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Posts Tagged ‘Etat de Droit’

A new episode in Gender based violence, was highlighted during a discussion on Women rights!

The Discussion was organised by proeminent NGO , RDFL.

A Lebanese member of Parliament (re-conducted illegally) went out of the paper prepared by him or “for him??” and said that a women has a role in pushing men to rape her!

I am still shocked by the insanity of such an MP. He don’t understand the Harm such words do for all women. Such Words make sexual harassment at work , in public spaces, as well as in a Home Legal!!!

I do understand now why Most of our rotten laws such as the Penal Code, have such inanities! (reference to article  522)

What I loved is that bloggers, media, women activists, women right defenders spoke out about this insanity, and a petition asking MP to resign is being circulated!

Here is what is being circulated on the web, through different platforms:

النائب ايلي ماروني هان المرأة اللبنانية عندما صرّح: “في بعض الاماكن وبعض المطارح بدنا نسأل شو دور المرأة في قيادة الرجل إلى اغتصابها” وكان النائب يحمل المرأة مسؤولية الاغتصاب هيدا التصرف مرفوض من قبل أي رجل (او امرأة)، وخاصة نواب الامّة. مطلوب من الجميع التضامن لنطلب منه الاعتذار أو الاستقالة. الرجاء نشر البوست المرفق ابتداء من الان على كل صفحاتكم وحساباتكم على مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي. وشكرا

 

petition-against-mp-in-lebanon-rape-victim-asked-for-it

 

Below is the link to the Video in which Lebanese member of Parliament states his inanities:

اليكم/ن الفيديو الذي يظهر المواقف الذكورية التي أطلقها النائب إيلي ماروني حول حقوق النساء وبشكل خاص الجنسية، المادة ٥٢٢ والإغتصاب الذي اعتبر أن للمرأة دور في حدوثه. كذلك، يظهر في الفيديو الرد الكامل للنائب ماروني على اعتراض الناشطة حياة مرشاد على كلامه حيث لوح بإلباسها البرقع كي لا تخجل من تمثيله لها في البرلمانhttps://www.facebook.com/sharikawalaken/videos/1207350935984570/

 

Below is the statement Written by women activists, and that is open to be signed by all:

بيان للتوقيع والنشر صاغته ناشطات نسويات رداً على تصريحات النائب #ايلي_ماروني المهينة للمرأة في لبنان

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1zqefNeT7ngDPVkiFXdq6xXlJbg1SGQrH120vp2YMHDw/edit

 

Below are the articles in the newspapers and media outlet that cover what happened:

Annahar

LBC News

The Daily Star

 

Action is Needed by the Political Party Kataeb of that Mp.

There is a need to amend and Delete article 522 which Blames Women being raped for their own rape, and which give them as a victory to the one who rape them!!

I call all Political parties to take action in Written against article 522 and against discriminatory articles of Penal code in Lebanon

Rita Chemaly

 

 

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*Updated infographic with the numbers of AKKAR and the numbers of candidates in Lebanon .(June 2 2016)

I am pleased to share with you , the beautiful Info graphic Map that was posted on NCLW Facebook page.  NCLW clarifies that this Map is indicative, and still need to add to it the results of Akkar. The aim of this map is to help visualise and understand the trends related to women participation in local governance (MUNICIPAL COUNCILS)  and have a pre-look at  the results while waiting for the official data on the number of winning women by the Ministry of Interior.

preliminary results show that in 2016,  599 women won in the Municipal Elections, whereas in 2010 520 women won.

as for candidates the counting shows that in 2016 1342 women were candidate in comparison in 2010: 1080 women were candidate.

the number is small , to compare, but I am sure that many factors might be interesting to analyse to see why women didn’t win more seats.

Presentation1 ELECTIONS

599 women won seats in Lebanese municipalities , 1342 were candidates in 2016

” As Data is key to lessons, NCLW team has worked on the documents related to the results of Municipal Elections of 2016 published by the Ministry of interior. The NCLW team has counted the number of women who won and the names of the women who didn’t in each Kada’. This basic counting is based on the name of the candidate, whether it is a name for a women or a men. Notice1 : the uncertain names were not counted in the results of 2016!

Notice 2: Akkar Results are not counted in these numbers, NCLW Team is waiting for their release by the ministry of Interior. This Infographic will be updated as soon as NCLW Team count the Akkar women Candidates * (this was done and new info is above)v 

Also, and based on CEDAW report , a comparison with the Municipal Elections of 2010 numbers is possible. NCLW Social Media Team is happy to share with you this in house created Infographic! while waiting for the official results , Congrats to Each Women who Won a Seat in a Municipality!”

 

Youpiii!!!!

Rita Chemaly

 

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Achkout Municipal Council 2016 one Women on board Rita Chemaly

ACHKOUT Results for the Municipal Council 2016 Elections . Source Elections.gov.lb

Youpiii!!! The Ministry of Interior in Lebanon is doing great in Publishing Online the results of the elections of the municipal councils in Lebanon!!

 

I am sooo happy to be able to access such information!

Yippee!! It will be better if for the directorates other than Beirut we can have the results by Kalam and Ghouraf. It is needed to see how voters voted, to whom, was it different if they are women and men, (Gender segregated data and even as we have them communities segregated data!)  and what was the “abstentions”  numbers in each kalam /ghouraf!

Here is a sneak peak from the elections, of my beloved  Home Town Achkout! Yeyyy!!!!

Numbers and stats will mean something soon!!! Access to information is Important in the state of Law!

Rita Chemaly

I’m waiting for the Chouf results !!! hurry hurry in uploading them!

Elections results in Lebanon Rita Chemaly

 

 

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The National Commission for Lebanese Women, that is a National machinery affiliated to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers , has prepared a Draft law aiming at Helping Women to be Candidates and Win the elections for the municipalities.

The municipalities elections in Lebanon are a family and neighbors issue. The Women who want to be candidate needs to be registered as a condition in the registry of the Municipality. “sejjel kayd”.

The discrimination appears in article 25, of the current Municipality law, in which a Women will loose all her links to the family, and networks that she has created in her municipality of origins ” sejil kaydiha el assassi”  if she gets married, as she is directly and without asking taken down from the registry of origin and enlisted in the registry of her “Husband”.

For me, it is a PATRIARCHAL SOCIETY in which a Women is the PROPRIETY of her FATHER until Marriage, after MARRIAGE, SHE IS THE PROPRIETY OF HER HUSBAND;

regardless my point of view of how the laws in LEBANON discriminate against women in the texts and make her directly affiliated to a MAN (the father or husband) , the new draft law is  a new step forward for women’s rights in Lebanon. this is done through this draft law amendment registered at the Parliament by the Active MP Ghassan Mukahiber, on the 11/4/2016 under registry number 168/2016,

as a Practical example, I as a married women from Achkout/Kesrwan , can be candidate after my marriage in Achkout if I wish ! Because in the Municipality of my Husband which is Deir Dourit/Chouf, no one have ever heard of me! 🙂 unlike Achkout, where all my activism, links, are tight 🙂

apart from this personal example, and for this,

 I am now asking ALL MPS (the reconducted oops! ) (another polemique here hein? ) to LEGIFERATE and VOTE and ratify this NEW amendment PRIOR TO THE 2016 MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS!

WE AS WOMEN need IT!!!!  WE still fight for our rights in municipalities : a change of the law is a must!

Rita Chemaly

here is the text of the law amendment as presented to the parliament by Ghassan Mokhaiber.

here is the link to the Press release covered by our National News Agency! http://nna-leb.gov.lb/ar/show-news/216377/ 

 

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This picture of Georges Clooney is going viral but even for a fun campaign some basic requirements/ conditions are not met: Clooney is the husband of a lebanese woman but because of the nationality law dating of 1925 can’t be lebanese as Amal alameddine can’t transmit her nationality to her hsuband as per lebanese law!!!

Aha again shedding lights on the biggest discrimination facing lebanese woman.

So georges help fight to amend this patriarchal law for lebanese women to be able to transmit their basic rights for their husbands and children!!!

Rita ChemalyFB_IMG_1459115490036

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Researcher and Coordinator
Duty Station: Beirut, Lebanon
Section/Unit: Democratic Governance
Reports to: Chief Technical Advisor and Head of Research
Project reference: 00085494
Budgeted level: SC-7
Source of Funding: 00085494
Duration of Employment: 8 months (Renewable)
II. Scope/Objective

The Common Space Initiative (CSI) project supports consensus building, sustainable civil peace, constitutional strengthening and stakeholder dialogues in Lebanon. This support will be provided through technical assistance, technical information and shared knowledge resources, collective and action research, common meeting spaces for stakeholders, expertise and other essential resources.

Under the overall supervision of the Chief Technical Advisor and guidance of the Head of Research, the Researcher and Coordinator will be providing support in coordinating all policy dialogues facilitated by CSI as well as providing research support needed in the development of public policies.

III. Functions / Key Results Expected

1. Support and coordinate Dialogue Forums & Expert Committees by liaising with members on needs identified by the group, research, reports, knowledge resource, membership participation, and planned activities.
2. Coordinate, liaise, and follow-up on communication between concerned parties, partners and members of Dialogue Forums and Expert Committees. This will include taking minutes of non-formal dialogue meetings, sharing all information in a timely fashion, support and respond to the needs of participants.
3. Participate and assist in the coordination of activities of Dialogue Forums and Expert Committees in the framework of each group’s terms of reference and the Common Space procedural principles.
4. Work closely with the Head of Research to provide knowledge resources and coordinate the provision of information in public policy dialogues, civil peace and consensus building initiatives of the Common Space.
5. Conduct research on public policies as directed by the Head of Research and support in the drafting of concept notes and TOR for commissioned research/external researchers.
6. Follow up with all external experts on the delivery of outputs in a timely matter and in a way that would meet the criteria set and quality standards
7. Provide support in expanding the network of experts and partners as needed to support all dialogue groups and consolidate knowledge provision and expertise.
8. Support the Head of Research and the Shared Knowledge Coordinator the development of all CSI publications
9. Support the Head of Research in the drafting of all needed reports including: dialogue reports, quarterly reports. Annual reports and other when requested.
10. Support the Head of Research on related tasks when needed
IV. Competencies

• Demonstrated conceptual and analytical ability.
• Excellent inter-personal skills and ability to resolve problems independently.
• Proven team worker’s skills.
• Demonstrates commitment to UNDP’s mission, vision and values.
• Displays cultural, gender, race, nationality and age sensitivity and adaptability.

