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Archive for the ‘Droits Humain’ Category

Hier, j’ai recu par mail, une alerte concernant le remaniement ministeriel en France. Aujourd’hui en lisant l’article de liberation l’information se confirme. Je croyais que la France est un pays ou le feminisme a reussi a faire des progres sur le plan des mentalites patriarchales. Et bien non, avec le #remaniement ministeriel d’Hollande, le role des femmes a ete reconfine et  accole aux taches de femme “epouse” et de mere “la maman”.

Hmm… je pense  que le remaniement ministeriel est incomplet: le remaniement a rattache  le droit des femmes a celui de famille et des enfants, ils ont oublie aussi de rajouter un titre au ministere: taches menageres! La Totale !

Je suis libanaise, une societe ou  “feminisme” “distribution des roles au sein du foyer” ne sont pas toujours les bienvenus. Oui chez nous les stereotypes de tous genres sont ancres. Je vis constamment sous les doigts de ceux qui essayent de me coller l’etiquette de “maman”a tout va. Pire on essaye aussi de me coller une autre etiquette celle tres connue de “sett beyt” en libanais, l’expression veut dire la dame de la maison celle qui gere la famille et la maison. hmm laissez moi preciser: celle qui garde le foyer propre , qui cuisine pour son homme et son enfant qui ne devrait parler que de chiffons avec ses amies lors des sobhiyis. Et bien du tout, je fais la sourde oreille quand on me parle de la sorte, pire quand au Liban on m’appelle avec le nom du Mari. Car on pert notre nom en se mariant, on devient l’objet de la famille, des enfants, et de l’Epoux.

Bon, au Liban la route vers une quelquonque egalite est tres longue  , mais  en France retourner en arriere sur des aquis est une honte, une sorte de claque a tous les efforts des feministes!

A bas les stereotypes! Think out of the Box!

Rita Chemaly

femme-menage-homme stereotype

Photo stereotype prise de Marie Claire 

ci dessous le copier colle du mail que j’ai recu:

COMMUNIQUE DE PRESSE du 11 FEVRIER 2016
de Danielle BOUSQUET, Chantal JOUANNO et Pascale VION

Remaniement ministériel:
Associer les droits des femmes à la famille et à l’enfance
suscite de sérieuses préoccupations

Parité au nouveau Gouvernement : nous nous en félicitons. Mais, mettre sous un même Ministère « la famille, l’enfance et les droits des femmes », n’est-ce pas enfermer les femmes dans le rôle stéréotypé qui leur est assigné depuis des siècles : celui d’épouse et de mère ?

La formulation et le périmètre de ce Ministère sont d’autant plus déconcertants que, depuis 4 ans, les avancées en matière d’égalité femmes-hommes sont incontestables. La Loi sur l’égalité réelle du 4 août 2014 avait, en effet, consacré l’enracinement de l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes dans toutes les politiques publiques. Pour autant, tellement d’inégalités perdurent.

A cette aune-là, nous nous interrogeons sur le périmètre du Secrétariat d’Etat chargé de l’égalité réelle. Nous attendons des clarifications et des assurances du Gouvernement quant à son engagement en matière de droits des femmes et d’égalité entre les sexes.

Danielle BOUSQUET, Présidente du Haut Conseil à l’Egalité entre les femmes et les hommes,
Chantal JOUANNO,  Présidente de la Délégation aux droits des femmes et à l’égalité du Sénat
Pascale VION, Présidente de la Délégation aux droits des femmes et à l’égalité du CESE

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The Global Fund for Women have released the #DETERMINED campaign, in which the stories of women are told. All of these stories are part of “a powerful collective effort to create lasting change—a movement for women’s human rights.” To know more about what is a Movement? Check the beautiful Infographic Below!!!

Rita Chemaly movement  Global fund for women Rita Chemaly Lebanon GFW

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What is the Right that I miss the most as a Lebanese Women? This is the question I as a women rights activist is always asked, and my answer is Clear:  the Right to transmit my Nationality to my Children is THE Right we need to work on in Priority.

As a Women, the nationality law that dates from 1925  in Lebanon still prohibits Lebanese women married to foreigners from granting their nationality to their husband and children. 2704-salma-hayek-gibran_ Nationalite femme libanaise droit rita chemaly

the Article 1 of the 1925 Nationality Law states that citizenship is granted to those born of Lebanese fathers only. Not Lebanese Mothers. The implication is dreadful for Lebanese women and mothers: Children born of Lebanese mothers are not granted citizenship in Lebanon. that means no Lebanese passport, No lebanese social security, No access to Public schools, no access to Lebanese universities, no Access to Lebanese jobs protected by Syndicates…. In addition to all that a new Law passed in November 2015 in the Lebanese parliament, granting the  expatriates who have male ancestors only to get Lebanese Citizenship. Even the Constitutional Council wasn’t able to reject such a law that clearly violates the principle of equality between men and women enshrined in Article 7 of the Lebanese Constitution. (Read more about the rejection of annulment of such a discriminating law here)
Citizenship in Lebanon is based on ancestry from the FATHER /Men Side only,  not where one is born. In my opinion this is a  discrimination showing how Lebanon is a patriarchal society !

Today I read that Salma Hayek the Hollywood famous actress with Lebanese origins have clearly highlighted that women in Lebanon need to be able to TRANSMIT Their Nationality to their Children. True!! if as activists and lobbyist and advocates our voice is not heard by our elected Members of Parliament, maybe the voice of a Hollywood actress is more Powerful??? They can hear her voice easily???

Il faut noter que Shakira est d’origine libanaise, Salma Hayek Aussi, … mais la nationalite ne peut leur etre octroyee car elles sont des femmes, d’origine libanaise. Mika aussi  est d’origine libanaise par sa mere non??? donc il n’y a pas droit non plus! On le cree ce Lobby d’Acteurs et actrices et chanteurs pour demander ce Droit Primordial pour Nous Libanais et Libanaises???

