Archive for August, 2011

Dear friends and readers,

I have been intrigued by this big billboard campaign.

I took the picture of the 2 adds .

the message of one the ad is clear: your body is not a game in their hands;

showing a nude body with 2 hands covering the breasts,

as for the other, the message is “advertisement are not a porn thing”  meaning “yes for more prude ads….” I didn’t figure out the book or other illustration that shows it….( if someone can explain, welcome!)

I took those pictures today, the ads are on the road of Zouk Mosbeh, a village known for the proliferation of ads on its roads.

I understand that in Dbayeh and Zouk and after the tunel as a friend told me , we can see more nude pictures, ads of lingerie…. bref,

the ads are signed by “ al ayleh” it  means ” the family” in cooperation with the municipality of Zouk Mosbeh.

do not hesitate to give me your feedback on the campaign;

I understand that the quality of the ad is not good ( the sentence written in white is not clear ) , but what about the message??

I agree with the ” your body is not a game in their hands” what about you??



your body is not a game in their hands add campaign picture taken in Zouk Mosbeh Lebanon

the other billboard for the same campaign:


the add campaign "ads are not a porn story " taken at zouk mosbeh Lebanon by rita chemaly


the 2 billboards in Zouk Mosbeh taken by R.C



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Chers et cheres tous et toutes,

je vous incite a remplir le questionnaire qui cherche a connaitre les conditions de travail des personnnes qui travaillent dans des ONG au Liban….




Dear friends and readers,

if you have ever worked with an NGO in Lebanon, can you plz take 4 minutes to complete and fill this online survey about working conditions and rights?

thanking you for your cooperation




استبيان حول أوضاع العاملين والعاملات في مؤسسات المجتمع المدني

هذا استبيان يجريه المرصد اللبناني لحقوق العمال والموظفين ، حول أوضاع العاملين والعاملات في مؤسسات المجتمع المدني

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Apply now! “Taking vision to action.”

Taking vision to action.                  

Inspiring leadership in the volunteering youth field.

The United Nations Youth Association of Lebanon is partnering with WYSE International, leading organization in the field of leadership education, and would like to invite you to apply to Taking vision to action. Inspiring leadership in the volunteering youth field – a 10 days training programme which has been designed to engage and inspire emerging young leaders, volunteers, educators and youth workers to explore their potential, to get in touch with their visions and to use what they know to make positive change for the benefit of their societies. The training course is funded by the European Union exchange programme Youth in Action.

What will the training course cover?
The programme will be a time of self-exploration, gaining life-long skills, building community, raising awareness of global issues, and making deep connections with like-minded people from all around the Europe and neighbouring countries.
The programme will provide the participants with:


–   Tools and experiential learning to identify their vision and to develop their potential as leaders through different learning modalities (including team projects, physical activities, deep discussion, reflective activities, coaching sessions, presentations and creative arts).

–   Opportunity to explore the relationship between leadership and values in the frame of their social/cultural contexts.

–   Opportunity to reflect and discuss on the concept of active citizenship, with particular focus on differences, similarities and interconnections between national visions of citizenship, EU citizenship and global citizenship.

–   Space to confront and exchange leadership experiences and best practices.

–   Opportunity to find creative ways to put their vision into action, to develop new projects and to build partnerships.

 Where and when will it take place?
The programme will take place in Moated Norman Castle, in St. Braviels (Gloucester, UK) from the 18th to the 30th of September 2011.

The programme is totally funded by Youth in Action, including food and accommodation. Participants will also be re-funded the 70% of their travel ticket after the programme.
How to apply?
The United Nations Youth Association of Lebanon is the Only official partner of the project, therefore all interested candidates are asked to follow the steps below:

1) be young leader, youth worker, trainer and/or educator
2) aged 18 to 30
3) holding Lebanese passport and residing in Lebanon
4) be a member of UNYA Lebanon (not a member? apply here.)
5) send an e-mail to info@unyaleb.org OR call 71 717859 and Express your interest to take part in the training.
6) You will be then asked to provide us with an updated CV of yourself.

The staff of UNYA Lebanon, will take your application, and choose the most suiting candidate.


As the official partner of the Youth in Action training “Taking vision into Action”, the United Nations Youth Association of Lebanon is looking forward to delegate one more young Lebanese activist to this training which will take place in the United Kingdom, for 10 days, this September!
For more information on how to apply, kindly click

Here for you-th! 