V. Recruitment Qualifications

Education: University Degree (Bachelor or equivalent) or Graduate Degree (Masters or equivalent)  in Political Science, International Relations, Economics, Sociology, or related fields.
Experience: A minimum of 4 years of relevant work experience with a University Degree or 2 years with a Graduate Degree.
Language Requirements: Fluency in written and oral Arabic and English. Knowledge of French is a plus.

To apply : http://www.undp.org.lb/jobs/VacancyApply.cfm

good  luck!!!

Rita chemaly

 

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ABAAD-Resource Center for Gender Equality produced this wonderful short movie in which Syrian refugee  that are women, men and a little girl tell us about their hope of building a future of Peace!

I was moved by this short movie, and especially by the positive messages sent from all those brave women and this little girl who raised at the end a beautiful wish of seeing her grandma in a safer place! 

Refugees in Lebanon numerous, their life is super difficult eventhough many where hosted by their family members of extended family. This short movie highlights their hopes! 

Kuddos to Abaad Team!

Rita

Rita Chemaly

#IWD #IWD2016  

 “When fear and security determine the future”
“When the pen becomes the weapon for reconstruction”
“When the smile becomes a message of hope and peace”
“Voices against all odds”

Syrian refugee women and men in Lebanon raise their voices against alienation, fear, and violence, as they share their hopes and determination to build a safe future.

A short video by ABAAD about the experiences, hopes, and aspirations of Syrian refugees released on the occasion of International Women’s Day,
and marking five years since the beginning of the Syrian crisis which has had numerous repercussions on women, girls and men refugees in Lebanon

——————
ABAAD-Resource Center for Gender Equality

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I think it is a Brilliant Idea for the wishes card  worked by the Hakkik Daman Ayeltik Campaign, a campaign that aims to raise awareness of women and men related to the discriminations faced by women regarding social security law and especially the inequality that women in Lebanon still face in this law.

the picture below is for wishes for the new year, and it states that your right is to have your wishes come true!

therefore, I will use it to ask all our lebanese Parliament members to work hard on amending the law and ensure that men and women are equal in Lebanon!!!! especially in the Social Security Law!!!

w especially that the CEDAW international committee has recommended you to do soo very very recently!!!  🙂

Rita Chemaly

campaign for womenr rights Lebanon 2015 Rita Chemaly.jpg

For more information about the laws and the campaigns running related to social rights and especially in the social security law,

here are the 2 facebook pages

https://www.facebook.com/hakkikdamanik/

https://www.facebook.com/LebaneseNationalCampaignForWomenRightsWaynBadna/

 

Some of my previous posts about the same issue:

Small steps for gender equality, long road ahead in Lebanon

http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Mar-08/249615-small-steps-for-gender-equality-long-road-ahead.ashx

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2013/03/07/8-mars-womensday-et-au-liban-les-discriminations-qui-atteignent-les-femmes-sont-encore-nombreuses/

https://ritachemaly.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/droits-des-femmes-au-liban-2012-rita-chemaly-auteur-et-chercheure1.jpg

https://ritachemaly.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/droits-des-femmes-au-liban-conge-maternite-et-conge-paternite-par-rita-chemaly.jpg

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/10/12/en-avril-le-conseil-des-ministres-allonge-le-conge-maternite-a-10-semaines/

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/10/12/congratulations-lebanese-women-can-now-have-60-days-of-maternity-leave/

Members of Parliament we Want an Extension of the Maternity Leave In Lebanon 

NOW!

Maternity Leave In Lebanon is in the drawer of Parliament because of Political problems

March 21 is mother day but in Lebanon women are not treated fairly maternity leave is a must

en Avril Le Conseil des Ministres Allonge le Conge maternite a 10 semaines

Lebanese Mothers: Missing Their Babies … an article about maternity leave by C.Benoit

Le conge maternite au Liban en route vers la ratification finale

A step Forward to women’s rights … Maternity leave in Labor law is amended

 

 

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Dear readers anyone is interested in the call of proposal launched by KIP / AUB USAID project?

it covers:  15 research/data gathering projects.

Researchers, graduate students, and faculty based within civil society organizations, NGOs, academic institutions, think tanks and/or other related contexts working on relevant issues are encouraged to apply.

The project aims to  examine issues relating to gender and sexuality with the aim of positively contributing to the empowerment of women and other marginalized groups in Lebanon.

attached for you is the KIP project call for proposal with full details.

in brief: There will be 9 grants of $5,000 USD each which fund documentation projects where researchers gather information and data pertaining to gender and sexuality issues in public, judicial, legal, syndicated, private business, and civil society organizations. Additionally, there will be 6 grants of $10,000 USD each which fund theory-driven and knowledge-generating academic research projects.
We are seeking proposals that focus on either gathering data/information or generating knowledge relating to the following five thematic areas:
(1) Sexual Harassment and other forms of abusive behaviors or discrimination disproportionately targeting women and other marginalized groups at work, at school, in universities, and in other traditional or nontraditional structures in Lebanon.
(2) Barriers and facilitators affecting participation and representation of women and other marginalized groups at work, in government, in management and leadership as well as in other decision making roles in traditional or nontraditional structures in Lebanon.
(3) The current health and wellbeing practices and perceptions around of gender and sexuality in Lebanon.
(4) The next generation: the perceptions, attitudes and the current practices of youth and young adults in relation to gender equality and sexuality in Lebanon.
(5) Conceptual etymology and legal genealogy of gender, sexuality, and bodily rights in Lebanon.

 

The KIP Project is funded through a federal assistance award from the U.S. Department of State and under the direction of Associate Professor Charlotte Karam (Olayan School of Business, American University of Beirut). If interested, please send an email to the KIP Project Coordinator Ms. Zeina Mhaidly at zm32@aub.edu.lb.

 

Good luck to all!!!

Rita Chemaly

below is the full link to the PDF:

THE KIP PROJECT CFP. 2015-2016

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Today the National Commission for Lebanese women and UNFPA, worked hard on disseminating the Concluding observations published by the United Nations Committee on Lebanon. The concluding observations are a kind of ” findings”  that cover how each country is implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination, #CEDAW, this year these findings ” highlight positive developments ”  and most importantly highlight ”  main matters of concern and recommendations”.

UN committee give those observations after holding discussions with the government delegation and the NGOs of the country.

IMG-20151210-WA0011

The Last recommendation of this batch was already implemented by NCLW and UNFPA: Disseminating the observations widely! Picture taken by Rita Azzi 

 

This year the main area of concern were numerous:

I am listing their titles below:

  • Refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women\
  • Parliament
  • Withdrawal of reservations
  • Constitutional framework
  • Legislative framework
  • Access to Justice
  • National machinery for the advancement of women
  • Stereotypes
  • Violence against women
  • Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution
  • Participation in political and public life
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Women migrant workers in domestic service\
  • Women Palestine refugees
  • Health
  • Rural women
  • Marriage and family relations

as for the main areas of concerns: here is their translation to arabic for those who wish to get a quick look! (Lebanon cedaw Areas of concerns in arabic Rita Chemaly)

I am copy pasting for those who are interested in the Principal areas of concern and recommendations as they were published in the document of the UN #cedaw committee. 

Refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women

  1. The Committee commends the State party for the open border and reception policy that it has had for years regarding refugees from Palestine, Iraq and Syria, for hosting over 2 million refugees and its remarkable and sustained efforts to ensure the protection of refugees and asylum seekers. However, it takes note of the policy paper on Syrian displacement in Lebanon approved by the Council of Ministers on 23 October 2014 and the three main priorities for managing the displacement crisis. The Committee is concerned that the 1962 Law regulating the Entry, Stay and Exit to/in/from Lebanon does not distinguish between asylum seekers/refugees and migrants. The Committee is further concerned about the high number of reported cases of child, early and forced marriage among Syrian refugee women and girls and the lack of official data on this phenomenon, as well as on the number of stateless persons in Lebanon.
  2. The Committee recommends, in line with its general recommendation No. 32 (2014) on the gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women, that the State party:

(a)     In the implementation of its policy paper on Syrian displacement in Lebanon approved by the Council of Ministers on 23 October 2014, ensure that the principle of non-refoulement is upheld, including for women and girls in need of international protection, by ensuring access to its territory, establishing gender-sensitive asylum procedures, and including gender-based violence as a ground for asylum, in line with Articles 2 and 3 of the Convention;

(b)     Review the 1962 Law regulating the Entry, Stay and Exit to/in/from Lebanon, to distinguish between the protection needs of asylum seeking and refugee women on one hand and migrant women on the other hand;

(c)      Seek technical support for the establishment of a data collection system on incidents of gender-based violence against women, in particular sexual violence, and incidents of child, early and forced marriages of refugee women and girls, and provide victims with medical and psychosocial assistance and access to justice, in line with Article 2 of the Convention, and the Committee’s General Recommendation No. 33 (2015) on women’s access to justice;

(d)     Conduct a census to ascertain the number of stateless persons in its territory and take the necessary measures, provide them with civil registration documents and consider ratifying the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Additional Protocol, the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness;

(e)      Enlist and mobilize the support of the international community to share the economic burden and to provide for the needs of the refugee population, including resettlement and humanitarian admission opportunities and continue cooperating with UNHCR;

(f)      Adopt a national action plan to implement United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security, and ensure women’s participation at all stages of peace processes, in line with the Committee’s General Recommendation No. 30 (2013) on women in conflict prevention, conflict and post-conflict situations, and seek the support of the international community for the implementation of its obligations.

