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Posts Tagged ‘Women’

Eager to tell you about the MOOC  on Gender Based violence in the context of migration!

The course will begin on May 15!

what is a MOOC? a MOOC is Massive Online Open Course , that is offered for free by the Global Campus of Human Rights coordinated by the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC).

The Mooc addresses gender, migration, and Human rights studies. The Lecture I participate in, is related to gender based violence faced by migrants and asylum seeking girls in the MENA region. The Political Sciences Institute (ISP) of Saint Joseph University part of the Arab Master in Democracy and Human Rights,  has worked hard while dedicating a team to gather data, prepare, review, shoot, edit and produce the MOOC on GBV addressed by migrants girls and women in the region.  Examples for this specific lecture are taken from the newest published reports in the region related to GBV and SGBV.  Sexual Exploitation, trafficking  Statelessness, Child Marriage, Schooling and access to education are presented. Also main International Instruments addressing GBV are presented.

The MOOC is a free course of 5 hours per week, for 6 weeks, that is open to “upper year undergraduates; postgraduates; NGO activists and practitioners interested in interdisciplinary human rights, gender equality, women’s empowerment, migration; young lawyers and social scientists; active and motivated citizens from around the world.”

I am very excited to be part of this Global Campus MOOC, and to have prepared the first MOOC addressing GBV and women’s rights in the region. Can’t thank enough the team who helped put all the lecture together (ISP team you rock! )  as well as the friends who helped gather the latest information in a very short deadline. (Special thanks to Ghida, Hayat, Raghda, Zeina, Myriam, and special thanks to Jihad who filmed and edited the lecture ).

Stay tuned  and follow the link to participate and enroll  in the MOOC! https://www.eiuc.org/education/global-campus-mooc-gbv-migration.html 

In solidarity from Lebanon

Let us address GBV in our region and internationally with sustainable solutions!

Rita Chemaly

 

 

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A new episode in Gender based violence, was highlighted during a discussion on Women rights!

The Discussion was organised by proeminent NGO , RDFL.

A Lebanese member of Parliament (re-conducted illegally) went out of the paper prepared by him or “for him??” and said that a women has a role in pushing men to rape her!

I am still shocked by the insanity of such an MP. He don’t understand the Harm such words do for all women. Such Words make sexual harassment at work , in public spaces, as well as in a Home Legal!!!

I do understand now why Most of our rotten laws such as the Penal Code, have such inanities! (reference to article  522)

What I loved is that bloggers, media, women activists, women right defenders spoke out about this insanity, and a petition asking MP to resign is being circulated!

Here is what is being circulated on the web, through different platforms:

النائب ايلي ماروني هان المرأة اللبنانية عندما صرّح: “في بعض الاماكن وبعض المطارح بدنا نسأل شو دور المرأة في قيادة الرجل إلى اغتصابها” وكان النائب يحمل المرأة مسؤولية الاغتصاب هيدا التصرف مرفوض من قبل أي رجل (او امرأة)، وخاصة نواب الامّة. مطلوب من الجميع التضامن لنطلب منه الاعتذار أو الاستقالة. الرجاء نشر البوست المرفق ابتداء من الان على كل صفحاتكم وحساباتكم على مواقع التواصل الاجتماعي. وشكرا

 

petition-against-mp-in-lebanon-rape-victim-asked-for-it

 

Below is the link to the Video in which Lebanese member of Parliament states his inanities:

اليكم/ن الفيديو الذي يظهر المواقف الذكورية التي أطلقها النائب إيلي ماروني حول حقوق النساء وبشكل خاص الجنسية، المادة ٥٢٢ والإغتصاب الذي اعتبر أن للمرأة دور في حدوثه. كذلك، يظهر في الفيديو الرد الكامل للنائب ماروني على اعتراض الناشطة حياة مرشاد على كلامه حيث لوح بإلباسها البرقع كي لا تخجل من تمثيله لها في البرلمانhttps://www.facebook.com/sharikawalaken/videos/1207350935984570/

 

Below is the statement Written by women activists, and that is open to be signed by all:

بيان للتوقيع والنشر صاغته ناشطات نسويات رداً على تصريحات النائب #ايلي_ماروني المهينة للمرأة في لبنان

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1zqefNeT7ngDPVkiFXdq6xXlJbg1SGQrH120vp2YMHDw/edit

 

Below are the articles in the newspapers and media outlet that cover what happened:

Annahar

LBC News

The Daily Star

 

Action is Needed by the Political Party Kataeb of that Mp.

There is a need to amend and Delete article 522 which Blames Women being raped for their own rape, and which give them as a victory to the one who rape them!!

I call all Political parties to take action in Written against article 522 and against discriminatory articles of Penal code in Lebanon

Rita Chemaly

 

 

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Wonderful and amazing Video on gender equality by IWSAW-LAU, about the inequality facing women in Lebanon, and how decision makers are not considering the women voices!

The video, and the Lyrics are just great! by a simple cartoon they tackle GBV,  it tackles women stereotyping and the fact that law makers are not discussing women issues and rights with Women!!

I loved also  how they say that law makers prepare laws and forget them and Loose them in the drawers!!!

I remember that since 2011 many law amendments were presented to the Parliament in Lebanon regarding equality, and till now, LAWS were not Discussed !!! or Voted for….

MPs, did where , in which drawer did you hide those laws amendments?!!

Hat off IWSAW team!!!

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For those who are interested a short term expert is needed  for a study on an advocacy campaign related to political participation of women.

the expert will work 20 days. the TOR is below.

Kindly do send your CVs to :

Team leader: Maggy  on the mail:      maggy.grabundzija@geewl.eu
Project Manager : Diana Casallas on the email:     casallas@eurecna.it

 

Team and Reporting Lines Tel Fax Email
Project Director: Mario Costariol +39041 2919411 +39 041 5322465 costariol@eurecna.it
Team Leader: MaggyGrabundzija maggy.grabundzija@geewl.eu
Project Manager: Diana Casallas +39041 2919-407 +39 041 5322465 casallas@eurecna.it
EU Task Manager: RoulaAbbas
The expert will report to: MaggyGrabundzija
Project: “GENDER EQUITY AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN LEBANON” Location: Beirut, Lebanon
Expert: To Be Selected Position: Senior Non-Key Expert on study on an advocacy campaign
Period: September  2016 Man-Women/days: 20 days

 

 

background
The EU funded project on Gender Equity and Empowerment of Women in Lebanon aims to improve mainstreaming of the gender dimension at policy and sector levels in Lebanon by strengthening the National Commission of Lebanese Women’s internal governance towards effective fulfilment of its mandate, to create effective coordination and networking mechanisms with State and non-State actions and to improve media outreach and advocacy.

The assignment is part of the Component 2, activity 2.2, create effective coordination and networking mechanism. The GEEWL is aiming at supporting the NCLW to enhance the civil society to advocate for quota system. In order to reach its objective, an advocacy study is required. In fact it is foreseen that the parliamentary elections will take place in May 2017. Several coordination meetings are already organised with the civil society, under the leadership of the NCWL, in order to encourage the participation of women in the upcoming parliamentarian elections. The advocacy for quota system for women has been identified as being one of the priorities actions in order to support women participation in politics in Lebanon.

There is a literature related to quota system for women in Lebanon. However, the literatureidentifiesobstacles for women participation in the political sphere, suggests mechanisms to implement quota system andprovide simulation ofthe implementation of specific quota system. However, no study has been designed and could gather the different actors advocating for the quota system behind a unified message. In addition, till today some actors of the civil society, among them feminists, are reluctant to call for the implementation of the quota system.

Thus, it is requested to the expert to carry out an advocacy campaign study which will aim at addressing those different issues as per identified.In addition, discussions are taking placeon the electoral law and the expert will review the different suggestions on discussed related to the different options suggests. Finally, the study on advocacy campaign will be the document of reference of the advocacy campaign on quota system for women in politics that the civil society will carry out.

 

Scope of the Work
 

The appointed expert will be required to undertake anadvocacy campaign study on quota system for women in Lebanon.

 

The study should include:

 

–    Answers to the following questions: Why quota system is necessary to enhance women participation in political sphere? Why do we need the quota system for women in political system in Lebanon? What are the advantages and disadvantages of the quota system for women in politics in Lebanon? What is the appropriate quota system for women in Lebanon?

–    Identification of messages forthe civil society to advocatewith regard to  the quota system for women in politics.

–    Identification of a coordination mechanism among  the civil society organisations to carry out an  advocacy campaign on quota system for women in politics in Lebanon.

 

 

Methodology
 

The Expert will apply the following methodology to carry out the study:

 

1.        Review the literature related to the quota system for women in Lebanon, including but not limited to the studies conducted on women participation in the last municipalities elections (May 2016).

2.        Organise consultation meetings with CSOs and other stakeholders working on advocating for the quota system to enhance the role of women in Lebanon in the political sphere.

3.        Hold meetings with members of the parliamentarian committees responsible for reviewing the electoral law to enhance women participation in political sphere.

4.        Design advocacy messages that foster the advocacy campaign which will be conducted by the civil society organisations on the quota system for women in politics and identify the coordination mechanism among  civil society organisations to carry out the advocacy campaign on the quota system for women in Lebanon.

