Understanding Unpaid Care Work: Women’s Empowerment Beyond the Paid Economy

The advancement of women’s rights and economic empowerment in market systems contributes to the economic well-being of families, communities, and nations.

How can we do this better?

Market systems programs are increasingly targeting women’s economic empowerment. However, approaches to support women to participate in paid work often assume that women’s time is elastic. They fail to consider roles and responsibilities in the household and the community, and the unpaid labor needed to sustain the households, community and the economy. This can undermine both development outcomes and market activities. For women to fully enjoy their economic rights in an optimized, shared and sustained way, the interlinkages between unpaid care work and market systems approaches need to be understood and addressed.

What is unpaid care work?

Unpaid care work is a group of activities that serves people in their well-being, outside the paid economy. It includes (i) direct care of people; (ii) housework; and (iii) unpaid community work. It is work because it involves time and energy in and it is shaped by power relations and social norms.

Unpaid care work is a social good. It becomes problematic when it is:

1. invisible, and therefore undervalued or ignored

2. characterized by extremely heavy care tasks, most notably in poor communities without adequate access to services; and,

3. unequal, meaning that the biggest responsibility falls on women and girls in poor communities.

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Rita chemaly


I am sharing the latest report by I can on how to prevent extreme violence.here is the Link to the Full 19-Page 2017 Report:


I m soo happy , to see that the campaign against sexist Common sayings launched by the National Commission For Lebanese Women and UNFPA for the #16dayscampaignagainstviolence #GBV , received many reactions, and was shared massively. 
The campaign is simply reversing the common sayings, and exposing while putting “man” instead of “woman” the Cultural and social violence faced by Women, while asking the “man” do you accept if we say that to you? This is  Violence and this Violence should Not be Normalised in the Culture. This Violence needs to Stop. it is Unacceptable.
Below are the short movie prepared by NCLW and UNFPA Lebanon, and shared on TVs (huge thanks to LBCI, MTV, OTV, Future and Tele Liban) those are the TV channels I was able to screen, as well as for the news sites (NNA, Tayyar, FL) , bloggers (Thanks to Tarek) , friends, students (Thanks to Ursula) , and partners who reacted and shared this campaign. Changing mentalities is on the way!

What changes in your life when you have kids? Evrything.

Today i will only focus on what you Have to Have , the must have as a priority:

With all the games, the kids have at home, when i do my groceries shopping i have to , insist i have to pass by the batteries stand in the supermarket. We bought tournevis for the kids games, and…. tons tons of batteries.

I have tried fun zone reyfoun this summer, and we went there at least 7 times this summer. We just loved it. Kids and parents. Big , open space for kids to run, plenty of chairs for parents, safe games. I just love this place for my kids to play.

Although the resto is in my opinion average. Average taste, service slow. We ate there each time, but it s not my favorite. The good thing is it is open on the kids zone. We can watch the kids play and run in all the games. Usually in reyfoun what i prefered and suggest is to eat at kababji/avenue and then go down to fun zone, where kids can have water and juice.

In antelias, tonight was my first experience, i guess after trying reyfoun and all the space and the new games there, and the numerous games for all ages, i am disappointed. Old games, some neglected (attached pics) , the space is not that big. And unlike reyfoun there is no accompagnatrice in each game.

What shocks me everywhere in fun zone and other places, is the arguileh for parents at the resto. Thanks god it s only in the resto that it is allowed.

The space is clean too, the cleaning lady tours the place all the time. At the end, for grading and rating for reyfoun fun zone i grade 9/10 for antelias fun zone 5.5/10.

Below are some pics from antelias:

Notre famille et communaute de foi et lumiere Antelias/Al Saydeh, ont gagne un ange au ciel , un ange qui va interceder pour nous. Elle est partie Tamar, qui parlait francais, qui adorait chanter et lancer des discussions sur l’amitie. Tamara tu es partie tot, tu es partie retrouver le tres- Haut, tu restes entouree des prieres de nous tous et toutes, et tu vois directement combien Dieu nous aime. 20160820_195434

Pour rappel, Foi et lumiere est une association qui assemble dans des communautes de dialogue et d’ecoute des personnes porteuses d’un handicap mental, leurs parents, leurs familles et des amis/es. Au Liban, les communautes sont nombreuses, et existent dans divers villages et regions.

je mene des combats sur tous les fronts sans ambages, sans gants, meme dans la famille. Lors d’un tres beau diner de famille je decouvre lors de couper le gateau que des hommes seuls le coupent. Ou sont les femmes brillantes de la famille? une question legitime me diriez-vous. On me repond, une en se mariant a perdu le droit de faire partie de la Ligue familiale. Depuis dans la ligue une femme seule est presente. Ceux et celles qui connaissent mon combat pour les droits egaux de tous et toutes, vont savoir quelle a ete ma reaction. A la Kesrwanite que je suis et que je reste. Oui c’est ca. Quoi? c’est du n’importe quoi, parite et egalite dans les droits des membres de la famille on connait non? et on retrousse nos manches pour changer les lois, ou des status interieurs de ligues patriarchales?

Pour simple rappel des faits et verites concernant les femmes au liban : Une femme garde son nom de jeune fille jusqu’a sa mort. Cela veut dire, soit-elle une jeune fille, une sexagenaire ou une femme mariee. Je suis une Rita Chemaly, malgre mon mariage et bien, je garde mon nom de famille apres le mariage. Regardez simplement pour cela les epitaphes sur les tombeaux des femmes, sur les communiques de morts , necrelogie c’est ca? chequez les registres d’etats civils et les cartes d’identite vos meres gardent leur nom, et vos soeurs aussi.

Bref, on ne change pas d’identite en se mariant, juste de status.

Par consequent les femmes ont le droit de participer activement a la vie familiale. Les femmes ont plus que ce droit, A mon avis, elles doivent etre presentes paritairement aux hommes 50% 50% dans tous les postes de leadership.

Bon ceci etant dit, je rappelle qu’avec Lamia Moubayyed on avait pris la decision de ne plus participer a des panels et des evenements ou les femmes n’ont pas de role comme les hommes. Lamia avait hausse le ton lors d’une conference organisee par la banque mondiale, ou le panel etait forme d’hommes seulement. Cela doit faire effet de papillon sur toutes les ONG, sur les boards de toutes les societes privees et non privees, dans les evenements de toutes les Organisations internationales et dans toutes les ligues soient-elles familiales.

Femmes de ma famille et feministes hommes et femmes de ma famille on se ligue pour les droits de base? Feministes d’autres ligues, on vous aide aussi a amender vos status?

Liguons nous pour nos droits et celles de nos enfants , garcons et filles.


Rita Chemaly


l’image et l’instant qui m’ont fait sursauter! nna only men in chemaly s league dinner image

l’image publiee par l’agence nationale de l‘information NNA

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