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Think about it….


تسعى كفى من خلال حملة “فكروا فيا” التي أطلقتها يوم الجمعة 2 شباط 2018 وتبنّتها وزارة العمل اللّبنانيّة، إلى فتح حوارٍ بنّاء مع أصحاب العمل اللّبنانيّين حول مسائل عادةً ما يواجهونها في علاقتهم مع عاملة المنزل. وقد اختارت كفى لتحقيق هذا الهدف ثلاثة سيناريوهاتٍ شائعة استوحتها من أرض الواقع وجسّدتها في ثلاثة فيديوهات وملصقات إعلانيّة، أرادت كفى عبرها أن تظهر مدى ارتباك العديد من أصحاب العمل في التعاطي مع عاملات المنازل اللّواتي يوظّفونهنّ في ظلّ نظام كفالة مُسبِّب لمعظم الانتهاكات التي تتعرّض لها العاملات في لبنان. هذا النظام نفسه الذي يحدّد، إلى حدّ بعيد، شكل تصرّفات أصحاب العمل مع العاملات ويؤثّر في إرساء ممارساتهم السلبيّة اليوميّة معهنّ ومواقفهم العامّة اتجاههنّ.لا تُظهر حملة “فكروا فيا” صاحب/ة العمل بصورة المُصمِّم على ارتكاب الانتهاك وغير الآبه بأوضاع العاملة وحقوقها، إنّما بصورة المُرتبِك والحائر والخاضع للظرف السائد و”ما يقوم به الجميع”، مساهمًا بذلك، من حيث يدري أو لا يدري، باستمرار الظلم والممارسات المخالِفة للقانون وحقوق العاملة الإنسانيّة والعمّاليّة.تأمل كفى من خلال هذه الحملة أن يتماهى العديد من أصحاب العمل مع المواقف المُجسَّدة في السيناريوهات الثلاثة المختارة، وهي تتعلّق بحجز جواز سفر العاملة المنزليّة، وعدم دفع أجورها، وحجز حريّتها، وتدعوهم إلى أن “يفكروا فيا” -في الموقف وفي العاملة- كما تلفت انتباههم إلى أنّ الممارسات الشائعة التي يشاهدونها في السيناريوهات الثلاثة هي في الواقع ممارساتٌ غير عادلة ومخالِفة للقانون، يجب أن يعملوا على وضع حدّ لها عن طريق المطالبة بإلغاء نظام الكفالة، والحماية القانونيّة لعاملات المنازل، وتغيير التصرّفات التي اعتادوا ممارستها. في ما يلي، بعض المعلومات حول الحالات الثلاث التي تناولتها حملة “فكروا فيا”: * أنتجت كفى حملة “فكروا فيا” بالشراكة مع الجمعيّة الدوليّة لمكافحة الرقّ وبدعمٍ من منظّمة العمل الدوليّة*المعلومات المذكورة مستقاة من دراسة وطنية نُشرت في العام 2016 أجرتها الجامعة الأمريكيّة في بيروت بالتعاون مع منظمة كفى عنف واستغلال والجمعيّة الدوليّة لمكافحة الرقّ وبدعم من منظّمة العمل الدوليّة. “Think about it, think about her”A media campaign by KAFA targeting Lebanese employers of domestic workers On February 2nd 2018, KAFA (enough) Violence & Exploitation launched a mediacampaign* entitled “Think about it, think about her” targeting Lebanese employers of migrant domestic workers (MDWs), as a continuation of its 2016 campaign highlighting employers’ perceptions of MDWs.The new media campaign, supported by the Lebanese Ministry of Labor, seeks to open a constructive dialogue with Lebanese employers around a number of issues they usually face in their relationship with the domestic worker. For this purpose, KAFA chose three common scenarios inspired by the realities of the working relationship between MDWs and their employers, depicting them in three short videos that emphasize the situation of perplexity many employers find themselves in, mostly because of the sponsorship system and the burdens it imposes on them. This is the same system that is behind many of the violations against MDWs, and that shapes, to a far extent, the daily practices of employers and their general attitudes towards the workers.The current campaign does not seek to portray a negative image of employers as being absolutely careless towards the worker’s well-being or as intentionally abusive. Instead, it shows them as confused employers who end up adapting to the existing structure and “doing what everybody does”, consequently perpetuating, knowingly or unknowingly, normalized illegal acts against MDWs and their deprivation of their human and labor rights.KAFA hopes to see a majority of employers identifying with the three situations addressed by the campaign: the withholding of the worker’s passport, the non-payment of her salary, and the restriction of her freedom of movement. Ultimately, employers are invited to think about it (the situation) and think about her (the worker), and their attention is drawn to the fact that the common scenarios they see in the videos and visuals represent, in reality, unfair and illegal practices which they are encouraged to challenge. Moreover, KAFA calls upon employers to help end the aforementioned injustices by demanding to change the sponsorship system, protect domestic workers in the law, and to challenge harmful normative behaviors. Hereunder we include quick figures and information related to each of the three scenarios addressed by the campaign: *المعلومات المذكورة مستقاة من دراسة وطنية نُشرت في العام 2016 أجرتها الجامعة الأمريكيّة في بيروت بالتعاون مع منظمة كفى عنف واستغلال والجمعيّة الدوليّة لمكافحة الرقّ وبدعم من منظّمة العمل الدوليّة. “Think about it, think about her”A media campaign by KAFA targeting Lebanese employers of domestic workers On February 2nd 2018, KAFA (enough) Violence & Exploitation launched a mediacampaign* entitled “Think about it, think about her” targeting Lebanese employers of migrant domestic workers (MDWs), as a continuation of its 2016 campaign highlighting employers’ perceptions of MDWs.The new media campaign, supported by the Lebanese Ministry of Labor, seeks to open a constructive dialogue with Lebanese employers around a number of issues they usually face in their relationship with the domestic worker. For this purpose, KAFA chose three common scenarios inspired by the realities of the working relationship between MDWs and their employers, depicting them in three short videos that emphasize the situation of perplexity many employers find themselves in, mostly because of the sponsorship system and the burdens it imposes on them. This is the same system that is behind many of the violations against MDWs, and that shapes, to a far extent, the daily practices of employers and their general attitudes towards the workers.The current campaign does not seek to portray a negative image of employers as being absolutely careless towards the worker’s well-being or as intentionally abusive. Instead, it shows them as confused employers who end up adapting to the existing structure and “doing what everybody does”, consequently perpetuating, knowingly or unknowingly, normalized illegal acts against MDWs and their deprivation of their human and labor rights.KAFA hopes to see a majority of employers identifying with the three situations addressed by the campaign: the withholding of the worker’s passport, the non-payment of her salary, and the restriction of her freedom of movement. Ultimately, employers are invited to think about it (the situation) and think about her (the worker), and their attention is drawn to the fact that the common scenarios they see in the videos and visuals represent, in reality, unfair and illegal practices which they are encouraged to challenge. Moreover, KAFA calls upon employers to help end the aforementioned injustices by demanding to change the sponsorship system, protect domestic workers in the law, and to challenge harmful normative behaviors. Hereunder we include quick figures and information related to each of the three scenarios addressed by the campaign:

* The media campaign is produced by KAFA in partnership with Anti-Slavery International and with the support of the International Labor Organization* The data is taken from a national study published in 2016, conducted by the American University of Beirut, in collaboration with KAFA (enough) Violence & Exploitation and Anti-Slavery International, with the support of the International Labor Organization.


تسعى كفى من خلال حملة “فكروا فيا” التي أطلقتها يوم الجمعة 2 شباط 2018 وتبنّتها وزارة العمل اللّبنانيّة، إلى فتح حوارٍ بنّاء مع أصحاب العمل اللّبنانيّين حول مسائل عادةً ما يواجهونها في علاقتهم مع عاملة المنزل. وقد اختارت كفى لتحقيق هذا الهدف ثلاثة سيناريوهاتٍ شائعة استوحتها من أرض الواقع وجسّدتها في ثلاثة فيديوهات وملصقات إعلانيّة، أرادت كفى عبرها أن تظهر مدى ارتباك العديد من أصحاب العمل في التعاطي مع عاملات المنازل اللّواتي يوظّفونهنّ في ظلّ نظام كفالة مُسبِّب لمعظم الانتهاكات التي تتعرّض لها العاملات في لبنان. هذا النظام نفسه الذي يحدّد، إلى حدّ بعيد، شكل تصرّفات أصحاب العمل مع العاملات ويؤثّر في إرساء ممارساتهم السلبيّة اليوميّة معهنّ ومواقفهم العامّة اتجاههنّ.لا تُظهر حملة “فكروا فيا” صاحب/ة العمل بصورة المُصمِّم على ارتكاب الانتهاك وغير الآبه بأوضاع العاملة وحقوقها، إنّما بصورة المُرتبِك والحائر والخاضع للظرف السائد و”ما يقوم به الجميع”، مساهمًا بذلك، من حيث يدري أو لا يدري، باستمرار الظلم والممارسات المخالِفة للقانون وحقوق العاملة الإنسانيّة والعمّاليّة.تأمل كفى من خلال هذه الحملة أن يتماهى العديد من أصحاب العمل مع المواقف المُجسَّدة في السيناريوهات الثلاثة المختارة، وهي تتعلّق بحجز جواز سفر العاملة المنزليّة، وعدم دفع أجورها، وحجز حريّتها، وتدعوهم إلى أن “يفكروا فيا” -في الموقف وفي العاملة- كما تلفت انتباههم إلى أنّ الممارسات الشائعة التي يشاهدونها في السيناريوهات الثلاثة هي في الواقع ممارساتٌ غير عادلة ومخالِفة للقانون، يجب أن يعملوا على وضع حدّ لها عن طريق المطالبة بإلغاء نظام الكفالة، والحماية القانونيّة لعاملات المنازل، وتغيير التصرّفات التي اعتادوا ممارستها. في ما يلي، بعض المعلومات حول الحالات الثلاث التي تناولتها حملة “فكروا فيا”: * أنتجت كفى حملة “فكروا فيا” بالشراكة مع الجمعيّة الدوليّة لمكافحة الرقّ وبدعمٍ من منظّمة العمل الدوليّة*المعلومات المذكورة مستقاة من دراسة وطنية نُشرت في العام 2016 أجرتها الجامعة الأمريكيّة في بيروت بالتعاون مع منظمة كفى عنف واستغلال والجمعيّة الدوليّة لمكافحة الرقّ وبدعم من منظّمة العمل الدوليّة. “Think about it, think about her”A media campaign by KAFA targeting Lebanese employers of domestic workers On February 2nd 2018, KAFA (enough) Violence & Exploitation launched a mediacampaign* entitled “Think about it, think about her” targeting Lebanese employers of migrant domestic workers (MDWs), as a continuation of its 2016 campaign highlighting employers’ perceptions of MDWs.The new media campaign, supported by the Lebanese Ministry of Labor, seeks to open a constructive dialogue with Lebanese employers around a number of issues they usually face in their relationship with the domestic worker. For this purpose, KAFA chose three common scenarios inspired by the realities of the working relationship between MDWs and their employers, depicting them in three short videos that emphasize the situation of perplexity many employers find themselves in, mostly because of the sponsorship system and the burdens it imposes on them. This is the same system that is behind many of the violations against MDWs, and that shapes, to a far extent, the daily practices of employers and their general attitudes towards the workers.The current campaign does not seek to portray a negative image of employers as being absolutely careless towards the worker’s well-being or as intentionally abusive. Instead, it shows them as confused employers who end up adapting to the