Posts Tagged ‘web-sciences’

Who is interested in knowing how to use ICT in their campaigns?

how you can use facebook, twitter, and other tools to promote your goals?

it is a webinar on wednesday april 30 2014,

full details are below!

prepare your speakers, mic and pc and check your internet connection first!

good webinar!

Rita Chemaly

iKNOW Politics invites you to the webinar on “The role of ICTs in empowering women in politics”

When?  April 30th, 2014 at 9 am EDT

The 21st century has seen an unprecedented increase in the percentage of internet users around the world. 27.5% of people in Asia are now internet users, in Latin America and the Caribbean it’s 42.9% and the increase in internet users from 2000 to 2012 has been highest in the African continent, with an approximate 3,606.7% increase. Over 1.11 billion Facebook users communicate across borders every day. At least one-half of the world’s population has a mobile phone, and the number is increasing every day. Texting is the number one most used data service in the world, with 8.6 trillion text messages sent worldwide in 2012. In developing countries, two in three people have mobile phone subscriptions. Interestingly, the most remarkable innovations that have come from the use of mobile phones were where internet coverage was poor.

While it is doubtless that current communication technology has a lot to offer any activist or politician, it may be of particular value for women in politics since mobile phones, the internet and social media channels have the potential to, not only serve as an equalizer for women politicians and activists, but to also increase their political participation. Often discriminated against in traditional media, women have started going around traditional communication outlets, such as television and radio, to adopt more direct and interactive communication tools, such as Facebook, Twitter, SMS, promotional videos, podcasts, and blogs, which have proved very effective, eliminating the use of intermediaries in communication and allowing the women themselves to be ‘the news makers’.

Women members of parliament are increasingly using these different technology platforms during their political campaigns and careers to generate dialogue with their constituencies as elected representatives. Political leaders are catching on to the crowd sourcing possibilities that these technologies offer.

Blogs, Facebook pages and Twitter accounts have been created for many women politicians and activists. Additionally, text messages are used to alert journalists and to create viral campaigns during public rallies, televised debates and press conferences. YouTube videos are also supplementing paid television spots for political messages and breaking dependency on mainstream media sources. Political activists are using these social networks to personally organize events and disseminate information on public policy issues and communication between individual citizens and their government is increasing through online petitions, discussion forums and platforms.

Join us on April 30th, 2014 at 9 am EDT for an inspiring webinar on the use of ICTs to empower women in politics. NDI will tell us a bit about their Survey “The use of ICTs for women in politics”, Ms. Oyungerel, Member of Parliament in Mongolia, will share her experience during the “Women CAN Campaign” and Ms. Danya Bashir Hobba, a Libyan activist and Executive Director for “Social Media for Change”, will show us the power of social media in reshaping societies.

Register here!!

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because many “illiterate ” digital, have shown an interest on how to use Facebook, twitter and other social media platforms,

the National commission for women in Lebanon and the Ministry of Social Affairs have tailored a special training program for beginner users.

They gave me the responsibility to train “Digitally” illiterate women and men on how to use Social Media platforms to make some noise on the web about the causes they champion.

It was one of the most wonderful experience, seeing elder women who usually open Facebook to contact their children abroad with (their help), try to figure out how to make keywords, write catchy status, make interesting pictures….

for you here is the synopsis and the overview of the training program specially tailored for those wonderful women and men!

Rita Chemaly





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to all my foreign friends, to the husband of helene, of Souad, to Mathieu, to Catherine, to franzi, to Aicha, to Bea, to Iza, salsoul ( u understand lebanese better than me) bref, you are my friends, and when you come to leb, or hear some lebanese talking don’t say ouchh… now there is an application that teaches you how to speak the great “hi kifak ca va” dialect!
Jana, my long time friend from university sent me the update and the news related to the application.
also, I couldn’t but notice the yummy home page of the app, here it is below for you:
“Marhaba, you are about to download this application because you have a spouse or a Lebanese acquaintance, and you’ve been lost in translation when she/he speaks in lebanese, especially with family or on the phone with his/her mother in law! And you are so eager to speak this language …
Or it may be your Lebanese origins that lead you to take courses in lebanese dialect, to reconnect with them, or just to share with family when you visit the Land of Cedars.
But you may also be one of those people who are passionate about Lebanon, who knew about it through a friend, a private or professional trip, a book or a documentary. And you are curious about this dialect…
this is how the application home page explains it all… http://www.keefaktheapp.com/index.html

A new application Made by Lebanese to the World, is taking lots of space, virtually!
Friends, try it and tell me if you understand me or others when we talk!!
as for the developers, good work, I will try it too!!

Good luck!!
Rita Chemaly

You may also check KEEFAK through the below links:


– FB Page: facebook.com/keefaktheapp

– Twitter Account: @KeefakTheApp

– YouTube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=TFqUvjYiGVE

keefak application lebanon rita chemaly

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The Social Good Summit is where big ideas meet new media to create innovative solutions. Held during UN Week, the Social Good Summit unites a dynamic community of global leaders to discuss a big idea: the power of innovative thinking and technology to solve our greatest challenges. This September, we want YOU to join the conversation with leaders and citizens from around the globe. The most innovative technologists, influential minds and passionate activists will come together with one shared goal: to unlock the potential of new media and technology to make the world a better place, and then to translate that potential into action.


This year’s Social Good Summit will be more engaging than ever. People from around the world, in both the developed and the developing world, will unite in person and online to participate in The Global Conversation – the world’s largest conversation on how technology can grow communities and improve life for all of us as we move toward being a networked society. The Social Good Summit in New York City takes place September 22 – 24, 2012, but this is just the beginning of the global conversation.


On September 24, 2012 the Social Good Summit is coming to China and Kenya. Key leaders and citizens of Beijing and Nairobi will unite and explore the same themes that inspired the birth of the Social Good Summit. You’ll hear directly from these countries via Livestream, and can witness the live intersection of New York, Nairobi and Beijing on Monday morning from the stage of the 92Y in New York City.

The 2012 Social Good Summit is brought to you by Mashable, 92nd Street Y, the United Nations Foundation, Ericsson, the United Nations Development Programme, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.


You can take action by joining this global conversation:


-Attend the Social Good Summit in New York City from September 22 -24

-Organize or attend a Social Good Summit Meetup in your own hometown or anywhere around the world as part of The Global Conversation

-Watch the Summit on YouTube and interact in real-time with the Social Good Summit community via social media with the hashtag #SGSglobal


to know more about the event:


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SHARE Beirut is a weekend-long public, free and non-commercial hybrid event blending an Internet culture and technology related daytime conference with dynamic cutting-edge music festival by night. It will bring together hundreds of passionate people, forward-thinkers, cultural creatives, activists and artists from Lebanon as all around the world for talks and parties in 72 hours of powerful gathering to share ideas, knowledge and creativity.