Farah I.Abdel Sater
United Nations Youth Association of Lebanon, President


Mobile: +961-3-657231
Office:  +961-71-717859    (Weekdays 10AM – 5PM EST)
Email: fabdelsater@unyaleb.org
Personal Assistant: presidentpa@unyaleb.org  

Website: www.unyaleb.org
Address: Beirut, Achrafieh, Sessine, Saydeh Church, Tabbal Street, Khederian Bldg, 2nd Floor.


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“A friend Aiman, had been shot to death by the trainer, during a training session organised by NDI that took place in Beirut, in July 2011.”



that happened 🙂 during the session that  aimed to  improve “professional Standards of Citizen Journalists”.  Citizen journalist are bloggers, and activists who use the web and the internet to voice out their needs. In my thesis I called them “webactors”. The internet is a new space for citizen to comment and cover stories as they wish, and MENA bloggers and activists are publishing stories and voicing out their frustrations. NDI with the aswat ( voices in arabic) program,  organised the training on 2 days, to help the bloggers and activists to be more accurate and objective and truthful  in covering a story.

at the end of the training workshop the participants produced with the help of a former CNN reporter  a code of ethics for citizen journalists.     

and for you dear readers and friends the Code of ethics produced by the participants to the Beirut workshop:

( good work dears!!!)

Guidelines for Good Citizen Journalistic Practices

-Be accurate.

-Be transparent about who you are/your role in the story, your methodology, and any conflicts of interest.

-Always be fair.

-Disclose any funding you receive.

-Be careful about posting developments that have not been confirmed or that you have not witnessed yourself.

-Do not distribute copyrighted material or plagiarize.

-Always provides links to original sources .

-Do not post anything that will endanger someone’s life.

-Do not sell information about your subscribers or followers’ list.

-Do not fabricate stories, or digitally alter pictures or video.

– Avoid profanity.

– Put a disclaimer before any especially disturbing posts.

 Code D’éthique des Journalistes Citoyens:

– Soyez précis.

– Soyez transparent sur votre identité / votre rôle dans l’histoire,  votre méthodologie, et tout conflit d’intérêts.

– Soyez honnête.

– Soyez transparent sur vos financements.

– Faites attention de ne pas publier des faits qui ne sont pas réels ou  que vous avez pas témoigner vous même.

– Ne pas distribuer du matériel ou d’oeuvres protégées sous licences.

– Mettre en lien la source de votre information.

– Ne jamais publier des informations qui pourront mettre en danger la  vie d’une personne tierce.

– Ne pas utiliser les informations de vos abonnés à des fins  commerciales.

– Ne pas inventer des histoires, ou retoucher les photos/vidéos prises.

– Éviter le blasphème.

– Mettre un avertissement lors de la publication des images choquantes.

 القواعد الأخلاقية للصحافيين المواطنين

       تحرى الدقة دائماً –
-الالتزام بالصدق والشفافية بما يتعلق بالإفصاح عن هويتك كمواطن صحفي وعن دورك في المادة التي تنشرها الى جانب ايضاح منهجيتك الخاصة المتبعة في بث المواد وعن أي تضارب في المصالح
كن عادلا-
اكشف عن أي تمويل-
كن حذرا و لا تنشر التطورات التي لم يتم تأكيدها أو التي لم تشهدها بنفسك-
لا تقتبس أو تنشر أية مواد ذات حقوق طبع ونشر محفوظة دون إذن مسبق من مالكها-
دائما، صل إلى المصادر الأصلية-
لا تنشر أي شيء يمكن أن يضر شخصا أو يعرض حياته للخطر-
لا تبع أي من المعلومات التي تخص قائمة المشتركين أو المتابعين لك-
لا تخترع قصصا، أو تعدل الصور والفيديو رقميا-
تجنب الشتائم-
حذر القارئ عند وجود أية مواد مزعجة ضمن المادة التي تقوم بنشرها

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A Lebanese Company is Recruiting The Following Positions

Senior Web Developer – PHP (OO, MVC), AJAX, MySQL

We are seeking talented PHP Web Developers to join our team. Candidates must have detailed practical knowledge of MVC programming and AJAX frameworks.


  • Development of server-side and client-side components for web applications
  • Quality assurance, testing and release planning

Education and Experience:

  • Educated to degree level in a computer science or related discipline
  • At least 3 years commercial web development experience with PHP and MVC frameworks

Key Skills Required:

  • Applicant should have excellent PHP5 / MySQL skills
  • An excellent understanding of MVC frameworks (e.g. Zend Framework, Symfony, Code Ignitor, etc)
  • Very strong XHTML/CSS skills
  • AJAX and JavaScript knowledge
  • Applicants should have excellent communication skills both written and verbal
  • Experience in working with other technologies such as Web Services, mobile technologies, iPhone App development would be an advantage.
  • Test-driven development with PHPUnit

In addition, proven commitment to achieving deadlines, delivering high quality services, strong attention to detail and experience of working effectively as a member of a team is essential.