existing structure and “doing what everybody does”, consequently perpetuating, knowingly or unknowingly, normalized illegal acts against MDWs and their deprivation of their human and labor rights.KAFA hopes to see a majority of employers identifying with the three situations addressed by the campaign: the withholding of the worker’s passport, the non-payment of her salary, and the restriction of her freedom of movement. Ultimately, employers are invited to think about it (the situation) and think about her (the worker), and their attention is drawn to the fact that the common scenarios they see in the videos and visuals represent, in reality, unfair and illegal practices which they are encouraged to challenge. Moreover, KAFA calls upon employers to help end the aforementioned injustices by demanding to change the sponsorship system, protect domestic workers in the law, and to challenge harmful normative behaviors. Hereunder we include quick figures and information related to each of the three scenarios addressed by the campaign: *المعلومات المذكورة مستقاة من دراسة وطنية نُشرت في العام 2016 أجرتها الجامعة الأمريكيّة في بيروت بالتعاون مع منظمة كفى عنف واستغلال والجمعيّة الدوليّة لمكافحة الرقّ وبدعم من منظّمة العمل الدوليّة. “Think about it, think about her”A media campaign by KAFA targeting Lebanese employers of domestic workers On February 2nd 2018, KAFA (enough) Violence & Exploitation launched a mediacampaign* entitled “Think about it, think about her” targeting Lebanese employers of migrant domestic workers (MDWs), as a continuation of its 2016 campaign highlighting employers’ perceptions of MDWs.The new media campaign, supported by the Lebanese Ministry of Labor, seeks to open a constructive dialogue with Lebanese employers around a number of issues they usually face in their relationship with the domestic worker. For this purpose, KAFA chose three common scenarios inspired by the realities of the working relationship between MDWs and their employers, depicting them in three short videos that emphasize the situation of perplexity many employers find themselves in, mostly because of the sponsorship system and the burdens it imposes on them. This is the same system that is behind many of the violations against MDWs, and that shapes, to a far extent, the daily practices of employers and their general attitudes towards the workers.The current campaign does not seek to portray a negative image of employers as being absolutely careless towards the worker’s well-being or as intentionally abusive. Instead, it shows them as confused employers who end up adapting to the existing structure and “doing what everybody does”, consequently perpetuating, knowingly or unknowingly, normalized illegal acts against MDWs and their deprivation of their human and labor rights.KAFA hopes to see a majority of employers identifying with the three situations addressed by the campaign: the withholding of the worker’s passport, the non-payment of her salary, and the restriction of her freedom of movement. Ultimately, employers are invited to think about it (the situation) and think about her (the worker), and their attention is drawn to the fact that the common scenarios they see in the videos and visuals represent, in reality, unfair and illegal practices which they are encouraged to challenge. Moreover, KAFA calls upon employers to help end the aforementioned injustices by demanding to change the sponsorship system, protect domestic workers in the law, and to challenge harmful normative behaviors. Hereunder we include quick figures and information related to each of the three scenarios addressed by the campaign:

* The media campaign is produced by KAFA in partnership with Anti-Slavery International and with the support of the International Labor Organization* The data is taken from a national study published in 2016, conducted by the American University of Beirut, in collaboration with KAFA (enough) Violence & Exploitation and Anti-Slavery International, with the support of the International Labor Organization.

Link to the press release: www.kafa.org.lb/kafa-news/159/thinkaboutiten

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Gender and trade Coalition interested in joining?

We, women’s rights organisations, movements and allies committed to advancing women’s human rights, come together to form the Gender and Trade Coalition in the firm belief that a feminist alliance on trade justice is required to address the pernicious impact of trade rules on women’s human rights and to produce informed policy responses addressing the structural causes of gendered human rights violations.

We welcome the increasing recognition from governments and institutions that trade and investment rules create gendered consequences. We are concerned, however, that common policy responses are simply designed to increase the numbers and role of women involved in the free flow of capital, resources, and labour. This approach positions women as instruments of trade growth, failing to address any adverse discriminatory and exploitative consequences of the global, rules based neoliberal order on women’s human rights. This is regardless of the significant role women play as producers, consumers, traders, workers, and principal providers of unpaid care.

The movements and organisations we represent recognise that the policies of austerity–trade liberalisation; finance, investment and labour deregulation; privatisation of public goods and services; and the constraints on public policy making and service delivery–produce devastating human rights outcomes for many of the world’s women.

We believe the guiding principles of the global economic order upon which trade and investment rules are built are fundamentally destructive for the advancement of women’s human rights. We recognise that neoliberalism, austerity, and trickle-down economics has failed around the world, yet the rules of this model are being cemented and deepened through trade and investment rules. We believe that the existential crises facing humanity–climate change, mass displacements and migration, obscene inequality and growing authoritarian, patriarchal governance–are linked to the global economic rules that have shaped the past forty years.

Trade rules constructed around principles of competition rather than solidarity, growth rather than human and sustainable development, consumption rather than conservation, individualism rather than public good, and market governance rather than participatory democracy cannot be the basis of a trade agenda that advances women’s human rights.

We believe that economic cooperation and multilateralism based on equitable, fair, sustainable, and gender-responsive principles can play a significant part in advancing women’s human rights. Global cooperation–rooted in principles of transparency, democracy and participation–that ensures capital contributes to the public goods and services necessary for the fulfilment of human rights is necessary. Global cooperation that redresses harm resulting from global trade supply chains is essential.

We believe that trade policies must affirm the primacy of governments’ human rights obligations under the UN Charter and international treaties and customary laws. Should trade policies diminish state capacity to meet human rights obligations, including the right to development, they must be modified.

We believe trade rules must not increase protections for multi-national corporations who are exerting a gigantic influence on trade policy making, avoiding taxes and accountability and exploiting labour, natural resources and personal data for their own profit maximisation. Trade rules must increase accountability of corporations who commit grave human rights violations, rather than provide corporations with unique recourse when judicial systems hold them accountable.