5.        Design and discuss aformat for the study with the GEEWL Team Leader and the NCLW.

6.        Share and discuss the findings of the advocacy messages with a group of experts’ specialists of quotas system for women in Lebanon (identified by the GEEWL and the NCLW).

7.        Organise a workshop with the CSOs to discuss and validate the advocacy messages proposed inthe study.

8.        Elaboratea study on anadvocacy campaign with recommendations related to the importance of the quota system for women in politics, messages that the civil society could carry out and a mechanism of coordination of the civil society.

 

Outputs Requested
1.        A detailed work plan of the mission to be agreed with theTeam Leader of the GEEWL and the NCLW.

2.        Produce a detailed advocacy campaign study of maximum 25 pages.

 

Timeline
The assignment is expected to take place in the period September 2016 (20 working days) as per the below timeline:
Action
Days
1.        Literature review (3days)
3 days: day 1,2,3.
2.        Meetings with the organisations involved in the field of women in politics(3 days)
3 days: 4, 5, 6.
3.        Presentation of the study results with a group of experts (1 day)
1 day: 7.
4.        Organisation and facilitation of a workshop targeting the civil society (1.5 days)
1.5 day: 8.5.
5.        Study writing (11 days)
11 days: 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5, 13.5, 14.5, 15.5, 16.5, 17.5, 18.5, 19.5.
6.        Presentations of the study to the NCLW (0.5 day)
0.5 day:20.

 

 

Contents of the Assignment
Project Work Plan – Component 2:
Activity 2.2: Create effective networking
Qualifications and Skills requested for the position
1.        Master’s Degree in gender studies fields, law and political sciencesorsocial studies.
2.        Excellent written communication skills in English.
3.        Excellent and effective communication skills.
4.        Knowledge of Arabic is a requirement.
General experience
1.        Minimum of 8years work experience in advocacy and lobbying in gender issues.
2.        Minimum of 3 years of experience in conducting studies on advocacy related issues.
3.        At least 3 years’ experience in advocacy in women participation in political sphere.
Specific experience
1.        Minimum of one work experience on electoral laws and quota system.

 

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Many campaigns were led in Lebanon prior to the municipal elections, the aim is to see if they had an impact on women being candidates in their localities and if citizens voted for Women.

Today I wish to shed light in this post on the Women who won the municipal elections and their numbers in each Directorate in Lebanon !!

Mount Lebanon has good results without the quota system! It Appears that in Metn till now the number of women winners is the highest. (57 women won the elections) , while waiting confirmation from the ministry) ,  I am sure that in  6 years, we might have better results if a quota system is used in the electoral law! in Beirut a Women had the highest score of voters! that is a great news!

As for how many women won in each Directorate/kada2, here is a sneak peak to some basic name counting*:  In my hometown Keserwan/Mount Lebanon:  28 women won (Achkout and Ajaltoun   we have great women in the Municipalities!!Rima Malek will rock ajaltoun! ) in Keserwan 41 women didn’t win, the total number of women candidate is 69 and the uncertain names * is 32. In Metn: 57 women won! won of them in Sinel FIl is Z vicky who did a great job on the Women in Municipalities project, 44 women’s name are listed as not winners, 😦   As for Jbeil  24women won , 28 women didn’t win 😦 , Total of women candidates 52 and the uncertain names are 26. in the  Chouf: Mount Lebanon 43 women won ( we have one Cousine there!! yey!!!, let us see what they will implement in the region!!) , 58 women are listed as not winners, the total number of candidates is  101 and we have 10 uncertain names. For Aley: /Mount Lebanon: 35 women are listed as winners,  34 women are listed as not winners , and we have counted 12 uncertain name.  total number of candidates 69. In baabda, 39 women’s are listed as winners! 46 not!

Here is the copy of the table posted on FB by NCLW:

Basic first counting of women winners in each of the results documents published by the ministry of interior

Basic first counting of women winners in each of the results documents published by the ministry of interior

*my colleagues at Nclw team have passed through the detailed results excel sheets as they have been published on the elections.gov.lb page  and counted as a first exercise the names of all the women in them. Noting that uncertain names were not counted in those who won or lost.  the uncertain names are the one such as “nidal” ” claude” “Michele” “andreh” “douha” “gaby”….. in arabic this might be for a women or a men name! 🙂 we might have more winning or just women candidates in those uncertain names! more to come soon!!! While waiting for the official stats and numbers  by the ministry and the UNDP leap team!

Also , I am so please to see that on Women in Front Facebook Page a great initiative is taking place:  tagging all the women winners in municipalities! that will create easily a great network for them!! thumbs up!

here is a collage I had fun creating it using what I saw online and  showing some of the municipalities and the great Women who won in Them!  Kuddos to all !

 

women winners collage municipal local elections lebanon rita chemaly 2016

Collage of Women Winners in Local Councils in Lebanon 2016 * credit fb screenshots! hehe 

Women Power!!:-)

Rita Chemaly

rita chemaly women and gender right activist Lebanon

During one Event held in 2016 aiming at encouraging women to be candidate in the elections!

 

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To all the blog readers wanting to know what the national machinery in Lebanon is working on regarding to Women’s rights in lebanon, here is the Annual Report dated December 2014 covering all the components from LAWS to Circulars, with clear details regarding the discrimination faced by women . Also, the networking happening between the NCLW and the CSOs as well as the International agencies is clear!!

the report is in 2 languages!!!

Rita Chemaly!!

Women in Lebanon will one day be Free of ALL kind of Discriminations thanks to the efforts of ALL!!!

 

NCLW Annual Report 2014 copy reducedNCLW Annual Report 2014 english and arabic

 

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This picture of Georges Clooney is going viral but even for a fun campaign some basic requirements/ conditions are not met: Clooney is the husband of a lebanese woman but because of the nationality law dating of 1925 can’t be lebanese as Amal alameddine can’t transmit her nationality to her hsuband as per lebanese law!!!

Aha again shedding lights on the biggest discrimination facing lebanese woman.

So georges help fight to amend this patriarchal law for lebanese women to be able to transmit their basic rights for their husbands and children!!!

Rita ChemalyFB_IMG_1459115490036

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#IWD2016, everywhere people are taking the #PledgeForParity , I can’t do it….

daily what I , as a young woman in Lebanon is Living is hell:

usually the top priorities are for me to Campaign for Women of my country to BE ABLE TO TRANSMIT THEIR NATIONALITY to their husbands and CHILDREN.

Usually the top priority is for me to scream :WE AS WOMEN need to have full equality in Marriage, divorce, adoption, INHERITANCE (which we don’t or because of our Rotten Personal status laws, or because of Practices aiming to prefer a boy to a girl , a brother on his sister, a man over with wife.)!

Usually my top priority for #IWD is for me to campaign for what typical women’s right movement in Lebanon has usually campaigned for ” Women in Politics”, “Women in leading positions”

What I am Campaigning for today , ON #IWD2016 and after almost a year living in the GARBAGE is for a CLEAN ENVIRONMENT IN LEBANON. #Planet5050 but for #Lebanon!

Do you know that we (women, men, children, elder) live in a river of garbage?

Pollution has eaten our WATER, pollution has eaten parts of our LUNGS, pollution made by US, HUMAN BEINGS IN LEBANON has turned what used to be ” the green Lebanon” to a GARBAGE BIN.

Today I will be busy campaigning for Women to have a leading role in Municipalities , as you may all know by now, it seems that the elections for the municipal councils in Lebanon are on May 2016.

The TOP priority of all Counciles should be an ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTION to the garbage CRISIS.

it is not possible for children to all be sick for more than months, it is not possible for elder people in Lebanon to all have oxygen all the time now!

we need SOLUTIONS that are ENVIRONMENTAL FOR GARBAGE that is polluting our AIR, ATMOSPHERE, WATER, and Health!!!!! Solutions made by ALL SEGMENTS OF A SOCIETY WOMEN AND MEN.

Again, as stated in november 2015 , I repeat the Same Scream from LEBANON:

SOS big SOS an environmental / HEALTHY PUBLIC Policy is NEEDED NOW!!! Garbage is polluting air, water, underground water, streets….!!! Reducing Reusing and Recycling is a step, what is else needed?!!! Women with a clear Environmental vision and a Will to implement ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS?!?!!

LET’S DO IT!!!!

HAPPY  INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S DAY #IWD #IWD2016 #IWDLEBANON

IWD2016 GARBAGE CRISIS ENVIRONMENT LEBANON CHEMALY RITA

 

#طلعت_ريحتكم
#مستمرون
#بدنا_نحاسب
#حلوا_عنا
#كلن_يعني_كلن

 

Rita Chemaly

 

 

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What is the Right that I miss the most as a Lebanese Women? This is the question I as a women rights activist is always asked, and my answer is Clear:  the Right to transmit my Nationality to my Children is THE Right we need to work on in Priority.

