employment agencies, including by establishing an enforcement mechanism to ensure that the same contracts are used in the State party and in countries of origin;

(b)     Expedite the adoption of the draft law regulating domestic employment with adequate sanctions for employers engaging in abusive practices and ratify ILO Convention No. 189 (2011) on decent work for domestic workers;

(c)      Abolish the “Kafala system” and ensure the effective access to justice, of women migrant domestic workers including by guaranteeing their safety and residence during procedures;

(d)     Promptly investigate, prosecute and sanction all reports of deaths of women migrant domestic workers from unnatural causes;

(e)      Take the measures necessary to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers including by approving the establishment of a Domestic Workers’ Union.

Women Palestine refugees

  1. The Committee is concerned about restrictions on the right to work of Palestine refugee women.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party review and amend its labour laws to ensure Palestine refugee women’s right to work, namely by providing them with access to the labour market in the State party.

Health

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the “Comprehensive Primary Health Care Package and Services” by the Ministry of Public Health in 2013, the establishment of primary health care centres throughout the State party and the progress achieved in reducing maternal mortality. The Committee is, however, concerned about the limited access of women and adolescent girls to sexual and reproductive health services in rural and remote areas in the State party. It is also concerned about insufficient monitoring of private health care providers, which offer most of the specialized health services for women. The Committee further notes with concern the high number of unsafe abortions due to the strict criminalization of abortion and the delay in introducing age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights at the primary, intermediate and secondary levels of education.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party provide comprehensive health services, in particular sexual and reproductive health services, in each region in relation to area and population size; take measures to adequately monitor the performance of private health care providers, and introduce age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health in the curricula at the primary, intermediate and secondary levels of education. The Committee also recommends that the State party legalize abortion at least in cases of threats to the life or health of the mother, rape, incest, and severe fetal impairment and that it increase women’s access to safe abortion and post-abortion care services.

Rural women

  1. The Committee welcomes the creation in 2008 of the National Observatory for Women in Agriculture and Rural Areas by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Committee notes with concern the lack of updated disaggregated data on women’s participation in the agricultural sector. It remains concerned about the exclusion of women agricultural seasonal workers from the protection of the Labour Code and the limited initiatives for women’s access to rural entrepreneurship through technical assistance, micro credit facilities and bank accounts.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation that the State party collect updated disaggregated data on women working in the agricultural sector, adopt legislation for the protection of women agricultural seasonal workers and strengthen the support for the entrepreneurial initiatives of women in the rural areas.

Marriage and family relations

  1. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)     Adopt an optional civil personal status law based on the principles of equality and non-discrimination and the right to choose one’s religious affiliation in order to protect women and alleviate their legal, economic and social marginalization;

(b)     Require religious sects to codify their laws and submit them to Parliament for review of their conformity with the Constitution and the provisions of the Convention; that it establish an appeals mechanism to oversee religious court proceedings and ensure that judgements of religious courts do not discriminate against women;

(c)      Set the legal minimum age for marriage at 18 years for girls and boys, in line with international standards, and takes the measures necessary to effectively prevent child marriage among rural girls.

 

 

in brief, in Lebanon, the long road ahead for equality is a process that needs many institutions to work hard , public administrations to make efforts, political will, working on behaviors, customs, and so much more!

the task is enormous? yes! but sooo many magnificient activists worked restlessly to have some positiveness in all this. We need to continue the struggle, and fight for #equal rights!!

Rita Chemaly

if you wish to download the full text of the concluding observations here is the word text:

CEDAW_Concluding observations on Lebanon 2015 Rita Chemaly

The source for the document is : http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/SessionDetails1.aspx?SessionID=970&Lang=en

‪#‎16DaysofActivism‬ ‪#‎GBVTeachin‬ ‪#‎womenlead‬ ‪#‎orangetheworld‬  ‪#‎EndGBV‬ ‪#‎16days‬ #16dayscampaign

 

 

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Yesterday at a restaurant serving lebanese food I was shocked a small boy of 7 to 8 years old maybe was serving on the tables.

He was offering narguileh (the famous smoking pipe very well-known in Lebanon), and drinks to us. Is that safe??  Also, I remembered that during the video-shooting of the prank organised by Sakker el Dekkeneh, a small boy of 12 years old followed me on the street to take a free “brevet” and “baccalaureat”. He didn’t understand that it was a prank against corruption in Lebanon, all what he wanted is a school diploma. When I asked why aren’t you at school, he said I have to work!

In Lebanon with the millions of refugees flying from Syria we are witnessing the high numbers of those working children. They are everywhere at the hairdresser, on some construction sites (which is not safe at all for them), at the restaurants, and in the streets!

The problem is that those young boys and girls are deprived from any opportunity to have an education!!! they are obliged to leave school and attend to their families welfare at a very early age!!

I don’t know which associations, NGOs or International Organisations  (other than what I have read on ILO webpage ) are working on that subject in Lebanon, but the issue needs to be adressed as a priority!!!

Rita Chemaly

Stop #Childlabour #Redcard #ILO

Stop #Childlabour #Redcard #ILO

 

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Encore des discriminations, des discriminations en boucles!

Le parlement va “parait-il” re-etudier le projet de loi pour donner la nationalite libanaise a ceux qui sont d’origine Libanaise.

bon, voila un bon point pour les emigres de longue date, si j’oublie qu’un tel octroi ne se fait que pour une certaine balance communautaire.

mais encore plus le probleme est l’exception: ceux d’origine libanaise et qui ont droit a la nationalite sont seulement des Hommes!!! et non des femmes!!!

donc vos cousines, vos arrieres cousines, vos arrieres grands-meres, et leurs soeurs n’y ont pas droit, juste leur freres y ont droit!!

allons donc!!! mettons un gros zero au patriarcalisme, et aux societes retrogrades qui ne reconnaissent pas les femmes en tant que citoyennes pleines et entieres!!

ci-dessous le brief de la campagne ma nationalite est mon droit et celui de ma famille Image

!

Rita Chemaly

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« On a gagné ! Je suis très contente, je viens d’avoir un enfant et vraiment, 49 jours de congé maternité ne suffisent pas à la mère pour se remettre physiquement et psychologiquement de la grossesse et de l’accouchement, apprendre à connaître son enfant, allaiter… C’est un grand pas pour la femme libanaise qui travaille, mais aussi pour l’enfant et l’ensemble de la famille ! »

Après trois ans de bataille, Rita Chemaly, consultante pour le développement des projets à la Commission nationale pour les droits de la femme, ne peut contenir sa joie : les députés ont voté mercredi dernier en session plénière deux propositions de loi : l’une amende l’article 38 de la loi 112 allongeant le congé maternité des employées du secteur public de 60 à 70 jours, l’autre amende les articles 28-29 du code du travail en étendant la durée du congé maternité de 49 jours à 10 semaines (soit 70 jours consécutifs), payés à salaire complet. Toutes les Libanaises, quel que soit leur employeur, bénéficient désormais d’un congé de 70 jours payés à plein salaire. Les lois entreront en vigueur dès leur publication au Journal officiel, soit mardi ou jeudi au plus tard.

C’est en 2011 que la Commission nationale pour les droits de la femme s’engage pour l’extension du congé maternité. L’association lance à cette époque, en partenariat avec de nombreuses associations pour le droit des femmes, une campagne nationale pour amender les lois qui ont un impact économique négatif sur les femmes. Intitulée Wayn Ba’dna (on en est encore là), la campagne vise à assurer l’égalité de la femme vis-à-vis de l’homme au niveau de la Sécurité sociale et des impôts notamment. L’extension du congé maternité fait partie des mesures prônées. « Un congé maternité trop court constitue une discrimination pour les femmes car elles peuvent hésiter à avoir des enfants de peur de perdre leur emploi », explique Rita Chemaly.