It’s about understanding and celebrating Internet culture and all the aspects of open, decentralized and accessible forms of communication, exchange and creation. It’s about empowerment of individuals and networking of like-minded people. It’s about setting the values and new standards that will prevent any kind of oppression, censorship and surveillance for future generations. It’s about understanding alternative economic, cultural and educational models. It’s about Internet ecology and struggles to protect Internet as open and free territory for all of us. It’s about energizing sub-cultural groups and praising diversity that these cultures are bringing. It’s about promoting open access to software, hardware, information, knowledge, science, government, design and almost everything else that can be open. It’s about sharing. It’s about how to do it yourself. But mostly, it’s about cats doing flips, birds flying over the moon and robots making biiips.


During the 3 days of the conference Beirut will become the world’s epicenter in exchanging progressive ideas and knowledge on Internet culture, society, technology, music and new media. The lectures and talks will be given by leading international stars in these fields, world-class bloggers and artists who will educate the audience on new forms of activism and approaches in using advanced technologies and the latest tools to create, influence and affect. Discussions will delve deep into the underground of the Internet subcultures and explore groups that fight for digital and human rights, free information flow and access, improving transparency, and protecting the privacy of fellow peers and residents. The event will be accompanied by an intensive music program, which will be simultaneously organized in several well-selected clubs and alternative venues in Beirut. Contributors and visitors who obtain one of 1500 unique free wristbands will get access to both day and night events where many local, regional and international artists will perform for audiences who will share vibes and energy to celebrate the Internet as open and free territory for all.


From 5th to 7th of October (Friday, Saturday and Sunday) 2012.
Get ready and don’t plan anything else for this weekend. 🙂

FB Event I Google Calendar I ICal


Yes. Even though the main venue is huge and several clubs are on board, capacity is limited, so it is important that you register for the event. Around 1500 unique wristbands will give access to over 80 talks, exhibitions, concerts and DJ sets, so we encourage you to register as quickly as you can. Moreover, we encourage you to contribute and help us make this event even better.


Main conference venue is Solea V in Beirut – a dazzling and very hip venue promising to host large events, dripping with atmosphere. The center boasts a huge skylight, and an indoor tree under high ceilings. Night program venues, clubs and program are soon to be announced, so be sure to subscribe to the newsletter.

Location: Jisr el Wati, next to Jaguar Dealership Sin El-Fil
Capacity: 1500 people

Google Maps I Foursquare Location


Share is organized by Share Foundation, nonprofit organization that is dedicated to protecting the rights of Internet citizens and promoting positive values of openness, decentralization, free access and exchange of knowledge, information and technology. The activities of Share Foundation are supported by cooperation and friendship with a wide network of various institutions, individuals and organizations such as State of Exit FoundationGoogleVimeoMozilla Foundation.MeErste FoundationInstitute for Sustainable Communities,Electronic Frontiers FoundationPirate PartyFlattrDigitalna AgendaRepublica …


We are not looking for sponsors, we are trying to find partners who will share our vision of creating social and cultural impact on society.
Check our presentation (pdf) and contact us

Issues and topics that we are addressing are important for every system and society. Freedom of speech, ecology of media, internet neutrality, privacy and transparency should be on the list of priorities of any responsible government.
Check our presentation (pdf) and contact us

Contact us. We will try to help as much as we can in your activities. We can create this event together, give you opportunity to spend 3 days with an international expert in your field of work, give you a space and time to present yourself or even try to fundraise for your activities.

Do something together with us. We will organize a lot of collaborative activities before, during and after Share Beirut: remixing, crowd-designing, filmmaking, street art and interventions, flash mobs.
Here you can check some of our previous activities:

Donate (Karma +1).

Flattr this


Multiple award winning and Vimeo staff picked documentary about the first SHARE Conference that happened long time ago, in a galaxy far far away.

Don’t hesitate to contact us at any time at info@sharebeirut.net

The Force is strong with this event.




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plusieurs sites internet gouvernementaux sont pirates ce matin, par un parti qui se nomme “Raise Your Voice”  ,

Dont le site de la présidence libanaise, du ministère de la justice, des douanes,….

les pirates ont promis de continuer de pirater les sites du gouvernement, tant que celui ci ne s’attache pas a défendre les droits des citoyens….

a vous la capture d’écran prise d’un des sites pirates!

Rita Chemaly

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Many Arab countries have witnessed governments being dismantled by movements organized through the Internet and social media pages;

Since 2005, Lebanese bloggers with a big help from the diaspora began using internet tools, with massive e-mailing lists  , SMS, and blogs to express their views for freedom, truth, independence and  sovereignty;

“En effet, lors du Printemps 2005, et surtout quelques jours après le 8 mars 2005, on ne peut que relever la multiplication du courrier électronique envoyé, des blogs créés, et l’envoi de SMS (pour inviter à manifester lors du 14 mars 2005, ou pour parodier la manifestation du 8 mars, ou le discours de Bachar el Assad …). ” Source : Rita Chemaly Le Printemps 2005 au Liban entre Mythes et realites” Edition l’Harmattan, Paris, 2009, p. 117

“Le blog peut décrire une réalité, il peut critiquer et devenir un espace où s’exprime un malaise ou les protestations des citoyens(…)”Source : Rita Chemaly Le Printemps 2005 au Liban entre Mythes et realites” Edition l’Harmattan, Paris, 2009, p. 119

In 2011, Tunisian, Libyan, Egyptian and lately Syrian activists have been using internet to create collective movements and organize protests;

Many of the activists have been intimidated by their regimes to stop expressing their views;

Recently in Lebanon a new draft law wanted to censor the internet sphere , the web activists organized a campaign raising awareness against such a law, and its effect and impact on the internet freedom;

In Irak, the law against “internet crimes”, as the article in the Economist observes,  is in my opinion a way to muzzle any kind of expression from the opposition and growing civil movements;

The problems with such laws in my opinion, are the use of general concepts under which many blogging posts and online activities can be punished;

Killing the freedom of expression in the Arab World by laws and bills that must protect the freedom of each individual to express his believes is a dangerous trend;

The fight against censorship and repression must begin with a fight against such laws!

Rita Chemaly

To illustrate my opinion, I can just recall the adv of the Samir Kassir award for the Freedom of the press:

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On ne se refait pas ! Nicolas Sarkozy a appliqué une nouvelle fois, jeudi 22 mars, la règle immuable qui a été la sienne depuis dix ans, au ministère de l’intérieur puis à l’Elysée : un drame = une loi pénale. Les critiques ont beau s’être multipliées contre ces législations d’émotion et de circonstance, il n’en a cure.

A peine estompé le fracas de la fusillade qui a conclu l’assaut du RAID contre Mohamed Merah, l’auteur des meurtres en série de Toulouse et de Montauban, le chef de l’Etat a déclaré solennellement que “toute personne qui consultera de manière habituelle des sites Internet qui font l’apologie du terrorisme ou qui appellent à la haine et à la violence sera punie pénalement”. Compte tenu des circonstances, cela paraît relever du bon sens autant que de la nécessité.