As a Women, the nationality law that dates from 1925  in Lebanon still prohibits Lebanese women married to foreigners from granting their nationality to their husband and children. 2704-salma-hayek-gibran_ Nationalite femme libanaise droit rita chemaly

the Article 1 of the 1925 Nationality Law states that citizenship is granted to those born of Lebanese fathers only. Not Lebanese Mothers. The implication is dreadful for Lebanese women and mothers: Children born of Lebanese mothers are not granted citizenship in Lebanon. that means no Lebanese passport, No lebanese social security, No access to Public schools, no access to Lebanese universities, no Access to Lebanese jobs protected by Syndicates…. In addition to all that a new Law passed in November 2015 in the Lebanese parliament, granting the  expatriates who have male ancestors only to get Lebanese Citizenship. Even the Constitutional Council wasn’t able to reject such a law that clearly violates the principle of equality between men and women enshrined in Article 7 of the Lebanese Constitution. (Read more about the rejection of annulment of such a discriminating law here)
Citizenship in Lebanon is based on ancestry from the FATHER /Men Side only,  not where one is born. In my opinion this is a  discrimination showing how Lebanon is a patriarchal society !

Today I read that Salma Hayek the Hollywood famous actress with Lebanese origins have clearly highlighted that women in Lebanon need to be able to TRANSMIT Their Nationality to their Children. True!! if as activists and lobbyist and advocates our voice is not heard by our elected Members of Parliament, maybe the voice of a Hollywood actress is more Powerful??? They can hear her voice easily???

Il faut noter que Shakira est d’origine libanaise, Salma Hayek Aussi, … mais la nationalite ne peut leur etre octroyee car elles sont des femmes, d’origine libanaise. Mika aussi  est d’origine libanaise par sa mere non??? donc il n’y a pas droit non plus! On le cree ce Lobby d’Acteurs et actrices et chanteurs pour demander ce Droit Primordial pour Nous Libanais et Libanaises???

Rita Chemaly

below are some of the links and article I wrote previously in English , french or Arabic  about this issue:

Lebanese women not satisfied with second class

Cartographie des discriminations qui atteignent les femmes au Liban 

Le Dossier que j’ai prepare sur la Nationalite pour le Magazine

Les femmes libanaises insistent pour transmettre leur nationalite a leur famille 

Transmitting the Nationality in Lebanon is only for Men

Patriarchy and discrimination against women should not prevail Lebanese women should have the right to transmit their nationality

La nationalite a ceux qui sont d’origine libanaise … aux hommes pas aux femmes!

je reve : je suis libanaise de 2nde classe?

Kindly note that in this blog, I featured more than 20 articles and short movie and covered plenty of protests and street movments about this issue. they are all featured under this tag: Nationality tag ; Discrimination tagwomen rights tag

 

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Dear readers anyone is interested in the call of proposal launched by KIP / AUB USAID project?

it covers:  15 research/data gathering projects.

Researchers, graduate students, and faculty based within civil society organizations, NGOs, academic institutions, think tanks and/or other related contexts working on relevant issues are encouraged to apply.

The project aims to  examine issues relating to gender and sexuality with the aim of positively contributing to the empowerment of women and other marginalized groups in Lebanon.

attached for you is the KIP project call for proposal with full details.

in brief: There will be 9 grants of $5,000 USD each which fund documentation projects where researchers gather information and data pertaining to gender and sexuality issues in public, judicial, legal, syndicated, private business, and civil society organizations. Additionally, there will be 6 grants of $10,000 USD each which fund theory-driven and knowledge-generating academic research projects.
We are seeking proposals that focus on either gathering data/information or generating knowledge relating to the following five thematic areas:
(1) Sexual Harassment and other forms of abusive behaviors or discrimination disproportionately targeting women and other marginalized groups at work, at school, in universities, and in other traditional or nontraditional structures in Lebanon.
(2) Barriers and facilitators affecting participation and representation of women and other marginalized groups at work, in government, in management and leadership as well as in other decision making roles in traditional or nontraditional structures in Lebanon.
(3) The current health and wellbeing practices and perceptions around of gender and sexuality in Lebanon.
(4) The next generation: the perceptions, attitudes and the current practices of youth and young adults in relation to gender equality and sexuality in Lebanon.
(5) Conceptual etymology and legal genealogy of gender, sexuality, and bodily rights in Lebanon.

 

The KIP Project is funded through a federal assistance award from the U.S. Department of State and under the direction of Associate Professor Charlotte Karam (Olayan School of Business, American University of Beirut). If interested, please send an email to the KIP Project Coordinator Ms. Zeina Mhaidly at zm32@aub.edu.lb.

 

Good luck to all!!!

Rita Chemaly

below is the full link to the PDF:

THE KIP PROJECT CFP. 2015-2016

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Today the National Commission for Lebanese women and UNFPA, worked hard on disseminating the Concluding observations published by the United Nations Committee on Lebanon. The concluding observations are a kind of ” findings”  that cover how each country is implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination, #CEDAW, this year these findings ” highlight positive developments ”  and most importantly highlight ”  main matters of concern and recommendations”.

UN committee give those observations after holding discussions with the government delegation and the NGOs of the country.

IMG-20151210-WA0011

The Last recommendation of this batch was already implemented by NCLW and UNFPA: Disseminating the observations widely! Picture taken by Rita Azzi 

 

This year the main area of concern were numerous:

I am listing their titles below:

  • Refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women\
  • Parliament
  • Withdrawal of reservations
  • Constitutional framework
  • Legislative framework
  • Access to Justice
  • National machinery for the advancement of women
  • Stereotypes
  • Violence against women
  • Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution
  • Participation in political and public life
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Women migrant workers in domestic service\
  • Women Palestine refugees
  • Health
  • Rural women
  • Marriage and family relations

as for the main areas of concerns: here is their translation to arabic for those who wish to get a quick look! (Lebanon cedaw Areas of concerns in arabic Rita Chemaly)

I am copy pasting for those who are interested in the Principal areas of concern and recommendations as they were published in the document of the UN #cedaw committee. 

Refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women

  1. The Committee commends the State party for the open border and reception policy that it has had for years regarding refugees from Palestine, Iraq and Syria, for hosting over 2 million refugees and its remarkable and sustained efforts to ensure the protection of refugees and asylum seekers. However, it takes note of the policy paper on Syrian displacement in Lebanon approved by the Council of Ministers on 23 October 2014 and the three main priorities for managing the displacement crisis. The Committee is concerned that the 1962 Law regulating the Entry, Stay and Exit to/in/from Lebanon does not distinguish between asylum seekers/refugees and migrants. The Committee is further concerned about the high number of reported cases of child, early and forced marriage among Syrian refugee women and girls and the lack of official data on this phenomenon, as well as on the number of stateless persons in Lebanon.
  2. The Committee recommends, in line with its general recommendation No. 32 (2014) on the gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women, that the State party:

(a)     In the implementation of its policy paper on Syrian displacement in Lebanon approved by the Council of Ministers on 23 October 2014, ensure that the principle of non-refoulement is upheld, including for women and girls in need of international protection, by ensuring access to its territory, establishing gender-sensitive asylum procedures, and including gender-based violence as a ground for asylum, in line with Articles 2 and 3 of the Convention;

(b)     Review the 1962 Law regulating the Entry, Stay and Exit to/in/from Lebanon, to distinguish between the protection needs of asylum seeking and refugee women on one hand and migrant women on the other hand;

(c)      Seek technical support for the establishment of a data collection system on incidents of gender-based violence against women, in particular sexual violence, and incidents of child, early and forced marriages of refugee women and girls, and provide victims with medical and psychosocial assistance and access to justice, in line with Article 2 of the Convention, and the Committee’s General Recommendation No. 33 (2015) on women’s access to justice;

(d)     Conduct a census to ascertain the number of stateless persons in its territory and take the necessary measures, provide them with civil registration documents and consider ratifying the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Additional Protocol, the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness;

(e)      Enlist and mobilize the support of the international community to share the economic burden and to provide for the needs of the refugee population, including resettlement and humanitarian admission opportunities and continue cooperating with UNHCR;

(f)      Adopt a national action plan to implement United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security, and ensure women’s participation at all stages of peace processes, in line with the Committee’s General Recommendation No. 30 (2013) on women in conflict prevention, conflict and post-conflict situations, and seek the support of the international community for the implementation of its obligations.

Implementation

  1. The Committee is fully aware of the efforts undertaken by the State party to adopt a legal and institutional framework protecting and promoting women’s rights. The Committee urges the State party to consider the recommendations contained in the present concluding observations as requiring a high priority for national mobilization and international support. The Committee urges the State party to promptly implement the present concluding observations by setting up a coordination mechanism with all relevant State institutions at all levels, the parliament and the judiciary, and the civil society, as well as with its international partners.

Parliament

  1. The Committee stresses the crucial role of the legislative power in ensuring the full implementation of the Convention (see the statement by the Committee on its relationship with parliamentarians, adopted at the forty-fifth session, in 2010). It invites the Parliament, to take all measures necessary to unblock the current institutional crisis and, in line with its mandate, to take the steps necessary for the implementation of the present concluding observations.

Withdrawal of reservations

  1. Notwithstanding the detailed explanations given by the delegation, the Committee remains concerned about the State party’s reluctance to withdraw its reservation to:

(a)     Article 9 (2), with a view to granting women equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children.. The Committee also notes with concern that the Council of Ministers repeatedly endorsed the discriminatory provision in Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality establishing that nationality is exclusively based on patrilineal descent;

(b)     Article 16 (1) (c), (d), (f) and (g) regarding equality in marriage and family relations.

