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Archive for August, 2014

Le Liban prépare une loi inédite au Moyen-Orient contre les mariages précoces

Par AFP, publié le 26/08/2014 à 17:27, mis à jour le 27/08/2014 à 06:27

Baalbek (Liban) – A 13 ans, Samiha a quitté l’école et la pièce qu’elle partageait avec dix personnes, près de Baalbek dans l’est du Liban pour s’installer sous une tente avec son mari.

Un couple se tenant par la main lors de ses noces à Saïda, dans le sud du Liban, le 30 septembre 2010

afp.com/Joseph Eid

C’est son père qui a décidé du mariage avec un vitrier de 41 ans, originaire comme eux de la région de Qoussair, au centre de la Syrie.

Je n’ai rien ressenti, je n’avais pas le choix“, dit-elle. “Le premier soir quand je l’ai suivi dans la chambre j’étais terrorisée, je n’arrivais pas à bouger“.

Cette nuit-là, sans avoir jamais entendu parler de sexualité, elle est tombée enceinte. “Je suis malheureuse mais je dois accepter cette vie“, explique cette jolie blonde aux yeux verts, âgée aujourd’hui de 15 ans et déjà deux fois maman.

Pour lutter contre ces unions précoces, phénomène largement aggravé par l’afflux de réfugiés syriens, le Liban prépare une loi unique dans le monde arabe.

Nous avons rédigé le premier projet qui règlemente le mariage des mineurs“, explique à l’AFP Me Fadi Karam, le secrétaire général de la Commission nationale de la femme libanaise (CNFL), l’institution officielle des droits de la femme au Liban.

Dans ce petit pays aux 18 communautés, ce sont les tribunaux religieux et non civils qui régissent le statut personnel et définissent l’âge de nubilité de leurs fidèles. Pour les musulmans, il est de 18 ans chez les garçons et de 14 à 17 ans chez les filles. Pour les chrétiens, l’âge varie entre 16 et 18 ans chez les garçons et de 14 à 18 ans chez les filles.

Mais les familles peuvent obtenir auprès du tribunal religieux une dérogation autorisant le mariage plus tôt“, explique l’avocat.

– Une bouche en moins à nourrir –

L’âge pour les filles peut être ainsi abaissé à 9 ans chez les musulmans qui représentent les deux tiers de la population libanaise.

Pour une meilleure protection des enfants, il faut une complémentarité entre les autorités religieuse et civile“, assure Me Karam.

Selon une source proche du dossier, le juge des mineurs devrait être consulté pour les dérogations. S’il refuse, cela n’annulera pas le mariage mais la famille et celui qui a prononcé le mariage devront payer une amende.

Ce projet de loi doit être présenté au Parlement libanais mais celui-ci, qui doit avant tout élire un président de la République, est paralysé par les divisions politiques.

Il n’existe aucune statistique sur les mariages précoces, mais ils se pratiquent surtout dans les régions rurales du Akkar (nord) et de la Bekaa (est).

C’était un phénomène marginal tant au Liban qu’en Syrie, mais depuis la guerre dans le pays voisin, marier une fille signifie une bouche en moins à nourrir“, explique Jihane Latrous, spécialiste de la protection des enfants à l’Unicef. Les familles ont aussi peur que leurs filles soient agressées dans la promiscuité des camps de réfugiés.

Il s’agit d’un trafic. On marie les jeunes filles contre de l’argent ou un loyer,” s’insurge Rita Chemaly, une responsable du CNFL, en citant le cas d’une fillette vendue 3.000 dollars.

 – Unions funèbres –

 “Nous sensibilisons d’abord sur la santé“, explique Sabah Al Hallak, militante syrienne qui a fait annuler plusieurs mariages d’adolescentes grâce à sa campagne d’information dans la Bekaa.

Je leur raconte le cas d’une femme que j’ai connue: elle a marié sa fille et la petite est morte en couches à 14 ans“, décrit la militante syrienne.

Dans de nombreux cas, les grossesses précoces se terminent pas la mort de la mère et de l’enfant.

Selon Mme Chemaly, la majorité des mariages précoces sont aussi synonymes de déscolarisation, de violence et de traumatismes liés à la nuit de noces souvent vécue comme un viol.

Némo, une Libanaise de 13 ans, se dit heureuse d’avoir épousé Ahmad, 22 ans, cultivateur de pommes et de haschisch à Yammouné, dans les contreforts du Mont Liban.