Dans un Etat de droit, pourtant, rien n’est moins évident. En effet, la jurisprudence du Conseil constitutionnel ou de la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme est constante : toute limitation de la liberté d’expression doit être strictement encadrée. La Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen en fait un principe qui ne souffre qu’une seule exception : “Nul ne doit être inquiété pour ses opinions, même religieuses, pourvu que leur manifestation ne trouble pas l’ordre public établi par la loi.”

Une personne qui consulte un site Internet faisant l’apologie du terrorisme ou de la violence ne trouble pas, en soi, l’ordre public. Sauf à retenir le concept de dangerosité potentielle, à l’image du roman de science -fiction de Philip K. Dick, Minority Report, dans lequel une police omniprésente arrête les criminels en puissance avant qu’ils ne commettent un délit ou un crime.

Il existe un précédent, affirme le président : la consultation de sites pédopornographiques est passible de deux ans d’emprisonnement et de 30 000 euros d’amende. Mais, en pratique, c’est la possession d’images pédopornographiques qui est poursuivie. Et, surtout, une image est un objet de consommation, pas une idée ni une opinion. Poursuivre et condamner une personne pour ses lectures, aussi détestables soient-elles, créerait donc une redoutable législation d’exception. Même les Américains ne sont pas allés jusque-là après le 11-Septembre 2001.

Au-delà de ces questions de principe, la proposition de M. Sarkozy pose d’épineux problèmes de faisabilité. Quels seraient les critères définissant un site “terroriste” ? A partir de quand la consultation de tels sites serait-elle “habituelle” ? Surtout, comment procéderait-on à la constatation du délit ? Grâce, comme en Chine, à une police de l’Internet, dont l’unique fonction est de surveiller ce que lisent et disent les citoyens chinois ?

Dans le grand débat qui oppose défenseurs de la liberté totale sur Internet et partisans de la régulation, Nicolas Sarkozy se range parmi les seconds, non sans arguments. Dans le cas présent, cependant, il se trompe de cible. La France dispose déjà d’outils législatifs exceptionnels pour lutter contre le terrorisme, y compris sur Internet. Un coup de menton supplémentaire n’y ajoutera rien.

Source: http://www.lemonde.fr/societe/article/2012/03/23/internet-bouc-emissaire-de-l-antiterrorisme_1674698_3224.html



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Creating Facebook Pages with Impact: A New Guide/دليل جديد: إنشاء صفحات فيسبوك ذات تأثير.

Smex publient un guide pour utiliser savamment les plateformes des reseaux sociaux, telles que les pages de Facebook;

a vous leur annonce, et en lien leur guide:

Rita Chemaly

This week, we’re proudly announcing the release of our new Arabic-language guide Creating Facebook Pages with Impact (Arabic): A Guide for Arab Civil Society Organizations. The 72-page guide walks NGO communications teams through nine major steps in developing a strategy for your Facebook Page, such as selecting administrators, setting goals, and using Insights to monitor your progress. The guide also includes examples of successful Arab-world Pages and is illustrated with screenshots to help you navigate the numerous Facebook Page features, including the most recent changes.


You can download the PDF from the Scribd link above or request a print version (you will be responsible for shipping costs if mailed outside Lebanon).


Please note: At the moment, the guide is available only in Arabic. We’re seeking funding to complete the layout and possibly printing for the English version. If you or your organization can help, please get in touch with mohamad[at]smex[dot]org.


نفخر هذا الأسبوع بالإعلان عن إصدار دليلنا الجديد باللغة العربية، تحت عنوان إنشاء صفحات فيسبوك ذات تأثير: دليل لمنظمات المجتمع المدني العربي. هذا الدليل الموّلف من ٧٢ صفحة، يقوم بإرشاد فرق التواصل في المنظمات الغير حكومية من خلال تسعة خطوات رئيسية ليقوم بالمساعدة على بلورة إستراتيجية لصفحة الفيسبوك خاصتك، مثل كيفية إختيار المديرين، وضع الأهداف،  وإستعمال الرؤى لمراقبة تقدّمك. كما يشمل الدليل أمثلة عن صفحات الفيسبوك الناجحة في العالم العربي ويتخلّله شرح مفصّل بالصور لمساعدتك على التنقّل بين ميزات صفحة الفيسبوك العديدة، بما فيها أحدث التغييرات.


يمكنك تنزيل نسخة على شكل PDF  من خلال رابط Scribd  الموجود في الأعلى أو يمكنك حجز نسخة مطبوعة (سوف تكون مسؤولاً عن تكاليف الشحن إذا تم إرسالها إلى خارج لبنان).

ملاحظة: الدليل متوفّر حالياً باللغة العربية فقط. ونحن نسعى للحصول على تمويل لإكمال النموذج وربما طبعه  باللغة الإنكليزية. إذا كانت منظمتكم تستطيع المساعدة، من فضلكم تواصلوا معنا على mohamad[at]smex[dot]org

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a campaign by individual users to help keeping our internet safe and, keep hands off the internet freedom in Lebanon;

Dangerously,  and for the second year, Lebanese officials try to censor the internet sphere by laws;


to know more a great post by zeina http://zeinactivism.blogspot.com/#!/2012/03/all-you-need-to-know-about-lira.html

and http://josephchoufani.blogspot.com/2012/03/stop-daouka-lebanese-internet.html

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how social networks work in the Syrian Uprising?

how can we describe the composition of the networks in Syria

How the government and the Opponents are working?

who are the activists?

what can we object to the online uprising of the Syrian revolution?

those issues were exposed by Enrico De Angelis at the UIR webscience, at the CEMAM;

for those who are interested as I am, do not hesitate to read my not fine tuned notes;

The Syrian Online Revolution 2011 -2012 by Enrico De Angelis notes by Rita Chemaly

for more information on the same subject related to Lebanon, and the Arab Spring, do not hesitate to read my previous posts and conferences notes:

Rita Chemaly

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Chers (es)

a tous les interesses (ees) Francis Pisani un des co-auteurs de ” comment le web change le monde” que j’avais utilise comme source pour ma recherche sur les Nouveaux medias et leur impact sur le systeme politique, est au Liban,

ce soir il donne une conference a l’USJ, Campus des Sports ( Rue de Damas) a 5h.

Soyez nombreux…

le dernier article ou j ai cite pisani:


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Voila, la nouvelle fait le tour des medias sociaux libanais, le site de la NBN,

la national broadcasting news , mieux connue par la Nabih Berri News, car elle appartient au chef du parlement libanais, a ete piratee par ceux qui se nomment ” les libres de Hama” “ahrar hama”,

donc la guerre sur internet fait rage a nouveau entre les pro et les cons.

voila l’image recue a 11.24 aujourd’hui: www.nbn.com.lb :

les libres de Hama signent le hacking du site de la NBN une television libanaise pro-regime syrien

Pour les articles précédents  sur le sujet :

  • Internet war Israeli hackers of Lebanese parliament Monitor :


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L’Institut des Sciences Politiques de l’universite Saint -Joseph a ouvert le Master en Sciences Politiques avec de nouvelles options:

Une option Communication et Marketing Politique (preparant des specialistes  et experts en communication politique et campagnes electorales).