Rita Chemaly

below are some of the links and article I wrote previously in English , french or Arabic  about this issue:

Lebanese women not satisfied with second class

Cartographie des discriminations qui atteignent les femmes au Liban 

Le Dossier que j’ai prepare sur la Nationalite pour le Magazine

Les femmes libanaises insistent pour transmettre leur nationalite a leur famille 

Transmitting the Nationality in Lebanon is only for Men

Patriarchy and discrimination against women should not prevail Lebanese women should have the right to transmit their nationality

La nationalite a ceux qui sont d’origine libanaise … aux hommes pas aux femmes!

je reve : je suis libanaise de 2nde classe?

Kindly note that in this blog, I featured more than 20 articles and short movie and covered plenty of protests and street movments about this issue. they are all featured under this tag: Nationality tag ; Discrimination tagwomen rights tag

 

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1- Researcher for Gulf Team:

The Middle East and North Africa Programme at the International Secretariat of Amnesty International is seeking to appoint a dynamic, team oriented person to the role of Iraq Researcher in the Gulf team.

“ABOUT THE JOB:
As a research-based campaigning organization, investigating and documenting human rights issues is fundamental to our advocacy and lobbying work. Our Gulf team requires a researcher to take the lead in initiating human rights research and action by providing regional and thematic expertise, excellent research skills and sound political judgement. A campaign oriented approach to your work is essential. You will be required to conduct and co-ordinate research activities, monitor, investigate and analyse political, legal and social developments and human rights conditions, give authoritative advice on these areas and prepare human rights action materials.

ABOUT YOU:
With experience of working on human rights issues, you must have specialist knowledge and preferably first hand experience of the Gulf region in particular Iraq and an understanding and awareness of the cultures of the Gulf region. You’ll have a background in activism, academia, law or journalism with the ability to identify and thoroughly investigate those issues and ensure our voice has authority. You will need proven research and communication skills, impartial political judgement, coupled with strong strategic thought. Fluency in English, including excellent writing skills, is essential, as is the ability to speak and read Arabic fluently. ”

here is the source for the opening : https://careers.amnesty.org/vacancy/researcher—gulf-team-1332/1358/description/ 

Here are more details appearing on the page about this specific opening

  • Closing Date: 17 January 2016
  • Directorate: Research
  • Location: London
  • Type: Fixed Term Contract
  • Duration: 9 months
  • Working Hours: 35
  • Salary: £43,200

to download the full TOR of the researcher job file:Researcher – Gulf Team amnesty international

2- Gender sexuality and identity – PROGRAMME DIRECTOR (1371)

“Whatever a person’s gender, sexuality, race, religion or any other identity tag, no-one should be discriminated against on the basis of who they are. No one should have their rights violated because of their identity, or because they defend the human rights of others. That’s why we’re committed to ending human rights abuses on the basis of identity, and ending the prejudice and discrimination that fuel such abuses. It’s pioneering work – and it’ll be down to you to lead the way. 

About the role
In this highly influential role, you’ll shape and develop our strategies, policies, research and advocacy on gender, sexual orientation and other forms of identity-based discrimination – making us the recognised authority on human rights abuses grounded in such discrimination. Doing this successfully means working with people across Amnesty International (AI), strengthening our research methodologies and managing a team of dedicated staff as they advise us on how to how to research, advocate and campaign on equal rights. It will involve raising awareness, enabling staff to play their roles and generating external debate. As well as writing incisive analyses, reports and briefings, you’ll represent AI to the media and to policy makers. You’ll also manage a significant budget and develop a coherent and effective operational plan. More than that, you’ll keep up to date with emerging political, academic and human rights trends to better support those who are standing up to perpetrators of human rights violations throughout the world. Even more importantly, you will yourself be an important thought leader or entrepreneur in this area of work.

About you
An experienced human rights leader, you’ll have an impressive record of researching for advocacy and carrying out intersectional analyses of discrimination in relation to human rights. You’ll have a proven record of work and scholarship in identity-based discrimination. You’ll need specialist knowledge of international human rights and humanitarian law and a proven ability to inspire and motivate those around you. With practiced relationship-building and strategic planning abilities, you’ll be adept at successfully managing people and resources. You’ll also have shown your ability to write for a variety of publications and have the credibility, communication skills and political judgement to represent AI externally. A strong team player, you’ll be committed to working collaboratively and be passionate about ending identity-based human rights violations.”

here is the source of the opening: https://careers.amnesty.org/vacancy/gender-sexuality-and-identity—programme-director-1371/1397/description/

3 – finally a post that is for the BEIRUT Office: Regional Director  MENA: (1388)

“THE CONTEXT

Amnesty International has embarked on a global transition programme to ensure a more impactful and truly global presence for the movement. A movement that acts with greater legitimacy, speed, capacity and relevance as we stand alongside those whose rights are violated. We are adapting to a changing world by building on Amnesty International’s 50+ years of ground-breaking achievements for justice and freedom. We believe that by deepening our work in new global offices, including in the global South, we will be even more in line with our mission and core values. Our activists and staff around the world will have increased direct and indirect contact with defenders, partners and human rights violations in different parts of the world with our IS staff “closer to the ground”. As we build significant membership in the South, we will see international solidarity and democratic decision-making in full bloom.

In the past two years we have opened Regional Offices in Dakar, Nairobi, Johannesburg, Hong Kong and Mexico City – and now we are expanding our presence further. Over the next year we will establish new operations in Bangkok, Tunis, Beirut with other locations to come.

ABOUT THE BEIRUT REGIONAL DIRECTOR ROLE
Our Beirut office will tackle a host of diverse human rights issues in the region. As Regional Director and leader of our presence in the region, we will look to you to develop and adapt our global strategies within the region. You will lead a multifunctional team to develop and deliver effective research, campaigns, communications, growth and fundraising plans. So you will need to create a culture of collaboration and integration as you establish the office, support your staff and take accountability for managing resources and increasing the impact of our work. At the same time, you will be guaranteeing that your team retain all that is distinctive about Amnesty including our values & beliefs, our global identity, coherence and consistency, our independence and impartiality and the centrality of the individual.