C’était mon choix et je suis très heureuse. Je voulais avoir des enfants le plus tôt possible pour pouvoir grandir avec eux“, explique-t-elle assise dans sa maison cossue avec son fils et sa fille.

Par

Source de l’article: http://www.lexpress.fr/actualites/1/monde/le-liban-prepare-une-loi-inedite-au-moyen-orient-contre-les-mariages-precoces_1570628.html

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What Aliaa Magda Elmahdy has done by publishing a picture of herself “menstruating ” with another one “defecating” on an ISIS flag is in my opinion neither beautiful, nor powerful nor empowering .

I am so sorry to say that the picture is disgusting,

to mobilise against ISIS, in my humble opinion we need to work on education, and socialisation since the beginning and the birth of each Child.

I know that ISIS and their rebarbative ideas and actions of robbing, murdering, killing, raping are a true horror, but I don’t think the picture of Aliaa might change anything!

instead these actions might be more productive! http://www.coptstoday.com/Hot-Issues/Detail.php?Id=81670

here is Al Arabiya coverage of the story

http://english.alarabiya.net/en/variety/2014/08/26/Egyptian-female-activist-defecates-on-ISIS-flag-.html

Rita Chemaly

the picture is cropped and taken from this post "Women’s Rights Activists Bleed and Defecate on ISIS Flag to (Apparently) Protest Islamic State’s Misogyny" http://www.patheos.com/blogs/friendlyatheist/2014/08/26/womens-rights-activists-bleed-and-defecate-on-isis-flag-to-apparently-protest-islamic-states-misogyny/

the picture is cropped and taken from this post “Women’s Rights Activists Bleed and Defecate on ISIS Flag to (Apparently) Protest Islamic State’s Misogyny”
http://www.patheos.com/blogs/friendlyatheist/2014/08/26/womens-rights-activists-bleed-and-defecate-on-isis-flag-to-apparently-protest-islamic-states-misogyny/

 

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Campaign Take Action Kit – 2014

You’re in the right place! Here you can download the 16 Days Campaign Take Action Kit for 2014 in PDF or Microsoft Word format. If you are willing to translate any of the following materials into a different language, please contact the Center at 16days@cwgl.rutgers.edu This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

Take Action Kit (PDF)

  • Cover Letter to Participants (English)
  • Theme Announcement (English) (Español) (Français)
  • Information Sheets
    • Violence Perpetrated by State Actors (English)
    • Proliferation of Small Arms in Cases of Intimate Partner Violence (English)
    • Sexual Violence During and After Conflict (English)
    • Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in the Workplace (English)
    • Gender-Based Violence and Women Human Rights Defenders (English)
    • What is Militarism? (English)
    • Post 2015 and Beijing+20 processes (English)
    • “Tips on Resourcing” – on applying for project grants (English)
    • Suggested Press Release Template (English)
    • You’re Invited! Sample Social Media Posts (English)
    • 16 Days Brochure (English)
    • CWGL Brochure (English)

Take Action Kit (Microsoft Word)

  • Cover Letter to Participants (English)
  • Theme Announcement (English) (Español) (Français)
  • Information Sheets
    • Violence Perpetrated by State Actors (English)
    • Proliferation of Small Arms in Cases of Intimate Partner Violence (English)
    • Sexual Violence During and After Conflict (English)
    • Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in the Workplace (English)
    • Gender-Based Violence and Women Human Rights Defenders (English)
    • What is Militarism? (English)
    • Post 2015 and Beijing+20 processes (English)
    • “Tips on Resourcing” – on applying for project grants (English)
    • Suggested Press Release Template (English)
    • You’re Invited! Sample Social Media Posts (English)
    • 16 Days Brochure (English)
    • CWGL Brochure (English)

If you have difficulty opening any of these documents, please write to 16days@cwgl.rutgers.edu This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. . Provide information about the problem so we can try to resolve the issue. If you are unable to print the Take Action Kit, and would like to receive a hard copy of the Kit, please fill out a request form.

*More translations are forthcoming!

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to all gender lovers, here is a brief report (16 pages) about the barriers faced in the USA by Women.

Is there a way to do a comparative study about Women and Girls in Lebanon?