  1. The Committee calls upon the State party to:

(a)     Withdraw its reservation made upon accession to the Convention regarding article 9 (2) and repeal Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality and adopt legislation ensuring women equal rights with men to confer their nationality to their foreign spouse and children;

(b)     Withdraw its reservation made upon accession to the Convention regarding article article 16 (1) (c), (d), (f) and (g).

       (c)           Initiate a dialogue with the leaders of religious sects communities and religious scholars, taking in consideration best practices in the region, with a view to overcome the resistance to the withdrawal of its reservations to the Convention.

Constitutional framework

  1. The Committee remains concerned that the Lebanese Constitution is still not in full conformity with the Convention and does not explicitly prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex. It is also concerned about the limited scope and applicability of the procedure for challenging laws on the basis that they are incompatible with the State party’s Constitution and its international legal obligations.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendations to include in the Constitution a provision defining and prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex, in line with article 2 (a) of the Convention (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, paras. 10 and 11 and A/60/38, para. 95 adopted in 2005) and to amend articles 9 and 10 of the Constitution to ensure gender equality in the context of religious freedom and sectarian diversity.

Legislative framework

  1. The Committee welcomes the initial review legislation containing discriminatory provisions against women by the State party but is concerned about the delays in adopting the required amendments. The Committee welcomes the amendment of the Criminal Code and the repeal of its Article 562. However, it is concerned about the remaining discriminatory criminal law provisions as well as personal status laws that discriminate against women within sects and between women across different sects. The Committee is also concerned about discriminatory provisions in labour, social security and municipal elections laws.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party expedite a comprehensive legislative review to ensure compatibility with the provisions of the Convention, and, upon resolution of the institutional crisis and the re-functioning of the government, urges it to amend or repeal all articles of the Criminal Code, personal status laws as well as labour, social security and municipal election laws that discriminate against women.

Access to Justice

  1. The Committee is concerned about the obstacles women face when accessing the justice system, in particular the lack of adequate legal aid services and the lack of knowledge and sensitivity of justice officials regarding women’s rights.
  2. The Committee in line with its general recommendation No. 33, on women’s access to justice, recommends that the State party:

(a)     Institutionalize systems of legal aid and public defence that are accessible, sustainable and responsive to the needs of women and ensure that such services are provided in a timely, continuous and effective manner at all stages of judicial or quasi-judicial proceedings, including alternative dispute resolution mechanisms;.

(b)     Take immediate steps, including capacity-building and training programmes for justice system personnel on the Convention and women’s rights , to ensure that religious courts harmonize their norms, procedures and practices with the human rights standards enshrined in the Convention and other international human rights instruments.

National machinery for the advancement of women

  1. The Committee regrets the institutional weakness, the limited status, the insufficient decision-making authority, human, technical and financial resources of the national machinery for the advancement of women and the obstacles faced concerning coordination and gender mainstreaming throughout all government bodies. The Committee is concerned about the low level of coordination between the gender focal points within the line Ministries with the Department of Women’s Affairs of the Ministry of Social Affairs. The Committee is also concerned about the limited and inadequate information provided on the implementation of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, para. 21) that the State party:

(a)     Give urgent priority to strengthen the institutional capacity of the national machinery for the advancement of women, and provide it with the mandate, decision-making power and human, technical and financial resources that are necessary to work effectively for the promotion of equality of women and men and the enjoyment of their human rights;

(b)     Institutionalize and strengthen the system of gender focal points in line Ministries and other public institutions in order to achieve an effective gender mainstreaming strategy throughout its policies and programmes;

(c)      Ensure coordination between the national machinery and its cooperation with civil society and women’s non-governmental organizations with a view to promote a participatory planning for the advancement of women.

(d)     Accelerate the implementation of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon by adopting a plan of action that clearly defines the competencies of national and local authorities regarding the National Strategy, and supported by a comprehensive data collection system to monitor its implementation.

Stereotypes

  1. The Committee is concerned about the discriminatory patriarchal stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family and the role of the media in overemphasizing the traditional role of women as mothers and wives or commodities thus undermining women’s social status and their educational and professional careers. The Committee notes with concern that the advertising sector persistently convey stereotyped and sometimes degrading images of women.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party take all measures necessary to raise awareness of the media and the advertising sector to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes, to ensure that women are not portrayed only as wives and mothers or commodities and to promote positive images of women as active participants in political, economic and social life.

Violence against women

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 293 of 7 May 2014 on the protection of women and other family members from domestic violence. However, the Committee notes with concern the absence in the law of an explicit reference to gender-based violence against women and of provisions specifically criminalizing marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour, and other harmful practices. It is also concerned that the law continues to maintain discriminatory provisions with regard to the criminalization of adultery and that it takes no precedence over customary and personal status laws. The Committee further regrets the lack of disaggregated data on the number of reports, investigations, prosecutions and convictions in cases of violence against women, including sexual harassment, domestic violence, assault and rape, including by security forces.
  2. The Committee urges the State party to:

(a)     Amend Law No. 293 on domestic violence, in line with the Committee’s general recommendation No. 19 (1992) on violence against women, to specifically criminalize gender-based violence against women, marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour, and other harmful practices;

(b)     Remove discriminatory provisions between women and men regarding adultery and ensure that Law No. 293 on the protection of women and other family members from domestic violence takes precedence over customary and personal status laws;

(c)      Collect data, disaggregated by sex, age, nationality and relationship between the victim and the perpetrator, on the number of reported cases of violence against women, of prosecutions, convictions and sentences imposed on perpetrators

(d)     Strengthen the legal, medical and psychological support to victims of violence against women;

(e)      Ensure that all allegations of sexual harassment are recorded and that all allegations of assault and rape, are duly investigated, prosecuted and sanctioned and that victims have access to appropriate redress, including compensation. Ensure that all allegations of assault and rape by members of the security forces are investigated by an independent judicial authority.

Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Anti-trafficking Law No. 164 of 2011 but notes with concern that the artist visa scheme of 1962 facilitates sexual exploitation of women migrant workers in the entertainment sector, and that the law no. 164 is not effectively being enforced, that it criminalizes victims and is without prejudice to the artist visa scheme. It is also concerned about the absence of an early identification and referral system for victims of trafficking who are frequently arrested, detained and deported without adequate protection and assistance for victims and weak coordination between government security, justice and social services as well as lack of cooperation with civil society.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)     Review and revise the artist visa scheme to ensure it is not misused for the sexual exploitation of women and take appropriate steps to decrease the demand side of prostitution;

(b)     Amend article 523 of the Criminal Code as necessary to ensure that victims of trafficking are not subjected to prosecution;

(c)      Provide mandatory gender-sensitive capacity-building for judges, prosecutors, border police, immigration authorities and other law enforcement officials to ensure the strict enforcement of the Anti-Trafficking Law by promptly prosecuting all cases of trafficking in women and girls and adequately punishing traffickers;

(d)     Ensure early identification and referral to protection of trafficking victims; and strengthen assistance to victims of trafficking, including by granting temporary residence permits to victims of trafficking irrespective of their ability or willingness to cooperate with the prosecution authorities and by providing them access to alternative income opportunities, respectively;

(e)      Provide victims of trafficking with adequate access to health care and counselling and strengthen those services by providing targeted training to social workers;

(f)      Ensure inter-agency coordination between government security, justice and social services to combat trafficking and strengthen cooperation with civil society.

 

Participation in political and public life

The Committee is concerned about the gross underrepresentation of women in public and political life; the lack of capacity-building for political parties and labour unions representatives on women’s rights and regrets that the draft law providing for a 30 per cent minimum quota for women’s representation on candidates lists of political parties for parliamentary elections was not adopted. It is concerned about the strong political resistance to the adoption of temporary special measures to effectively promote women’s equal participation in public and political life.

  1. The Committee recommends that the State party:

       (a)           Take all appropriate measures to increase the number of women in elected and appointed office at all levels, so as to comply with article 7 of the Convention;

(b)     Take concrete measures, including temporary special measures in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention, the Committee’s general recommendation no. 23 on women in political and public life and general recommendation no. 25 on temporary special measures, and to establish concrete goals and timetables in order to accelerate the increase in the representation of women in all spheres of public and political life;

(c)      Implement awareness-raising campaigns to highlight the importance to society as a whole of women’s full and equal participation in leadership positions in all sectors and at all levels and explain the purpose of introducing temporary special measures such as quotas as a necessary strategy for accelerating realization of women’s de facto equality..

Education

  1. The Committee notes the recommendation in the study by the National Committee for the Follow-up of Women’s Issues and the Centre for Educational Research and Development to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes in school books. However, the Committee is concerned that the State party’s has not taken effective steps to remove such stereotypes from school curricula and textbooks. It is also concerned about the lack of training for teachers on women’s rights and gender equality and limited career guidance encouraging women and girls to choose non-traditional career paths, in particular in the fields of science and technology.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party intensify its efforts in reviewing school curricula and textbooks to eliminate any stereotyped and patriarchal roles of women. It reiterates its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, para. 25) that the State party enhance training for teachers on gender, women’s rights and equality. The Committee further recommends that the State party give priority to eliminating traditional stereotypes and structural barriers that may deter girls from enrolling in traditionally male-dominated fields of study, such as science and technology, and step up efforts to provide girls with career counselling on non-traditional career paths including non-stereotypical vocational training.