ABOUT YOU
A politically astute, experienced, inspirational and resilient leader, you will bring your expert knowledge and experience as a leader capable of influencing the direction of Amnesty International’s impact within the region. You will have a sound knowledge of regional political and social contexts that comes from living and working in the region; with knowledge of international human rights law and regional human rights frameworks you will have a balance with your awareness of membership and constituency building, fundraising and media visibility within the region. You’ll be a strategic thinker who can create plans, manage staff directly and in a global matrix, allocate resources and maintain a strong network of government, NGO and media contacts. So you’ll have the communication, presentation and advocacy skills needed to represent AI to a variety of audiences, along with the credibility to influence them and effect positive change.

ABOUT US
Amnesty International is a global movement of more than 7 million people who campaign for a world where human rights are enjoyed by all. We reach almost every country in the world and have:

  • more than 2 million members and supporters who drive forward our fight for rights
  • more than 5 million activists who strengthen our calls for justice

Our aim is simple: an end to human rights abuses. Independent, international and influential, we campaign for justice, fairness, freedom and truth wherever they’re denied. And whether we’re applying pressure through powerful research or direct lobbying, mass demonstrations or online campaigning, we’re all inspired by hope for a better world. One where human rights are respected and protected by everyone, everywhere. We can only do this because of the generous donations from millions of people around the world.

FREEDOM, JUSTICE, EQUALITY – LET’S GET TO WORK.

LE CONTEXTE

Amnesty International s’est engagée dans un programme mondial de transition, afin d’assurer une présence plus efficace et véritablement mondiale du mouvement. Un mouvement qui a renforcé sa légitimité, sa rapidité, sa capacité et la pertinence de ses actions auprès des victimes de violations des droits humains. Amnesty International s’adapte à un monde en évolution en s’appuyant sur plus de 50 ans d’avancées majeures en faveur de la justice et de la liberté. Nous sommes convaincus qu’en accentuant notre travail dans de nouveaux bureaux à travers le monde, notamment dans les pays du Sud mondial, nous serons encore davantage en accord avec notre mission et nos valeurs fondamentales. Partout dans le monde, avec un personnel du SI « plus près de terrain », nos militants et les membres de nos équipes auront davantage de contacts directs et indirects avec les défenseurs des droits humains, avec nos partenaires et avec les personnes qui ont été victimes d’atteintes à leurs droits fondamentaux. En recrutant dans les pays du Sud un nombre significatif de membres, nous verrons s’épanouir la solidarité internationale et les processus décisionnels démocratiques.

Lors des deux dernières années, nous avons ouvert des bureaux régionaux à Dakar, Nairobi, Johannesburg, Hong Kong et Mexico – et nous continuons d’étendre notre présence. Au cours des prochaines années, nous mènerons de nouvelles actions à Bangkok, Tunis, Beyrouth et dans d’autres endroits à venir.

RÔLEDU DIRECTEUR RÉGIONAL DE BEYROUTH
Notre bureau de Beyrouth se focalisera sur de nombreuses questions liées aux droits humains dans la région. En tant que directeur ou directrice régional-e et responsable de notre mouvement dans la région, nous compterons sur vous pour développer et adapter nos stratégies mondiales dans la région. Vous dirigerez une équipe multidisciplinaire dans le but d’élaborer et de réaliser des travaux de recherche efficaces, des campagnes, des communications ainsi que des plans de croissance et de collecte de fonds. Lors de la mise en place du bureau, vous devrez donc développer une culture de collaboration et d’intégration, et soutenir votre équipe. Vous serez responsable de la gestion des ressources et de la maximisation de notre impact. Dans le même temps, vous veillerez à ce que votre équipe ne perde pas de vue les caractéristiques propres d’Amnesty, notamment nos valeurs et nos convictions, notre identité mondiale, notre cohérence et notre constance, notre indépendance, notre impartialité et le caractère central que nous conférons à l’individu.

VOTRE PROFIL
Avec l’intelligence politique qui est la vôtre, avec votre expérience, votre caractère mobilisateur et votre résistance, vous tirerez profit de votre expertise et de vos compétences à la tête d’une équipe pour accroître l’impact d’Amnesty International dans la région. Vous disposez d’une solide connaissance du contexte politique et social de la région, acquise en vivant et en travaillant sur place. Vous êtes au fait du droit international en matière de droits humains et des cadres régionaux relatifs aux droits humains. Vous faites également preuve de connaissances en matière de recrutement de membres, de recherche de soutiens, de collecte de fonds et de visibilité médiatique dans la région. Vous avez des capacités de réflexion stratégique et êtes capable d’élaborer des plans, de gérer une équipe tant directement que dans le cadre d’une structure mondiale, de répartir des ressources et d’entretenir un solide réseau de contacts au sein du gouvernement, d’ONG et des médias. Vous disposez donc des compétences nécessaires en matière de communication, de présentation et de travail de pression pour représenter Amnesty International auprès de publics variés. Vous jouissez également de la crédibilité suffisante pour avoir une influence sur ces publics et les orienter vers un changement positif.

À PROPOS DE NOUS
Amnesty International est un mouvement mondial réunissant plus de sept millions de personnes qui agissent pour que les droits fondamentaux de chaque individu soient respectés. Nous touchons presque tous les pays du monde et nous comptons : 

  • plus de 2 millions de membres et sympathisants qui font avancer notre lutte en faveur des droits
  • plus de 5 millions de militants qui renforcent nos appels à la justice

Notre objectif est simple : mettre fin aux violations des droits humains. Indépendante, internationale et influente, notre organisation se bat pour la justice, l’équité, la liberté et la vérité partout où elles sont bafouées. Que nous nous engagions en menant d’importantes recherches, par un travail de pression directe, en organisant des manifestations de masse ou des campagnes en ligne, nous sommes tous poussés par l’espoir d’un monde meilleur. Un monde où les droits humains seraient respectés et protégés par tous et partout. Notre travail n’est rendu possible que par les dons généreux de millions de personnes dans le monde.

LIBERTÉ, JUSTICE, ÉGALITÉ – METTONS-NOUS AU TRAVAIL.