Une option “Politique exterieure et Cooperation internationale ” (preparant a la recherche, a l’enseignement et a la consultation publique et privée)

Une option “Droits de L’Homme et Démocratisation” avec pour objet les processus de transition, (Preparant les specialistes parmi les fonctionnaires publics, les responsables d’ONG, les missions de suivi et de monitoring de la situation des droits de l’homme, et les consultants en matiere de transition.)

a tous(tes)  les interessé(es) n’hesitez pas a consulter le site de sciences Po Liban ou d’appeler les numeros figurant sur la fiche ci dessous.


Les nouvelles options du Master de L'Institut des Sciences Politiques

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I had enough with beautiful places being savaged by too much marketing and ads.

The Wadi Qanoubine, is one of the beautiful most peaceful places in Lebanon, that have been savaged by irregular restaurants and WC….

The Jaj cedar forest rehabilitated by Monaco had been savaged by barbecues in Lebanon, pple coming with their bags of charcoal and lighting fire under the cedar trees.

Now it is Jeita Time…..

the grotto is Magnificent, it is a natural grotto in Keserwan ( from where I come from) , with huge stalagmites and stalactites ( and you can correct my spelling mistakes)

a new campaign using new media (  Facebook, sms , billboards) has been launched nationally for people to vote for Jeita grotto as one of the 7 wonders of the world.

you can vote by sms for free… Attention the 10 cents are perceived by a personal company ( the 7 wonders organisers)…. the free hotline is 1070…

the politicians are helping by asking people ” Don’t vote for us, Vote for Jeita Grotto”

new ad campaign by the ministry of tourism and politicians " don't vote for us vote for jeita grotto"

I read the post of Khoder Salameh in his blog mouwaten Jou3an….

I am cross posting it, because he voices out my feelings too.

Arabic speakers Do not hesitate to read his blog: لا تصوّتوا لمغارة جعيتا

لا تصوّتوا لمغارة جعيتا

برمجة جوعان

خضر سلامة

لماذا لن أصوّت لمغارة جعيتا جعيتا؟ ولماذا أدعو الجميع أن لا يصوّت لجعيتا؟ حسناً، كان من الأفضل أن يكون السؤال لماذا قد أصوّت لجعيتا؟ ولماذا على الجميع أن يقاطع التصويت لجعيتا؟

فلنبدأ من الأساس، إن مباراة انتقاء عجائب الدنيا السبع الجدد، هي مباريات مهنية، تعتمد، على الأقل في المبدأ، على فكرة التصويت المدرك والواع لواحدة من بين خيارات عديدة بين روائع الدنيا الطبيعية، روائع كثيرة، تفوق، بوجهة نظري الشخصية، بلادة مرتبة جعيتا الفنية الطبيعية، أمام عظمة روائع أخرى، جعيتا، التي بالمناسبة، موقعها في الجغرافيا السياحية اللبنانية مميز عن أكثر من عشرة مغارات أخرى تشبهها في لبنان، ومعلم سياحي تاريخي أهم منها مهمل، لأسباب جيوسياسية تقوم على تفوق مناطقي لبناني انمائي، على مناطق أخرى، غير محظوظة بنيل رضا دولة لبنان المركزية، لذا، لن أصوّت لجعيتا.

لن أصوّت لجعيتا، لأن في ذلك تكريس أبدي لفكرة لبنان البلد السياحي الخدماتي، وتكالب الوزراء والنواب من مختلف الجهات، على التصويت لها، اقرار رسمي نهائي باهمال قطاعات الصناعة والزراعة التي تآمر عليها المعارضون والموالون سوية، لدفنها طوالة عشرين عاماً من الحريرية اللعينة.

لن أصوّت لجعيتا، لأن حملات التصويت مبنية على وطنية تافهة وسخيفة، وتدعو لشوفينية انتماء لا يعنيني، لا يمكنني، أن أنتمي لوطن لا يقبلني، لا يعطيني دولة، لا هوية تاريخية ولا هوية انسانية، ويعاملني كمواطن أجنبي تابع لجالية تسمى تلطيفا، طائفة، لا أنتمي، وإلى أن يقدّم لي هذا اللبنان هوية واضحة، لا أنتمي.

لن أصوّت لجعيتا، لأن هذه الحكومة المسعورة على صرف الأموال على الحملات الاعلامية لهذه العجيبة، تحوي ألف عجيبة أخرى، لم يتفق عليها المتفقون على جعيتا، أليس غلاء الأسعار قبل زيادة الأجور وبعدها، عجيبة؟ أليست خزينة الصفدي التي تستهدف الفقراء في ميزانية ظالمة جديدة، عجيبة؟ أليس تضخم الدين العام على يد الحريري الأب، برعاية رسمية من السنيورة، ثم الابن، ثم معارضيه، عجيبة؟ أليست انجازات الجيش اللبناني الأمني من دم اللبنانيين الفقراء في البقاع والضاحية والأطراف والمخيمات، عجيبة؟ لماذا أصوّت لجعيتا وحدها؟ نظامنا نظام عجائبي من أساسه.

لن أصوّت لجعيتا، لأن رسم الدخول اليها يقارب العشرين ألف ليرة،يضاف اليها كلفة الوصول اليها التي تقارب تنكة بنزين واحدة تفوق الثلاثين ألف ليرة، ما يجعل كلفة الزيارة تقارب الخمسة بالمئة من دخل اللبناني العاديّ جداً، ولن أصوّت لجعيتا، لأن حكومات الطائف الحريرية الممضية بخط يد المعارضة أيضاً، سلمتها لشركة خاصة بقوانين مبتكرة تخالف نص القوانين اللبنانية، يستنفع منها أزلام النظام، ولأن أصوت لجعيتا، لأني كلبناني مكلّف ضرائبياً، يذهب ريعها إلى خزينة مثقوبة بالفساد، فلا يصلني من خدماتها شيئاً.

صّوتوا يا أصدقائي لكهرباء لبنان المقطوعة الغالية على قلبكم، عجيبة، ولاتصالات لبنان الغالية على جيبكم، عجيبة، صوّتوا لمعارضة تقبّل الموالاة في صفقات الفساد، عجيبة، ولرؤساء ثلاث، يخرجون في فوضى المنطقة والمنعطفات التاريخية التي نمر فيها، والحالات المأساوية المعيشية، والغلاء العارم، والفوضى الأمنية، يخرج رؤسائنا الثلاثة مع موظفيهم ليعلنوا موقفاً تاريخياً واحداً: صوّتوا لجعيتا.