« Nous avons rédigé une proposition de loi en nous basant sur les dispositions des textes internationaux (Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes (Cedaw), le Pacte international relatif aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels) et nous sommes allés voir deux députés, Gilberte Zouein, présidente de la commission des Droits de la femme, et Michel Moussa, président de la commission des Droits de l’homme, afin de leur soumettre notre proposition de loi. Nous avons ensuite suivi de très près le travail des commissions parlementaires, nous avons écrit au président de la Chambre Nabih Berry pour qu’il mette la proposition de loi à l’ordre du jour de l’agenda de l’Assemblée nationale. » Et s’il a fallu autant de temps pour que la loi soit votée en assemblée plénière, c’est à cause de problèmes d’ordre politique, le Parlement ne s’étant pas réuni pendant des mois, précise l’activiste.

S’il s’agit incontestablement d’une victoire pour la Libanaise, cette extension du congé maternité reste insuffisante au regard des normes internationales et le Liban fait toujours figure de mauvais élève en matière de protection de la maternité au travail. D’après les chiffres de l’Organisation internationale du travail (OIT, 2012), 85 % des pays du monde ont instauré un congé maternité d’au moins 12 semaines. 98 % des pays d’Europe et de la CEI ont un congé maternité de 14 semaines et plus, et presque 2/3 de ces pays en offrent plus de 18 semaines. À l’opposé, 90 % des pays arabes du Moyen-Orient ont un congé maternité de moins de 12 semaines. Quelques exemples : France : 16 semaines, Norvège : jusqu’à 57 semaines, Brésil : 17 semaines, Tunisie : 30 jours, Arabie Saoudite : 10 semaines, Syrie : 17 semaines.
La durée de 10 semaines adoptée la semaine dernière au Liban reste bien en deçà des normes internationales que prône notamment l’OIT. « La convention (n° 183) sur la protection de la maternité prévoit un congé maternité de 14 semaines. Bien que le Liban n’ait pas signé cette convention, il faut qu’il se rapproche de cette norme. Nous n’avons pas voulu revendiquer les 14 semaines directement pour ne pas que les organismes économiques s’opposent frontalement à l’extension. Nous avons préféré procéder étape par étape », détaille Rita Chemaly. Contrairement à la France où c’est la Sécurité sociale qui couvre, au Liban, c’est l’employeur qui assure le paiement des salaires pendant le congé maternité.

Pour autant, la bataille n’est pas finie. « Maintenant, nous allons lutter pour un nouveau rallongement du congé maternité et la création d’un congé paternité payé entièrement. Ça, c’est ma campagne personnelle, car le père est partie intégrante de l’éducation des enfants », affirme Rita Chemaly.

Un article par Anne ILCINKAS | OLJ

http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/862067/lextension-du-conge-maternite-une-victoire-pour-la-libanaise-mais-encore-bien-en-deca-des-normes-internationales.html

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ImageAbaad a publie hier son etude sur les perceptions relatives aux droits des femmes. J’ai commence a la lire en diagonale et je trouve que les resulats sont tres interessants.

l’Etude est le resultat d’une enquete sur plusieurs niveaux: la distribution des roles entre hommes et femmes au sein de la famille,

la violence faite aux femmes, le viol conjugual, les droits inherants au mariage notamment le droit des femmes a transmettre leur nationalite enfin les droits des femmes agees.

l’Etude financee par World Vision est en arabe. Des que Abaad la publie en une autre langue je la partagerais aussi!

a tous les etudiants, activistes dans le domaine des droits des femmes cette etude peut etre d’une grande aide.

Rita Chemaly

Auteure et chercheure en sciences politiques

pour telecharger l’etude en langue arabe voila le lien pdf direct : http://abaadmena.org/userfiles/file/Resources/VPOO.pdf

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After a long campaign, the maternity leave in Lebanon has been extended to 10 weeks  = 70  consecutive days today !! again hiphiphip! hourray!!

Rita Chemaly
https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2014/04/02/hourray-working-mothers-in-lebanon-their-maternity-leave-is-extended/

 

Member of Parliaments Mothers are watching you next week: Maternity Leave in Lebanon amendment of law during General Assembly?.

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Hello Parents !!! مرحبا إلكن.

 

une tres tres belle video (en arabe ou anglais) relatant un dialogue entre une maman libanaise et son fils emigre aux etats-unis pour travailler.

Elle essaye de lui dire de trouver une femme et construire une famille avec des enfants, il lui cache gentiment son orientation sexuelle.

A voir!!!!

Rita Chemaly

 

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As a consultant for the National Commission for Lebanese Women, Rita Chemaly is  expertly acquainted with the complexities inherent to the fight for women’s  equality rights in Lebanon – but last July she faced a personal  struggle.

At seven-months pregnant, she was one of many expectant mothers  waiting for Parliament to approve key amendments to the national labor law that  would extend maternity leave to 70 days, over the legally allotted 49 .

Chemaly identified the draft law to criminalize family violence and amendments  to ensure equal citizenship as the most pressing, and regrettably, subject to  the vagaries of personal status and sectarian politics.

While the debate  about domestic violence centers on religious opposition, the one raging over  amending the citizenship law is a thornier and overtly political affair, as  opponents argue it is incompatible with Lebanon’s confessional  system.

“This proves that the law is discriminatory in its origin and has  nothing to do with the concerns about and fears of Palestinian settlement in  Lebanon,” she said in the study.

Read more:  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Mar-08/249615-small-steps-for-gender-equality-long-road-ahead.ashx#ixzz2w0ppzjDY

thank you Samya  Kullab for your articles covering lebanese women struggle in their fight for their rights!

 

Rita

The  Daily Star

Read more:  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Mar-08/249615-small-steps-for-gender-equality-long-road-ahead.ashx#ixzz2w0qZosr9 (The Daily Star :: Lebanon News ::  http://www.dailystar.com.lb)

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Un juge libanais dans le Metn n’a pas utilise l’horrible article 534 du code penal

Youpi!!! enfin un homme de droit sensé!!

quand un ami juge m’a raconté l’histoire il y a quelques jours je ne l’ai pas cru, mais Youmna dans le Legal agenda explique comment le juge a statué et relate toute l’histoire et a publie le jugement!!

et jl’ai bien dit aujourdu’hui est une belle journee ensoleillee au Liban!!

bravo ce premier pas Monsieur le Juge Dahdah, a quand la police, les forces de l’ordre et la société vont arrêter de stigmatiser, stéréotyper et criminaliser l’homosexualité au Liban???

Ci dessous le lien de l’article paru dans le legal agenda http://www.legal-agenda.com/article.php?id=676&folder=articles&lang=ar#.Uxg_001WFol et voilale lien du jugement !!! http://www.legal-agenda.com/images/articles/1394018421-حكم.pdf ce qui est interessant c’est que le Liban a reconnu sa “gender identity”

et je ne peux que repeter ce que Gino a bien conclu dans son post a ce sujet” To everyone still not ok with all of this, please, just remember, who the fuck are you to have a say in other people’s lives when it doesn’t affect you? Mind your own business and stop worrying what gays, lesbians, transgender and other gender minorities do with their lives, their bodies and who they choose to love. “

voila!! c’est dit! 🙂

trop contente!! belle journee!!