Implementation

  1. The Committee is fully aware of the efforts undertaken by the State party to adopt a legal and institutional framework protecting and promoting women’s rights. The Committee urges the State party to consider the recommendations contained in the present concluding observations as requiring a high priority for national mobilization and international support. The Committee urges the State party to promptly implement the present concluding observations by setting up a coordination mechanism with all relevant State institutions at all levels, the parliament and the judiciary, and the civil society, as well as with its international partners.

Parliament

  1. The Committee stresses the crucial role of the legislative power in ensuring the full implementation of the Convention (see the statement by the Committee on its relationship with parliamentarians, adopted at the forty-fifth session, in 2010). It invites the Parliament, to take all measures necessary to unblock the current institutional crisis and, in line with its mandate, to take the steps necessary for the implementation of the present concluding observations.

Withdrawal of reservations

  1. Notwithstanding the detailed explanations given by the delegation, the Committee remains concerned about the State party’s reluctance to withdraw its reservation to:

(a)     Article 9 (2), with a view to granting women equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children.. The Committee also notes with concern that the Council of Ministers repeatedly endorsed the discriminatory provision in Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality establishing that nationality is exclusively based on patrilineal descent;

(b)     Article 16 (1) (c), (d), (f) and (g) regarding equality in marriage and family relations.

  1. The Committee calls upon the State party to:

(a)     Withdraw its reservation made upon accession to the Convention regarding article 9 (2) and repeal Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality and adopt legislation ensuring women equal rights with men to confer their nationality to their foreign spouse and children;

(b)     Withdraw its reservation made upon accession to the Convention regarding article article 16 (1) (c), (d), (f) and (g).

       (c)           Initiate a dialogue with the leaders of religious sects communities and religious scholars, taking in consideration best practices in the region, with a view to overcome the resistance to the withdrawal of its reservations to the Convention.

Constitutional framework

  1. The Committee remains concerned that the Lebanese Constitution is still not in full conformity with the Convention and does not explicitly prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex. It is also concerned about the limited scope and applicability of the procedure for challenging laws on the basis that they are incompatible with the State party’s Constitution and its international legal obligations.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendations to include in the Constitution a provision defining and prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex, in line with article 2 (a) of the Convention (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, paras. 10 and 11 and A/60/38, para. 95 adopted in 2005) and to amend articles 9 and 10 of the Constitution to ensure gender equality in the context of religious freedom and sectarian diversity.

Legislative framework

  1. The Committee welcomes the initial review legislation containing discriminatory provisions against women by the State party but is concerned about the delays in adopting the required amendments. The Committee welcomes the amendment of the Criminal Code and the repeal of its Article 562. However, it is concerned about the remaining discriminatory criminal law provisions as well as personal status laws that discriminate against women within sects and between women across different sects. The Committee is also concerned about discriminatory provisions in labour, social security and municipal elections laws.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party expedite a comprehensive legislative review to ensure compatibility with the provisions of the Convention, and, upon resolution of the institutional crisis and the re-functioning of the government, urges it to amend or repeal all articles of the Criminal Code, personal status laws as well as labour, social security and municipal election laws that discriminate against women.

Access to Justice

  1. The Committee is concerned about the obstacles women face when accessing the justice system, in particular the lack of adequate legal aid services and the lack of knowledge and sensitivity of justice officials regarding women’s rights.
  2. The Committee in line with its general recommendation No. 33, on women’s access to justice, recommends that the State party:

(a)     Institutionalize systems of legal aid and public defence that are accessible, sustainable and responsive to the needs of women and ensure that such services are provided in a timely, continuous and effective manner at all stages of judicial or quasi-judicial proceedings, including alternative dispute resolution mechanisms;.

(b)     Take immediate steps, including capacity-building and training programmes for justice system personnel on the Convention and women’s rights , to ensure that religious courts harmonize their norms, procedures and practices with the human rights standards enshrined in the Convention and other international human rights instruments.

National machinery for the advancement of women

  1. The Committee regrets the institutional weakness, the limited status, the insufficient decision-making authority, human, technical and financial resources of the national machinery for the advancement of women and the obstacles faced concerning coordination and gender mainstreaming throughout all government bodies. The Committee is concerned about the low level of coordination between the gender focal points within the line Ministries with the Department of Women’s Affairs of the Ministry of Social Affairs. The Committee is also concerned about the limited and inadequate information provided on the implementation of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, para. 21) that the State party:

(a)     Give urgent priority to strengthen the institutional capacity of the national machinery for the advancement of women, and provide it with the mandate, decision-making power and human, technical and financial resources that are necessary to work effectively for the promotion of equality of women and men and the enjoyment of their human rights;

(b)     Institutionalize and strengthen the system of gender focal points in line Ministries and other public institutions in order to achieve an effective gender mainstreaming strategy throughout its policies and programmes;

(c)      Ensure coordination between the national machinery and its cooperation with civil society and women’s non-governmental organizations with a view to promote a participatory planning for the advancement of women.

(d)     Accelerate the implementation of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon by adopting a plan of action that clearly defines the competencies of national and local authorities regarding the National Strategy, and supported by a comprehensive data collection system to monitor its implementation.

Stereotypes

  1. The Committee is concerned about the discriminatory patriarchal stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family and the role of the media in overemphasizing the traditional role of women as mothers and wives or commodities thus undermining women’s social status and their educational and professional careers. The Committee notes with concern that the advertising sector persistently convey stereotyped and sometimes degrading images of women.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party take all measures necessary to raise awareness of the media and the advertising sector to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes, to ensure that women are not portrayed only as wives and mothers or commodities and to promote positive images of women as active participants in political, economic and social life.

Violence against women

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 293 of 7 May 2014 on the protection of women and other family members from domestic violence. However, the Committee notes with concern the absence in the law of an explicit reference to gender-based violence against women and of provisions specifically criminalizing marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour, and other harmful practices. It is also concerned that the law continues to maintain discriminatory provisions with regard to the criminalization of adultery and that it takes no precedence over customary and personal status laws. The Committee further regrets the lack of disaggregated data on the number of reports, investigations, prosecutions and convictions in cases of violence against women, including sexual harassment, domestic violence, assault and rape, including by security forces.
  2. The Committee urges the State party to:

(a)     Amend Law No. 293 on domestic violence, in line with the Committee’s general recommendation No. 19 (1992) on violence against women, to specifically criminalize gender-based violence against women, marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour, and other harmful practices;

(b)     Remove discriminatory provisions between women and men regarding adultery and ensure that Law No. 293 on the protection of women and other family members from domestic violence takes precedence over customary and personal status laws;

(c)      Collect data, disaggregated by sex, age, nationality and relationship between the victim and the perpetrator, on the number of reported cases of violence against women, of prosecutions, convictions and sentences imposed on perpetrators

(d)     Strengthen the legal, medical and psychological support to victims of violence against women;

(e)      Ensure that all allegations of sexual harassment are recorded and that all allegations of assault and rape, are duly investigated, prosecuted and sanctioned and that victims have access to appropriate redress, including compensation. Ensure that all allegations of assault and rape by members of the security forces are investigated by an independent judicial authority.

Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Anti-trafficking Law No. 164 of 2011 but notes with concern that the artist visa scheme of 1962 facilitates sexual exploitation of women migrant workers in the entertainment sector, and that the law no. 164 is not effectively being enforced, that it criminalizes victims and is without prejudice to the artist visa scheme. It is also concerned about the absence of an early identification and referral system for victims of trafficking who are frequently arrested, detained and deported without adequate protection and assistance for victims and weak coordination between government security, justice and social services as well as lack of cooperation with civil society.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)     Review and revise the artist visa scheme to ensure it is not misused for the sexual exploitation of women and take appropriate steps to decrease the demand side of prostitution;

(b)     Amend article 523 of the Criminal Code as necessary to ensure that victims of trafficking are not subjected to prosecution;

(c)      Provide mandatory gender-sensitive capacity-building for judges, prosecutors, border police, immigration authorities and other law enforcement officials to ensure the strict enforcement of the Anti-Trafficking Law by promptly prosecuting all cases of trafficking in women and girls and adequately punishing traffickers;

(d)     Ensure early identification and referral to protection of trafficking victims; and strengthen assistance to victims of trafficking, including by granting temporary residence permits to victims of trafficking irrespective of their ability or willingness to cooperate with the prosecution authorities and by providing them access to alternative income opportunities, respectively;

(e)      Provide victims of trafficking with adequate access to health care and counselling and strengthen those services by providing targeted training to social workers;

(f)      Ensure inter-agency coordination between government security, justice and social services to combat trafficking and strengthen cooperation with civil society.

 

Participation in political and public life

The Committee is concerned about the gross underrepresentation of women in public and political life; the lack of capacity-building for political parties and labour unions representatives on women’s rights and regrets that the draft law providing for a 30 per cent minimum quota for women’s representation on candidates lists of political parties for parliamentary elections was not adopted. It is concerned about the strong political resistance to the adoption of temporary special measures to effectively promote women’s equal participation in public and political life.