لأن سوق النخاسة كبير، وسوق الدعارة السياسية أكبر، لا تصوّتوا لجعيتا، لأن فيها، صورة مغارة علي بابا بثلاثين رأساً، ومعه مئة وثمانية وعشرون لصاً

Source: http://jou3an.wordpress.com/2011/10/25/%d9%84%d8%a7-%d8%aa%d8%b5%d9%88%d9%91%d8%aa%d9%88%d8%a7-%d9%84%d9%85%d8%ba%d8%a7%d8%b1%d8%a9-%d8%ac%d8%b9%d9%8a%d8%aa%d8%a7/

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for those who were not able to attend yesterday’s panel at the Social Media Week intitled ” Crowd sourcing, Social Collaboration, citizen journalism and the future of traditional journalism“.

here is for you a very brief brief:-)

The panel was moderated by Nathalie Bontems  from  Communicate Magazine, with the participation of Sybille Rizk from the Commerce du Levant, Wadih Tueni de Nahar, Maya Rahal de Hibr, me, and the multiple pple who asked questions and participated to the debate:  here are some of the issues raided: what is citizen journalism? Are the Online personal blogs reliable sources for information, how can we check the facts transmitted online, How can the traditional media benefit from the social networks to grow without the bruden of the financial part they have to assume, are the monopolised traditional medium in lebanon ready to accept and respect comments from the readers, web users are engaged in the community and work to cover stories they watch, ….

My presentation during the panel focused on the ways traditional media are using social networks  ( with examples);

Opinion leaders in the new framework of the online world are the Citizen, the web users who are the “digital natives “;

Finally,  raised the controversial polemic asking whether blogs and social networks are reinforcing traditional well known sources and media.

For you to read the paper: Rita Chemaly article for Social Media Week Beirut Wednesday 21 Sept 2011;

For you to access the presentation that illustrated it: RITA Chemaly Presentation Social Media Week Beirut ppt

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Social Media Week Beirut (SMW Beirut) will be organized for the first time in Beirut, by 90:10 Group Middle East.

“SMW Beirut is aimed to be a unique and innovative social media week, happening over 5 days, with more than 30 events in different venues in the city, giving access to as large audience as possible, connecting people & content around diverse and rich themes, with speakers and participants from different horizons, bringing to all the learning experiences for a better understanding of social media in each of industry sectors.”

Friends don’t hesitate to check the website, the schedule, the program, http://socialmediaweek.org/

I ll be participating for 2 days:

Wednesday 21 sept the panel entitled ” Crowd sourcing, Social Collaboration, citizen journalism and the future of traditional journalism” with 6 panelist and a moderator.

Friday 23 sept “The impact of Social Networking on the way we Govern & are Governed

as For the place both discussions are going to be at  Altcity, Hamra….

See you there?

Dont forget to REGISTER!!


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“A friend Aiman, had been shot to death by the trainer, during a training session organised by NDI that took place in Beirut, in July 2011.”



that happened 🙂 during the session that  aimed to  improve “professional Standards of Citizen Journalists”.  Citizen journalist are bloggers, and activists who use the web and the internet to voice out their needs. In my thesis I called them “webactors”. The internet is a new space for citizen to comment and cover stories as they wish, and MENA bloggers and activists are publishing stories and voicing out their frustrations. NDI with the aswat ( voices in arabic) program,  organised the training on 2 days, to help the bloggers and activists to be more accurate and objective and truthful  in covering a story.

at the end of the training workshop the participants produced with the help of a former CNN reporter  a code of ethics for citizen journalists.     

and for you dear readers and friends the Code of ethics produced by the participants to the Beirut workshop:

( good work dears!!!)

Guidelines for Good Citizen Journalistic Practices

-Be accurate.

-Be transparent about who you are/your role in the story, your methodology, and any conflicts of interest.

-Always be fair.

-Disclose any funding you receive.

-Be careful about posting developments that have not been confirmed or that you have not witnessed yourself.

-Do not distribute copyrighted material or plagiarize.

-Always provides links to original sources .

-Do not post anything that will endanger someone’s life.

-Do not sell information about your subscribers or followers’ list.

-Do not fabricate stories, or digitally alter pictures or video.

– Avoid profanity.

– Put a disclaimer before any especially disturbing posts.

 Code D’éthique des Journalistes Citoyens:

– Soyez précis.

– Soyez transparent sur votre identité / votre rôle dans l’histoire,  votre méthodologie, et tout conflit d’intérêts.

– Soyez honnête.

– Soyez transparent sur vos financements.

– Faites attention de ne pas publier des faits qui ne sont pas réels ou  que vous avez pas témoigner vous même.

– Ne pas distribuer du matériel ou d’oeuvres protégées sous licences.

– Mettre en lien la source de votre information.

– Ne jamais publier des informations qui pourront mettre en danger la  vie d’une personne tierce.

– Ne pas utiliser les informations de vos abonnés à des fins  commerciales.

– Ne pas inventer des histoires, ou retoucher les photos/vidéos prises.

– Éviter le blasphème.

– Mettre un avertissement lors de la publication des images choquantes.

 القواعد الأخلاقية للصحافيين المواطنين

       تحرى الدقة دائماً –
-الالتزام بالصدق والشفافية بما يتعلق بالإفصاح عن هويتك كمواطن صحفي وعن دورك في المادة التي تنشرها الى جانب ايضاح منهجيتك الخاصة المتبعة في بث المواد وعن أي تضارب في المصالح
كن عادلا-
اكشف عن أي تمويل-
كن حذرا و لا تنشر التطورات التي لم يتم تأكيدها أو التي لم تشهدها بنفسك-
لا تقتبس أو تنشر أية مواد ذات حقوق طبع ونشر محفوظة دون إذن مسبق من مالكها-
دائما، صل إلى المصادر الأصلية-
لا تنشر أي شيء يمكن أن يضر شخصا أو يعرض حياته للخطر-
لا تبع أي من المعلومات التي تخص قائمة المشتركين أو المتابعين لك-
لا تخترع قصصا، أو تعدل الصور والفيديو رقميا-
تجنب الشتائم-
حذر القارئ عند وجود أية مواد مزعجة ضمن المادة التي تقوم بنشرها

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Chers et cheres, je vous prie de lire l’article de Janine jalkh qui a couvert pour l’Orient le jour la table ronde qui a eu lieu a l’Institut des Sciences Politiques sur les Intifadas arabes.

n’hesitez pas a lire et voir aussi,  les presentations que j’avais publie precedemment!





texte de la presentation:


Illustration de la presentation:


Les intifadas dans le monde arabe : approches explicatives
Jeanine Jalkh

publié le dimanche 24 avril 2011

Conférence Comment expliquer ce qui se passe aujourd’hui dans le monde arabe ? Quels sont les facteurs qui ont déclenché ces turbulences ? Telles étaient les questions soulevées lors d’une causerie organisée par l’Institut des sciences politiques (ISP) de l’USJ.

Sans prétendre apporter des réponses définitives au phénomène des révolutions en chaîne qui continuent d’agiter la scène arabe, les participants, deux professeurs d’université, Fahmiyeh Charafeddine et Raghid Solh, un syndicaliste, Ghassan Slaiby, et une experte en médias sociaux, Rita Chemali, se sont penchés sur la question en apportant des éclairages divers, de type social, politique et économique.