Junior Web Developer


You will be responsible for writing PHP and SQL for the front end, integrating into a MySQL Database. You would be part of a team of developers, with a long list of potential software projects. You will need to develop, test and deliver high quality backend PHP and Web applications. As a Junior PHP Developer, you will also work on the development of web applications, using Object-oriented PHP, MySQL, MVC architecture, JavaScript, AJAX, JQuery, CSS, XHTML, XML, SQL/MySQL, RESTful web Services and SOA. In addition to requirements analysis, design, implementation, testing and integration, you will contribute to design and code reviews and QA as well.

Education and Experience:

  • Educated to degree level in a computer science or related discipline
  • At least 1+ year commercial web development experience with PHP and MVC frameworks

Skills Required:

  • Knowledge in Object-oriented PHP
  • Building applications in MVC frameworks, such as Symphony, Zend or Code Igniter
  • A few database types, including things like MySQL

Senior Flash Developer

We are seeking an experienced Senior Flash Developer to translate software requirements into concise and robust programming code. This role will work closely with the account team, interaction designers, and graphic designers to create interactive solutions. This position will build, test, debug, troubleshoot programs and scripts for various functions, and modify existing code to add new features.


  • Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Multimedia, Interactive Design or degree in a related area
  • 3+ years software development experience in a professional context
  • Expert understanding of ActionScript 3 as an OOP Language
  • Expert knowledge of integrating Flash with server side technologies, XML, PHP, ASP
  • Must have a good feel for design, animation, and usability
  • Knowledge of CSS3/HTML5
  • Experience with JavaScript Libraries (JQuery) is a plus
  • Objective C (for IPhone\IPad IOS 4) is a plus
  • Exposure to Server Side Development (PHP5, .NET)



Converting Photoshop layout into Tabled / Table-less ( DIV ) HTML Page , Proficient in CSS , HTML , XHML , Photoshop , Dreamweaver. Coordination with Programming Team for Graphics and CSS Implementation and Issues.

Skills Required:

  • Web Technologies: HTML , DHTML , CSS Driven layouts , table-less design , XML , JavaScript , Ajax , JQuery
  • Web Designing Tools: Photoshop , Dreamweaver
  • Design and build web-pages in accordance with the requirements provided by Project Managers
  • Design browser compatible layouts
  • Commitment to stay abreast of web technologies , standards , and usability principles and acquire additional skills ( predominantly a self-learning mode ) .
  • Strong working knowledge of Photoshop; able to cutup comps from the design team.
  • Strong XHTML skills; knowledge of how to use appropriate hooks in XHTML to limit the amount of classes and ID’s required on a page.
  • Deep understanding of CSS inheritance and how to use it to your advantage.
  • A good ideology for managing maintainable, scalable and cross-browser code across large sites.
  • Experience working with jQuery and/or other JavaScript libraries.

HTML5 Frontend Developers

The HTML5 Developer position, reporting to a Senior Web Developer, is primarily responsible for coding HTML5 & PHP, and Ajax/JavaScript for dynamic web applications assembly and mobile content.
The HTML 5 Developer also has skills in PHP & HTML5, combined with the ability to work with an interdisciplinary team in an agile project environment.

Duties & Responsibilities:

  • Development and unit testing of HTML5-based Internet applications
  • Take the lead in developing complex cross-platform PHP/XHTML/HTML5/JavaScript web apps
  • Ensure that best-practices are followed and that code is optimized in order to ensure that applications are operating as efficiently as possible on high traffic sites.
  • Ensure site optimization and proper referencing and documentation.
  • Develop and incorporate social networking aspects to websites

Technical Qualifications:

  • Experience/knowledge of HTML5 websites (iPad/iPhone OS/iOS a plus) JavaScript Frameworks (jQuery, EXT-JS, etc…)
  • JavaScript Optimization & Browser Limitations
  • AJAX & RESTful Web Services
  • Script Injection, JSONP & Same Origin Restrictions
  • JavaScript & Server-side Cookie Management
  • Ability to work from a Photoshop and/or HTML mock-ups

Required Experience:

  • BS in Computer Science or equivalent experience/skills

  • Proven analytical and problem solving skills

  • Good written and oral communication skills

to apply for the positions send an e mail with your cv + a motivation letter to  lebit.co@gmail.com

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To read!!