Rita Chemaly

أندروجين” أمام القضاء الجزائي اللبناني: حكم ثان لإعادة تعريف المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة

يمنى مخلوف

من ارشيف المفكرة القانونية

في بدء التكوين كان آدم، أول الرجال، وكانت حواء أولى النساء، ولكنه وفقا” لأفلاطون، قبل آدم وقبل حواء، كان أندروجين، كائن مكتمل، يمتلك جنس الذكر وجنس الأنثى معا”، أعضاؤه التناسلية مزدوجة، إلا أنه بعدما اشتد غروره وتجرّأ على مهاجمة الآلهة، عوقب فشطر الى جزئين، ذكر وأنثى.   بتاريخ 28/1/2014، أصدر القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في جديدة المتن ناجي الدحداح حكماً بتبرئة متحوّلة جنسياً، بعدما تم الادعاء عليها على أساس أنها تقيم علاقات مع ذكور. وقد شكل هذا الحكم مؤشراً هاماً جداً، ليس فقط على صعيد التعامل مع متحولي الجنس ولكن أيضاً على صعيد تفسير المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات الخاصة بمعاقبة المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة، والتي غالباً ما استُخدمت لمعاقبة العلاقات المثلية. ومن المعلوم أن المادة المذكورة طرحت في السنوات الأخيرة إشكاليات متنوعة في الوسط القضائي تمحورت حول معنى العبارات المستعملة فيها، فمنهم من رفض تجريم العلاقات المثلية على أساسها، ومنهم من فسّر المادة على أنها تجرّم هذا النوع من العلاقات[1].   وقائع الدعوى: شخص وُلد مع أعضاء تناسلية مشوّهة وغير مكتملة، أي أن أعضاءه التناسلية لا تسمح بتحديد انتمائه الجنسي الذكري أو الأنثوي، تسجل في سجلات الأحوال الشخصية على أنه ذكر، إذ لا وجود لأي خانة ثالثة في قيود الأحوال الشخصية، والفرد يصنّف عند ولادته إلزامياً بالذكر أو الأنثى. لكنه لطالما شعر بميل كبير ليصبح امرأة بسبب الهرمونات الأنثوية في جسمه، ما أدى به الى الخضوع في التسعينيات الى عمليات جراحية من استئصال للعضو الذكري وزرع رحم اصطناعي. وعلى أثر علاقاته الجنسية مع الذكور، تم توقيفه والادعاء عليه أمام القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في جديدة المتن وقد شكلت هذه الملاحقة على حد علمنا الحالة الأولى لمحاكمة متحوّل جنسي أمام القضاء الجزائي، علماً أن القضاء المدني قد سبق له أن استجاب لطلبات عديدة مقدمة من متحوّلي جنس لتصحيح قيودهم في سجلات الأحوال الشخصية[2]. تبعاً لذلك، طُرح على القاضي سؤال أساسي بشأن مفهوم المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة.هل هي المجامعة التي تتم بين شخصين ينتميان الى الجنس الواحد؟ وفي حال الإيجاب، كيف يتم تحديد هذا الجنس والهوية الجنسية؟ هل هي الهوية المعتمدة في الأوراق والسجلات، أم هي الهوية البيولوجية، أو لربما الهوية النفسية، أو يا ترى الهوية الاجتماعية؟ وما مدى حرية الشخص في تحديد هويته الجنسية وفي ممارسة العلاقات الجنسية؟   ينطلق القاضي في تحليله بادئ ذي بدء من هوية الشخص المتهم كما أُدرجت في سجلات النفوس فيشير اليه بالذكر. إلا أنه يرافق الشخص منذ ولادته لغاية تاريخ الحكم: وعليه، وبعد أخذه بعين الاعتبار تطوّر الشخص اجتماعياً ونفسياً وخارجياً، يتراجع القاضي عن تصنيفه الأولي المسند الى ظاهر سجلات النفوس فيعود ويشير الى المتهم بمفردات لغوية مزدوجة عبر تعريفه له بـ”المدعى عليه(ا)”، مشدداً بذلك على هوية جنسية مزدوجة، معقدة وعميقة، لا يمكن وضعها في خانة ذكر أو أنثى، فتظهر لنا للمرة الأولى على الصعيد القانوني هوية ثالثة تشمل الذكر والأنثى، وتكرّس حرية الشخص في الانتماء الجنسي وإن لم يدخل في إطار الفئات المعتمدة في المجتمع.   وإن هذا التمنع له بالطبع ارتدادات مهمة على صعيد المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات. فتحييد الجنس كعنصر لتطبيق هذه المادة، والارتكاز على “الشكل الخارجي” والتصرفات الاجتماعية والشعور النفسي من شأنه إعادة النظر بتجريم العلاقات بين المثليين. إذ إنه في ظل عدم اعتماد الانتماء الجنسي كعامل لتطبيق المادة، لا يمكن تعريف المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة سنداً لهذا الانتماء عبر تفسيرها على أنها تشمل العلاقات بين الأفراد المنتمين الى الجنس نفسه.   هذه القراءة للحكم تؤكدها الخلاصة التي وصل اليها الحكم بإبطال التعقبات لارتكاب جنحة المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات لانتفاء عناصرها الجرمية، عملاً بالمبدأين الآتيين:   أولا: مبدأ عدم التوسع في تفسير النص الجزائي. في هذا المجال، يذكّر الحكم “أن المشترع لم يحدد مفهوماً واضحاً للمجامعة على خلاف الطبيعة” وأنه في غياب هذا التعريف، يستعيد القاضي سلطة تقديرية لتفسير النص، على أن تفسير النص في المادة الجزائية يتجه نحو الحصر نظراً لما قد يؤدي التوسع في التفسير الى تقييد للحريات الفردية. من هذا المنطلق، يذهب الحكم الى تعريف حصري لمفهوم “الخلاف للطبيعة” حيث إنه يؤكد أن “الأشخاص المصابين بحالة الاضطراب في الهوية الجنسية (…) وإن شذوا عن القاعدة وخرجوا عن المألوف، فهم يبقون من ولادة الطبيعة التي لم يخرجوا إلا منها”، مذكّراً بأن الخروج عن المألوف لا يعني الشذوذ وأن الطبيعة لا تعرّف بسلوك الأكثرية. ومن هذه الجهة، يتميز الحكم بنظرته للطبيعة الإنسانية معيداً بذلك أصداء الحكم الصادر عن القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في البترون بتاريخ 2-12-2009 الذي جاء فيه حرفياً “أن الإنسان هو جزء من الطبيعة وأحد عناصرها، فلا يمكن القول عن أي ممارسة من ممارساته أو عن أي سلوك من سلوكه أنه مخالف للطبيعة حتى ولو كان سلوكاً جرمياً لأنها هي أحكام الطبيعة”. وتجدر الإشارة هنا الى ما ذهب اليه الحكم لجهة أن مفاهيم القانون الجزائي تستقل عن مفاهيم الأديان السماوية مفادها، فضلاً عن اعتماد القاضي على معايير علمانية مستقلة، تحرير السلوكيات الاجتماعية، خاصة الجنسية منها، من قيود الأهداف التناسلية للعلاقات الجنسية.    أما المنطلقات الثانية التي استند اليها الحكم، فمفادها “ما كرّسه الدستور اللبناني وشرعة حقوق الإنسان لجهة وجوب ضمان المساواة بين الأفراد في المجتمع وصون حريتهم الشخصية، خصوصاً عندما لا تؤدي هذه الحريات الى الإضرار بالغير. وبالطبع، لهذه المبادئ أبعاد تتعدى متحولي الجنس لتشمل المثليين، حيث إن المحكمة الأوروبية لحقوق الإنسان قد سبق لها أن استندت الى المبادئ نفسها لإدانة الدول التي تجرّم علاقات المثليين[3] وقد أشار الحكم موضوع التعليق في هذا الإطار الى “قرار مجلس حقوق الإنسان الصادر بتاريخ 17 حزيران 2011 الذي لحظ بوضوح، لأول مرة، إجراءات لمواجهة الانتهاكات والتمييز تجاه الأشخاص بسبب ميلهم الجنسي وهويتهم الجنسية، وإن كان غير ملزم للبنان”.   أخيراً، لا بد من التشديد على أن معضلة المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات ليست بهاجس يحصر بمثليين ومتحولي الجنس، فالحديث عن تجريم كل مجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة يثير مسألة مدى حرية الأفراد أياً كان ميلهم الجنسي في تنظيم علاقاتهم الخاصة خارج إطار الزواج، وفق ما يرونه مناسباً، دون أي تمييز كان. إذ إنه على الرغم من أن القانون اللبناني لا يعاقب المساكنة غير الزوجية في لبنان بصورة مباشرة، إلا أنه عبر التمييز بين الحقوق الإرثية للأولاد الناتجين من علاقة زوجية وأولئك الناتجين من علاقة خارج إطار الزواج، يعود ويعاقبها وإن بصورة غير مباشرة.   وإلغاء المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات حجر أساس لصد التعديات غير المحقة في خصوصية الفرد. والحكم موضوع التعليق يرسم لنا مع سابقه المشار اليه أعلاه الاتجاه الذي يقتضي سلوكه.
نشر في العدد الرابع عشر من مجلة المفكرة القانونية     المزيد عن الحكم على الرابط ادناه