En essayant de répondre à la question de savoir comment ces révolutions ont débuté, Fahmiyeh Charafeddine, professeur de sociologie à l’UL, a mis en exergue ce qu’elle a appelé les « accumulations négatives » – le despotisme, les misères subsidiaires, l’exclusion etc. – et les accumulations positives – les nouvelles idées des droits de l’homme, la chute de l’URSS, le colloque de Pékin – au cours des soixante dernières années dans le monde arabe. C’est le brassage de ces accumulations contraires qui a conduit, à un moment donné, à l’explosion populaire, explique-t-elle.

Tout au long de son exposé, Mme Charafeddine insistera sur le caractère spontané de ces mouvements, « qui n’ont pas été médités intellectuellement », éludant la théorie du complot qui consiste à y voir une réaction téléguidée par l’Occident, plus particulièrement les États-Unis. Selon elle, l’apport des idées occidentales a été certes important, mais il faut reconnaître que le corpus idéologique des révolutions nationalistes et par la suite socialistes dans le monde arabe existait déjà. Il a largement contribué à donner naissance à un nouveau corpus qui a inspiré les nouveaux slogans des jeunes réformateurs, souligne-t-elle.

Politologue et conseiller à l’Institut Issam Farès, Raghid Solh s’est penché sur ce qu’il a appelé la dichotomie entre démocratie socio-économique et démocratie socio-politique. Une dichotomie qu’il juge fallacieuse, puisqu’en réalité elle servait l’intérêt des régimes despotiques dans la région. Après avoir expliqué l’échec du système néolibéral notamment en Tunisie et en Égypte (la privatisation n’aura profité qu’aux classes dirigeantes corrompues en affaiblissant le secteur public), système qui a élargi le fossé entre riches et pauvres, M. Solh a démontré comment les promesses de réformes politiques sont également restées de l’ordre du théorique. Et de conclure que les masses arabes ont fini par défier le statu quo en réclamant simultanément une justice sociale et un système de gouvernance démocratique.

Ghassan Slaiby, représentant au sein de l’Internationale des services publics, s’est penché pour sa part sur le rôle des syndicats dans les mouvements sociaux arabes récents. Il a relevé qu’à l’exception de l’Union générale des travailleurs tunisiens, de la Fédération générale des syndicats à Bahreïn et de différentes centrales syndicales marocaines, les centrales syndicales arabes ont appuyé les régimes politiques et n’ont pas participé aux mouvements sociaux. « Face aux centrales syndicales appuyant le pouvoir, des groupes ouvriers et des syndicats indépendants ou autonomes à l’égard des centrales et du régime politique ont participé aux mouvements. C’est ce qui apparaît manifestement dans trois pays jusqu’à présent : en Égypte, en Algérie et en Jordanie », a-t-il précisé.

Spécialiste des médias sociaux, Rita Chemali a présenté, de manière exhaustive, les différents médias numériques qui, a-t-elle dit, « ont constitué la pierre de voûte des mouvements sociaux ». L’intervenante a passé en revue les différents sites interactifs utilisés pour propager l’information, coordonner les mouvements des jeunes et inciter à l’action, « créant ainsi de nouveaux liens de solidarité et de sociabilité notamment pour contourner la censure ». La nouvelle génération de médias a également été fort utile par moments pour alerter sur les disparus lors des arrestations, voire pour les retrouver. Le rôle de ces médias a été certes primordial, mais il ne faut pas oublier que la révolution effective a bel et bien eu lieu dans la rue, a néanmoins souligné Mme Chemali.


publié par l’Orient le Jour


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Chers amis, et amies,

priere de voir attachee la presentation qui a illustre le dernier texte presente a Sc po, sur les intifidas arabes, et le role des Reseaux sociaux…..

Un grand merci encore une fois a ceux et celles, qui m’ont aide a trouver des pistes, des photos et info manquantes….:

Global Voices, Samer Karam, le super groupe du MENA Network d’Aswat…..

a vous la presentation en langue francaise…

Arab uprising illustration of presentation at the Political Science Institute by Rita Chemaly


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Le Rôle des Nouveaux Medias et Réseaux Sociaux par Rita Chemaly Institut des Sciences Politiques Amphiteatre Walid Ben Talal

Chers amis, et amies,

pour ceux qui n’ont pas pu venir a Sciences Po, la semaine derniere, pour la table ronde organisee autour des Intifadas arabes,

(TABLE RONDE, Mercredi 20 Avril 2011, Amphiteatre Walid Ben Talal, Institut des Sciences Politiques, a 3h30pm, avec comme intervenants et intervenantes : Professeur Mme Fahmieh Charafedine, M. Raghid el Solh, M. Ghassan Slaiby, Mlle Rita Chemaly)

je vous prie de voir en piece jointe, ma presentation succinte du role joue par les nouveaux moyens de communications dans les revoltes, et je dis bien Revoltes, et par Revolution!Table ronde ISP Intifadas arabes et NTIC par Rita Chemaly

Pour avoir la presentation Power point aussi, je vous prie de m’envoyer un ptit mail.

voici quelques photos prises par Michele ( Merci) ! Un grand merci a l’equipe de sc po, et aussi une grande pensee a toutes et tous ceux et celles qui m’ont envoye les nouvelles, et photos et elements qui me manquaient!


Rita Chemaly Les reseaux sociaux et les revoltes arabes




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Les technologies de la communication et la modernité du système politique libanais

Étude de cas centré sur les NTIC, et l’utilisation des Réseaux sociaux

 par Mlle Rita CHEMALY

Chers amis, et amies,

je vous prie de voir dans le lien ci joint la présentation que j’ai fait concernant la recherche que j’ai prépare pour avoir mon DEA.

durant 3 ans je n’ai fait que rechercher des documents, assister à des séminaires et conférences, rencontrer des gens sur le sujet des Nouvelles technologies de l’information les NTIC, les médias sociaux, facebook, les blogs, twitter et autres.

Enfin, j’ai pu réaliser la recherche, et je publie en pièce attachée la présentation orale illustraive.

Dans l’espoir d’avoir vos commentaires, et qu’elle puisse servir aux étudiants chercheurs, activistes et les intéressés par ce sujet


 Presentation recherche de Rita Chemaly

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Dear Friends, and readers,


 thanking you for the comments, I will publish a comparison between the Spring 2005 in Lebanon and the Egyptian Protests soon.The collective actions used and followed in both cases made things happen the way the People wanted!

In Lebanon it is true, that the movement was helped by an international political coalition, and the Mass media mainly foreign TV’s as CNN, BBC, Al Jazeera, Al Arabiya, but in Egypt, the political international sphere was not with the downing of Moubarak. Even though the full coverage of Al Jazeera helped a lot!

Not any political international chief (USA, France or other political forces) said and comforted the Egyptian People with their demands.