  1. The Committee recommends that the State party:

       (a)           Take all appropriate measures to increase the number of women in elected and appointed office at all levels, so as to comply with article 7 of the Convention;

(b)     Take concrete measures, including temporary special measures in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention, the Committee’s general recommendation no. 23 on women in political and public life and general recommendation no. 25 on temporary special measures, and to establish concrete goals and timetables in order to accelerate the increase in the representation of women in all spheres of public and political life;

(c)      Implement awareness-raising campaigns to highlight the importance to society as a whole of women’s full and equal participation in leadership positions in all sectors and at all levels and explain the purpose of introducing temporary special measures such as quotas as a necessary strategy for accelerating realization of women’s de facto equality..

Education

  1. The Committee notes the recommendation in the study by the National Committee for the Follow-up of Women’s Issues and the Centre for Educational Research and Development to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes in school books. However, the Committee is concerned that the State party’s has not taken effective steps to remove such stereotypes from school curricula and textbooks. It is also concerned about the lack of training for teachers on women’s rights and gender equality and limited career guidance encouraging women and girls to choose non-traditional career paths, in particular in the fields of science and technology.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party intensify its efforts in reviewing school curricula and textbooks to eliminate any stereotyped and patriarchal roles of women. It reiterates its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, para. 25) that the State party enhance training for teachers on gender, women’s rights and equality. The Committee further recommends that the State party give priority to eliminating traditional stereotypes and structural barriers that may deter girls from enrolling in traditionally male-dominated fields of study, such as science and technology, and step up efforts to provide girls with career counselling on non-traditional career paths including non-stereotypical vocational training.

Employment

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of Laws No. 266 and No. 267 of 15 April 2014 extending maternity leave in the public and private sectors to 10 weeks with full pay. However, the Committee is concerned about the lack of measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties women face in combining work and family responsibilities. The Committee is also concerned about women’s limited access to the formal labour market and about the absence of legislation criminalizing sexual harassment in the work place. The Committee is further concerned about the occupational segregation and the high percentage of women in low paid jobs as service sector workers and salespersons, administrative staff and mid-level professions as well as gender pay gaps.
  2. The Committee calls on the State party to:

(a)     Promote equal sharing of family and domestic responsibilities between women and men, including by introducing compulsory paternity or shared parental leave following childbirth;

(b)     Take measures, including temporary special measures in line with article 4 (1) of the Convention and General Recommendation No. 5 (1988) on temporary special measures, such as incentives for employers to recruit women, introduce flexible working arrangements and strengthen professional training for women, with a view to enhancing women’s access to the formal labour market;

(c)      Adopt legislation criminalizing sexual harassment in the work place;

(d)     Take concrete measures to address horizontal and vertical segregation including by promoting the equal participation of women in highly skilled jobs and senior management positions; providing counselling and placement, that stimulate their on-the-job career development and upward mobility in the labour market; stimulating the diversification of occupational choices by both women and men; encouraging women to take up non-traditional jobs, especially in science and technology, and men to seek employment in the social sector and providing women with access to effective job training, retraining, counselling and placement services that are not limited to traditional employment areas;

(e)      Take concrete measures to close the gap between women’s and men’s pay and to implement the principle of equal pay for work of equal value including by establishing a body responsible for conducting job evaluation schemes with gender-neutral criteria.

Women migrant workers in domestic service

  1. The Committee welcomes the various measures adopted by the State party to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers, including by issuing unified contracts, requiring employers to sign up to an insurance policy, regulating employment agencies, adopting a law criminalizing human trafficking, and integrating women migrant domestic workers in the Social Pact and the National Strategy for Social Development. However, the Committee notes with concern that these measures have proved insufficient to ensure respect for the human rights of women migrant domestic workers. The Committee is equally concerned about the rejection by the Ministry of Labour of the application of the National Federation of Labour Union to establish a Domestic Workers’ Union and the .absence of an enforcement mechanism for work contracts of women migrant domestic workers; limited access by women migrant domestic workers to health care and social protection; and the non-ratification of ILO convention No. 189. The Committee is concerned about the high incidence of abuse against women migrant workers in domestic service and the persistence of practices such as the confiscation of passports by employers, the maintenance of the “Kafala system” which puts workers at risk of exploitation and make it difficult for them to leave abusive employers; obstacles affecting domestic workers’ access to justice, including fear of expulsion, insecurity of residence during procedures. The Committee is deeply concerned about the disturbing reports of documented deaths of migrant domestic workers from unnatural causes, including suicide and falls from tall buildings and the failure of the State party to investigate into those deaths.
  2. The Committee, in line with its General Recommendation No. 26 (2008), on Women Migrant Workers, recommends that the State party:

(a)     Raise awareness among women migrant domestic workers of their human rights under the Convention, and monitor the work of employment agencies, including by establishing an enforcement mechanism to ensure that the same contracts are used in the State party and in countries of origin;

(b)     Expedite the adoption of the draft law regulating domestic employment with adequate sanctions for employers engaging in abusive practices and ratify ILO Convention No. 189 (2011) on decent work for domestic workers;

(c)      Abolish the “Kafala system” and ensure the effective access to justice, of women migrant domestic workers including by guaranteeing their safety and residence during procedures;

(d)     Promptly investigate, prosecute and sanction all reports of deaths of women migrant domestic workers from unnatural causes;

(e)      Take the measures necessary to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers including by approving the establishment of a Domestic Workers’ Union.

Women Palestine refugees

  1. The Committee is concerned about restrictions on the right to work of Palestine refugee women.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party review and amend its labour laws to ensure Palestine refugee women’s right to work, namely by providing them with access to the labour market in the State party.

Health

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the “Comprehensive Primary Health Care Package and Services” by the Ministry of Public Health in 2013, the establishment of primary health care centres throughout the State party and the progress achieved in reducing maternal mortality. The Committee is, however, concerned about the limited access of women and adolescent girls to sexual and reproductive health services in rural and remote areas in the State party. It is also concerned about insufficient monitoring of private health care providers, which offer most of the specialized health services for women. The Committee further notes with concern the high number of unsafe abortions due to the strict criminalization of abortion and the delay in introducing age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights at the primary, intermediate and secondary levels of education.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party provide comprehensive health services, in particular sexual and reproductive health services, in each region in relation to area and population size; take measures to adequately monitor the performance of private health care providers, and introduce age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health in the curricula at the primary, intermediate and secondary levels of education. The Committee also recommends that the State party legalize abortion at least in cases of threats to the life or health of the mother, rape, incest, and severe fetal impairment and that it increase women’s access to safe abortion and post-abortion care services.

Rural women

  1. The Committee welcomes the creation in 2008 of the National Observatory for Women in Agriculture and Rural Areas by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Committee notes with concern the lack of updated disaggregated data on women’s participation in the agricultural sector. It remains concerned about the exclusion of women agricultural seasonal workers from the protection of the Labour Code and the limited initiatives for women’s access to rural entrepreneurship through technical assistance, micro credit facilities and bank accounts.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation that the State party collect updated disaggregated data on women working in the agricultural sector, adopt legislation for the protection of women agricultural seasonal workers and strengthen the support for the entrepreneurial initiatives of women in the rural areas.

Marriage and family relations

  1. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)     Adopt an optional civil personal status law based on the principles of equality and non-discrimination and the right to choose one’s religious affiliation in order to protect women and alleviate their legal, economic and social marginalization;

(b)     Require religious sects to codify their laws and submit them to Parliament for review of their conformity with the Constitution and the provisions of the Convention; that it establish an appeals mechanism to oversee religious court proceedings and ensure that judgements of religious courts do not discriminate against women;

(c)      Set the legal minimum age for marriage at 18 years for girls and boys, in line with international standards, and takes the measures necessary to effectively prevent child marriage among rural girls.

 

 

in brief, in Lebanon, the long road ahead for equality is a process that needs many institutions to work hard , public administrations to make efforts, political will, working on behaviors, customs, and so much more!

the task is enormous? yes! but sooo many magnificient activists worked restlessly to have some positiveness in all this. We need to continue the struggle, and fight for #equal rights!!

Rita Chemaly

if you wish to download the full text of the concluding observations here is the word text:

CEDAW_Concluding observations on Lebanon 2015 Rita Chemaly

The source for the document is : http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/SessionDetails1.aspx?SessionID=970&Lang=en

‪#‎16DaysofActivism‬ ‪#‎GBVTeachin‬ ‪#‎womenlead‬ ‪#‎orangetheworld‬  ‪#‎EndGBV‬ ‪#‎16days‬ #16dayscampaign

 

 

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Yesterday at a restaurant serving lebanese food I was shocked a small boy of 7 to 8 years old maybe was serving on the tables.

He was offering narguileh (the famous smoking pipe very well-known in Lebanon), and drinks to us. Is that safe??  Also, I remembered that during the video-shooting of the prank organised by Sakker el Dekkeneh, a small boy of 12 years old followed me on the street to take a free “brevet” and “baccalaureat”. He didn’t understand that it was a prank against corruption in Lebanon, all what he wanted is a school diploma. When I asked why aren’t you at school, he said I have to work!

In Lebanon with the millions of refugees flying from Syria we are witnessing the high numbers of those working children. They are everywhere at the hairdresser, on some construction sites (which is not safe at all for them), at the restaurants, and in the streets!

The problem is that those young boys and girls are deprived from any opportunity to have an education!!! they are obliged to leave school and attend to their families welfare at a very early age!!

I don’t know which associations, NGOs or International Organisations  (other than what I have read on ILO webpage ) are working on that subject in Lebanon, but the issue needs to be adressed as a priority!!!

Rita Chemaly

Stop #Childlabour #Redcard #ILO

Stop #Childlabour #Redcard #ILO

 

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Oui, le Liban est une grande boutique ou tous vos droits peuvent être achetés et vendus.

La corruption régnE, et le maitre mot “ikramiyeh” “rachweh” = les tips!