[1]وحيد الفرشيشي ونزار صاغية، العلاقات المثلية في قوانين العقوبات: دراسة عامة عن قوانين الدول العربية مع تقريرين عن لبنان وتونس. [2]يمنى مخلوف، قضاة الأساس يجتهدون: لمتخالطي الجنس أن يصححوا قيد جنسهم في سجلات النفوس، المفكرة القانونية، 26 ايلول 2011. [3] Diane Roman, Fasc. 640 : droit au respect de la vie privée, du domicile et de la correspondance, 2007 : « Réfutant que la protection de la morale puisse justifier des poursuites pénales, la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme a affirmé que “ du point de vue de la proportionnalité, les conséquences dommageables que l’existence même des dispositions législatives en cause peut entraîner sur la vie d’une personne aux penchants homosexuels, comme le requérant, prédominent aux yeux de la Cour sur les arguments plaidant contre tout amendement au droit en vigueur. L’accomplissement d’actes homosexuels par autrui et en privé peut lui aussi heurter, choquer ou inquiéter des personnes qui trouvent l’homosexualité immorale, mais cela seul ne saurait autoriser le recours à des sanctions pénales quand les partenaires sont des adultes consentants”. La protection de la vie privée fournit un cadre général interdisant à l’État de s’immiscer, sauf justification suffisante fournie par le risque de nuire à des individus vulnérables ou par des répercussions sur la collectivité (CEDH, 22 oct. 1981, Dudgeon c/ RU : GACEDH, PUF, 2005, p. 410, F. Sudre et al. – V. aussi, CEDH, Modinos c/ Chypre, série A. 259, 22 avr. 1993. – CEDH, ADT c/ RU, 31 juill. 2000 : RTDH 2002, p. 345, note M. Levinet – Solution identique dans C. suprême États Unis, 26 juin 2003, n° 02-102, John Geddes Lawrence and Tyron Garner petitioners v. Texas. – V. D. Borillo (dir.), Homosexualités et droit, Les voies du droit : PUF, 1999) ».

Les autres articles sur le meme sujet:

l’article en anglais : Lebanon shows love for LGBT, reverses same-sex law in landmark case http://www.albawaba.com/editorchoice/lebanon-gay-558913

L’homosexualité au Liban dans l’attente d’une décriminalisation et d’une acceptation au Liban, un pays du Moyen Orient ou les normes patriarcales et religieuses priment

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/09/07/lhomosexualite-au-liban-dans-lattente-dune-decriminalisation-et-dune-acceptation-dans-un-pays-ou-les-normes-patriarcales-et-religieuses-priment-par-rita-chemaly/

Homosexuel? des tests de la honte au Liban…

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/03/28/la-religion-et-lhomosexualite/

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It’s a Man’s Lebanon.

a great article by gino , in which he puts all my thoughts into words!!

and here is a part of it “Fake boobs, fake lips, fake ass cheeks, fake heels, fake brands, fake eyelashes and nails. Women are expected to dress provocatively, with cleavage on the verge of bursting and heels more fitting for a corner hooker, you’d think these girls are getting some action. If they do though, they become “damaged material” to other guys and girls, “ruining the honor” of her family. Heck, even posing topless like Jackie Chamoun can get you in a ton of trouble. So, in a hyper-sexually suggestive society, being promiscuous if you’re female is still very much frowned upon.”

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childnotbride logo

A la tele, et sur les radios, des histoires de jeunes enfants filles mariees de force alors qu’elles ont 11 et 12 ans font la une au Liban ces dernieres semaines. Pourquoi le probleme du mariage des enfants a ressurgi ainsi?

Pauvrete, exil, migrations, refugies, les causes sont nombreuses, les associations s’efforcent d’aider les jeunes filles, mais au Liban une loi n’existe pas pour les aider selon l’avocate Khalil qui suit plusieurs cas de filles “kidnappees” et “mariees” de force ou avec leur consentement.

L’avocate a explique dans une emission radio pour la voix du Liban que pour certaines des filles, cela commence par etre un jeu, et est presente par les “kidnappeurs” comme des bonbons.

voila l’histoire d’une jeune de 11 ans d’une jeune fille kidnappee et mariee et dont les parents ont porte plainte.

زواج القاصرات برسم القضاء والضحية طفلة في الحادية عشرة من العمر

زواج القاصرات أطل من بلدة فنيدق العكارية في ضوء تعرض الفتاة فاطمة القرحاني للخطف على يد شاب يبلغ من العمر 21 عاما بعد رفض العائلة طلبه للزواج بها. وفي ضوء الوساطات جرى التوافق على اتمام الزواج مع تحفظ الوالد.

المحامية بشرى الخليل وفي حديث الى صوت لبنان اشارت الى ان الحق العام  مرتبط بالحق الشخصي مشيرة الى امكانية بلوغ القضية المسار القضائي لجهة  قضية خطف وذلك في حال بقي الوالد على رفضه زواج ابنته القاصر.

Source http://www.vdl.com.lb/newsite/newsdetails.php?newsid=58172

Oui pour faire consentir une petite fille a quitter son foyer et se mariee , le marriage est presente comme une jolie chose “tu vas mettre une jolie robe”, “tu auras du maquillage”, “tu seras princesse pour un jour.”

voila une video de Girls Not Brides qui explique comment mettre un terme au marriage des enfants. The world we want: End child marriage

Every year, approximately 14 million girls are married before they turn 18, robbed of their rights to education, health and a life free of violence. Child marriage undermines our efforts to build a healthier, safer, just and more prosperous world for all.

Solutions exist. Child marriage can end. But we must work together.

This new video from Girls Not Brides looks at how we can work together to make child marriage history and improve the lives of millions of girls around the globe.child marraige One-size-too-big lebanon women rights rita chemaly

Il faut mettre un terme au mariage des enfants au Liban! et Vite!

Les consequence sont horribles!

Rita Chemaly

 

Les articles precedents sur le meme sujets : https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2014/01/25/early-marriages-in-lebanon-who-helps-the-bride-child/

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The short movie that appeared on LBCI news, is highlighting again the spur of the early marriages problem in Lebanon.

the fact is that child bride problem has been increasing within the refugee communities in Lebanon first Palestinian and now Syrian.

Many reports have exposed how girls of  less than 12 years old are being sold as child brides in refugee camps in Lebanon in 2013!

(Here are some articles about it Stolen Lives: Lebanon suffers problem of child brides , The Selling of Syria’s Refugee Child Brides, Marriages of shame, Child marriage on rise among Syrian refugees – aid groups , Syrian Refugees: Forced into Marrying off Their Daughters )

The problem is not new, but the stories are increasing with the plight of Syrian refugees fleeing the horrible war in their country , and child marriages are turning out into lucrative business for poor families.

Some religious authorities are part of this shameful act.

here is the link to LBCI report : published in January 2014 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oIw_NNBVdr4 and in which the dad talks about a religious man working on marrying his child.

here is the part of the UNICEF (MENA Gender Equality Profile) report that explains Lebanon situation related to child marriages:

Protection from child marriage.

There is no common minimum age of marriage that applies to all young Lebanese women and men as the personal status laws of the different religious denominations define the minimum age. In Lebanon’s third periodic CEDAW report (2006) the marriage ages of girls and boys for 10 different religious groups are listed. All of these religious groups allow girls under the age of 18 to marry. Among Sunni and Shiite Muslims, marriages of girls as young as 9 years old can be licenced given that approval is granted, although it is no longer customary that such young girls marry. Among the Jewish denomination, girls as young as 12.5 years old may  marry, and among the Syrian Orthodox and Armenian Orthodox a girl may be as young as 14 years old when she marries. For boys of most religious groups the marriageable age is 18, although marriages of younger boys can be approved by most of the groups.

it is needless to say, Lebanon has to put a halt to this, and to Forbid Child Marriages, as it is stipulated in Convention on the Right of the child ratified by Lebanon, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women ( CEDAW) also ratified by Lebanon, and other International treaties Lebanon should sign and Ratify such as the Convention on the Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriage  after changing and amending its personal status laws!