They did it all ALONE!

they made things happen because of their tenacity, their great organisation, their nationalism, and their unity for the cause they believed in!

Before publishing a more academic paper about the collective actions used in Lebanon in 2005 and in Egypt in 2011, a comparison I took from my book about the Lebanese spring in 2005, or what has been called the Cedar revolution, I would like to shed light and to circulate a text by Chirine El Ansary an Egyptian Woman, and mother…  

I will let you read her text, I pasted below.


“The protestors are still on Tahrir square and they

will remain there until the departure of Hosni

Mubarak. Thousands of Egyptians streaming

towards the square to support the freedom

activists ; men and women who would never have

imagined themselves taking part in a revolution.

My father, my mother, my brother, my aunt, my

cousins, all honourable members of the bourgeoisie,

walked to Tahrir Square. They went to offer help

and support to those who defy dictatorship,

claiming freedom and dignity for all. Freedom yes,

but not this fake freedom that hangs on a piece of

cloth, a skirt too short or too long , a full veil or a

head scarf, not the freedom one might feel when in

possession of a cell phone or an email address. Real

Freedom, commanded by human sanctity.

You send me messages asking for explanations on

what is taking place in Egypt. Often you have your

opinion : A column you have read with enthusiasm,

a TV show that left you doubtful , your own theories

on world politics.

It is not easy to speak or write. I would rather be

there. Unfortunately I did not have that chance. I

did not see it with my own eyes, only dreamt it for


I struggle to write, but it is necessary that this

revolution be justly valued : a peaceful movement,

dignified, secular and fair.

An uprising against the prevailing rule of the

strongest enslaving peoples.

So here I am in an attempt to answer your questions

and react to your comments

You say : Egyptians are fighting each other pro or

against Moubarak, they are incapable of protesting


No comment : if you do your duty as world citizens

you have informed yourselves well enough to know

that the pro-Moubarak protestors are thugs paid to

do the filthy job and spread pannick.If not, then I

trust that you will remain silent.

You often ask : « What is your parents opinion? »

My parents go to Tahrir Square, they want the

protestors to remain until the departure of

Moubarak and the collapse of the regime, without

compromises. They want to honour the hundreds of

victims killed in cold blood. They bring food and

medical supplies. They are proud and hopeful.

Your most pressing question : « but what about the

rise of Islamism-the muslim-brotherhood-sharialaw-

and-Iran » (to be uttered in one breath )

On Tahrir Square today, Islamism is referred to as

« the scarecrow », and this is my answer in a few


1°/ an absurd little scenario : Sarkozy holds on to

power with a bit of Super Glue and lots of

corruption, an international pressure is exerted to

secure his presidency. Why ? If it is not Sarkozy it

may be Marine Le Pen and that would seriously

endanger European stability.

Why accept for others what would be unacceptable

(and ridiculous) for you ?

2°/ Islamism is a universal threat,. It is through

freedom, dignity and justice that we can fill the gaps

that allow any kind of extremism.

3°/ The Muslim Brothers are not fundamentalists,

they are : The Muslim Brothers (!) a political party

and have not been responsible for any act of

violence for 50 years.

Words can start wars . a few days ago I read

« Indonesian church bombed by Muslims ».Those

who deliberately cause the death of innocents are

usually referred to as criminals.

Sharia a word hammered day in day out, used as


if it was an insult. But how many know the actual


meaning of
Al Sharia, what the implications of its


thorough application would be ? For a deeper


understanding of
Al Sharia off to your National


Library, for once avoid Wikipedia.
5°/ I find it hard to understand the recurrent


comparison with Iran.

Iran revolution took place in 1979, we are in 2011

way into the 21st century. Egypt revolution was

triggered by quite an elaborate use of the internet.

Though I am « only » 40, I feel already old compared

to the young people who started the uprising. Some

Egyptian influential figures find it hard to

understand what is unfolding in Egypt ; the tools of

the century are alien to them.

In Egypt Sunni Islam is practiced in Iran it is Shi’a

which implies a completely different social


Egypt is a republic and we had four presidents

already. Before revolution broke, Iran was an

absolute monarchy. Ayatollah Khomeini was in

exile, he even spent time in France, he rushed to

Iran to lead an Islamic revolution he was

secretly (?) preparing.

Finally I am amused to notice that Egypt is also

compared to Tunisia, with such leaps we quickly

reach Australia.

Why ? because in the three countries there is a great

majority of Muslims ? Should we then draw

comparisons between Brazil and Austria ?

You fear an Islamic government and what it might

impose on the people. Don’t you fear what the

Moubarak regime has been imposing on Egyptians

for 30 years ? Most of us have suffered direct or

indirect consequences of that regime ; too many

dark stories. Following the death of a Suisse

photographer a few years ago we, a few caireen

« marginals », discovered that all our actions were

reported. We were wrong in thinking that we

enjoyed a kind freedom. Our life style was tolerated

only because it could be turned against us if

« necessary ».

In an islamist regime a woman can be stoned if she

commits adultery. In Moubarak regime a young

actress can be arrested on charges of prostitution to

cover up for a national crisis, a university professor

can be divorced from his wife by force on charges of

blasphemy, a young woman can be dragged to the

police station because she pressed too closely

against her fiancé, female protestors have been

raped by police officers in plain clothes with the

blessing of the Ministry of Interior. Let us stop here,

the list is long and morbid.

A sickening medley of prejudices based on facts and

reactions :

An Egyptian airline pilot whispers the shehada

« there is no other God but God and Mohammad is

God’s prophet ». He is said to have deliberately

caused the crash of his plane and is posthumously

accused of terrorism.

Egyptians are praying on Tahrir Square in front of

police cars: « See how they are, all fundamentalists ».

Same reaction when it comes to those who claim:

Allaho Akbar ! Those who scream that they only

fear God and will not kneel before any human being,

those who say thank God or if God wills.

Most Egyptians are pious. This piety bestows upon

them a great humility and is not an indication of

fanaticism. On the other hand some use these

formulas compulsively, others out of spirituality. A

wide range of people and numerous ways of

belonging to the Muslim culture… like in any other

culture, but do I really need to explain that?

Building bridges between cultures


, this expression

was so fashionable a few years ago. These bridges we
revel in rise above valleys, mounts and prairies that

caress one another, rise or spread against each

other. I always thought « why not ignore the bridges

and step on the wild grass, at human scale, climb up

and down, admire the ever changing scenery and

finally reach the Other?

Allowing myself a generalization, I present you with

exotic flower: on this other side of the world, the

mirror tends to reflect a human being who is
conscious of his/her ineluctable end and who does

not live in the illusion of his/her supremacy .

But no more generalizations : « look at him, the



man clutching at his throne.

A tin Pharaoh who thinks he is eternal. He does not
say « if God wills » he says « if I will and I will », he

doesn’t murmur « thank God » but « thank Me for I

am Me and there is no other Me but Me ». He prays

in front of his mirror and is ecstatic to see a divinity

adoring Him.