We believe trade policies should meet sustainable development needs of all countries, especially developing and Least-Developed countries, and the people including the women within these countries. Therefore trade policies must ensure the widest possible access to essential medicines, technologies and data and information, rather than restrict access. Trade policies should promote the sharing of seeds, resources and knowledge rather than penalising solidarity. Trade rules should expand and not limit governments’ capacities for broad-based and decent job creation based on living wages, especially for women. Trade rules should support governments to develop pro-poor policies and access to food including through the provision of food subsidies, public stockholdings and through providing preferential support to local, especially small-scale, women producers. We believe trade rules should support, not discourage, the growth of public spending on and ownership of public goods and services essential for human rights and the reduction and redistribution of women’s disproportionate burden of unpaid care work. These include food, water and sanitation, energy, infrastructure, transport, early childcare and education, healthcare services–rather than encourage privatisation.

We believe powerful vested interests should be prevented from influencing trade policies or providing financial support to political parties where they stand to benefit from the outcomes of trade negotiations. Instead trade policies should be developed democratically and facilitate informed participation in decision and consent processes by representative organizations of those most potentially impacted, such as women farmers, women workers, and Indigenous women.

We form this coalition to increase consciousness, capacity, research, and advocacy for trade and investment policies that facilitate a more equitable, socially just and sustainable global society in which all human rights and fundamental freedoms are actively promoted and can be fully enjoyed by all women.

 

Endorse the unity statement and join the Gender and Trade Coalition:
Read the unity statement here: bit.ly/JoinGenderTrade.The Gender and Trade Coalition is in formation, and all signatories are invited to share any analysis, experiences, and proposals to shape the coalition. Keep an eye out for future updates or email contact@gendertradecoalition.org directly to get involved.

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Marital rape and child marriage in Soap opera in Lebanon

Finally a soap opera featuring real life problems and challenges facing women in Lebanon:

– taking the children when the divorced women remarries… one hell of a challenge still facing divorced / separated/ widowed women in our country. The husband or his family can take the children from her and separate the mother from the children. One of the challenges highlighted in “seconds” # ثواني

– marital rape, child marriage and other big issues facing women and girls are also dealt with during prime time episodes.

While hoping for mentalities to change and laws also to be voted for to protect women and girls…

Hat off to the actors of thawani on #LBCI.

Rita Chemaly

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Audit Participatif du Genre

J’ai eu la chance de participer a une formation intensive, de plusieurs semaines, au debut à distance, puis en face a face, sur l’audit participatif du genre au ITC ILO a Geneve. Cela Grace , a la Commission Nationale pour La femme Libanaise (NCLW: Chequez notre site http://www.nclw.org.lb )

Qu’est ce que l’Audit du genre et a quoi sert il?

Deja l’audit est Participatif. On ne peut pas faire d’audit sans la cooperation de l’instance/ organisation / Institution / Companie auditee.

aussi, l’audit est une methode de recherche, j’en parle souvent dans mon cours de sociologie politique. Suite a la methode quantitative et qualitative on peut parler aussi de l’audit participatif, lie au genre, on essaye tout simplement de voir si dans diverses composantes de chaque instance, les droits , l’egalite et le genre sont respectes. Nous utilisons pour cela, tout comme dans les sciences sociales, si cheres a Durkheim , diverses sources pour les informations de l’audit.

on commence par une recherche litteraire ( en collectant via l’instance auditee, leur strategie, leur directives, des copies des mails addresses, les Termes de reference, leurs publications, leur organigram, leur circulaire et quelques decisions administratives, leurs agendas, et une panoplie de leurs programmes de formation. etc)

Plusieurs entretiens personnels peuvent aussi etre mis en place, avec des membres du personnel, des membres de l’administration, des experts techniques, meme avec l’equipe d’entretien ou bien avec les partenaires et les beneficiaires de l’instance auditee.

Les entretiens par groupe, les celebres focus groups , avec les equipes d’un meme programme, ou d’une meme branche.

Un Questionnaire peut etre aussi developpe, il aide a la comprehension des perceptions autour des questions du genre dans l’instance auditee (Banque, ministere, parti politique, universite, ONG, INGO, Donor….)

Suite a cela, plusieurs ateliers peuvent etre organises, ateliers interactifs ou les auditrices et auditeurs s’assurent des informations recues par les autres moyens, et des observations faites jusqu’a present.