Here is a working paper by Unicef too that shed lights on the child marriage problem Child marriage and the law.

Rita Chemaly

Child marriage in Lebanon Rita Chemaly researcher

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passeport libanais femme droitThe Institute of Progressive Women has been working on a campaign to make lebanese women rights taken into consideration in the travel form release by the General security in Lebanon

Now Lebanese mothers have to sign the form to issue a passport to their minor children, as well as have equal rights as the fathers for the travel permits.

below is the release sent by the great Wafaa Abed head of the Institute of Progressive women, related to that matter

Great work and great step forward

I advise you to watch the gr8t video that sheds light about women rights violation in Lebanon

Reportage:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ztipwMelms&app=desktop

Rita Chemaly

LBC:

http://www.lbcgroup.tv/news/130499/1312180636-lbci-news

New TV:

http://www.aljadeed.tv/MenuAr/news/DetailNews/AlNashrat.html?Id=96317

 

Beirut 14/12/2013

Press release

Lebanese mothers’ present from the General Security

We are pleased to announce that the Lebanese General Security has issued new instruction aimed at bettering family relations by granting mothers and fathers equal rights as to issuance of passports and travel permits for their minor children. This amendment was published on their website. (check the link below)

After thorough study and in a constant effort to modernize and uphold human rights, the General Security and under the leadership of its Director, Major General Abbas Ibrahim has approved the dossier presented the Institute of Progressive Women (IPW).

We wish to thank all of those in the General Security who made this possible, with special appreciation and recognition to Major General Abbas Ibrahim for his leadership, the head of the relevant committee Brigadier Jihad al-Masri as well as all the members, and the Managing Judge, President Ziad Shebib.

We also take this opportunity to thank the associations and thousands of women and men who supported the campaign and signed the petition, appreciation also to Dr. Paul Morcos who authored the jurisprudence study and Dr. Khatoun Haidar for her professional support, and recognition to the US-Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) who funded and supported the project, as well as to the media for their coverage and the project team who worked around the clock

New: http://www.general-security.gov.lb/Leb_passports/new_pass.aspx

Old: http://www.general-security.gov.lb/Leb_passports/sub1.aspx

For information please call the President of IPW, Ms. Wafaa Abed 600588/03

Wafa Abed

BBAC

Head of Internal Audit

Clemenceau st. P.o.box: 11-1536

Beirut-Lebanonannemariehage@l

Tel: 961-1-366736

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ghadi le film opinion de rita chemaly flanelle ghadi le film opinion de rita chemaly ghadi movie opinion by rita chemaly

 

I went with the Faith and Light Community to watch the movie Ghadi. The movie is a social comedy, which won many awards.

the pictures are nice, the colors, the comedy part describing the Lebanese customs and behavior in a village all those things are funny.

But What I disliked, Big time Disliked is how the movie is not related at All to Ghadi!!

Who is Ghadi? In the movie Ghadi is a child that has a mental handicap. The movie is entitled Ghadi, but for me, the child Doesn’t appear in the movie at all!!! Even on the billboards , the ads of the movie are not related to Ghadi, but picture the dad and the mum on a bicycle! why?

We didn’t meet Ghadi in this Movie!!!

we met he father Leba (Alias Georges Khabbaz) and his ideas and plot to make a story related to an “angel”.

Ghadi the handicapped boy, is pictured in this movie as an “angel” but even this we didn’t see!

he never mingled with the people of the “mshakkal” village he is supposed to live with!

the movie show us a small boy always sitting ALONE!! always sitting in his boxers and “flanella” ,

always alone! and just socializing with his father, mother and sisters!!

a Handicapped person can socialize, can communicate, sorry let me correct it, the only interaction I have noticed in this movie that is supposed to turn around a handicapped boy, was when he smiled and tried to make his neighbor Takla smile while mimicking his daddy.

a special case, can socialize, and can communicate, shouldn’t always be featured sitting on a balcony alone, just looking at people from behind bars,

again, I loved the visuals and the actors who played and showed us the Lebanese ways of living in a village,(sex worker, butcher, hairdresser….)  but and again, I disliked the message behind the story of the angel , and I was furious when I didn’t see ghady (the small boy that is a special case) having Any kind of communication, or any role, or any socialization in this movie!!

in Faith and Light we don’t see the special cases as special anymore, even the worse handicap is seen as “normal” and we try to make everybody participate in our activities. the aim of FL, for example is to help people to go out from the home circle, to let people KNOW, Mingle, and discuss with special cases!! discussion and communication, even listening are a way to know special cases better!!

I didn’t like how ghadi never get down from his home, stayed sitting on the window, always played alone,  never mingled with other fellows from the village, ghadi was pictured and stereotyped even more as a special case, as a different case,  and as an abnormal case!

bref, this Is my humble opinion!

rita chemaly

here is the trailer of the movie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGkDvVlFXbk

“Published on Sep 25, 2013

The trailer of Ghadi, a film by Amin Dora, a social comedy written by and starring Georges Khabbaz giving you a closer insight about a special kid and the struggles of his humble family. Expect strange phenomena to affect the behavior and beliefs of their little Lebanese town’s population.”

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Last week, El Etijah has organized a specific episode related to Women and war. I have participated to this episode of the Evening Show of Esraa Haidar Zayour, to watch the 50 min episode : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e73mMlYV618&feature=youtu.be

Women and War English Rita Chemaly Al Etejah TV 2013

Thanks to Esraa for shedding light on this important subject especially now, that Lebanon welcomes Syrian refugees.

War and armed conflicts change the social role of men and women,

war has horrible consequences on Women:

Rape, domestic violence, prostitution, early marriages, dropping out of schools, trauma, fear, anguish, dispersion of families….

thanks Esraa for highlighting what is being done to overcome war consequences in the refugees camps, and what needs to be done to empower Women ….

Stop Violence! No to War! Yes for Peace, Yes for Dialogue!

Rita Chemaly

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This post may shock , I do think that readers won’t like it. “If  you chose to have a baby you must sacrifice as the Lebanese love to say”, LOL.

I know all that and all the bla bla, but I felt the need to write the feelings I had for some weeks, I wanted to write this post before, but I didn’t have time and the force to do it. If I’m writing this post now, it is for me not to forget the feelings I felt the first 3 weeks…

It is not a post related to social, political or human activism. It is a personal post about my personal feelings.

for those who will be chocked, “tammano” now, at the 5th week, the first 3 weeks seems to be forgotten.Rita Chemaly

Parenthood: the very difficult and exhausting beginnings.

Waa waaa waaa, baby is crying.

You usually master what you do, and what you learned. At school, University, Work, even in your relationships.

But….

Here, hearing the waa waaaa waaa, you feel lost, and you DON’T know what to do.

You studied and prepared yourself for the upcoming phase,

You watched video’s , surf the net, did research, talked to your fellow friends who already have babies, and tons of them,

But NO.

Nothing prepares you to what you live in those first 2 weeks.

At the hospital the first days are easier, nurses take care of some of the main duties (changing diapers, giving bath) and when baby cries they come and help in calming him.

Coming back home,

EVERYTHING Changes.

all the rooms changes. Even if you have prepared a nursery!

All new born stuff are here and there, in the Kitchen, in the Library, in Your room, On your bed…

it is the first days “karkabeh” ….

But it is not the were the point is. it is more than that,

You feel tired after your delivery and can’t understand what is happening when baby cries all the time.

Diapers are clean, baby is showered , he is not “mamghouss” he is not “mchawwab”,

what is happening???

you cuddle him, you sing, you dance, nothing helps.

Yes maybe after trying all the “salaam salaam” and “fi zill himayatiki”,

the “tirachrach” song with the dance helped in calming the baby for 4 seconds!

what was the problem I understood 2 days after coming back home:

I chose to breastfeed exclusively.