La flash mob organisée la semaine dernière par Sakker el Dekkeneh a vendu dans les routes de Beyrouth tous genres de papiers administratifs importants “permis de conduire”, baccalauréat, brevet, permis de port d’armes, même des parties des trottoirs publics et des plages publiques ont été mis en vente!!

oui j’ai participe a la Flash Mob, oui j’ai été heureuse des réactions de plusieurs personnes qui m’ont dit: non nous on n’aime pas la corruption.

En espérant avoir plus de pareils citoyens,

c’est leur et Notre rôle de fermer la Boutique et les boutiques Libanaises.

Rita Chemaly

voila le lien de la flash mob: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qk6wYu_767c

rita chemaly activism against corruption

“Dekkeneh” en arabe signifie boutique qui vend de tous: épicerie, produits pharmaceutiques, cigarettes, ….

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Terms of Reference for a communication consultant for the PROWD project

(June – October 2014)

Background

Promoting Rights of Women Domestic Workers Programme (PROWD) aims to improve the situation of women migrant domestic workers (WMDWs) in Lebanon by ensuring favorable working conditions and a regulated environment that protects their rights. Specifically, this project constitutes the extension and consolidation of an initial phase that fits into a long-term intervention planned by the ILO at the regional level. This intervention will meet the priorities of regulation, monitoring of international labour migration and the protection of the rights of domestic workers. Activities vary among research, awareness raising, material production, technical meetings, and training. The pilot phase was led by the Ministry of Labour (MoL) in cooperation with ILO, other UN agencies, government institutions and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). During this preliminary phase, the basis for a larger action plan with specific institutional capacity building components was established. An institutional mapping exercise was carried out and gaps were identified, which informed the design and planning of the project activities.

In order to increase synergy in the production of material of the project, and the visibility of the activities which will have an impact on sensitizing the wider public on rights of WMDWs, a communication consultant is required to assist the project. Within the framework of the PROWD Project funded by EC, the consultant will be office based and work to support the project on specific communication deliverables listed in the Tasks section below.

Tasks

Specifically, the consultant will be tasked with:

– Develop, coordinate and support the implementation of the communications strategy for the extended period of the project.

– Monitor the dissemination of publications produced by the project, specifically the Workers Information guide, the board game, research reports and other publications.

– Coordinate the participatory newsletter of the Project, develop concept note, mainly to follow up on material and articles collection, coordinate translation and copy edit and design, as well as electronic dissemination.

– Compilation of press releases on issues relevant to Migrant domestic worker and news about the projects for the period of this contract.

– Contribute to the coordination and monitor visibility activities and events of the project mainly:

– Draft TORs for needed communication consultants like graphic designers and others.

– Draft Media advisory and Press release relevant to project events

– Invite and mobilize the media to cover project’s events

– Follow up on design work and printing of the following deliverables:

o SORAL code of conduct

o Migrant Domestic Workers recruitment guide

o Policy Briefs produced by the project

o Project leaflet/info graphic

o Sexual and Reproductive Health guide developed by UNFPA

o Teacher’s guide

Other tasks:

– Suggest initiatives to promote the projects’ results with national stakeholders and in national media and within the ILO in collaboration with the communication personnel at ILO/ROA.

– Contribute to the development of concepts and content of various communications products publications and other promotional or information materials.

– Support in editing communication material in Arabic and English;

– Translation of communication material into Arabic/English

– Ensure that all visibility material is in compliance with ILO and EU regulations.

– Coordinate with Communication units at ILO and EU on relevant communication issues, mainly press release and clearance on visibility and use of logos.

– Other related responsibilities as required by the NPC.

Working Relations

The consultant will be office based and work under the direct supervision of the National Project Coordinator, and will coordinate interventions with relevant staff members from the project and the communication team at the ILO/ROAs.

Timeline, Deliverables, and remuneration

The consultancy is expected to take place during the months of 27 June to 31 October 2014 for the lump sum of 16,500 USD.

Qualifications

The communication consultant is expected to have the following qualifications:

 Advanced university degree in Journalism/Mass Communications or related fields.

 At least 3-5 years of experience in working in the communication field with development organizations

 Practical experience in communications strategies and projects;

 In-depth knowledge and understanding of development issues and relevant work experience.

 Ability to analyze, plan, communicate effectively orally and in writing

 Knowledge and understanding of EU and ILO guidelines is an advantage

 Fluency in Arabic and English, orally and in writing.

 Computer literacy and ability to effectively use office technology equipment, IT tools.

Excellent interpersonal skills, solid judgment/ decision making, initiative and creativity.

 Team player.

 Ability to work under pressure and meeting deadlines

For those interested, contact Those send your references, resume and other relevant information to  mezher@ilo.org

the TORs in a PDF form are below:

ToR_PROWD_Communication Consultant_June_Oct 2014

 
 Good luck!!
Rita Chemaly

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ImageThe evolution of media and the progress of communication have made it easier than ever for young people to share their private information, pictures and other. More people are encountering the risk to be bullied when they share their private pictures, their statuses and their life.

Bullying occurs when a person or a group repeatedly and intentionally use or abuse their power to intimidate, hurt, oppress or damage someone else”.  Bullying can be physical, verbal, social, or on the cyber space.

On Social Media what we witness is a replication of the bullying done on the traditional media such as TV shows. Prime time comedies such as Wajdi w majdi in Lebanon are what we can categorize as social bullying. “Repeated mimicking,” “nasty pranks”, using homophobic or racist slurs damage the reputation of a whole community such as the LGBT.

Usually teenagers, children and communities that are bullied are “ill-equipped” and do not know how to respond.

In my opinion parents and teachers should clearly explain to their children and students the importance of the privacy settings of social networks , such as facebook.

With the progress of the education system in Lebanon and the use of tablets and internet since primary school, teachers and responsible should create groups of the children for them to put the norms of ethics. And a sharter of responsible use of the comment part of the social networks and platforms such as Facebook and twitter.

Moreover they need to talk to them and teach them to never post or say anything that they wouldn’t want the whole world to know. One day the boss may check the profile of a person. As the ex-girl friend of Mark Zuckeberg said in the movie of the social network: “the internet is written in Ink and not in Pencil.” What you post, send or publish can never be deleted, and can easily go viral so be aware!

Rita Chemaly

PS: I wrote this post after doing research for the episode of CASES that hosted me and my long time friend Hussein. .

TO WATCH the full episode: http://youtu.be/Vv960GiW85g

Below is the description published on You Tube: “The show CASES, produced by Aly Sleem and Shant Kerbabian and hosted by Shant Kerbabian, deals with human rights violations, regardless of any political affiliation and agenda. We stand by the oppressed people everywhere, so we aim at tackling their cases professionally from both humanitarian and legal perspectives. Our objective is to raise awareness and to speak out for those who have no voice

We were glad to host:

In our studio in Beirut: Rita Chemaly, Author and Researcher on Human Rights

Via Satellite from Beirut: Hussein Itany, Human Rights Activist and Advocacy Trainer”

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here we are, in a big Boutique, you can buy all what you want,

there are more from the #dekkentelbalad, for you here is the movie!!! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mb9D8ZaLE3g

http://youtu.be/mb9D8ZaLE3g

and its description below

Rita Chemaly

 

Image

 

 

 

Image

 

Corruption

 

 

“We all live in a prosperous ‘Dekkene’ which has a broad customer base, diversified merchandise, and branches all over the country. The gross ‘Dekkene’ revenue has exceeded 1.5 billion dollars per year, the equivalent of 10% of our GDP. This means that one-tenth of every person’s income is sucked away by corruption.
Sakker el Dekkene proposes an antidote to this virus: to hold public administrations accountable for lack of integrity and put pressure on politicians to initiate change and fight corruption. The initiative adopts a multi-tool and multidisciplinary approach that starts with the collection of corruption-related data through its website http://www.sakkera.com , smart phone App (iOS and Android), complaint boxes, and hotline +961 76 80 80 80 where people can report and help quantify instances of corruption in public administrations. The portal then collates incidents posted by citizens and highlights corruption trends. By doing so, the NGO wishes to raise public awareness, engage citizens in the process of change, trigger public debate, exert pressure on politicians, and lobby for genuine reform.

نعيش جميعاً في “دكانة” مزدهرة ذات قاعدة واسعة من الزبائن، وذات خدمات متنوّعة وجذابة متوفرة ضمن فروع عديدة منتشرة في كل البلد. اذ يتخطى إجمالي عائدات الدكانة الـ 1.5 مليار دولار أميركي في السنة، أي ما يعادل 10% من الناتج المحلي الإجمالي. ويعني ذلك أن عشر مدخول اللبناني ينفق على “فيروس الفساد”. وبناء على ذلك كلّه تقترح مبادرة “سكّر الدكّانة” إنشاء جبهة مواجهة تضم مسؤولين من الإدارات العامة للضغط على السياسيين بإتجاه فرض التغيير
.ومحاربة الفساد
تعتمد “سكّر الدكّانة” على مقاربة متعددة الوسائل بدءا بتكوين قاعدة معلومات عن الفساد من خلال (iOS و Android) وتطبيق الهواتف الذكية http://www.sakkera.comموقعها الإلكتروني وصناديق الشكاوى والخط الساخن 80 80 80 76 961+ حيث في إمكان المواطنين الإبلاغ عن حوادث الفساد في الإدارات العامة التي تقوم الجمعية بدورها بإحصائها. ويجمع الجدول من خلال ذلك الحوادث التي يعلن عنها المواطنون لقطات تسلط الضوء على الفساد، وترفع مستوى الوعي، وتشرك المواطنين في العمل باتجاه التغيير، وتحرّك النقاش العام، وتمارس الضغط على
.السياسيين وتزيد الطلب على الإصلاح الحقيقي

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Encore des discriminations, des discriminations en boucles!