Employment

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of Laws No. 266 and No. 267 of 15 April 2014 extending maternity leave in the public and private sectors to 10 weeks with full pay. However, the Committee is concerned about the lack of measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties women face in combining work and family responsibilities. The Committee is also concerned about women’s limited access to the formal labour market and about the absence of legislation criminalizing sexual harassment in the work place. The Committee is further concerned about the occupational segregation and the high percentage of women in low paid jobs as service sector workers and salespersons, administrative staff and mid-level professions as well as gender pay gaps.
  2. The Committee calls on the State party to:

(a)     Promote equal sharing of family and domestic responsibilities between women and men, including by introducing compulsory paternity or shared parental leave following childbirth;

(b)     Take measures, including temporary special measures in line with article 4 (1) of the Convention and General Recommendation No. 5 (1988) on temporary special measures, such as incentives for employers to recruit women, introduce flexible working arrangements and strengthen professional training for women, with a view to enhancing women’s access to the formal labour market;

(c)      Adopt legislation criminalizing sexual harassment in the work place;

(d)     Take concrete measures to address horizontal and vertical segregation including by promoting the equal participation of women in highly skilled jobs and senior management positions; providing counselling and placement, that stimulate their on-the-job career development and upward mobility in the labour market; stimulating the diversification of occupational choices by both women and men; encouraging women to take up non-traditional jobs, especially in science and technology, and men to seek employment in the social sector and providing women with access to effective job training, retraining, counselling and placement services that are not limited to traditional employment areas;

(e)      Take concrete measures to close the gap between women’s and men’s pay and to implement the principle of equal pay for work of equal value including by establishing a body responsible for conducting job evaluation schemes with gender-neutral criteria.

Women migrant workers in domestic service

  1. The Committee welcomes the various measures adopted by the State party to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers, including by issuing unified contracts, requiring employers to sign up to an insurance policy, regulating employment agencies, adopting a law criminalizing human trafficking, and integrating women migrant domestic workers in the Social Pact and the National Strategy for Social Development. However, the Committee notes with concern that these measures have proved insufficient to ensure respect for the human rights of women migrant domestic workers. The Committee is equally concerned about the rejection by the Ministry of Labour of the application of the National Federation of Labour Union to establish a Domestic Workers’ Union and the .absence of an enforcement mechanism for work contracts of women migrant domestic workers; limited access by women migrant domestic workers to health care and social protection; and the non-ratification of ILO convention No. 189. The Committee is concerned about the high incidence of abuse against women migrant workers in domestic service and the persistence of practices such as the confiscation of passports by employers, the maintenance of the “Kafala system” which puts workers at risk of exploitation and make it difficult for them to leave abusive employers; obstacles affecting domestic workers’ access to justice, including fear of expulsion, insecurity of residence during procedures. The Committee is deeply concerned about the disturbing reports of documented deaths of migrant domestic workers from unnatural causes, including suicide and falls from tall buildings and the failure of the State party to investigate into those deaths.
  2. The Committee, in line with its General Recommendation No. 26 (2008), on Women Migrant Workers, recommends that the State party:

(a)     Raise awareness among women migrant domestic workers of their human rights under the Convention, and monitor the work of employment agencies, including by establishing an enforcement mechanism to ensure that the same contracts are used in the State party and in countries of origin;

(b)     Expedite the adoption of the draft law regulating domestic employment with adequate sanctions for employers engaging in abusive practices and ratify ILO Convention No. 189 (2011) on decent work for domestic workers;

(c)      Abolish the “Kafala system” and ensure the effective access to justice, of women migrant domestic workers including by guaranteeing their safety and residence during procedures;

(d)     Promptly investigate, prosecute and sanction all reports of deaths of women migrant domestic workers from unnatural causes;

(e)      Take the measures necessary to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers including by approving the establishment of a Domestic Workers’ Union.

Women Palestine refugees

  1. The Committee is concerned about restrictions on the right to work of Palestine refugee women.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party review and amend its labour laws to ensure Palestine refugee women’s right to work, namely by providing them with access to the labour market in the State party.

Health

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the “Comprehensive Primary Health Care Package and Services” by the Ministry of Public Health in 2013, the establishment of primary health care centres throughout the State party and the progress achieved in reducing maternal mortality. The Committee is, however, concerned about the limited access of women and adolescent girls to sexual and reproductive health services in rural and remote areas in the State party. It is also concerned about insufficient monitoring of private health care providers, which offer most of the specialized health services for women. The Committee further notes with concern the high number of unsafe abortions due to the strict criminalization of abortion and the delay in introducing age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights at the primary, intermediate and secondary levels of education.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party provide comprehensive health services, in particular sexual and reproductive health services, in each region in relation to area and population size; take measures to adequately monitor the performance of private health care providers, and introduce age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health in the curricula at the primary, intermediate and secondary levels of education. The Committee also recommends that the State party legalize abortion at least in cases of threats to the life or health of the mother, rape, incest, and severe fetal impairment and that it increase women’s access to safe abortion and post-abortion care services.

Rural women

  1. The Committee welcomes the creation in 2008 of the National Observatory for Women in Agriculture and Rural Areas by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Committee notes with concern the lack of updated disaggregated data on women’s participation in the agricultural sector. It remains concerned about the exclusion of women agricultural seasonal workers from the protection of the Labour Code and the limited initiatives for women’s access to rural entrepreneurship through technical assistance, micro credit facilities and bank accounts.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation that the State party collect updated disaggregated data on women working in the agricultural sector, adopt legislation for the protection of women agricultural seasonal workers and strengthen the support for the entrepreneurial initiatives of women in the rural areas.

Marriage and family relations

  1. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)     Adopt an optional civil personal status law based on the principles of equality and non-discrimination and the right to choose one’s religious affiliation in order to protect women and alleviate their legal, economic and social marginalization;

(b)     Require religious sects to codify their laws and submit them to Parliament for review of their conformity with the Constitution and the provisions of the Convention; that it establish an appeals mechanism to oversee religious court proceedings and ensure that judgements of religious courts do not discriminate against women;

(c)      Set the legal minimum age for marriage at 18 years for girls and boys, in line with international standards, and takes the measures necessary to effectively prevent child marriage among rural girls.

 

 

in brief, in Lebanon, the long road ahead for equality is a process that needs many institutions to work hard , public administrations to make efforts, political will, working on behaviors, customs, and so much more!

the task is enormous? yes! but sooo many magnificient activists worked restlessly to have some positiveness in all this. We need to continue the struggle, and fight for #equal rights!!

Rita Chemaly

if you wish to download the full text of the concluding observations here is the word text:

CEDAW_Concluding observations on Lebanon 2015 Rita Chemaly

The source for the document is : http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/SessionDetails1.aspx?SessionID=970&Lang=en

‪#‎16DaysofActivism‬ ‪#‎GBVTeachin‬ ‪#‎womenlead‬ ‪#‎orangetheworld‬  ‪#‎EndGBV‬ ‪#‎16days‬ #16dayscampaign

 

 

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WOMENSENEWS)–In late June President Barack Obama issued a presidential memorandum to enhance workplace flexibility in the federal government, highlighting just how hot this issue has become.

Despite the national debate, however, most businesses and organizations still have a long way to go in implementing such options for workers.

For women in particular, flexible work options–whether it’s telecommuting, flexible and predictable scheduling, part-time hours or job sharing, to name a few–or the unfortunate lack thereof, have a huge impact on workforce participation rates.

Jennell, a stay-at-home mom who recently returned to work after 16 years was only able to do so because of a flexible job. The idea of “getting an office job was not only daunting, it simply would not work for our family. I knew in order to work I needed a great deal of flexibility in deciding which hours I would work,” she told us in an interview.

I’ve heard hundreds if not thousands of stories like this, both from job seekers and my own team. Flexible work is the key to inviting some of the most highly educated and underutilized candidates back into the workforce–motivated, productive, educated, talented women (who happen to also be nurturing the future of our country as moms).

New Reality, New Vision

A key turning point for many women in the workforce is motherhood. Becoming a parent alters career paths for moms and dads, but moms in particular are more often forced to make difficult decisions related to career and family.

The 40-hour work week we’ve become accustomed to as a society was adopted during the 20th century, “a historical bargain between employers and labor for a family wage sufficient to support a male breadwinner and a homemaker spouse. But only about 20 percent of families fit that model anymore, and most of those are headed by men,” said Catherine Albison and Shelley Correll in a piece for CNN.

Our new reality requires a vision for what work looks like. Mothers are now the primary or sole source of income for 40 percent of U.S. households with children under 18. But a full 43 percent of working women quit their jobs when they have children. A survey of stay-at-home moms who identify as “career oriented” found that 55 percent would prefer to be working now.

Options like being able to work from home occasionally (or fully), working a part-time schedule or having a flexible schedule are ways to re-engage mothers in the workforce. Seventy-three percent of working parents want work flexibility, and the most popular types of flex work are, in order: full telecommuting, flexible schedules, partial telecommuting, part-time schedules and freelance positions.