Rita Chemaly

 

Gender Norms a key to improve health and wellness among women and girls report pic chemaly rita

GENDER NORMS: A KEY TO IMPROVING HEALTH & WELLNESS AMONG BLACK WOMEN & GIRLS

Black adolescent girls and young women face special barriers related to both race and gender, which have immense effects on their health, achievement and life outcomes. This is especially the case for low-income Black girls, who have added challenges associated with poverty. “Gender” goes beyond physical biology to refer to the rules, customs, beliefs and expectations for being a woman or man, as well as the inherent inequities of power and privilege usually associated with these practices.

to download the report:

 

Gender Norms a key to improve health and wellness among women and girls report chemaly rita

 

 

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Consultant for Research
Institution: Search for Common Ground
Country: Lebanon
Deadline: Aug-20-14

Search for Common Ground – Lebanon is looking for an experienced consultant to conduct a research on the legal and contextual aspects in link with women socio-economic empowerment in Lebanon for its project “Everyone Gains: Promoting Women’s Socio Economic Empowerment in Lebanon”.  

The research will provide SFCG and the CSOs engaged in the project with a thorough understanding of the legal and contextual aspects on three main topics already identified as priorities by the civil society organisations:

  • Social Security
  • Early marriage and domestic violence
  • Equal job opportunities

This consultant will be responsible to:

  • Provide an overview of the existing laws concerning the three above topics, looking specifically at the strengths and weaknesses of those laws;
  • Provide an analysis of the implementation of the existing laws focusing on the areas where enforcement is needed.
  • Provide contextual information (at the national and local levels) on where and why the laws are not being implemented.

A draft report should be available by September 20, 2014.

All deliverables must be finalised and submitted to SFCG by September 30, 2014.

To receive the detailed Terms of Reference for this consultancy, please email to Morgane Ortmans: mortmans@sfcg.org

Interested parties would have to submit a resume, a brief proposal (including methodology and a tentative budget) and a letter of interest, clearly explaining how their experience meets desired qualifications by the 20th of August 2014.

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To mark International Youth Day, 2014, IOM has produced a short film, titled ‘Letter from a Refugee’. The film features moving, honest interviews with a group of young ladies who have fled Syria; they describe the extreme fears, mental health issues and ongoing hope they experienced as young people in a war zone.

the movie is below

 

Rita Chemaly

 

below is the release by WUNRN

Direct Link to Video:
 
SYRIAN GIRLS TELL THEIR REALITIES, CHALLENGES, DREAMS – IOM DOCUMENTARY VIDEO

12 August 2014 – Lebanon/Syria – IOM today launched a video documenting the hopes and fears of a group of young Syrian women in Lebanon to mark International Youth Day, which this year focuses on mental health. 

“Letter from a Refugee” follows their emotional journey from fleeing the war in Syria, the stress of separation from family and friends, the difficulties of adapting to their new environment and, ultimately, the discovery of their own inner strengths.

The video was shot at DARI, a Recreational and Counselling Center for Families in Baalbeck in Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley, and is the result of a creative self-help workshop – part of an Italian government-funded IOM project: “Psychosocial Support to Crisis-Affected Youth and their Families in Syria and Neighboring Countries.”

The IOM project has provided psycho-social help to over 220,000 displaced Syrian young people and their family members in Syria and Lebanon and trained some 1,290 mental health professionals in the two countries since June 2013.

“Good mental health is not only the absence of mental disorders, but is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with normal stresses of life and is able to make a contribution to his or her community,” says IOM Head of Psychosocial Support Guglielmo Schininà.

“Young people on the move, including refugees, displaced, unaccompanied children and young people left behind by migrating parents, often face stresses that are not considered “normal.” Their ability to contribute to the life of their community of origin and host community is often hampered by administrative, cultural and social barriers, and stigma,” he adds.

“This video and animation laboratory helped these girls to acknowledge their suffering, share their experiences, establish solidarity with each other and explore shared coping strategies,” he notes.

 

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Following the ISIS symbols and categorisation in the Arab World , with the N for the ‪#‎Nazarene‬ – solidarity w/ Christians of Irak Mossoul,

on the Lebanese social  networks a picture was created with the letter “M”  M for that doesn’t matter to you, whether I am a Christian ” Masihi” in arabic, Whether I am a “Muslim” or an Atheist “Moulhid” ….

M means doen’t matter for you “Ma Khassak”  or in Lebanese almost a “fuck off”

Rita Chemaly

 

 

symbols against religious stigmatization in Lebanon and arab world Rita Chemaly 

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