 

 

شرعت منظمة العفو الدولية في تنفيذ برنامج انتقالي عالمي يهدف إلى ضمان أن تصبح المنظمة حركة ذات حضور عالمي حقيقي وأكثر تأثيراً، حركة تعمل بمشروعية وسرعة وقدرة أكبر وأكثر ملاءمة للواقع، وهي تقف إلى جانب الذين تُنتهك حقوقهم. إننا نتكيف مع عالم متغير عن طريق البناء على المنجزات المبتكرة التي حققتها منظمة العفو الدولية على مدى 50 عاماً ونيِّف من أجل العدالة والحرية. ونعتقد أننا بتعميق عملنا في مكاتب عالمية جديدة، بما فيها بلدان الجنوب، سنكون أكثر اتساقاً مع رسالتنا وقيمنا الأساسية. وسيكون نشطاء المنظمة وموظفوها حول العالم على صلة مباشرة وغير مباشرة، وعلى نحو متزايد، مع المدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان والشركاء وضحايا انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان في مختلف بلدان العالم، وسيكون موظفونا في الأمانة الدولية “أكثر قرباً من الميدان”. ومع بناء عضوية كبيرة في بلدان الجنوب، سنشهد ازدهاراً كاملاً للتضامن الأممي وصنع القرار الديمقراطي

وقد أنشأنا في السنتين الماضيتين مكاتب إقليمية في كل من داكار ونيروبي وجوهانسبرغ وهونغ كونغ ومدينة المكسيك- ونحن نقوم الآن بتوسيع حضورنا العالمي أكثر فأكثر. وخلال السنتين القادمتين سنقوم بإنشاء مواقع عمل جديدة في بانكوك وتونس وبيروت، مع مواقع أخرى في المستقبل.

ما يتعلق بدور المدير الإقليمي في بيروت

سوف يتعامل مكتبنا في بيروت مع طائفة متنوعة من قضايا حقوق الإنسان في المنطقة. ونحن نتوقع منك، كمدير إقليمي وكقائد لعملية تواجد المنظمة في المنطقة، أن تقوم بتطوير وتكييف استراتيجياتنا العالمية في المنطقة؛ وأن تتولى قيادة فريق متعدد الوظائف يضطلع بوضع وتنفيذ الخطط الخاصة بالبحوث والحملات والاتصالات والنمو وجمع الأموال. ولذا ينبغي أن تعمل على خلق ثقافة تعاون وتكامل أثناء تأسيس المكتب، ودعم موظفي المكتب، وتحمُّل المسؤولية عن إدارة الموارد، وزيادة تأثير عملنا. وفي الوقت نفسه، ينبغي ضمان أن يحافظ فريقك على كل ما هو مميَّز لدى منظمة العفو الدولية، بما في ذلك قيمها ومعتقداتها وهويتها العالمية وتماسكها واتساقها واستقلالها وحيدتها ومركزية الفرد بالنسبة لها.

ما يتعلق بك

إننا نتوقع منك، كقائد يتسم بالحصافة السياسية والخبرة والإلهام والمثابرة، أن تحمل معك معارفك وخبراتك وتجاربك كقائد قادر على توجيه تأثير منظمة العفو الدولية في المنطقة؛ وأن تتمتع بمعرفة رصينة بالأوضاع السياسية والاجتماعية الإقليمية المستمدة من العيش والعمل في المنطقة. وبتمتعك بمعرفة القانون الدولي لحقوق الإنسان والأطر الإقليمية لحقوق الإنسان، يمكنك خلق توازن مع وعيك ببناء العضوية وقواعد المؤازرين وجمع الأموال والحضور المرئي في وسائل الإعلام. والمطلوب أن تكون مفكراً استراتيجياً قادراً على وضع الخطط، وإدارة الموظفين بشكل مباشر، وضمن منظومة عالمية، وتخصيص الموارد، والاحتفاظ بشبكة قوية من الصِلات مع الحكومات والمنظمات غير الحكومية ووسائل الإعلام. وعليه ينبغي التمتع بمهارات الاتصال والتقديم والعمل الدعوي الضرورية لتمثيل منظمة العفو الدولية أمام جمهور متنوع، إلى جانب التحلي بالصدقية اللازمة للتأثير عليهم وإحداث تغيير إيجابي.

 

ما يتعلق بنا/ من نحن 

منظمة العفو الدولية حركة عالمية تضم ما يزيد على 7 ملايين عضو ومؤازر وناشط يناضلون من أجل عالم يتمتع فيه جميع البشر بجميع حقوق الإنسان. وتصل المنظمة إلى كل بلد من بلدان العالم تقريبا، وتتألف من:

  • أكثر من 2 مليون عضو ومؤازر يقومون بدفع نضالنا من أجل الحقوق إلى لأمام،
  • أكثر من 5 ملايين ناشط يعززون دعواتنا من أجل تحقيق العدالة.

وهدفنا بسيط: وضع حد لانتهاكات حقوق الإنسان. وبصفتها منظمة مستقلة ودولية ومؤثرة، فإنها تناضل من أجل العدالة والمساواة والحرية والحقيقة حيثما يجري الحرمان منها. وسواءً كنا نمارس ضغوطاً من خلال البحوث القوية أو كسب التأييد، بواسطة المظاهرات الجماهيرية أو الحملات عبر الانترنت، فإننا جميعاً يحدونا الأمل في عالم أفضل، عالم تحظى فيه حقوق الإنسان بالاحترام والحماية من قبل كل شخص في كل مكان. ولا يمكننا أن نفعل ذلك بدون التبرعات السخية لملايين الأشخاص من سائر أنحاء العالم.

حرية، عدالة، مساواة- هيَّا إلى العمل.

there is no salary salary scale for this post :-( here r the details they give :

  • Closing Date: 17 January 2016
  • Directorate: Regional Offices and Global Operations
  • Location: Beirut
  • Type: Permanent
  • Working Hours: 35

good luck for all!!