I found out that THIS was the most DIFFICULT choice in this phase.

the first 2 to 3 weeks, you first feel a CRUCIFYING Pain,

yes, it is not as easy to learn the Breastfeeding positions, how to help your new born latch, and how to make him eat without falling asleep.

Moreover, the baby will need to eat ON DEMAND. the first 2 to 3 weeks it means ALL the time.

Something that I have read soo many times before, but didn’t understand, and if you hear some of the pediatricians they will tell you , “lachou el azeb” breastfeed for 15 minutes, and if you want give some formula (milk for babies), they will sleep for 4 hours at night.

Grrr…. The World Health Organisation, and the very well known book “j’eleve mon enfant”  and the other readings I Did, they all advise you to Breastfeed for at least 4 months.

this is how I made my choice.

but for me who usually got time to read, blog, watch tv, answer phone calls, work, cook, sleep or whatever other thing,

this Breastfeeding on demand MEANS I don’t have time for anything. NOT EVEN GO TO THE BATHROOM, or have a proper shower!

More than that, you usually know that communication and dialogue will help you Resolve problematic issues at work, with your peers, in your community,

with your newborn, NO. the first weeks communication is resumed to I want to eat, and please change my diapers!

You will do that EXCLUSIVELY on the first weeks.

I Wasn’t prepared to that 🙂

neither physically neither morally. especially when you don’t sleep neither at night nor day!

when baby cries “I Want to eat”, AND  for a breastfeeding mom, THIS means you will be sitting all the time for the baby to eat.

While sitting you can’t do anything, …. hmmm let me correct it: you can watch SOAP operas on TV, the Turkish one’s translated in Syrian, I know all of them now , I even watch the morning shows of most of the TV Stations. And I discovered that the French TV stations are dull also, they still have the MORICO TV SHOPPING emission! (with a different name of course Tele Shopping in the morning! ).

for those who usually enjoy multi tasking , run here and there and do many things,

with your new born on the first 3 weeks, you can’t .

I enjoyed the fact that I was able to take a mini shower one afternoon, without hearing the constant crying 🙂

On the First month birthday a change appeared,

yes, I was able to get 2 hours sleep on the morning! yes This was an achievement!

Friends, and family members coming to visit and congratulate us were shocked when I said that NO Mother ever explained her feelings of the first weeks. Moms are Heroes, this is what I understand now after those 3 weeks experience!

I repeated to all my friends, that they must be Prepared MORALLY and Physically  to the first 3 weeks,

those are the hardest. No SLEEP, no Rest.

the first 3 weeks you ask yourself…. are babies truly cute???

THE CHANGE, Begun after those 3 weeks:

now at the 5th week, yes, we enjoy parenthood ….we enjoy it.

YES 🙂 Finally, we begin to play to mom and dad roles with a broad smile,

baby hears you, watch your face if you are close, and a beginning of communication begins.

you will still feel like a “Lurpack” but, you will do it with more pleasure.

at the End, a big thanks to those who helped those first weeks:

my hameto, my cousins and my close friends with whom I talked day and night on the JN growing up group on whats up, my old comrade from school lama, and a group of people I don’t know on the real world, just on the virtual one, but they were a big help “the breastfeeding in Lebanon” mothers group on Facebook.

I can’t forget the role of the husband…. mine is a sweetheart, and the one who pushed me to continue and not to stop. Yes his constant support  and encouragement helped a LOT, and here we are, sitting together, him having diner and me having time to share this story with you, with a sweet lovely baby sleeping in his crib…. Peacefully 🙂 for half an hour I presume before his number 24 Snack of milk again 🙂

Rita, em JN for now….

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To continue with the series related to pregnancy and newborns,

for the moms to be in Lebanon, the first test to do is the pharmacy test:

1- First test if you think you maybe pregnant:

I bought a Clearblue test from a pharmacy at 12 000LL.

if the + appears, it means you are pregnant! and you can begin offering champagne to your family (you cannot drink champagne, you will drink some water ).

ps: in 2 words this test is easy to use, the pharmacist will recommend you to do it in the morning, you should do pipi (urine) on it, and look at the screen, 2 minutes after you may be sure if there is a plus or a minus.

in brief, this test measures an hormone that exists in the urine. the Human chorionic gonadotropin (hcG) is a hormone produced initially by an embryo  in the early stages of pregnancy.

here are 2 snapshots for the easy digital test:

DSC09973

DSC09971

2- Call your gynecologist, or choose a good one (after asking some of your friends and relatives):

If you call the gynecologists in Lebanon, all will give you a meeting one month after, you did the clear blue test ( I tested it! I was impatient of making sure that I am pregnant, but no, all the secretary, even with all the “habibteh” involved, will make sure for you to take an appointment one month later.

The gynecologist will do an ultra-sound / echography, the Social Security in Lebanon covers the test and the gynecologist tariffs.

in Lebanon each visit will cost you around 50 000LL to 60 000 LL (ultra-sound /  echography included) , some of those who think they can do miracles will take 80$, ultra-sound /  echography excluded.  I called more than 9 gynecologists in Lebanon (women and men) before choosing the one I felt the most comfortable with.

3- Tests before pregnancy – the Wedding tests that are an Obligation to do:

The gynecologist I chose, is excellent, he said to me why re-do all the blood tests, you did them before the wedding:

In Lebanon, all people who want to get married are Obliged to do some medical tests, by the Lebanese state.

the toxoplasmose, HIV, rubella, Hemoglobine…. are a must to check.

People will have to go to Adlieh, from the Syndicate of doctors, they will have to pay for the 2 forms they take to fill 🙂 around 30 $ we don’t remember exactly.

here are some snapshots of the forms to fill by both partners.

DSC09976

DSC09977

DSC09978

than you will have to go to a laboratory or an hospital to do the blood tests.

the cost of the blood test for men and women are below ( that is what we paid for them, in 2012).

around 137000 LL for a women and 98000 LL for the men.

below is a snapshot with the price of each test:

for both women and men:

women blood test for marriage and pregnancy in Lebanon

Men blood tests cost before wedding in lebanon

the toxoplasmose, will help women to know what to eat and not to eat during pregnancy,

and if each women has an allergy on cats, dogs or whatever.

4- Tests to do During Pregnancy:

on each visit, the blood pressure, the weight and an urine test for albumin and glucose are measured.

some gynecologists in Lebanon, will ask their patient to do some blood test each 3 months, to make sure of diabetes,

but my gynecologist, make sure that everything is fine by during an urine test during pregnancy using strips.

here is a snapshot of the test we do on each appointment.

DSC09954

before the  ultra-sound /  echography…..

those tests will take less than 5 minutes, and  are important it helps to know if there is a diabetes that is being prepared or preeclampsia, it means a lot of sweet or salt in the blood…. 🙂

I hope that this post and the information it has are useful to some…

Rita Chemaly

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I just got a call from dodo my friend who has been living in Canada.

The law there entitles her to see her children grow, watch their first steps, see how their first tooth grow….

the law there gives a women 50 weeks and for the Paternity 5 week that the dad can choose to take the moment he wants!

plus the dad is entitled for a 2 days for the delivery!!!!!!

and we in Lebanon are struggling to have 70 days for maternity leave!!!!!!!!!!!

Do you know that all moms and dads in Lebanon have to think what to do after 49 days??? do they put their new born in Kindergarden, do they ask their “hametos” “mother in laws” or any relative to watch over, do they bring a Domestic worker to watch for the new born!??!?!

Do you think dear MPs that these solutions are Safe???? is it how you want Lebanese families to raise the future citizens of Lebanon????!!!!

GRRRR!!!!!

We have to act!!!

Rita Chemaly

Canadian maternity leave versus lebanon maternity leave

some sources about Canadian law http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/pubs/guide/pregnancy.php

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Last Year, the Maternity leave extension project law in Lebanon made some progress in the Parliamentarian commissions only.

But, we ( = Lebanese Citizens) are still waiting for the Vote in the GENERAL ASSEMBLY of the Parliament for the extension of the maternity leave from 49 days to 10 weeks….