Le parlement va “parait-il” re-etudier le projet de loi pour donner la nationalite libanaise a ceux qui sont d’origine Libanaise.

bon, voila un bon point pour les emigres de longue date, si j’oublie qu’un tel octroi ne se fait que pour une certaine balance communautaire.

mais encore plus le probleme est l’exception: ceux d’origine libanaise et qui ont droit a la nationalite sont seulement des Hommes!!! et non des femmes!!!

donc vos cousines, vos arrieres cousines, vos arrieres grands-meres, et leurs soeurs n’y ont pas droit, juste leur freres y ont droit!!

allons donc!!! mettons un gros zero au patriarcalisme, et aux societes retrogrades qui ne reconnaissent pas les femmes en tant que citoyennes pleines et entieres!!

ci-dessous le brief de la campagne ma nationalite est mon droit et celui de ma famille Image

!

Rita Chemaly

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rita chemaly activism against corruption and bribery in Lebanon fake diplomas rita chemaly activism against corruption and bribery in LebanonIMG-20140511-WA0007

free electricity, free diplomas, big fat awards form Lebanon, and the fashion is to take it from other countries too 🙂

have you witnessed the new tags on Beirut streets?

You can get your free brevet or bac, without “antiseches”, without even going to the exam…

the same for Driving license!!! who said euno “sa33abouwa”?? in Lebanon it is easy to get a driving license as a gift for your sweet 18!! 🙂

you want the nationality for your foreign kids “wlak” buy it from the dekkeneh, sooo easy, bring some cash and stop mobilizing and participating to all the protests to transmit it to your children…. bring your liras and dollars and get it 🙂

what else do you need? you will get! I need to build and take some few meters from the “trottoirs”, it is easy to get it from Dekkenet el Balad….

for you here are the latest pictures and you can call and get your grosseries from el Dekkeneh 🙂

Rita Chemaly

Citoyenne Libanaise

 

attention, par ce billet je n’ encourage absolument pas au manque d’ethique, mais met en lumiere une nouvelle initiative qui sera lancee au Liban pour dire non a la corruption et au clientelisme.

‪#‎Dekkenetelbalad‬   #دكانة_البلد  an initiative that can get you free driving licence in Lebanon, & free diplomas ! wayni el dawli?!! let us take a stand against ‪#‎bribery‬ and ‪#‎corruption‬ in ‪#‎Lebanon

Rita Chemaly

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Ouiii enfin, le gouvernement tunisien a annoncé le dépôt de la notification auprès du secrétaire général des Nations Unies, du retrait des réserves relatives à  la Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes la celebre (CEDAW).

La Tunisie avait ratifié cette convention en 1985 mais les réserves emises a la Conventions etaient nombreuses:  articles 9 (nationalité), l’article 15 (égalité devant la loi) et l’article 16 (droit matrimonial) .
Le Liban a adhere a la CEDAW, mais il a aussi emis des reserves qui le laissent Loin derriere entre les pays qui ne donnent pas leurs pleins droits aux femmes.

Pour ne citer que le droit des femmes libanaises a transmettre leur Nationalite a leurs enfants et maris (non nationaux) (sujet que je couvre amplement dans ce blog), les droits lies au mariage (aussi debattus dans ce blog), ( mariage, divorce, heritage, adoption…).

Rita Chemaly

pour plus d’infos sur la levee des reserves par la tunisie (bravo bravo) voila quelques liens:
Tunisie : Les réserves à la CEDAW enfin levées !  
Je Rêve : La Libanaise est citoyenne de « seconde classe » ?

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Finally a big compilation work was done and published and released!! All legislation related to women ( prepared, drafted, amended ) was compiled and categorised and published in one document.

Finally constituents can now ask their Member of Parliament of the status of each legislation that has not been studied neither voted!

Finally we Lebanese citizens can now know Which Member of Parliament has presented which law, draft law or project law.

the big data collection was undertaken by the NCLW and published in 2013. the compilation is available online for download at the E-portal Publication center http://e-portal.nclw.org.lb/getattachment/bfc56361-71c6-47b8-abf6-f342a330bc58/legal-study-final-PDF.pdf.aspx

For the researchers and activists and other interested in the topics here is a snapshot of the table of content :

For the others here is the pdf file you can download from here to : Legislation law draft law proposal related to women rights in Lebanon 2000 2013

 rita chemaly

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Pour mon anniv, nous sommes allés voir la nouvelle pièce de théâtre Al Tayfeh 19 ou la secte 19.

Comme vous savez au Liban il y a 18 confessions , chacune a son propre statut personnel ( a ce sujet voir mes posts precedents after death discrimination ; Non au système politique confessionnel; Laicite au Liban mon reve; Lebanese confessions… A “Tabouleh” that deepens the discrimination between the Citizens; CEDAW implementation in a confessional Lebanon ; Sectarianisme sur fond communautaire, retour a des assabiyas infertiles au Liban et dans les universites)

la piece de théâtre m’a décue:

j’ai trouvé que le jeu d’acteurs n’existe pas, je ne savais qui prenait la parole!! les textes avaient l’air d’etre lus et récités!

le play back encore une fois dans les pieces theatrales avec musique au Liban est une horreur a mon avis!!!!!

si j’ai bien aime le teasing voila le lien (Check out this short trailer of the play with Youssef El Khal:
http://ow.ly/vkbV6
 ),  les danses, le fait d’avoir vu Youssef el khal de pres, 🙂 le sujet en lui meme , comment la corruption est decrite, l’idee d’avoir un centre de rehabilitation pour les detenus, bref les idees comme ca, passent mais certaines phrases dites et redites m’ont ahurie!!

une chanson repetee a la fin aussi dit: “nehna hon ya zaim” “on est la monsieur le Leader”, quand va-t-on arreter de courir derriere les “zaims”??? et pourquoi les zaims dans cette piece se choisissent tous seuls?? et se nomment les uns les autres??? c’est la democratie?? Un des zaims de la piece est tué,  il choisi son successeur sur son lit de mort…. vu? revu???!!!

pire!! les militaires sont la solution!!! Quoi???!!! on prone un coup d’état militaire comme solution au confessionalisme??!!!

attention a un certain moment de la piece : les balais etaient distribués comme arme, mais quelques temps plus tard, de vrais armes ont ete distribuées a des personnes qui voulaient faire une revolution “pacifique” : je vous donne des armes, mais attention ne les utilisez pas !!! quoi!?!?!!?

aussi, l’histoire de la fuite vers chypre??? quelle valeur ajoutee a la piece? dire que les libanais emigrent? lol on ne le savait pas!

bref, a tous ceux qui ne l’ont pas encore vue, allez voir cette piece, mais ne vous attendez pas a plus que du nationalisme exacerbe, et une histoire decevante!

la solution:  ajouter une confession aux 18?!!!!!

voila le lien de la page facebook.

https://www.facebook.com/Tayfeh19Image

 

 

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« On a gagné ! Je suis très contente, je viens d’avoir un enfant et vraiment, 49 jours de congé maternité ne suffisent pas à la mère pour se remettre physiquement et psychologiquement de la grossesse et de l’accouchement, apprendre à connaître son enfant, allaiter… C’est un grand pas pour la femme libanaise qui travaille, mais aussi pour l’enfant et l’ensemble de la famille ! »

Après trois ans de bataille, Rita Chemaly, consultante pour le développement des projets à la Commission nationale pour les droits de la femme, ne peut contenir sa joie : les députés ont voté mercredi dernier en session plénière deux propositions de loi : l’une amende l’article 38 de la loi 112 allongeant le congé maternité des employées du secteur public de 60 à 70 jours, l’autre amende les articles 28-29 du code du travail en étendant la durée du congé maternité de 49 jours à 10 semaines (soit 70 jours consécutifs), payés à salaire complet. Toutes les Libanaises, quel que soit leur employeur, bénéficient désormais d’un congé de 70 jours payés à plein salaire. Les lois entreront en vigueur dès leur publication au Journal officiel, soit mardi ou jeudi au plus tard.

C’est en 2011 que la Commission nationale pour les droits de la femme s’engage pour l’extension du congé maternité. L’association lance à cette époque, en partenariat avec de nombreuses associations pour le droit des femmes, une campagne nationale pour amender les lois qui ont un impact économique négatif sur les femmes. Intitulée Wayn Ba’dna (on en est encore là), la campagne vise à assurer l’égalité de la femme vis-à-vis de l’homme au niveau de la Sécurité sociale et des impôts notamment. L’extension du congé maternité fait partie des mesures prônées. « Un congé maternité trop court constitue une discrimination pour les femmes car elles peuvent hésiter à avoir des enfants de peur de perdre leur emploi », explique Rita Chemaly.

« Nous avons rédigé une proposition de loi en nous basant sur les dispositions des textes internationaux (Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes (Cedaw), le Pacte international relatif aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels) et nous sommes allés voir deux députés, Gilberte Zouein, présidente de la commission des Droits de la femme, et Michel Moussa, président de la commission des Droits de l’homme, afin de leur soumettre notre proposition de loi. Nous avons ensuite suivi de très près le travail des commissions parlementaires, nous avons écrit au président de la Chambre Nabih Berry pour qu’il mette la proposition de loi à l’ordre du jour de l’agenda de l’Assemblée nationale. » Et s’il a fallu autant de temps pour que la loi soit votée en assemblée plénière, c’est à cause de problèmes d’ordre politique, le Parlement ne s’étant pas réuni pendant des mois, précise l’activiste.