In order to keep women participating the workforce throughout their careers, companies must do a better job of offering formalized flexible work options. Not only does flexible work help to increase an employer’s candidate pools, it also offers monetary and productivity benefits. And as a profound, and hopefully obvious, side note: flexible work is utilized by more than just women and moms, and can benefit men and fathers too.

Perks for Businesses

While some still see it as a perk for employees with little impact on business, more studies are finding that flexible work options such as remote work and flexible schedules actually have a consistently positive impact on a company’s bottom line.

In one study, the top benefits organizations saw from flexible work were improved employee satisfaction (87 percent) and increased productivity (71 percent). Sixty-five percent also reported that flexible work helps them to retain current talent, reducing costly job turnovers. And 69 percent of companies use their work flexibility policies as a recruiting tool.

Telecommuting in particular has a tremendous impact on reducing overhead costs. For example, 31 percent of Aetna’s employees are teleworkers, which has saved the company 15-25 percent on real estate and related costs and largely reduced its carbon footprint as a result. And companies with official flexible work programs that allow remote work at least three times per month were more likely to report revenue growth of 10 percent or more within the last year, compared to firms without such policies.

The good news is two recent, separate surveys found a large majority of employers and HR professionals agree about where work flexibility is headed. Eighty percent of employers surveyed plan to increase their flexible workforces and 89 percent of HR professionals surveyed said other flexible work arrangements would be more prevalent in the next five years.

So, what happened to Jennell when she returned to work? She reported that, “After working for only four months, I have been promoted, with an increase in pay, and I have been offered the chance to be a mentor!” Without flexible work options, employers miss out on this kind of high-caliber employee far too often.

It’s unfair to force people to make difficult choices when it comes to career and family. It’s also an unnecessary stress in an age where work happens anywhere and everywhere. As the debate on work flexibility continues, with the White House, government agencies and major corporations all in favor of its adoption, our hope is that women, and all workers, have increased access to these work options.

Sara Sutton Fell is the CEO and founder of FlexJobs, an award-winning, innovative career website for telecommuting, flexible, freelance and part-time job listings, and founder of Remote.co, a one-stop resource for remote teams and companies, and the 1 Million for Work Flexibility initiative. She was named as a Young Global Leader (class of 2014) by the World Economic Forum for her work in technology and the employment fields. Sutton Fell is a graduate of UC Berkeley and currently lives in Boulder, Colo., with her husband and two sons.

Source: http://womensenews.org/story/labor/150817/flexible-work-boosts-businesses-and-the-workforce

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Voila le celebre George Clooney  et Amal Alameddine viennent au Liban…  ils se sont maries, et la viennent visiter le beau pays des Cedres. Mais attention, Monsieur Clooney n’a pas Droit a la Nationalite Libanaise de sa femme.

il a besoin d’un Visa, car LA FEMME LIBANAISE NE PEUT PAS TRANSMETTRE SA NATIONALITE A SON EPOUX ou ENFANTS de Son Epoux Non National.

voila, au risque de me repeter la loi de  1925 qui parle de la Nationalite au Liban discrimine contre la Femme Libanaise.

Yalla on la change cette loi pour les beaux yeux de Clooney? ou de sa belle princesse???

et attention pas de decret presidentiel cette fois car …. IL N’Y A PAS DE PRESIDENT maintenant !!! Youy

Rita Chemaly

clooney-amal alameddine Photo AFP

Below are the latest link related to the nationality issue I wrote:

https://ritachemaly.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/les-femmes-libanaises-et-la-droit-a-la-nationalite-pour-leur-famille1.jpg

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You want to know what are the discrimination women are facing in Lebanon till 2014?  you wish to know what improvements were made till 2014?  The Official Cedaw Report of the Republic of Lebanon, that has been prepared by NCLW  (www.nclw.org.lb)  is now available in English and French and Spanish.

Below is a sneak through the table of content of the english version:

“Article 1 Definition of discrimination against women ………………………….. …….. 9

Article 2 The principle of non-discrimination and guarantee of its achievement ……………….. 9

The legislative situation and principle of non-discrimination ……………………… 10

Bills and proposals being studied or monitored .

17 IV. Civil society initiatives and efforts …….”

if you wish to download the versions here they are:

the arabic version is available for download here: https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/lebanon-official-cedaw-report-on-women-status-for-2014/

cedaw rapport en francais 2014 officiel Liban

cedaw report official Lebanon 2014 English version

they have been translated by the UN: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Pages/WelcomePage.aspx 

Rita Chemaly

unhcr translation cedaw lebanon 2014

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A strategy is needed for equality and an effective political participation of women in the Public sphere in Lebanon. this simple info graphic shows who were the women responsible of a ministerial cabinet in Lebanon and for which year since 1942. IN brief just 7 women were since 1942 were appointed as MINISTERS in Lebanon. 2 of them without a portfolio ! 😦

Only 6 Cabinets/ Governments out of 74 Governments in Lebanon have appointed Women!!!!

We need to ACT!!!!

Rita Chemaly

WOMEN in Political Sphere in Lebanon Cabinet Rita Chemaly

This pic is taken from the Women participation in Elections prepared by UNDP in Lebanon http://www.lebanon-elections.org/Modules/Document/UploadFile/6171_12,02,YYWomen-in-Elections-accordion.pdf

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#TakeBackTheMétro, me rappelle la Campagne de Salwa qui a été initiee au Liban par le Collectif feministe “Nasawiya” il y a quelques annees. La campagne #TakeBackTheMétro en France est lancee par “Osez le féminisme !” pr que les femmes affirment leur droit d’user des espaces publics sans crainte.

#takebackthemetro femez les cuisses  Rita Chemaly

#takebackthemetro Rita Chemaly

voici l’article qui l’annonce:

#TakeBackTheMétro

Osez le féminisme ! lance aujourd’hui sa nouvelle campagne : Take back the métro !, L’objectif ? Dénoncer les violences machistes dont sont victimes les femmes dans les transports en commun et interpeller les transporteurs afin qu’ils réagissent.

Selon une enquête réalisée par Osez le Féminisme dans le métro parisien, 94% des 150 femmes interrogées indiquent avoir déjà subi des comportements sexistes intimidants, du sifflement à l’agression sexuelle. Par peur d’agression, près des trois quart d’entre elles adaptent leur comportement ou leurs tenues vestimentaires lorsqu’elles sont dans le métro. Une étude Reuters parue cette semaine indiquait que 8 Parisiennes sur 10 pensaient que personne ne les aideraient si elles étaient victimes d’un viol dans le métro.

Malgré le débat public sur le harcèlement de rue, ce sujet ne s’est pas encore traduit par des actions de sensibilisation de grande ampleur de la part des pouvoirs publics.

Pourtant, les régies de transports communiquent largement pour prévenir des vols à la tire, la fraude ou la mendicité, mettent en garde les voyageurs contre les pickpockets, les colis suspects ou même sensibilisent sur les incivilités. Ils ne l’ont jamais fait sur les violences sexistes qui touchent pourtant une grande partie de leurs usagèr-e-s.

Cela doit changer! Les femmes sont aussi légitimes que les hommes dans l’espace public et devraient être parfaitement libres de circuler et de se déplacer comme bon leur semble. Nous voulons :

que les femmes puissent se réapproprier les transports et en faire usage sans craintes,
que les transporteurs tels que la RATP en Ile-de-France, mènent des actions de prévention et de lutte contre les violences sexistes.

Pour reprendre le le métro, le bus, le tram, le RER et tous les transports mis à la disposition des citoyennes, Osez le Féminisme! lance une campagne intitulée #TackBackTheMetro. Vous pouvez y participer:

– En vous inscrivant pour les prochaines actions collectives et festives dans le métro: pour « reprendre » les transports,
– En diffusant sur les réseaux sociaux les visuels humoristiques qui visent à détourner les visuels existants dans le métro parisien,
– En signant et en diffusant la pétition à destination des régies de transport afin qu’elles mettent en place un plan de lutte contre ces violences

NB: Le nom de notre campagne, #TakeBackTheMétro fait référence aux marches “Take Back the Night”[Reprenez la nuit]. Initiées aux États-Unis dans les années 70, ces marches nocturnes composées uniquement de femmes visent à affirmer leur droit de faire usage des espaces publics sans crainte de harcèlement sexuel ou d’agression sexuelle.

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I am lost with some “studies” using 2005 as a baseline. I can’t stand duplications in the work of International Organisations. They are ready to pay amounts for  compilations that exists already, and for action plans that already have been developped in a participatory manner by numerous NGOs and  Govermental organisations.

In Lebanon, numerous authors, researchers and Organisations have worked on studies and documents that go beyond that date (2005) or 2006.

For all those who want to do a research about women rights in Lebanon, please do go back to the core CEDAW reports,

please do call NGOs working on legal issues (they are not numerous and phone calls wont take a whole day). (The goodones I advise you to call are : Abaad, Crtda, LFPA, LADE, CFUWI, KAFA, and of course the National Institution that that holds a coordinative and consultative mission that is NCLW:

Moreover you can check some Websites: all Information is available online, this is normal access to information right:

CEDAW report published in 2014 is available online!