I am a pregnant woman, and I think that I will need to rest with my baby , I will need to feed him, will need to sleep at night and not think how to get to work early in the morning, after having a long night feeding, burping, changing….

Do you Know that maternity leave in Lebanon ( the 49 days) we are entitled to, are counted with the days that are public holidays and Sundays, and Saturdays???

Employees  can just benefit from their annual leaves, if they kept some left, the maternity leave as stipulated in the labor law in Lebanon is clearly not sufficient!!!!!

as for Paternity leave, this is something that doesn’t exist!!!! how a dad can feel that his is a dad, and can participate in the education of his child, if he can’t even participate in taking care of his baby at the early stages of his coming to life????!!!!!

We should act, but how??

Just ask and lobby the Members of Parliament in Lebanon ( who reconducted for themselves in a weird way) to DO their Job and to work on changing the legislation!!!!

maternity leave in lebanon 49 days only for women

 

 

Rita Chemaly

 

Previous posts about the same issue:

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/10/12/congratulations-lebanese-women-can-now-have-60-days-of-maternity-leave/

 

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/09/13/lebanese-mothers-missing-their-babies-an-article-about-maternity-leave-by-c-benoit/

 

https://ritachemaly.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/droits-des-femmes-au-liban-conge-maternite-et-conge-paternite-par-rita-chemaly.jpg

 

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2013/06/13/members-of-parliament-we-want-an-extension-of-the-maternity-leave-in-lebanon-now/

 

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2013/05/22/maternity-leave-in-lebanon-is-in-the-drawer-of-parliament-because-of-political-problems/

 

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2013/03/15/march-21-is-mother-day-but-in-lebanon-women-are-not-treated-fairly-maternity-leave-is-a-must/

https://ritachemaly.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/maternity-leave-in-lebanon-too-short-campaign-rita-chemaly.jpg

 

 

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Look at the Lebanese Highways and especially at the huge billboards everywhere!

 Women, teenagers, Men, children are harassed by pictures and advertisements using the women body and brain as a housewife, as a sexy doll, as a bimbo.

the examples in Lebanon are numerous. ( here are some previous examples taken from my blog : My body is not to be used for your crap ads! women’s body are sacred and not objects!

Salons de Beaute pour ENFANTS! au Liban tout est travaille pour Arranger l’image de soi

You can be Seduced by a Taouk…. or a warak arich on a women body… , for more info also do check Kherrberr website: here are great examples from it Mothers Are Not Washing Machines  , Scholl’s Babybotte: Influencing Children’s Gender Roles ! )

The problem is that me and other Lebanese and non Lebanese women living in Lebanon and bombarded by such pictures and adv will integrate them in our mind and we won’t be able to see the prejudice and discrimination they create after a while.

The small boy and the small girl are definitely influenced by those ads such as the “Babybotte and Barbie Adv! To the boy we will find it normal to buy and offer a Lego game that will help him use his brain, as for girls, we will find it normal to offer a doll, for her to pamper and integrate as an image of the mother she will once be!

I will always and always repeat that we live in a world were stereotypes related to gender role division are very difficult to overcome, but WE can do it!!

we have to be able to discern gender biased images, games and advertisements!

is it normal for media to use My body to market a car!?! I understand that women bodies are attractive but we have to stop using them and Instrumentalising them as objects for marketing!

  The gender division is so normal that when we go to a shop in Lebanon for children you’ll have a part in pink with lots of dolls and dentelles, and carrycots, and small kitchens and other part with cabs, construction games, army clothes, superman clothes for boys.

This is from where gender stereotyping begins! Malls, and shops for children!!!

Images and social Roles (women as a housewife, and men as house caretaker, and a society saviour ( the superman) ) are so commonly engraved in our sub conscience we usually reproduce and replicate them over and over! I was so glad when my Brother in Law wrote to me, “let your husband help you Iron your future new born clothes , this task is not just for women!!”

That is how we go out of the vicious circle of reproducing social roles and reinforcing social stereotypes!

I am working on it, Are you???

I loved this flyer that we (my husband and I found at the gynecologist, a Men bottle feeding his child) …. Do you think that this is common in Lebanon?? it is rare to find husbands helping with the education part of the children, why? again social roles, manly roles, patriarchal culture, and all those big issues we have to try to fight and overcome!

 Rita Chemaly

SOCIAL ROLES REPRODUCTION  RITA CHEMALY MEN BREAST AND BOTTLE FEEDING EQUALITY

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is it just a piece of news? a women, mother of 5 children has been savagely assassinated by her husband who was beating her with a “stick” as one of the little children told the neighbours.

where is the law? still in the drawers of the parliament.

some months ago, the commission who has to study the law, changed it, and amended it as per the sects preferences! taking the most important stipulations and amending them not only to protect women and criminalize violence, but also the Members of Parliaments amended the law in a way making the sects laws of the personal status code predominant on a civil law…. that was needed to establish Equality and Justice among all citizens!!!!

the stories of Roula, Wafa, Rita, and soo many beaten and violented women should awake those who reconducted for themselves and let them study and know how to legiferate in a way that BUILD A STATE OF LAW. A LAW under which all CITIZENS are equal.

I am raging, and sad, if the MPs need some courses in legislation, laws, political sciences , let them ask us for help!!! and stop distributing services instead of DOING their Job RIGHT!

RITA CHEMALY

 

here are some reports about what happened
MTV report http://mtv.com.lb/News/223722
Lorient le Jour report : http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/823242/violence-domestique-la-mort-atroce-de-roula-yacoub-suffira-t-elle-a-faire-voter-la-loi-.html

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Breastfeeding in Lebanon is not usually very well marketed. Why? In your nurseries, in the waiting room of your gynecologist, in the hospital, in the pharmacies, on Radio Stations, on TV,  Big boards and ads are here to market Formula milk or baby formula. what does it mean? the milk that is not natural and bottled.

I hear my friends and cousins when having a baby talk about feeding them with cerelac, bledina, nun, and other…. those may be good, but  the importance of Breastfeeding the new-born till at least 6 months has been recognised everywhere. and in Lebanon to protect breastfeeding , a law was passed in 2008 ( bravo our dear law makers, you did it!!) but it is not yet Implemented successfully :

the law 47/2008 stipulates “Organizing the Marketing of Baby and Young Child Feeding Products and Tools”, …  bans all marketing of formula milk, bottles, teats and pacifiers because they all embody an obstacle for the successful establishment and continuation of breastfeeding for a minimum of 6 months and preferably for up to 2 years (together with complementary foods).”

a Petition was prepared by some activists in Facebook The Lebanese Ministry of Public Health: Stop formula milk companies from marketing their products illegally!

more over the groups created on Facebook help “mother to be”  in Lebanon share their experience, ask questions and have the community comment and reply! Many answers are truly important to read!!

below are the 2 Facebook groups where mum’s and expecting moms are active :

https://www.facebook.com/groups/Breastfeedinginlebanon/

https://www.facebook.com/groups/mama2mamabeirut/

 

I am with Breastfeeding because it is good for the mother and the child,

but in Lebanon, the short maternity leave that is just for 49 days (including weekends), makes it hard for women to keep up feeding their children.

I hope that Maternity leave law be amended for at least 12 weeks as recommended by ILO, and I hope that nurseries and places for breastfeeding can be established at work places with a minimum quota of female employee….

Rita Chemaly

to know more about this issue, here is the article that was published today by the Daily Star.

Baby formula pushers draw parents’ ire

BEIRUT: It took four attempts before Sarah Boudiab  found a pediatrician who didn’t  pressure her to introduce infant milk-replacement formula into her baby’s diet.  Since her child was 5 or 6 months old, in offices often decorated with  advertisements for formula, doctors variously expressed surprise that Boudiab  continued to breastfeed and beseeched her to introduce formula feeding.

“Breastfeeding past one year is only in underdeveloped countries,” she said  one pediatrician told her, while another, using a growth chart she knew to be  outdated, warned her: “Your baby isn’t growing well enough.”