He defies the law of nature and gets rid of the Angel

of Death by sending it to Tahrir Square.

Respect and support to those who shout at the top of

their voices: « No!»”.



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What will happen ten years from now? the internet will still be fun? what will happen to smart gadgets? what will happen to the business? how can we develop the business through the new gadgets? my question, that is one the the assumption of my thesis: will we be more segmented? fragmented media? if the internet is free and open? in  the future, will each person just go to the news and content that are more or less homogene with their own political and social ideas?


a break .. lunch break to go back to the live notes from INET lebanon …

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التغيير في أيدينا

الناشطون الإلكترونيون: من البحث إلى الفعل على الإنترنت

بقلم: ريتا شمالي

تزداد شعبية المدوَّنات بشكل كبير في لبنان مع قيامها بتغطية المسرح السياسي والاجتماعي، معبّرة عن مطالب المجتمع.

ونتيجة لذلك أصبحت المدوّنات وجماعات الإنترنت أداة سياسية حقيقية في أيدي المجتمع المدني لبحث القضايا وتشجيعها عبر الإنترنت.

ويعمل العديد من الناشطين على الإنترنت، وخصوصاً المدوّنين، على حشد مستخدمي الإنترنت للعمل في قضايا تؤثر على المواطنين.

وتشكّل تعابير مثل “العدالة الاجتماعية” و”الديمقراطية” و”الحشد” كلمات رئيسية في قاموس المدوّنين اللبنانيين، مثلما تشكل البيئة والتراث الوطني وحقوق الإنساني مواضيع رئيسية.

ويأمل هؤلاء المدوّنون والناشطون الإلكترونيون من خلال مدوّناتهم ومواقعهم وتعليقاتهم إشعال فتيل التغيير في لبنان، نحو ديمقراطية حقيقية ترتكز على تعزيز مشاركة المواطن في القرارات السياسية.

وعمل الناشطون الإلكترونيون اللبنانيون مؤخراً على سبيل المثال ضد بناء موقف للسيارات تحت حديقة عامة في بيروت ينتج عنه قطع أشجار الحديقة القديمة بسبب جذورها العميقة، فقاموا ببدء حملة “إنقاذ حديقة الصنايع” من خلال إعداد التماس على الإنترنت وإصدار نداء للمواطنين للاحتجاج من خلال الاعتصام في الحديقة العامة.

وكذلك قام الناشطون الإلكترونيون بحشد مجموعات لصالح الحفاظ على بنايات أو مواقع قديمة تعتبر أجزاء هامة من تراث لبنان الوطني، وذلك من خلال إيجاد مجموعات تأثير وحث أعضاء البرلمان على سن قانون لحماية هذه المواقع.

وفي إحدى الحالات تمكن الناشطون الإلكترونيون من إقناع وزير الثقافة سليم وردة بترؤس مبادرة جديدة تهدف إلى جعل البرلمان يسن قانوناً يحمي في حال صدوره بعض أقدم المباني في لبنان وأكثرها عرضة للخطر.

وفي محاولة لتشجيع حقوق الإنسان قام المدوّنون اللبنانيون بتنظيم حملة على الإنترنت ضد الاعتقال العشوائي وتحسين مراكز الاعتقال.

وكذلك كانت هناك حملات لترسيخ حقوق المرأة اللبنانية المتزوجة من رجل أجنبي، التي لا تستطيع إعطاء جنسيتها لزوجها وأولادها.

وهذه فقط بعض الأمثلة على مواطنين مهتمين قاموا بعمل ما وقالوا قولهم وجرى سماعهم وقاموا بحشد مواطنين آخرين، وكل ذلك عبر قوة الإنترنت.

وتوفّر المدوّنات، مستخدمة منبر الإنترنت المتوفّر للجميع، للسياسيين الفرصة لقراءة ردود فعل المواطنين على بعض قراراتهم السياسية.

وأصبح المواطنون الذين كانوا أهدافاً سلبية للسياسة في الماضي، مستخدمين نشطين للتقنيات الجديدة للتأثير على السياسة.ويقول المؤلف الفرنسي فرانسيس بيساني الذي يركّز على التكنولوجيا والاتصالات “لقد أصبح الباحثون على الإنترنت اليوم عاملين ناشطين عليها”.

ويشكّل المدوّنون جزءاً واحداً فقط من توجه نحو ثقافة تشاركية للمواطنين.

ففي كانون الثاني/يناير 2010 قرر عشرون مدوّناً لبنانياً التجمع لتشكيل حلف.

وأراد هؤلاء المستخدمون للإنترنت، ومن بينهم طلبة، إثبات أن باستطاعتهم تغيير المجتمع من أجل الأفضل من خلال العمل الناشط.

وقد أدى هذا الإيمان إلى إيجاد منظمة المدوّنين اللبنانيين التي تهدف إلى توليد تغيير اجتماعي من خلال ثورة إلكترونية.

وتشكّل مهمة منظمة المدوّنين اللبنانيين ورسالتها كما نص عليها ميثاق إنشائها المساهمة في إيجاد مجتمعات تطلق تغييرات إيجابية في المجتمع اللبناني.

وقد قرر المدوّنون الأعضاء في المنظمة استخدام انتخابات 2010 البلدية كمنبر وفتح صفحة معلومات تفاعلية على الإنترنت حيث يقومون بنشر الرسائل والصور وأشرطة الفيديو حول الحملة الانتخابية.

وقد وفّر هؤلاء المدوّنون معلومات غير خاضعة للرقابة لجهودهم على الإنترنت، عارضين تغطية لما وراء الأحداث في الانتخابات، بل حتى حالات إساءة استخدام الانتخابات من قبل السياسيين والحراس الأمنيين، حيث قاموا على سبيل المثال بكشف عميل أمني يساعد المواطنين على التصويت في المنطقة المخصصة لذلك، وهو أمر يحظره القانون.

ويهدف المدوّنون إلى توفير معلومات غير منحازة وكاملة لا يقدمها إعلام التيار الرئيس أو الأحزاب السياسية اللبنانية عادة.

وتعمل المدوّنات على خلق ثورة، وتوفر هذه المنابر في لبنان وعبر العالم العربي مساحة للشباب الذين لا ينتمون للطبقة السياسية، مع آلية للتعبير عن آرائهم حول مواضيع تؤثر عليهم، من حرية التعبير إلى حماية البيئة إضافة إلى مواضيع أخرى متنوعة.وتقوم المدوّنات بتحويل المواطنين غير الناشطين وإنما المهتمين إلى لاعبين نشطين يستطيعون التعبير عن أنفسهم، فيقومون في نهاية المطاف بتحويل المجتمعات التي يعيشون فيها.(كومن غراوند)

* ريتا شمالي: باحثة في مجال العلوم الاجتماعية والسياسية ومؤلفة كتاب “ربيع 2005 في لبنان، بين الأساطير والوقائع”، وفازت بجائزة سمير قصّار لحرية الصحافة عام 2007 ولها مدوّنة عنوانها:


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