Des Recommendations sont developpees, et generalement autour de 5 composantes de l’audit genre. (un autre billet a suivre autour du sujet)

La formation a l’ILO est interessante, elle permet de rencontrer sur un beau campus,  ou les ecureuils vivent dans les arbres et n’hesitent pas a se rapprocher de nous aux pauses cafes, des personnes differentes.

les “late night” discussions sont un plus, on “gazouille” en differentes langues et autour de sujets tellement diversifies!

a vous quelques photos du campus ….

a Suivre d’autres billets sur le sujet

Rita Chemaly

 

20181022_09031720181023_13035720181023_13063320181023_17532920181024_18285120181025_114410img-20181024-wa0013

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Public garden in Ajaltoun

Ajaltoun is the hometown where i used to pass most of my summers. I was engaged in the fersen and talakeh movements in ajaltoun.

This year i discovered near the “Seha” a beautiful new public garden for children to play with clean toilets !

Hat off the municipality for this, may all municipalities create public spaces for kids to run and play.

Clean spaces, free spaces to mingle and get to know the people in the neighborhood.

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“The document attached  on “Rural Women’s Right to Food & Nutrition” was drafted as a Submission for CSW 62. BUT, it is a powerful sustainable statement on the realities of women and food issues, and indeed, applies to all women, well beyond rural. It is intersectional with multiple rights of women and girls. It links to the economic, social, and cultural rights, civil and political rights, that are inclusive in gender equality and social justice.

the document has different parts:

I. The global food economy has been both gender-blind and male-biased.

II. The livelihoods of rural women producers are particularly under threat.

III. Rural women workers are employed in all sector of the rural economy, yet lack access to decent work.

IV. Sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) are central in women’s RTFN

V. Indigenous women and girls are most vulnerable and marginalized in many countries of the world, where they make up an important part of the rural population.

VI. Women’s rights have been historically isolated from the human RTFN within legally-binding language of key international human rights treaties.

below are the main demands for achieving women’s right to food and nutrition:

VII. Demands for achieving rural women’s RTFN.
1. Guarantee rural women producers’ access, control, management and ownership of all natural and productive resources on which they depend.
2. Recognize and support rural women’s knowledge, culture, traditions and practices (in relation to agriculture, fisheries, forestry, livestock rearing and other food producing sectors) and their ecological understanding and sustainable practices should inform the management and conservation of resources.
3. Guarantee and implement decent work for rural women workers based on existing international instruments in a non-discriminatory manner.
4. Guarantee that systems are put in place to ensure that rural women who engage in domestic work are seen as significantly contributing to the economy and receive social security benefits.
5. Recognize the “intertwined subjectivities” of woman and child during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding framed through the lens of women’s rights throughout their lifespan – especially women’s and girls’ rights to SRHR.
6. Introduce policies and laws that enable States to regulate and avoid any undue interference of for-profit or commercially-motivated non-state actors in rural women’s RTFN.
7. Guarantee the full implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
8. Guarantee an adequate legal framework for the realization of rural women’s fundamental rights and freedoms based on the principles of equality and non-discrimination.
9. Ensure the independence and transparency of monitoring mechanisms in the context of the 2030 Agenda: these must be based on human rights, be free of any commercial or corporate undue influence and conflicts of interest, and ensure the full participation of the most affected by hunger and malnutrition, especially rural women.
10. Ensure the full realization of the RTFN of rural women within the framework of food sovereignty. ”

 

to read the full document, press the link below

CSW Written Submission _20171020

 

 

Rita Chemaly

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Elections2018 Le vote des Emigres libanais: Une Belle Premiere

Depuis 2009, pas d’elections au Liban.

Les elections sont supposees etres periodiques, or depuis 2009, nous les citoyens et citoyens qui ont 21 revolus, n’avons pas eu le droit de nous exprimer sur nos choix politiques et sociaux.

2018, enfin, les elections sont entrain de se preparer pour ceux et celles qui vivent au Liban et qui ont tous leurs droits civils et politiques,

et surtout, les Emigres Libanais ont pu aussi s’exprimer pour la premiere fois, avec des elections dans les pays du monde arabe, et partout dans le monde.

Enfin, les choix sont aux citoyens et citoyennes et cette premiere merite d’etre chaudement applaudie, meme si les taux de participation pour cette premiere restent faibles,

je vous laisse avec 2 sources sur les chiffres et statistiques de ces elections des emigres

 

Rita

 

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