Additionly to follow on legal issues, do not hesitate to check the easy and friendly tables published in NCLW reports:
Annual report 2013 (available in English and Arabic) is comprehensive related to the National Campaigns organised by numerous NGOs.

Annual report 2012 covers what happened till the end of 2012. (available in english and arabic)

and Annual Report 2011, shows the great work and details all laws related to women and the efforts done to implement them .

Moreover a full compilation of all the laws that exist in the Lebanese parliament drawers and the decrees presented to/or studied by the council of ministers have been compiled thematically in this big study funded by UNFPA lebanon. (Arabic version)

There is the  raodmap worked on with the Lebanese Parliament funded by UNDP and compiling  all laws related to women and that has been published in August 2013. AVAILABLE IN arabic .

For those who want to go back to the core texts developped and updated in a participatory manner here is the link for the Women National Strategy 2011-2021 (available in French, english and Arabic). Here is the Link to the National Action Plan 2013-2016 (available in arabic) and that aims to follow up on the implementation of the national strategy goals by various stakeholders.

More than that, all texts quoted previously give credit to all NGOs that have worked on a certain issue, so hearing again the “assumption” that NGOs in Lebanon do not work together or collaborate is in my opinion misleading! and using numbers from 2005 2006 reports a baselines for “legal and contextual researches” is in my opinion outdated.

No more outdated studies about women In Lebanon 2014 Chemaly

Rita Chemaly.

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I was tore, my brother hit me with his belt when I refused the aged groom …. The first night was a nightmare, I was ashamed of what we did.  I was not a happy Cinderella after that. I was pregnant at 12…. those are what child brides are telling us, their testimonies are terrible! How do you feel if your little 12 years old girl is getting married and for life in a country like Lebanon? The white veil will change into black chains!! Image(picture source)

In Lebanon, Child Marriage is not well criminalised and this shocks me greatly!

We have a law protecting minors “kanoun ahdass” , a law that transcend the sects ( 18 confessions  in Lebanon) but regarding marriage issues even this law is not clear. There is a blank!!

Our Lebanese Penal Code the famous “kanoun el oukoubat” permits a child marriage with the CONSENT of the parents or the “wali“.

For me this is a disguised human trade: It means a dad can “sell” his children and this is protected and covered by the Lebanese law!!

I have been shocked by what Abeer abdel Samad from the Ministry of Social Affairs Speech during a conference on Child Marriage organised by RDFL told us:  MOSA (Ministry of Social Affairs)  has discovered that children are “taught” what to say in front of a religious leader by the “waseet” it means the one who find a husband for the children!! Ahhhh!!!

Moreover, and More terrible for me is our Penal Code in Lebanon: it does punish a religious leader that married a minor or a child without the consent of the parents (father)  with just 500 000 LL !! almost 300$ Only!!! the price of a cheap mobile phone!!!!!

This article number 483 of the Penal Code in Lebanon needs to be amended Asap!!

for those who read arabic here is the text of the article 483 of the Penal Code in Lebanon :

المادة 483 – زواج قاصر

 عدلت الغرامة الواردة في المادة 483 بموجب القانون رقم 239 تاريخ 27/5/1993 على الوجه التالي

 اذا عقد أحد رجال الدين زواج قاصر لم يتم الثامنة عشرة من عمره دون أن يدون في العقد رضى من له الولاية على القاصر او ان يستعاض عنه باذن القاضي عوقب بالغرامة من خمسين ألف الى خمسماية ألف ليرة

In my opinion we must act and amend and change this article

1-Punishment should be more severe ( prison, triple or quadriple the amount of money the religious leader will pay?…)

2- We (as Lebanese activists, parents, citizens,…)  cannot  accept that children are forced to get married by their so called “parents” because of economical problems! If a minor get the consent of his parents “father” they can easily get married!! and no one will lift a tiny finger after that to help the poor child, that might be abused, that might get an early pregnancy, that might, as one of the Lebanese child bride testified in the movie get violented by the family in law, ect.

3- We need to clearly say no to #Childtrade and to #Childmarriage in Lebanon.  That is in my opinion a form of it!!

Rita Chemaly

 

 

 

For those who are interested in joining forces and mobilise against child marriage in Lebanon,

here are some readings and sources:

1- My previous post of February 1 2014 related to Child Marriage: Join the Movement to end Child Marriage in Lebanon (French)

2-My previous post of January 25 2014 related to child bride : Early marriages in Lebanon who helps the bride child ? (English)

3- The article of Layal Timani in the Legal Agenda of 1 February 2014 (Arabic)

زواج القاصرات بين الفتاوى الشرعية والقانون!  “سندريلا” تقع فريسة احلامها

4- The article of Nermine Sibai in the Legal Agenda (Arabic)

قضاة الأحداث في لبنان يرسمون حدود الحماية: صلاحيات المحاكم الشرعية والرواسب الاجتماعية الرجعية

 5- The article of Ana Maria Luca in NOW Lebanon of 30102013 : Lebanon’s child brides  (English)

6- The short video created by NCLW, IWSAW and LAU to shed lights on the terrific consequences of child Marriage in Lebanon: Campaign against child bride : Early marriages In Lebanon    (Arabic with english subtitles)

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The Lebanese American University (LAU) seeks applicants or nominations for the position of Director of the Institute for Women’s Studies in the Arab World (IWSAW). Established in 1973, IWSAW is committed to pioneering academic education and research on women in the Arab world. The Institute seeks to empower women through development programs, community education, and policy change regarding women’s rights in the region. More information about the IWSAW can be found at: http://iwsaw.lau.edu.lb/.

 

The Director will be entrusted with establishing the vision and strategy to take IWSAW to the next level of excellence. The Director will liaise and collaborate with similar institutes, pertinent non-governmental organizations, and policy makers locally, regionally and internationally. She/he will identify and strengthen links with donors to increase support for IWSAW’s programs. She/he also will spearhead new research initiatives to address regional women’s and gender issues, engaging IWSAW and LAU faculty, staff and students in scholarly work. The Director is expected to possess strong communication skills in English and Arabic.

 

Specific duties and responsibilities:

 

1. Oversee implementation of the recently established M.A. program in Women and Gender Studies.

 

2. Partner with LAU faculty to strengthen the gender component in graduate and undergraduate programs.

 

3. Organize conferences, workshops, and seminars that raise awareness and build capacity for addressing women’s issues in Lebanon and the region.

 

4. Oversee the publication and enhancement of Al-Raida, the Institute’s journal.

 

5. Manage the Institute’s human and capital resources.

 

6. Represent IWSAW at regional and international forums that address women’s and gender issues.

 

7. Serve on and support IWSAW’s Advisory Board.

 

Candidates for the position should hold a PhD and have an established record of accomplishment in the area of women’s and gender studies or a related discipline. The Director will have a faculty appointment in the School most appropriate for her/his discipline. She/he will be expected to teach and contribute to the work of that school. Furthermore, the Director reports to the Provost on academic matters and to the President on other issues pertaining to the Institute.

 

The initial 3-year appointment will be at a rank commensurate with the academic background and qualifications.

 

LAU (http://www.lau.edu.lb) is an Equal Opportunity Employer operating in Lebanon under a charter from the Regents of the State University of New York, and is accredited by the Commission on Institutions of Higher Education of the New England Association of Schools and Colleges.

 

Submit applications electronically to the Assistant Provost for Academic Affairs, apaa@lau.edu.lb. Refer to position no. IWSAW-14-1. Applications should include a cover letter describing teaching, research, grant writing and community outreach experiences, a detailed CV, and names and contact information for at least four references.

 

Targeted start date for the appointment is January 2015. Review of applicants will commence on July 15, 2014, and continue until the position is filled.

 

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Encore des discriminations, des discriminations en boucles!

Le parlement va “parait-il” re-etudier le projet de loi pour donner la nationalite libanaise a ceux qui sont d’origine Libanaise.

bon, voila un bon point pour les emigres de longue date, si j’oublie qu’un tel octroi ne se fait que pour une certaine balance communautaire.

mais encore plus le probleme est l’exception: ceux d’origine libanaise et qui ont droit a la nationalite sont seulement des Hommes!!! et non des femmes!!!

donc vos cousines, vos arrieres cousines, vos arrieres grands-meres, et leurs soeurs n’y ont pas droit, juste leur freres y ont droit!!

allons donc!!! mettons un gros zero au patriarcalisme, et aux societes retrogrades qui ne reconnaissent pas les femmes en tant que citoyennes pleines et entieres!!

ci-dessous le brief de la campagne ma nationalite est mon droit et celui de ma famille Image

!

Rita Chemaly

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Dears,

to all those who are waiting for the maternity leave period extension to take effect ,

after the vote in the General Assembly of the Parliament,

it was finally published in the Official Gazette Number 17 of april 22 2014 pages 1119 and 1120.

Women, Mothers, and families enjoy your 10 weeks  fully paid maternity leave!!!

Mabrouk!!!

Rita Chemaly

here is a snapshot of the laws as they were published in the official gazetteImage

 

Image

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Ouiii enfin, le gouvernement tunisien a annoncé le dépôt de la notification auprès du secrétaire général des Nations Unies, du retrait des réserves relatives à  la Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes la celebre (CEDAW).