Rita Chemaly

 https://careers.amnesty.org/vacancy/regional-director—mena—

beirut-office-1388/1414/description/Here is the source:

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I think it is a Brilliant Idea for the wishes card  worked by the Hakkik Daman Ayeltik Campaign, a campaign that aims to raise awareness of women and men related to the discriminations faced by women regarding social security law and especially the inequality that women in Lebanon still face in this law.

the picture below is for wishes for the new year, and it states that your right is to have your wishes come true!

therefore, I will use it to ask all our lebanese Parliament members to work hard on amending the law and ensure that men and women are equal in Lebanon!!!! especially in the Social Security Law!!!

w especially that the CEDAW international committee has recommended you to do soo very very recently!!!  :-)

Rita Chemaly

campaign for womenr rights Lebanon 2015 Rita Chemaly.jpg

For more information about the laws and the campaigns running related to social rights and especially in the social security law,

here are the 2 facebook pages

https://www.facebook.com/hakkikdamanik/

https://www.facebook.com/LebaneseNationalCampaignForWomenRightsWaynBadna/

 

Some of my previous posts about the same issue:

Small steps for gender equality, long road ahead in Lebanon

http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Mar-08/249615-small-steps-for-gender-equality-long-road-ahead.ashx

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2013/03/07/8-mars-womensday-et-au-liban-les-discriminations-qui-atteignent-les-femmes-sont-encore-nombreuses/

https://ritachemaly.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/droits-des-femmes-au-liban-2012-rita-chemaly-auteur-et-chercheure1.jpg

https://ritachemaly.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/droits-des-femmes-au-liban-conge-maternite-et-conge-paternite-par-rita-chemaly.jpg

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/10/12/en-avril-le-conseil-des-ministres-allonge-le-conge-maternite-a-10-semaines/

https://ritachemaly.wordpress.com/2012/10/12/congratulations-lebanese-women-can-now-have-60-days-of-maternity-leave/

Members of Parliament we Want an Extension of the Maternity Leave In Lebanon 

NOW!

Maternity Leave In Lebanon is in the drawer of Parliament because of Political problems

March 21 is mother day but in Lebanon women are not treated fairly maternity leave is a must

en Avril Le Conseil des Ministres Allonge le Conge maternite a 10 semaines

Lebanese Mothers: Missing Their Babies … an article about maternity leave by C.Benoit

Le conge maternite au Liban en route vers la ratification finale

A step Forward to women’s rights … Maternity leave in Labor law is amended

 

 

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Their motto: ” It’s not how much we give but how much love we put into giving ” … they are the “foodblessed” volunteers!  

Souper meals on wheels in LebanonWhat do they do ?  they are a ” a local hunger relief initiative run by a group of volunteers with a passion and will to fight hunger in Lebanon. ”

Their  mission combines environmental and social responsibility. “We work with strategic partners –including food and non-food companies- through recovering surplus food from events, organizing food drives, and fundraiser events to collect food (which includes surplus perishable food and non-perishable food items) and distribute it to local non-profit partners in need. While we help other non-profits, our efforts divert food wastes for reuse and better serve under privileged communities. A win-win-win model!”

Check this video!

https://www.generosity.com/community-fundraising/souper-meals-on-wheels–2

 

Are you In?

If you are looking to donate your time or money or surplus food or anything else you can think of, please get in touch:

 

Here is the link to the website!

http://foodblessed.org/AboutUs.html#sthash.LYq0OB9n.dpuf

Wonderful work!!

Rita Chemaly

 

 

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Today the National Commission for Lebanese women and UNFPA, worked hard on disseminating the Concluding observations published by the United Nations Committee on Lebanon. The concluding observations are a kind of ” findings”  that cover how each country is implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination, #CEDAW, this year these findings ” highlight positive developments ”  and most importantly highlight ”  main matters of concern and recommendations”.

UN committee give those observations after holding discussions with the government delegation and the NGOs of the country.

IMG-20151210-WA0011

The Last recommendation of this batch was already implemented by NCLW and UNFPA: Disseminating the observations widely! Picture taken by Rita Azzi 

 

This year the main area of concern were numerous:

I am listing their titles below:

  • Refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women\
  • Parliament
  • Withdrawal of reservations
  • Constitutional framework
  • Legislative framework
  • Access to Justice
  • National machinery for the advancement of women
  • Stereotypes
  • Violence against women
  • Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution
  • Participation in political and public life
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Women migrant workers in domestic service\
  • Women Palestine refugees
  • Health
  • Rural women
  • Marriage and family relations

as for the main areas of concerns: here is their translation to arabic for those who wish to get a quick look! (Lebanon cedaw Areas of concerns in arabic Rita Chemaly)

I am copy pasting for those who are interested in the Principal areas of concern and recommendations as they were published in the document of the UN #cedaw committee. 

Refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women

  1. The Committee commends the State party for the open border and reception policy that it has had for years regarding refugees from Palestine, Iraq and Syria, for hosting over 2 million refugees and its remarkable and sustained efforts to ensure the protection of refugees and asylum seekers. However, it takes note of the policy paper on Syrian displacement in Lebanon approved by the Council of Ministers on 23 October 2014 and the three main priorities for managing the displacement crisis. The Committee is concerned that the 1962 Law regulating the Entry, Stay and Exit to/in/from Lebanon does not distinguish between asylum seekers/refugees and migrants. The Committee is further concerned about the high number of reported cases of child, early and forced marriage among Syrian refugee women and girls and the lack of official data on this phenomenon, as well as on the number of stateless persons in Lebanon.
  2. The Committee recommends, in line with its general recommendation No. 32 (2014) on the gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women, that the State party:

(a)     In the implementation of its policy paper on Syrian displacement in Lebanon approved by the Council of Ministers on 23 October 2014, ensure that the principle of non-refoulement is upheld, including for women and girls in need of international protection, by ensuring access to its territory, establishing gender-sensitive asylum procedures, and including gender-based violence as a ground for asylum, in line with Articles 2 and 3 of the Convention;

(b)     Review the 1962 Law regulating the Entry, Stay and Exit to/in/from Lebanon, to distinguish between the protection needs of asylum seeking and refugee women on one hand and migrant women on the other hand;

(c)      Seek technical support for the establishment of a data collection system on incidents of gender-based violence against women, in particular sexual violence, and incidents of child, early and forced marriages of refugee women and girls, and provide victims with medical and psychosocial assistance and access to justice, in line with Article 2 of the Convention, and the Committee’s General Recommendation No. 33 (2015) on women’s access to justice;

(d)     Conduct a census to ascertain the number of stateless persons in its territory and take the necessary measures, provide them with civil registration documents and consider ratifying the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Additional Protocol, the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness;

(e)      Enlist and mobilize the support of the international community to share the economic burden and to provide for the needs of the refugee population, including resettlement and humanitarian admission opportunities and continue cooperating with UNHCR;

(f)      Adopt a national action plan to implement United Nations Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security, and ensure women’s participation at all stages of peace processes, in line with the Committee’s General Recommendation No. 30 (2013) on women in conflict prevention, conflict and post-conflict situations, and seek the support of the international community for the implementation of its obligations.