“You get scared [when you hear such things],” Boudiab told The Daily Star,  noting that a mother less well-informed, less determined or with a less  supportive spouse may have succumbed to the pressure to switch to bottle  feeding. One pediatrician even recommended a particular brand of milk  replacement to Boudiab.

“You feel like pediatricians are not doctors – they are more like marketing  agents,” she said.

Although international health experts have long since resolved that in the  majority of cases breastfeeding is preferable to bottle feeding, rates of the  former remain low in Lebanon.

According to the most recent World Bank data available, only 15 percent of  Lebanese babies are exclusively breastfed between birth and the age of 6 months  old.

The reasons for this are manifold. A 2011 study by Mona Nabulsi, a  pediatrician at the American University of Beirut’s Medical Center, identified  lack of awareness about breastfeeding and little preparation for it as  contributory factors.

However, parents like Boudiab believe that the active and widespread  promotion of milk replacement formulas plays a significant role too.

In addition to traditional advertising methods, allegations abound that  formula companies enter into deals with medical professionals and institutions  to secure promotion for their products.

Iman El-Zein, a member of the Lebanese Association  for Early Childhood  Development, told The Daily Star  that among such arrangements is  the contribution of equipment to hospitals in exchange for the distribution of  milk samples upon the discharge of new mothers.

The distribution of formula samples upon discharge undermines new moms’  confidence in breastfeeding, she said.

Linda Shaker Berbari, a mother of two, echoes this, saying such promotions  and practices often lead mothers to believe that by feeding formula they are  choosing the “better option.”

When her children were born, one of the first things she was given was a  packet including formula samples, Berbari said.

“Had I not been aware of the dangers of formula, I wouldn’t have known it was  important for me to say ‘no,’” she added.

Some of the risks associated with formula milk for babies include: obesity,  asthma, allergies, lower IQ and cognitive development, respiratory infections  and diabetes.

Aware of the pros and cons of formula or not, what many are completely  oblivious to is that that since 2008 it has been clearly prohibited under  Lebanese law to market or promote infant or follow-up milk replacement products,  as well as things required for their administration – bottles, teat, etc. – for  children aged up to 36 months.

It is this comprehensive piece of legislation, Law 47/2008 – which even  stipulates how the products are labeled – that parents behind an Internet  campaign launched in May are trying to to get implemented.

The movement began when regular Light FM listener and new mom Sara Luis Hanna  was irked that a competition on  one of the station’s shows was introduced as sponsored by Apta Junior, an infant  formula produced by Danone.

“It was like a stab in the back by Light FM,” Hanna, who had recently become  aware of the legislation governing formula promotion and advertising, told The  Daily Star.

Already an attendee of pro-breastfeeding La Leche League’s meetings and  active on online mom forums, she decided to highlight the issue by founding her  own Facebook  group.

“Stop formula companies from marketing their products in Lebanon” has  attracted more than 300 members on Facebook since May and claims a number of  victories for its cause, including Light FM’s cancelation of its contract with  Danone.

Almost daily, the group’s members use the forum to highlight violations of  Law 47/2008 – from magazine adverts, to billboards, to formula companies’ logos  adorning waiting rooms.

They have also established a breastfeeding blog to raise awareness about the  legislation and the risks of formula feeding, and have launched a petition to  pressure the Lebanese government and the Health Ministry  to implement the law.

The group also credits itself with the calling off of a nutrition workshop  for moms organized in conjunction with the formula company Novalac.

While Danone  did not respond to an email from The Daily  Star querying its promotional activities for Apta Junior, Novalac’s  communication department promptly replied when contacted.

“Novalac was planning to make a workshop with a dietitian addressed to  mothers regarding babies’ nutrition,” the email said, but the event “was not  focused on milk in any way.”

Novalac explained that it canceled the workshop “to be able to clarify the  issue with [the Health Ministry] in order to get their approval to avoid any  further inconveniences.”

“We will never reconsider the workshop unless we have [the ministry’s]  approval,” the company said.

The Facebook campaigners have also been in communication with the Health  Ministry, exchanging emails with its Director-General Walid Ammar. He told the  activists a meeting had taken place with the formula producers and assured them  he was working to strictly implement the law.

But while Hanna said the response from the ministry thus far had been “good,”  she cautioned that she remained “a little skeptical.”

“We’ll see how far we have come in a couple of months or years,” she  said.

Zein, who contributed to the drafting of the law, is even more reserved in  her hopes for its implementation.

One of the causes of the widespread violation of the law is “the political  situation and the weakness of the Health Ministry,” she said, noting that with  its current caretaker status the government is unlikely to be particularly  active on the issue.

Zein also pointed out that the ministry had not yet set punishments for  violators of the law, and was “postponing and disregarding meetings of the  [National] committee [for the promotion and protection of breastfeeding]” the  formation of which is provided for by the law in question.

 breastfeeding in lebanon women rights

A  version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on June  26, 2013, on page 4.
Source:  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Local-News/2013/Jun-26/221595-baby-formula-pushers-draw-parents-ire.ashx#ixzz2XPklrSwj

 

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Lobbying with MPs, and the Commissions, is done.

what are expecting mothers to be in Lebanon are waiting for is the amendment of the Maternity leave period in  a general assembly.

Nabih Berri the speaker of the house has invited the Lebanese Parliament to a general assembly for monday July 1, Tuesday July 2 and wednesday July 3.

I hope that the Maternity leave law amendment for both LABOR LAW articles 28-29 , amending the Lebanese maternity leave from 49 days to 70 days will pass!!!

also, I hope that the maternity leave amendment for civil servants in Lebanon article 38 of law 112 will pass (amending it from 60 days to 70 days)….

I am looking forward for next week General assembly at the Parliament!!!!

Rita Chemaly

http://www.lp.gov.lb/NewsPage.Aspx?id=10906

التاريخ: ١/٧/٢٠١٣

دعوة الى جلسة عامة

دعا الرئيس بري الى عقد جلسة تشريعية عامة تبدأ في العاشرة والنصف من صباح الإثنين في 1 تموز المقبل وتنعقد أيام الإثنين والثلاثاء والأربعاء صباحاً ومساءً. وذلك لدرس وإقرار المشاريع واقتراحات القوانين المدرجة على جدول الأعمال.

below are the previous posts I wrote related to Maternity leave

Members of Parliament we Want an Extension of the Maternity Leave In Lebanon 

NOW!

Maternity Leave In Lebanon is in the drawer of Parliament because of Political problems

March 21 is mother day but in Lebanon women are not treated fairly maternity leave is a must

en Avril Le Conseil des Ministres Allonge le Conge maternite a 10 semaines

Lebanese Mothers: Missing Their Babies … an article about maternity leave by C.Benoit

Le conge maternite au Liban en route vers la ratification finale

A step Forward to women’s rights … Maternity leave in Labor law is amended

Article de Rita Chemaly sur le Conge Maternite au Liban paru dans la rubrique Droits des Femmes Special Magazine Novembre 2012

Article de Rita Chemaly sur le Conge Maternite au Liban paru dans la rubrique Droits des Femmes Special Magazine Novembre 2012

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I participated to the African festival that was held in Jesus and Mary School in Rabieh last Sunday.

I was so happy to finally see African people in Lebanon wearing their countries costumes, and eating and dancing their countries folkloric dances.

The Ethiopian Delegation, the Madagascar Delegation, the Côte d’Ivoire Delegation, the Sudanese Delegation all prepared dances, and beautifully colored shows.

Proud to be african, I was just Happy and clapping madly to all the groups!!

even though I loved the Ethiopian dance, and if I wasn’t so heavy in my pregnancy I would have enjoyed dancing with them 🙂

not to forget about the Clothes!!!!!! A simple Waw!!! Mum and I found some Clothes truly beautiful!

for you some of the pictures of the event, thank You samar and Ghada for inviting us, we were supposed to be 2 but you know in My family we are all happy to always enjoy such beautiful events!!!!

Rita

Caritas migrant center distributed brochures to all attendees, It was truly lovely!

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