On the surface, the question “What is a Citizen?” seems easy to answer. A citizen is a person who is endowed with legal rights by, and duties to, the country of which one is a citizen. Thus, a U.S. citizen is someone who is allowed to vote in U.S. state and federal elections, to serve in the U.S. armed forces, to pass that citizenship on to their spouse and/or children, is entitled to state and federal social services, and who must file state and federal taxes. Similarly, in Lebanon, a citizen must also pay taxes, is also allowed to vote, to run for public office, to serve in the armed forces, and is entitled to Lebanese social services. However, even more than being a legal relationship between a person, other people, and a particular legal regime, the condition of possibility for citizenship is the non-citizen. “We” are Lebanese citizens because others are not, because “we” have passports, because “we” can travel and work anywhere in this country without receiving special permission, and because “we” are not immigrants, migrant laborers, or foreign tourists. A Lebanese citizen is someone who is not a Palestinian, Iraqi, Kurdish, or Sudanese refugee, for example. The entire legal and ideological edifice of citizenship is erected upon this act of exclusion between individuals and populations. Thus, a U.S. citizen is someone who is not an illegal Mexican immigrant, is not an Iraqi refugee, and is not a person living in the United States on a tourist or work or business visa which must be periodically renewed and subject to revoking. Of course, not all citizenships are equal. On my U.S. passport, or “multipass” as my friends call it, I can – for the most part – travel the world freely and not have to worry about visas. I can choose to fly to Paris or to Cairo or to Bahrain and leave on the same day. On my Lebanese passport, I have to apply for a visa to all of these countries, and I may or may not receive it. This hierarchy of nationalities also permeates one’s sense of security and vulnerability. In 2006, the U.S. Embassy called my nuclear family and pleaded with us to “safely” leave our families and loved ones, who “only” have a Lebanese passport, behind and exposed to the Israeli war machine. Of course, we already know that being a citizen of the “First World” effectively means that your life is weighted differently than that of a Third World citizen. We need only flip through mainstream media coverage of occupied Iraq and Palestine, or terrorist attacks in Pakistan and Norway to see evidence of this. But there there are also institutionalized inequalities and exclusions between citizens of the same country. In fact, there is no universal subject that is the “citizen.” A citizen is always marked. There is a plurality of legal subject positions that citizens of one state are differentially produced through. Not all citizens are constituted as equal before the law, and not all citizens have the same rights and duties. For example, in the contemporary United States, gay citizens cannot give U.S. citizenship to their spouses or benefit from the myriad federal social services and tax benefits that married heterosexuals can benefit from. They are U.S. citizens, but they are constituted as less [legally] equal than their heterosexual counterparts. In fact, these legal exclusions are what constitute the difference between heterosexual and homosexual citizenship in the United States today. Increasingly, as the debate over federally recognized same sex marriage heats up, the fact that a citizen can legally marry and others cannot is becoming a constitutive aspect of heterosexual citizenship. In Lebanon, the legal discriminations between citizens are much more extreme. It has become common knowledge that in Lebanon citizens are legally differentiated according to sect and that, for example, a Maronite cannot become Prime Minister, a Shi’ite cannot become President of the Republic, and a Sunni cannot be Head of the Army. It is also well known that a Greek Orthodox, Druze, or a member of one of the other eleven officially recognized Lebanese sects has no chance of occupying any of the top posts within the Lebanese “troika” system. Still, despite the fact that on the surface, Lebanese citizenship seems to be differentiated along the axis of sect, I would suggest that in fact the most stubborn legal discrimination in Lebanon is between male and female citizens. Why am I insisting on the phrase “legal discrimination” as opposed to simply “discrimination?” Because there is a difference between the ways that law operates, as opposed to other technologies of power (such as class and race and gender privilege). For example, a gay U.S. citizen can saturate himself in the most gay-friendly social, economic, and political environment imaginable, but even that privileged, rich, white, and attractive gay man cannot give U.S .citizenship to his foreign boyfriend, a right that straight Americans from all classes, races, and political groups take for granted. Similarly, a Lebanese woman can insist on having only feminist friends, only spending money at feminist businesses, and only voting for feminist candidates, but even this woman, who could be rich, successful, and powerful, cannot prosecute her husband for raping her. This is because, according to the civil law that criminalizes rape in Lebanon, marital rape is legally unintelligible and thus, un-prosecutable. Such legal discriminations are immovable except through (other) acts of law. The majority of Lebanese citizens cannot grant citizenship to their spouses or children. This majority of citizens is diverse in terms of sect, income bracket, race, sexual orientation, religious belonging, and political affiliations. Despite all this diversity, they have one thing in common; the classification of their genitalia by the Lebanese state as “female.” Thus a Lebanese woman (or, to be more technically