Implementation

  1. The Committee is fully aware of the efforts undertaken by the State party to adopt a legal and institutional framework protecting and promoting women’s rights. The Committee urges the State party to consider the recommendations contained in the present concluding observations as requiring a high priority for national mobilization and international support. The Committee urges the State party to promptly implement the present concluding observations by setting up a coordination mechanism with all relevant State institutions at all levels, the parliament and the judiciary, and the civil society, as well as with its international partners.

Parliament

  1. The Committee stresses the crucial role of the legislative power in ensuring the full implementation of the Convention (see the statement by the Committee on its relationship with parliamentarians, adopted at the forty-fifth session, in 2010). It invites the Parliament, to take all measures necessary to unblock the current institutional crisis and, in line with its mandate, to take the steps necessary for the implementation of the present concluding observations.

Withdrawal of reservations

  1. Notwithstanding the detailed explanations given by the delegation, the Committee remains concerned about the State party’s reluctance to withdraw its reservation to:

(a)     Article 9 (2), with a view to granting women equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children.. The Committee also notes with concern that the Council of Ministers repeatedly endorsed the discriminatory provision in Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality establishing that nationality is exclusively based on patrilineal descent;

(b)     Article 16 (1) (c), (d), (f) and (g) regarding equality in marriage and family relations.

  1. The Committee calls upon the State party to:

(a)     Withdraw its reservation made upon accession to the Convention regarding article 9 (2) and repeal Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality and adopt legislation ensuring women equal rights with men to confer their nationality to their foreign spouse and children;

(b)     Withdraw its reservation made upon accession to the Convention regarding article article 16 (1) (c), (d), (f) and (g).

       (c)           Initiate a dialogue with the leaders of religious sects communities and religious scholars, taking in consideration best practices in the region, with a view to overcome the resistance to the withdrawal of its reservations to the Convention.

Constitutional framework

  1. The Committee remains concerned that the Lebanese Constitution is still not in full conformity with the Convention and does not explicitly prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex. It is also concerned about the limited scope and applicability of the procedure for challenging laws on the basis that they are incompatible with the State party’s Constitution and its international legal obligations.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendations to include in the Constitution a provision defining and prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex, in line with article 2 (a) of the Convention (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, paras. 10 and 11 and A/60/38, para. 95 adopted in 2005) and to amend articles 9 and 10 of the Constitution to ensure gender equality in the context of religious freedom and sectarian diversity.

Legislative framework

  1. The Committee welcomes the initial review legislation containing discriminatory provisions against women by the State party but is concerned about the delays in adopting the required amendments. The Committee welcomes the amendment of the Criminal Code and the repeal of its Article 562. However, it is concerned about the remaining discriminatory criminal law provisions as well as personal status laws that discriminate against women within sects and between women across different sects. The Committee is also concerned about discriminatory provisions in labour, social security and municipal elections laws.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party expedite a comprehensive legislative review to ensure compatibility with the provisions of the Convention, and, upon resolution of the institutional crisis and the re-functioning of the government, urges it to amend or repeal all articles of the Criminal Code, personal status laws as well as labour, social security and municipal election laws that discriminate against women.

Access to Justice

  1. The Committee is concerned about the obstacles women face when accessing the justice system, in particular the lack of adequate legal aid services and the lack of knowledge and sensitivity of justice officials regarding women’s rights.
  2. The Committee in line with its general recommendation No. 33, on women’s access to justice, recommends that the State party:

(a)     Institutionalize systems of legal aid and public defence that are accessible, sustainable and responsive to the needs of women and ensure that such services are provided in a timely, continuous and effective manner at all stages of judicial or quasi-judicial proceedings, including alternative dispute resolution mechanisms;.

(b)     Take immediate steps, including capacity-building and training programmes for justice system personnel on the Convention and women’s rights , to ensure that religious courts harmonize their norms, procedures and practices with the human rights standards enshrined in the Convention and other international human rights instruments.

National machinery for the advancement of women

  1. The Committee regrets the institutional weakness, the limited status, the insufficient decision-making authority, human, technical and financial resources of the national machinery for the advancement of women and the obstacles faced concerning coordination and gender mainstreaming throughout all government bodies. The Committee is concerned about the low level of coordination between the gender focal points within the line Ministries with the Department of Women’s Affairs of the Ministry of Social Affairs. The Committee is also concerned about the limited and inadequate information provided on the implementation of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, para. 21) that the State party:

(a)     Give urgent priority to strengthen the institutional capacity of the national machinery for the advancement of women, and provide it with the mandate, decision-making power and human, technical and financial resources that are necessary to work effectively for the promotion of equality of women and men and the enjoyment of their human rights;

(b)     Institutionalize and strengthen the system of gender focal points in line Ministries and other public institutions in order to achieve an effective gender mainstreaming strategy throughout its policies and programmes;

(c)      Ensure coordination between the national machinery and its cooperation with civil society and women’s non-governmental organizations with a view to promote a participatory planning for the advancement of women.

(d)     Accelerate the implementation of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon by adopting a plan of action that clearly defines the competencies of national and local authorities regarding the National Strategy, and supported by a comprehensive data collection system to monitor its implementation.

Stereotypes

  1. The Committee is concerned about the discriminatory patriarchal stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family and the role of the media in overemphasizing the traditional role of women as mothers and wives or commodities thus undermining women’s social status and their educational and professional careers. The Committee notes with concern that the advertising sector persistently convey stereotyped and sometimes degrading images of women.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party take all measures necessary to raise awareness of the media and the advertising sector to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes, to ensure that women are not portrayed only as wives and mothers or commodities and to promote positive images of women as active participants in political, economic and social life.