La Tunisie avait ratifié cette convention en 1985 mais les réserves emises a la Conventions etaient nombreuses:  articles 9 (nationalité), l’article 15 (égalité devant la loi) et l’article 16 (droit matrimonial) .
Le Liban a adhere a la CEDAW, mais il a aussi emis des reserves qui le laissent Loin derriere entre les pays qui ne donnent pas leurs pleins droits aux femmes.

Pour ne citer que le droit des femmes libanaises a transmettre leur Nationalite a leurs enfants et maris (non nationaux) (sujet que je couvre amplement dans ce blog), les droits lies au mariage (aussi debattus dans ce blog), ( mariage, divorce, heritage, adoption…).

Rita Chemaly

pour plus d’infos sur la levee des reserves par la tunisie (bravo bravo) voila quelques liens:
Tunisie : Les réserves à la CEDAW enfin levées !  
Je Rêve : La Libanaise est citoyenne de « seconde classe » ?

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Who is interested in knowing how to use ICT in their campaigns?

how you can use facebook, twitter, and other tools to promote your goals?

it is a webinar on wednesday april 30 2014,

full details are below!

prepare your speakers, mic and pc and check your internet connection first!

good webinar!

Rita Chemaly

iKNOW Politics invites you to the webinar on “The role of ICTs in empowering women in politics”

When?  April 30th, 2014 at 9 am EDT

The 21st century has seen an unprecedented increase in the percentage of internet users around the world. 27.5% of people in Asia are now internet users, in Latin America and the Caribbean it’s 42.9% and the increase in internet users from 2000 to 2012 has been highest in the African continent, with an approximate 3,606.7% increase. Over 1.11 billion Facebook users communicate across borders every day. At least one-half of the world’s population has a mobile phone, and the number is increasing every day. Texting is the number one most used data service in the world, with 8.6 trillion text messages sent worldwide in 2012. In developing countries, two in three people have mobile phone subscriptions. Interestingly, the most remarkable innovations that have come from the use of mobile phones were where internet coverage was poor.

While it is doubtless that current communication technology has a lot to offer any activist or politician, it may be of particular value for women in politics since mobile phones, the internet and social media channels have the potential to, not only serve as an equalizer for women politicians and activists, but to also increase their political participation. Often discriminated against in traditional media, women have started going around traditional communication outlets, such as television and radio, to adopt more direct and interactive communication tools, such as Facebook, Twitter, SMS, promotional videos, podcasts, and blogs, which have proved very effective, eliminating the use of intermediaries in communication and allowing the women themselves to be ‘the news makers’.

Women members of parliament are increasingly using these different technology platforms during their political campaigns and careers to generate dialogue with their constituencies as elected representatives. Political leaders are catching on to the crowd sourcing possibilities that these technologies offer.

Blogs, Facebook pages and Twitter accounts have been created for many women politicians and activists. Additionally, text messages are used to alert journalists and to create viral campaigns during public rallies, televised debates and press conferences. YouTube videos are also supplementing paid television spots for political messages and breaking dependency on mainstream media sources. Political activists are using these social networks to personally organize events and disseminate information on public policy issues and communication between individual citizens and their government is increasing through online petitions, discussion forums and platforms.

Join us on April 30th, 2014 at 9 am EDT for an inspiring webinar on the use of ICTs to empower women in politics. NDI will tell us a bit about their Survey “The use of ICTs for women in politics”, Ms. Oyungerel, Member of Parliament in Mongolia, will share her experience during the “Women CAN Campaign” and Ms. Danya Bashir Hobba, a Libyan activist and Executive Director for “Social Media for Change”, will show us the power of social media in reshaping societies.

Register here!!

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Finally a big compilation work was done and published and released!! All legislation related to women ( prepared, drafted, amended ) was compiled and categorised and published in one document.

Finally constituents can now ask their Member of Parliament of the status of each legislation that has not been studied neither voted!

Finally we Lebanese citizens can now know Which Member of Parliament has presented which law, draft law or project law.

the big data collection was undertaken by the NCLW and published in 2013. the compilation is available online for download at the E-portal Publication center http://e-portal.nclw.org.lb/getattachment/bfc56361-71c6-47b8-abf6-f342a330bc58/legal-study-final-PDF.pdf.aspx

For the researchers and activists and other interested in the topics here is a snapshot of the table of content :

For the others here is the pdf file you can download from here to : Legislation law draft law proposal related to women rights in Lebanon 2000 2013

 rita chemaly

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« On a gagné ! Je suis très contente, je viens d’avoir un enfant et vraiment, 49 jours de congé maternité ne suffisent pas à la mère pour se remettre physiquement et psychologiquement de la grossesse et de l’accouchement, apprendre à connaître son enfant, allaiter… C’est un grand pas pour la femme libanaise qui travaille, mais aussi pour l’enfant et l’ensemble de la famille ! »

Après trois ans de bataille, Rita Chemaly, consultante pour le développement des projets à la Commission nationale pour les droits de la femme, ne peut contenir sa joie : les députés ont voté mercredi dernier en session plénière deux propositions de loi : l’une amende l’article 38 de la loi 112 allongeant le congé maternité des employées du secteur public de 60 à 70 jours, l’autre amende les articles 28-29 du code du travail en étendant la durée du congé maternité de 49 jours à 10 semaines (soit 70 jours consécutifs), payés à salaire complet. Toutes les Libanaises, quel que soit leur employeur, bénéficient désormais d’un congé de 70 jours payés à plein salaire. Les lois entreront en vigueur dès leur publication au Journal officiel, soit mardi ou jeudi au plus tard.

C’est en 2011 que la Commission nationale pour les droits de la femme s’engage pour l’extension du congé maternité. L’association lance à cette époque, en partenariat avec de nombreuses associations pour le droit des femmes, une campagne nationale pour amender les lois qui ont un impact économique négatif sur les femmes. Intitulée Wayn Ba’dna (on en est encore là), la campagne vise à assurer l’égalité de la femme vis-à-vis de l’homme au niveau de la Sécurité sociale et des impôts notamment. L’extension du congé maternité fait partie des mesures prônées. « Un congé maternité trop court constitue une discrimination pour les femmes car elles peuvent hésiter à avoir des enfants de peur de perdre leur emploi », explique Rita Chemaly.

« Nous avons rédigé une proposition de loi en nous basant sur les dispositions des textes internationaux (Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes (Cedaw), le Pacte international relatif aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels) et nous sommes allés voir deux députés, Gilberte Zouein, présidente de la commission des Droits de la femme, et Michel Moussa, président de la commission des Droits de l’homme, afin de leur soumettre notre proposition de loi. Nous avons ensuite suivi de très près le travail des commissions parlementaires, nous avons écrit au président de la Chambre Nabih Berry pour qu’il mette la proposition de loi à l’ordre du jour de l’agenda de l’Assemblée nationale. » Et s’il a fallu autant de temps pour que la loi soit votée en assemblée plénière, c’est à cause de problèmes d’ordre politique, le Parlement ne s’étant pas réuni pendant des mois, précise l’activiste.

S’il s’agit incontestablement d’une victoire pour la Libanaise, cette extension du congé maternité reste insuffisante au regard des normes internationales et le Liban fait toujours figure de mauvais élève en matière de protection de la maternité au travail. D’après les chiffres de l’Organisation internationale du travail (OIT, 2012), 85 % des pays du monde ont instauré un congé maternité d’au moins 12 semaines. 98 % des pays d’Europe et de la CEI ont un congé maternité de 14 semaines et plus, et presque 2/3 de ces pays en offrent plus de 18 semaines. À l’opposé, 90 % des pays arabes du Moyen-Orient ont un congé maternité de moins de 12 semaines. Quelques exemples : France : 16 semaines, Norvège : jusqu’à 57 semaines, Brésil : 17 semaines, Tunisie : 30 jours, Arabie Saoudite : 10 semaines, Syrie : 17 semaines.
La durée de 10 semaines adoptée la semaine dernière au Liban reste bien en deçà des normes internationales que prône notamment l’OIT. « La convention (n° 183) sur la protection de la maternité prévoit un congé maternité de 14 semaines. Bien que le Liban n’ait pas signé cette convention, il faut qu’il se rapproche de cette norme. Nous n’avons pas voulu revendiquer les 14 semaines directement pour ne pas que les organismes économiques s’opposent frontalement à l’extension. Nous avons préféré procéder étape par étape », détaille Rita Chemaly. Contrairement à la France où c’est la Sécurité sociale qui couvre, au Liban, c’est l’employeur qui assure le paiement des salaires pendant le congé maternité.

Pour autant, la bataille n’est pas finie. « Maintenant, nous allons lutter pour un nouveau rallongement du congé maternité et la création d’un congé paternité payé entièrement. Ça, c’est ma campagne personnelle, car le père est partie intégrante de l’éducation des enfants », affirme Rita Chemaly.

Un article par Anne ILCINKAS | OLJ

http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/862067/lextension-du-conge-maternite-une-victoire-pour-la-libanaise-mais-encore-bien-en-deca-des-normes-internationales.html

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