correct, a Lebanese citizen with a vagina) could, theoretically and legally, become the Prime Minister of Lebanon. But under the current legal system, Prime Minister Layla (let’s continue, for another sentence, to live in this fantasy Lebanon where a woman could become the leader of this country even though it is legally possible) would have to be married to a Lebanese man in order to have Lebanese children. Thus even a woman who occupies and operates the most political, social, and economic positions of privilege cannot practice a right that every Lebanese citizen with a penis takes for granted. Of course, there are notable exceptions to this rule. For example, Saudi prince al-Walid bin Talal has Lebanese citizenship through his mother, Mona el-Solh, who is the daughter of one of Lebanon’s founders and its first Prime Minister, Riad eh-Solh. Riad el-Solh had the misfortune of having only five daughters, and his daughters were granted the exceptional right to pass on Lebanese citizenship to their children. Yet even in this example, the exception granted to Riad el-Solh’s daughters stems from his role as both “patriarch” and midwife of Lebanon as a whole. This week in Beirut, a protest was organized demanding the amendment to the Nationality law to allow women to grant citizenship to their spouses and children. About 200 people marched from the Lebanese Ministry of the Interior to the foot of a statue of Riad el-Solh which faces the Parliament building. The irony of protestors demanding the rights of citizenship for all Lebanese women while standing under a statue of a man who had a role in drafting (or at the least, not amending) the current sexist and discriminatory nationality law yet whose daughters are considered an exception to it seemed to have been lost on all those present. A few weeks ago, I was at a nail salon getting a gendered tune-up. As I was being tweezed, plucked, painted and otherwise maintained, I was having a conversation about feminism with the woman who owns the business and her co-workers/employees. It so happened that on that day a group had called for all women to walk stop working and/or driving for ten minutes in order to protest the fact that the newly minted 30 member Lebanese cabinet did not contain any female ministers. Notably, the protest was not against the fact that no female or male minister who is active in the cause for gender equality has been appointed to the Lebanese cabinet in recent history. I was asking the women around me if they were going to stop their jobs (and if the owner was going to close down) for ten minutes at the allotted time. One of the women, who was completing an immaculate pedicure on my toes, told me, in all seriousness, that this kind of protest is only directed towards women who are employed in places “that matter”, such as banks, schools, law offices, or places of business. Who would care if we stopped working for ten minutes, she asked? Plus, her co-worker added, not everyone has the ability to risk their jobs by stopping for ten minutes. I asked them what part of the Lebanese feminist agenda they most identified with, and without pause they mentioned the need to amend the nationality law. I asked them why they chose this issue, rather than the question of domestic violence or marital rape (draft laws on both issues have also recently been presented to Parliament, spurring public debate) and the owner of the shop said that it was because this issue affects all women without exception. The woman who had just finished my pedicure added that the fact that Lebanese women are barred from passing on citizenship was a violation of their karama, or dignity The right to give citizenship to your spouse and children is no small thing. It means that if you marry a non-Lebanese man and live in Lebanon, your life is a bureaucratic and financial nightmare of residency and work permits. Practically, it means that the children of Lebanese women must have a visa to enter and/or reside in Lebanon, and a permit in order to work in Lebanon legally. Of course, if this hypothetical woman were married to a Lebanese man who was the biological father of these hypothetical children, this set of complications would magically disappear. On this level, it is more difficult for a Lebanese woman to marry a foreigner than it is for a Lebanese man. This added difficulty is coercive; Lebanese law actively discourages Lebanese women from marrying foreigners. In particular, the fear that allowing Lebanese women to grant citizenship is a back door to the naturalization of Palestinian refugees is often cited in public discourse around the nationality law today. But the same concern is never issued over the fact that Lebanese men have been marrying Palestinian refugees, and granting them citizenship, for generations. The contradiction over the “fear” of Lebanese women naturalizing their Palestinian husband and the nonchalance which the reality of Lebanese men naturalizing their Palestinian wives is met with speaks volumes as to the naturalization of legally gendered power relations in contemporary Lebanon. The fact that over half of the Lebanese population cannot transfer citizenship to their spouses and/or children is also an ideological statement. Female citizens, to put it simply, are conditionally incorporated into the state; they inherit citizenship from their father but cannot transfer this inheritance on to their children. They do not reproduce the state through producing citizens, but they do reproduce the gendered exclusion upon which current Lebanese nationality law is predicated. They are “female citizens” and they are constituted as such through legal acts of exclusion and institutionalized difference. They are the condition of possibility for “male citizens” and vice versa.


Author of the article:

Maya Mikdashi


source of the article:


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