Violence against women

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 293 of 7 May 2014 on the protection of women and other family members from domestic violence. However, the Committee notes with concern the absence in the law of an explicit reference to gender-based violence against women and of provisions specifically criminalizing marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour, and other harmful practices. It is also concerned that the law continues to maintain discriminatory provisions with regard to the criminalization of adultery and that it takes no precedence over customary and personal status laws. The Committee further regrets the lack of disaggregated data on the number of reports, investigations, prosecutions and convictions in cases of violence against women, including sexual harassment, domestic violence, assault and rape, including by security forces.
  2. The Committee urges the State party to:

(a)     Amend Law No. 293 on domestic violence, in line with the Committee’s general recommendation No. 19 (1992) on violence against women, to specifically criminalize gender-based violence against women, marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour, and other harmful practices;

(b)     Remove discriminatory provisions between women and men regarding adultery and ensure that Law No. 293 on the protection of women and other family members from domestic violence takes precedence over customary and personal status laws;

(c)      Collect data, disaggregated by sex, age, nationality and relationship between the victim and the perpetrator, on the number of reported cases of violence against women, of prosecutions, convictions and sentences imposed on perpetrators

(d)     Strengthen the legal, medical and psychological support to victims of violence against women;

(e)      Ensure that all allegations of sexual harassment are recorded and that all allegations of assault and rape, are duly investigated, prosecuted and sanctioned and that victims have access to appropriate redress, including compensation. Ensure that all allegations of assault and rape by members of the security forces are investigated by an independent judicial authority.

Trafficking and exploitation of prostitution

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Anti-trafficking Law No. 164 of 2011 but notes with concern that the artist visa scheme of 1962 facilitates sexual exploitation of women migrant workers in the entertainment sector, and that the law no. 164 is not effectively being enforced, that it criminalizes victims and is without prejudice to the artist visa scheme. It is also concerned about the absence of an early identification and referral system for victims of trafficking who are frequently arrested, detained and deported without adequate protection and assistance for victims and weak coordination between government security, justice and social services as well as lack of cooperation with civil society.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)     Review and revise the artist visa scheme to ensure it is not misused for the sexual exploitation of women and take appropriate steps to decrease the demand side of prostitution;

(b)     Amend article 523 of the Criminal Code as necessary to ensure that victims of trafficking are not subjected to prosecution;

(c)      Provide mandatory gender-sensitive capacity-building for judges, prosecutors, border police, immigration authorities and other law enforcement officials to ensure the strict enforcement of the Anti-Trafficking Law by promptly prosecuting all cases of trafficking in women and girls and adequately punishing traffickers;

(d)     Ensure early identification and referral to protection of trafficking victims; and strengthen assistance to victims of trafficking, including by granting temporary residence permits to victims of trafficking irrespective of their ability or willingness to cooperate with the prosecution authorities and by providing them access to alternative income opportunities, respectively;

(e)      Provide victims of trafficking with adequate access to health care and counselling and strengthen those services by providing targeted training to social workers;

(f)      Ensure inter-agency coordination between government security, justice and social services to combat trafficking and strengthen cooperation with civil society.

 

Participation in political and public life

The Committee is concerned about the gross underrepresentation of women in public and political life; the lack of capacity-building for political parties and labour unions representatives on women’s rights and regrets that the draft law providing for a 30 per cent minimum quota for women’s representation on candidates lists of political parties for parliamentary elections was not adopted. It is concerned about the strong political resistance to the adoption of temporary special measures to effectively promote women’s equal participation in public and political life.

  1. The Committee recommends that the State party:

       (a)           Take all appropriate measures to increase the number of women in elected and appointed office at all levels, so as to comply with article 7 of the Convention;

(b)     Take concrete measures, including temporary special measures in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention, the Committee’s general recommendation no. 23 on women in political and public life and general recommendation no. 25 on temporary special measures, and to establish concrete goals and timetables in order to accelerate the increase in the representation of women in all spheres of public and political life;

(c)      Implement awareness-raising campaigns to highlight the importance to society as a whole of women’s full and equal participation in leadership positions in all sectors and at all levels and explain the purpose of introducing temporary special measures such as quotas as a necessary strategy for accelerating realization of women’s de facto equality..

Education

  1. The Committee notes the recommendation in the study by the National Committee for the Follow-up of Women’s Issues and the Centre for Educational Research and Development to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes in school books. However, the Committee is concerned that the State party’s has not taken effective steps to remove such stereotypes from school curricula and textbooks. It is also concerned about the lack of training for teachers on women’s rights and gender equality and limited career guidance encouraging women and girls to choose non-traditional career paths, in particular in the fields of science and technology.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party intensify its efforts in reviewing school curricula and textbooks to eliminate any stereotyped and patriarchal roles of women. It reiterates its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/3, para. 25) that the State party enhance training for teachers on gender, women’s rights and equality. The Committee further recommends that the State party give priority to eliminating traditional stereotypes and structural barriers that may deter girls from enrolling in traditionally male-dominated fields of study, such as science and technology, and step up efforts to provide girls with career counselling on non-traditional career paths including non-stereotypical vocational training.

Employment

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of Laws No. 266 and No. 267 of 15 April 2014 extending maternity leave in the public and private sectors to 10 weeks with full pay. However, the Committee is concerned about the lack of measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties women face in combining work and family responsibilities. The Committee is also concerned about women’s limited access to the formal labour market and about the absence of legislation criminalizing sexual harassment in the work place. The Committee is further concerned about the occupational segregation and the high percentage of women in low paid jobs as service sector workers and salespersons, administrative staff and mid-level professions as well as gender pay gaps.
  2. The Committee calls on the State party to:

(a)     Promote equal sharing of family and domestic responsibilities between women and men, including by introducing compulsory paternity or shared parental leave following childbirth;

(b)     Take measures, including temporary special measures in line with article 4 (1) of the Convention and General Recommendation No. 5 (1988) on temporary special measures, such as incentives for employers to recruit women, introduce flexible working arrangements and strengthen professional training for women, with a view to enhancing women’s access to the formal labour market;

(c)      Adopt legislation criminalizing sexual harassment in the work place;

(d)     Take concrete measures to address horizontal and vertical segregation including by promoting the equal participation of women in highly skilled jobs and senior management positions; providing counselling and placement, that stimulate their on-the-job career development and upward mobility in the labour market; stimulating the diversification of occupational choices by both women and men; encouraging women to take up non-traditional jobs, especially in science and technology, and men to seek employment in the social sector and providing women with access to effective job training, retraining, counselling and placement services that are not limited to traditional employment areas;

(e)      Take concrete measures to close the gap between women’s and men’s pay and to implement the principle of equal pay for work of equal value including by establishing a body responsible for conducting job evaluation schemes with gender-neutral criteria.