S’il s’agit incontestablement d’une victoire pour la Libanaise, cette extension du congé maternité reste insuffisante au regard des normes internationales et le Liban fait toujours figure de mauvais élève en matière de protection de la maternité au travail. D’après les chiffres de l’Organisation internationale du travail (OIT, 2012), 85 % des pays du monde ont instauré un congé maternité d’au moins 12 semaines. 98 % des pays d’Europe et de la CEI ont un congé maternité de 14 semaines et plus, et presque 2/3 de ces pays en offrent plus de 18 semaines. À l’opposé, 90 % des pays arabes du Moyen-Orient ont un congé maternité de moins de 12 semaines. Quelques exemples : France : 16 semaines, Norvège : jusqu’à 57 semaines, Brésil : 17 semaines, Tunisie : 30 jours, Arabie Saoudite : 10 semaines, Syrie : 17 semaines.
La durée de 10 semaines adoptée la semaine dernière au Liban reste bien en deçà des normes internationales que prône notamment l’OIT. « La convention (n° 183) sur la protection de la maternité prévoit un congé maternité de 14 semaines. Bien que le Liban n’ait pas signé cette convention, il faut qu’il se rapproche de cette norme. Nous n’avons pas voulu revendiquer les 14 semaines directement pour ne pas que les organismes économiques s’opposent frontalement à l’extension. Nous avons préféré procéder étape par étape », détaille Rita Chemaly. Contrairement à la France où c’est la Sécurité sociale qui couvre, au Liban, c’est l’employeur qui assure le paiement des salaires pendant le congé maternité.

Pour autant, la bataille n’est pas finie. « Maintenant, nous allons lutter pour un nouveau rallongement du congé maternité et la création d’un congé paternité payé entièrement. Ça, c’est ma campagne personnelle, car le père est partie intégrante de l’éducation des enfants », affirme Rita Chemaly.

Un article par Anne ILCINKAS | OLJ

http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/862067/lextension-du-conge-maternite-une-victoire-pour-la-libanaise-mais-encore-bien-en-deca-des-normes-internationales.html

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ImageAbaad a publie hier son etude sur les perceptions relatives aux droits des femmes. J’ai commence a la lire en diagonale et je trouve que les resulats sont tres interessants.

l’Etude est le resultat d’une enquete sur plusieurs niveaux: la distribution des roles entre hommes et femmes au sein de la famille,

la violence faite aux femmes, le viol conjugual, les droits inherants au mariage notamment le droit des femmes a transmettre leur nationalite enfin les droits des femmes agees.

l’Etude financee par World Vision est en arabe. Des que Abaad la publie en une autre langue je la partagerais aussi!

a tous les etudiants, activistes dans le domaine des droits des femmes cette etude peut etre d’une grande aide.

Rita Chemaly

Auteure et chercheure en sciences politiques

pour telecharger l’etude en langue arabe voila le lien pdf direct : http://abaadmena.org/userfiles/file/Resources/VPOO.pdf

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As a consultant for the National Commission for Lebanese Women, Rita Chemaly is  expertly acquainted with the complexities inherent to the fight for women’s  equality rights in Lebanon – but last July she faced a personal  struggle.

At seven-months pregnant, she was one of many expectant mothers  waiting for Parliament to approve key amendments to the national labor law that  would extend maternity leave to 70 days, over the legally allotted 49 .

Chemaly identified the draft law to criminalize family violence and amendments  to ensure equal citizenship as the most pressing, and regrettably, subject to  the vagaries of personal status and sectarian politics.

While the debate  about domestic violence centers on religious opposition, the one raging over  amending the citizenship law is a thornier and overtly political affair, as  opponents argue it is incompatible with Lebanon’s confessional  system.

“This proves that the law is discriminatory in its origin and has  nothing to do with the concerns about and fears of Palestinian settlement in  Lebanon,” she said in the study.

Read more:  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Mar-08/249615-small-steps-for-gender-equality-long-road-ahead.ashx#ixzz2w0ppzjDY

thank you Samya  Kullab for your articles covering lebanese women struggle in their fight for their rights!

 

Rita

The  Daily Star

Read more:  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Mar-08/249615-small-steps-for-gender-equality-long-road-ahead.ashx#ixzz2w0qZosr9 (The Daily Star :: Lebanon News ::  http://www.dailystar.com.lb)

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I was glad to be once again the host of Etijah show “Cases”, in which we tackled the recurrent problem of Human trafficking in the region.

After explaining and defining what  is Human trafficking and observing what are the Human trafficking forms in the region,  you will discover that during the episode the other host Mrs Hariri and I, did not convene on the matter of the migrant domestic workers in the region. For me I couldn’t but define the migrant Workers as specific subjects to clear Human Trafficking.

I remember that back in 2011, I blogged about how the Lebanese parliament passed and approved an  Anti-Trafficking Legislation by that amended the Lebanese penal code and criminal procedures to specifically address the crime of trafficking in persons. here is the link to my September 2011 post related to Human trafficking https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2011/09/05/anti-trafficking-law-approved-in-lebanon/

Again I repeat: Human trafficking is the trade of human, human trafficking is the fact of threating,  Forced labor is a form of human trafficking, removal of organ is a form of human trafficking,  mobilizing children as child soldiers is trafficking, threating the migrant worker, locking her in the house, confiscating her/his passport, is a form of Human trafficking.

All governmental institutions (related Ministries, related administrations, police, parliament, …) with the help of non-governmental institutions such as NGOs, schools, media should work on preventing Human trafficking in Lebanon, especially with the recurrent Syrian Crisis and the preeminent problem of child marriages that we are witnessing!

Rita Chemaly

here is the definition by the protocol to prevent and suppress Human trafficking : Article 3, paragraph (a) of the    Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as    the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs .”

the show can be watched on You Tube via this direct link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mT10ZlXeoWA 

below is the description of the show on You tube:

 Published on Mar  4, 2014

The show CASES, produced by Aly Sleem and Shant Kerbabian and hosted by Shant Kerbabian, deals with human rights violations, regardless of any political affiliation and agenda. We stand by the oppressed people everywhere, so we aim at tackling their cases professionally from both humanitarian and legal perspectives. Our objective is to raise awareness and to speak out for those who have no voice
We were glad to host: In our Studio: Ms. Diana Hariri, Activist and General Coordinator of Human Rights Center, LIU

Via Satellite from Beirut:Dr. Rita Chemaly, Author and Human Rights Activist

rita chemaly expert talking about human trafficking in the middle east

 

 

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Un juge libanais dans le Metn n’a pas utilise l’horrible article 534 du code penal

Youpi!!! enfin un homme de droit sensé!!

quand un ami juge m’a raconté l’histoire il y a quelques jours je ne l’ai pas cru, mais Youmna dans le Legal agenda explique comment le juge a statué et relate toute l’histoire et a publie le jugement!!

et jl’ai bien dit aujourdu’hui est une belle journee ensoleillee au Liban!!

bravo ce premier pas Monsieur le Juge Dahdah, a quand la police, les forces de l’ordre et la société vont arrêter de stigmatiser, stéréotyper et criminaliser l’homosexualité au Liban???

Ci dessous le lien de l’article paru dans le legal agenda http://www.legal-agenda.com/article.php?id=676&folder=articles&lang=ar#.Uxg_001WFol et voilale lien du jugement !!! http://www.legal-agenda.com/images/articles/1394018421-حكم.pdf ce qui est interessant c’est que le Liban a reconnu sa “gender identity”

et je ne peux que repeter ce que Gino a bien conclu dans son post a ce sujet” To everyone still not ok with all of this, please, just remember, who the fuck are you to have a say in other people’s lives when it doesn’t affect you? Mind your own business and stop worrying what gays, lesbians, transgender and other gender minorities do with their lives, their bodies and who they choose to love. “

voila!! c’est dit! 🙂

trop contente!! belle journee!!

Rita Chemaly

أندروجين” أمام القضاء الجزائي اللبناني: حكم ثان لإعادة تعريف المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة

يمنى مخلوف

من ارشيف المفكرة القانونية

في بدء التكوين كان آدم، أول الرجال، وكانت حواء أولى النساء، ولكنه وفقا” لأفلاطون، قبل آدم وقبل حواء، كان أندروجين، كائن مكتمل، يمتلك جنس الذكر وجنس الأنثى معا”، أعضاؤه التناسلية مزدوجة، إلا أنه بعدما اشتد غروره وتجرّأ على مهاجمة الآلهة، عوقب فشطر الى جزئين، ذكر وأنثى.   بتاريخ 28/1/2014، أصدر القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في جديدة المتن ناجي الدحداح حكماً بتبرئة متحوّلة جنسياً، بعدما تم الادعاء عليها على أساس أنها تقيم علاقات مع ذكور. وقد شكل هذا الحكم مؤشراً هاماً جداً، ليس فقط على صعيد التعامل مع متحولي الجنس ولكن أيضاً على صعيد تفسير المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات الخاصة بمعاقبة المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة، والتي غالباً ما استُخدمت لمعاقبة العلاقات المثلية. ومن المعلوم أن المادة المذكورة طرحت في السنوات الأخيرة إشكاليات متنوعة في الوسط القضائي تمحورت حول معنى العبارات المستعملة فيها، فمنهم من رفض تجريم العلاقات المثلية على أساسها، ومنهم من فسّر المادة على أنها تجرّم هذا النوع من العلاقات[1].   وقائع الدعوى: شخص وُلد مع أعضاء تناسلية مشوّهة وغير مكتملة، أي أن أعضاءه التناسلية لا تسمح بتحديد انتمائه الجنسي الذكري أو الأنثوي، تسجل في سجلات الأحوال الشخصية على أنه ذكر، إذ لا وجود لأي خانة ثالثة في قيود الأحوال الشخصية، والفرد يصنّف عند ولادته إلزامياً بالذكر أو الأنثى. لكنه لطالما شعر بميل كبير ليصبح امرأة بسبب الهرمونات الأنثوية في جسمه، ما أدى به الى الخضوع في التسعينيات الى عمليات جراحية من استئصال للعضو الذكري وزرع رحم اصطناعي. وعلى أثر علاقاته الجنسية مع الذكور، تم توقيفه والادعاء عليه أمام القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في جديدة المتن وقد شكلت هذه الملاحقة على حد علمنا الحالة الأولى لمحاكمة متحوّل جنسي أمام القضاء الجزائي، علماً أن القضاء المدني قد سبق له أن استجاب لطلبات عديدة مقدمة من متحوّلي جنس لتصحيح قيودهم في سجلات الأحوال الشخصية[2]. تبعاً لذلك، طُرح على القاضي سؤال أساسي بشأن مفهوم المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة.هل هي المجامعة التي تتم بين شخصين ينتميان الى الجنس الواحد؟ وفي حال الإيجاب، كيف يتم تحديد هذا الجنس والهوية الجنسية؟ هل هي الهوية المعتمدة في الأوراق والسجلات، أم هي الهوية البيولوجية، أو لربما الهوية النفسية، أو يا ترى الهوية الاجتماعية؟ وما مدى حرية الشخص في تحديد هويته الجنسية وفي ممارسة العلاقات الجنسية؟   ينطلق القاضي في تحليله بادئ ذي بدء من هوية الشخص المتهم كما أُدرجت في سجلات النفوس فيشير اليه بالذكر. إلا أنه يرافق الشخص منذ ولادته لغاية تاريخ الحكم: وعليه، وبعد أخذه بعين الاعتبار تطوّر الشخص اجتماعياً ونفسياً وخارجياً، يتراجع القاضي عن تصنيفه الأولي المسند الى ظاهر سجلات النفوس فيعود ويشير الى المتهم بمفردات لغوية مزدوجة عبر تعريفه له بـ”المدعى عليه(ا)”، مشدداً بذلك على هوية جنسية مزدوجة، معقدة وعميقة، لا يمكن وضعها في خانة ذكر أو أنثى، فتظهر لنا للمرة الأولى على الصعيد القانوني هوية ثالثة تشمل الذكر والأنثى، وتكرّس حرية الشخص في الانتماء الجنسي وإن لم يدخل في إطار الفئات المعتمدة في المجتمع.   وإن هذا التمنع له بالطبع ارتدادات مهمة على صعيد المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات. فتحييد الجنس كعنصر لتطبيق هذه المادة، والارتكاز على “الشكل الخارجي” والتصرفات الاجتماعية والشعور النفسي من شأنه إعادة النظر بتجريم العلاقات بين المثليين. إذ إنه في ظل عدم اعتماد الانتماء الجنسي كعامل لتطبيق المادة، لا يمكن تعريف المجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة سنداً لهذا الانتماء عبر تفسيرها على أنها تشمل العلاقات بين الأفراد المنتمين الى الجنس نفسه.   هذه القراءة للحكم تؤكدها الخلاصة التي وصل اليها الحكم بإبطال التعقبات لارتكاب جنحة المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات لانتفاء عناصرها الجرمية، عملاً بالمبدأين الآتيين:   أولا: مبدأ عدم التوسع في تفسير النص الجزائي. في هذا المجال، يذكّر الحكم “أن المشترع لم يحدد مفهوماً واضحاً للمجامعة على خلاف الطبيعة” وأنه في غياب هذا التعريف، يستعيد القاضي سلطة تقديرية لتفسير النص، على أن تفسير النص في المادة الجزائية يتجه نحو الحصر نظراً لما قد يؤدي التوسع في التفسير الى تقييد للحريات الفردية. من هذا المنطلق، يذهب الحكم الى تعريف حصري لمفهوم “الخلاف للطبيعة” حيث إنه يؤكد أن “الأشخاص المصابين بحالة الاضطراب في الهوية الجنسية (…) وإن شذوا عن القاعدة وخرجوا عن المألوف، فهم يبقون من ولادة الطبيعة التي لم يخرجوا إلا منها”، مذكّراً بأن الخروج عن المألوف لا يعني الشذوذ وأن الطبيعة لا تعرّف بسلوك الأكثرية. ومن هذه الجهة، يتميز الحكم بنظرته للطبيعة الإنسانية معيداً بذلك أصداء الحكم الصادر عن القاضي المنفرد الجزائي في البترون بتاريخ 2-12-2009 الذي جاء فيه حرفياً “أن الإنسان هو جزء من الطبيعة وأحد عناصرها، فلا يمكن القول عن أي ممارسة من ممارساته أو عن أي سلوك من سلوكه أنه مخالف للطبيعة حتى ولو كان سلوكاً جرمياً لأنها هي أحكام الطبيعة”. وتجدر الإشارة هنا الى ما ذهب اليه الحكم لجهة أن مفاهيم القانون الجزائي تستقل عن مفاهيم الأديان السماوية مفادها، فضلاً عن اعتماد القاضي على معايير علمانية مستقلة، تحرير السلوكيات الاجتماعية، خاصة الجنسية منها، من قيود الأهداف التناسلية للعلاقات الجنسية.    أما المنطلقات الثانية التي استند اليها الحكم، فمفادها “ما كرّسه الدستور اللبناني وشرعة حقوق الإنسان لجهة وجوب ضمان المساواة بين الأفراد في المجتمع وصون حريتهم الشخصية، خصوصاً عندما لا تؤدي هذه الحريات الى الإضرار بالغير. وبالطبع، لهذه المبادئ أبعاد تتعدى متحولي الجنس لتشمل المثليين، حيث إن المحكمة الأوروبية لحقوق الإنسان قد سبق لها أن استندت الى المبادئ نفسها لإدانة الدول التي تجرّم علاقات المثليين[3] وقد أشار الحكم موضوع التعليق في هذا الإطار الى “قرار مجلس حقوق الإنسان الصادر بتاريخ 17 حزيران 2011 الذي لحظ بوضوح، لأول مرة، إجراءات لمواجهة الانتهاكات والتمييز تجاه الأشخاص بسبب ميلهم الجنسي وهويتهم الجنسية، وإن كان غير ملزم للبنان”.   أخيراً، لا بد من التشديد على أن معضلة المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات ليست بهاجس يحصر بمثليين ومتحولي الجنس، فالحديث عن تجريم كل مجامعة خلافاً للطبيعة يثير مسألة مدى حرية الأفراد أياً كان ميلهم الجنسي في تنظيم علاقاتهم الخاصة خارج إطار الزواج، وفق ما يرونه مناسباً، دون أي تمييز كان. إذ إنه على الرغم من أن القانون اللبناني لا يعاقب المساكنة غير الزوجية في لبنان بصورة مباشرة، إلا أنه عبر التمييز بين الحقوق الإرثية للأولاد الناتجين من علاقة زوجية وأولئك الناتجين من علاقة خارج إطار الزواج، يعود ويعاقبها وإن بصورة غير مباشرة.   وإلغاء المادة 534 من قانون العقوبات حجر أساس لصد التعديات غير المحقة في خصوصية الفرد. والحكم موضوع التعليق يرسم لنا مع سابقه المشار اليه أعلاه الاتجاه الذي يقتضي سلوكه.
نشر في العدد الرابع عشر من مجلة المفكرة القانونية     المزيد عن الحكم على الرابط ادناه

[1]وحيد الفرشيشي ونزار صاغية، العلاقات المثلية في قوانين العقوبات: دراسة عامة عن قوانين الدول العربية مع تقريرين عن لبنان وتونس. [2]يمنى مخلوف، قضاة الأساس يجتهدون: لمتخالطي الجنس أن يصححوا قيد جنسهم في سجلات النفوس، المفكرة القانونية، 26 ايلول 2011. [3] Diane Roman, Fasc. 640 : droit au respect de la vie privée, du domicile et de la correspondance, 2007 : « Réfutant que la protection de la morale puisse justifier des poursuites pénales, la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme a affirmé que “ du point de vue de la proportionnalité, les conséquences dommageables que l’existence même des dispositions législatives en cause peut entraîner sur la vie d’une personne aux penchants homosexuels, comme le requérant, prédominent aux yeux de la Cour sur les arguments plaidant contre tout amendement au droit en vigueur. L’accomplissement d’actes homosexuels par autrui et en privé peut lui aussi heurter, choquer ou inquiéter des personnes qui trouvent l’homosexualité immorale, mais cela seul ne saurait autoriser le recours à des sanctions pénales quand les partenaires sont des adultes consentants”. La protection de la vie privée fournit un cadre général interdisant à l’État de s’immiscer, sauf justification suffisante fournie par le risque de nuire à des individus vulnérables ou par des répercussions sur la collectivité (CEDH, 22 oct. 1981, Dudgeon c/ RU : GACEDH, PUF, 2005, p. 410, F. Sudre et al. – V. aussi, CEDH, Modinos c/ Chypre, série A. 259, 22 avr. 1993. – CEDH, ADT c/ RU, 31 juill. 2000 : RTDH 2002, p. 345, note M. Levinet – Solution identique dans C. suprême États Unis, 26 juin 2003, n° 02-102, John Geddes Lawrence and Tyron Garner petitioners v. Texas. – V. D. Borillo (dir.), Homosexualités et droit, Les voies du droit : PUF, 1999) ».

Les autres articles sur le meme sujet:

l’article en anglais : Lebanon shows love for LGBT, reverses same-sex law in landmark case http://www.albawaba.com/editorchoice/lebanon-gay-558913

L’homosexualité au Liban dans l’attente d’une décriminalisation et d’une acceptation au Liban, un pays du Moyen Orient ou les normes patriarcales et religieuses priment

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/09/07/lhomosexualite-au-liban-dans-lattente-dune-decriminalisation-et-dune-acceptation-dans-un-pays-ou-les-normes-patriarcales-et-religieuses-priment-par-rita-chemaly/

Homosexuel? des tests de la honte au Liban…

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/03/28/la-religion-et-lhomosexualite/

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