Women migrant workers in domestic service

  1. The Committee welcomes the various measures adopted by the State party to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers, including by issuing unified contracts, requiring employers to sign up to an insurance policy, regulating employment agencies, adopting a law criminalizing human trafficking, and integrating women migrant domestic workers in the Social Pact and the National Strategy for Social Development. However, the Committee notes with concern that these measures have proved insufficient to ensure respect for the human rights of women migrant domestic workers. The Committee is equally concerned about the rejection by the Ministry of Labour of the application of the National Federation of Labour Union to establish a Domestic Workers’ Union and the .absence of an enforcement mechanism for work contracts of women migrant domestic workers; limited access by women migrant domestic workers to health care and social protection; and the non-ratification of ILO convention No. 189. The Committee is concerned about the high incidence of abuse against women migrant workers in domestic service and the persistence of practices such as the confiscation of passports by employers, the maintenance of the “Kafala system” which puts workers at risk of exploitation and make it difficult for them to leave abusive employers; obstacles affecting domestic workers’ access to justice, including fear of expulsion, insecurity of residence during procedures. The Committee is deeply concerned about the disturbing reports of documented deaths of migrant domestic workers from unnatural causes, including suicide and falls from tall buildings and the failure of the State party to investigate into those deaths.
  2. The Committee, in line with its General Recommendation No. 26 (2008), on Women Migrant Workers, recommends that the State party:

(a)     Raise awareness among women migrant domestic workers of their human rights under the Convention, and monitor the work of employment agencies, including by establishing an enforcement mechanism to ensure that the same contracts are used in the State party and in countries of origin;

(b)     Expedite the adoption of the draft law regulating domestic employment with adequate sanctions for employers engaging in abusive practices and ratify ILO Convention No. 189 (2011) on decent work for domestic workers;

(c)      Abolish the “Kafala system” and ensure the effective access to justice, of women migrant domestic workers including by guaranteeing their safety and residence during procedures;

(d)     Promptly investigate, prosecute and sanction all reports of deaths of women migrant domestic workers from unnatural causes;

(e)      Take the measures necessary to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers including by approving the establishment of a Domestic Workers’ Union.

Women Palestine refugees

  1. The Committee is concerned about restrictions on the right to work of Palestine refugee women.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party review and amend its labour laws to ensure Palestine refugee women’s right to work, namely by providing them with access to the labour market in the State party.

Health

  1. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the “Comprehensive Primary Health Care Package and Services” by the Ministry of Public Health in 2013, the establishment of primary health care centres throughout the State party and the progress achieved in reducing maternal mortality. The Committee is, however, concerned about the limited access of women and adolescent girls to sexual and reproductive health services in rural and remote areas in the State party. It is also concerned about insufficient monitoring of private health care providers, which offer most of the specialized health services for women. The Committee further notes with concern the high number of unsafe abortions due to the strict criminalization of abortion and the delay in introducing age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights at the primary, intermediate and secondary levels of education.
  2. The Committee recommends that the State party provide comprehensive health services, in particular sexual and reproductive health services, in each region in relation to area and population size; take measures to adequately monitor the performance of private health care providers, and introduce age-appropriate education on sexual and reproductive health in the curricula at the primary, intermediate and secondary levels of education. The Committee also recommends that the State party legalize abortion at least in cases of threats to the life or health of the mother, rape, incest, and severe fetal impairment and that it increase women’s access to safe abortion and post-abortion care services.

Rural women

  1. The Committee welcomes the creation in 2008 of the National Observatory for Women in Agriculture and Rural Areas by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Committee notes with concern the lack of updated disaggregated data on women’s participation in the agricultural sector. It remains concerned about the exclusion of women agricultural seasonal workers from the protection of the Labour Code and the limited initiatives for women’s access to rural entrepreneurship through technical assistance, micro credit facilities and bank accounts.
  2. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation that the State party collect updated disaggregated data on women working in the agricultural sector, adopt legislation for the protection of women agricultural seasonal workers and strengthen the support for the entrepreneurial initiatives of women in the rural areas.

Marriage and family relations

  1. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a)     Adopt an optional civil personal status law based on the principles of equality and non-discrimination and the right to choose one’s religious affiliation in order to protect women and alleviate their legal, economic and social marginalization;

(b)     Require religious sects to codify their laws and submit them to Parliament for review of their conformity with the Constitution and the provisions of the Convention; that it establish an appeals mechanism to oversee religious court proceedings and ensure that judgements of religious courts do not discriminate against women;

(c)      Set the legal minimum age for marriage at 18 years for girls and boys, in line with international standards, and takes the measures necessary to effectively prevent child marriage among rural girls.

 

 

in brief, in Lebanon, the long road ahead for equality is a process that needs many institutions to work hard , public administrations to make efforts, political will, working on behaviors, customs, and so much more!

the task is enormous? yes! but sooo many magnificient activists worked restlessly to have some positiveness in all this. We need to continue the struggle, and fight for #equal rights!!

Rita Chemaly

if you wish to download the full text of the concluding observations here is the word text:

CEDAW_Concluding observations on Lebanon 2015 Rita Chemaly

The source for the document is : http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/SessionDetails1.aspx?SessionID=970&Lang=en

‪#‎16DaysofActivism‬ ‪#‎GBVTeachin‬ ‪#‎womenlead‬ ‪#‎orangetheworld‬  ‪#‎EndGBV‬ ‪#‎16days‬ #16dayscampaign

 

 

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